IV. Correlative Conjunctions: Some conjunctions combine with other words to form what are calledcorrelative conjunctions. They always travel in pairs, joining various sentence elements that should be treated as grammatically equal.
She led the team not only in statistics but also by virtue of her enthusiasm.
Polonius said, "Neither a borrower nor a lender be."
Whether you win this race or lose it doesn't matter as long as you do your best.
both . . . and
not only . . . but also
not . . . but
either . . . or
neither . . . nor
whether . . . or
as . . . as
1. both ... and ...
E.g. She is both intelligent and beautiful (adj)
Both his brother and he are students ( nouns)
* Note: Trong câu sử dụng “Both ….and…” thì động từ phải chia ở dạng số nhiều.
- Ask for some more examples with both ...... and from Ss.
2. not only.... but (also) .......
e.g. Not only workers but (also) farmers take part in the strike
He studies not only Japanese but (also) Chinese.
*Note: Trong câu sử dụng “Not only ….but also…” thì động từ phải chia phù hợp với chủ ngữ đứng trước nó.
E.g. Not only does he speak English but also speaks German.
E.g. Not only his friend but also his brother gives him presents
- Ask for some more examples with not only ..... but (also) from Ss.
3. either.... or....
E.g. Either you or your friend is responsible for the damage.