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A. that B. where C. when D. who

10. I met the woman ____ can speak six languages.



A. who B. that C. which D. whom

11. We don’t know the reason ______ Peter is absent today.



A. who B. which C. that D. why

12. He rushed into the burning building, _______ was very brave.



A. it B. who C. that D. which

13. They are living in the house ______ they bought last month.



A. which B. where C. when D. who

14. We are going to visit Hanoi, ________ is the capital city of Vietnam.



A. which B. that C. where D. who

15. Sally lost her job, ________ wasn’t surprising.



A. that B. what C. it D. which

RELATIVE CLAUSES WITH PREPOSITIONS

N(Người)



+ Preposition – Giới từ +

In, on, at, for, to, with, from, of, by, against, by…

WHOM

N(Vật)

WHICH

Exercise 2: Choose the best answer for each of the following questions.

1. The house in ________ I was born and grew up was destroyed in an earthquake ten years ago.



A. which B. where C. that D. where

2. Do you know the man about ___________ they’re talking?



A. whom B. whose C. that D. who

3. The film about _____ they are talking is fantastic.



A. who B. which C. whom D. that

4. I must thank the man from _____ I got the present.



A. who B. whom C. that D. which

5. He is the singer about ____ I often tell you.



A. that B. who C. whom D. him

6. The concert ____ I listened last weekend was boring.



A. to that B. to which C. for what D. for which

7. That’s the girl to ____ my brother got engaged.



A. which B. who C. whom D. her

8. I like the village ____ I used to live.



A. in that B. in where C. which D. in which

9. I don’t know the reason ____ she hasn’t talked to me recently.



A. on which B. for which C. of which D. about which

10. The little girl ____ I borrowed this pen has gone.



A. whose B. from who C. from that D. from whom

RELATIVE ADVERBS – TRẠNG TỪ QUAN HỆ

Exercise 3: Choose the best answer to complete the following sentences.

1. I don’t like the place ________ he lives.



A. that B. which C. where D. when

2. The town _______ we are living is noisy and crowded.



A. in where B. which C. at which D. where

3. The year ______ we came to live here was 1975.



A. when B. which C. that D. in the time

4. The year ______ the first man travelled in space will never be forgotten.



A. which B. that C. when D. where

5. This is the place ______ the battle took place forty years ago.



A. which B. in where C. where D. from where

6. I will never forget the time __________ he said good bye to me.



A. when B. where C. why D. which

7. Last month we spent our holiday in Tokyo, ________ there are many temples.



A. which B. that C. where D. whom

8. Do you know the reason ______ they didn’t go swimming with us last week?



A. what B. why C. how D. which

9. Sundays are the days ______ children don’t have to go to school.



A. who B. which C. that D. when

10. The house __________ Mozart was born is now a museum. 



A. where B. which C. why D. when

CLEFT SENTENCES

Chi Pheo killed Ba Kien in Ba Kien’s house.

Subject Object Adverbial phrase

1. Subject focus:

It was Chi Pheo who killed Ba Kien in Ba Kien’s house.

--> Form: It + to be + S + WHO/ WHICH/ THAT + V…

2. Object focus:

It was Ba Kien who Chi Pheo killed in Ba Kien’s house.

--> Form: It + to be + O + WHO/ WHICH/ THAT + S + V…

3. Adverbial focus:

It was in Ba Kien’s house that Chi Pheo killed Ba Kien.

--> Form: It + to be + Adverbial Clause + THAT + S + V

Note: Khi động từ chính trong câu gốc ở thì quá khứ thì động từ TO BE chia ở quá khứ là WAS, khi ở thì hiện tại, hoặc tương lai thì nó được chia là IS.

Exercise 4 : Choose the best answer for each of the following question.

1. It is the room _______ we usually hold our meetings.



A. that B. why C. where D. when

2. It’s my brother ________ gave me this hat on my birthday.



A. he B. whose C. which D. who

3. It was a letter __________ she received from her aunt yesterday.



A. that B. whom C. it D. where

4. It is __________ who I want to make friend with.



A. she B. her C. hers D. she’s

5. It was in New York ___________ I first met her ten years ago.



A. there B. where C. that D. which

6. It ___________ English that the man is learning in the classroom.



A. is B. was C. be D. were

7. It ___________ at the bank that the wanted man changed the money.



A. is B. was C. being D. were

8. It was the dog ___________ the boy hit in the garden.



A. where B. in which C. who D. that

9. It is the student who _________ toward us.



A. is running B. was running C. ran D. were running

10. It ___________ Peter and Sandra who travelled together on the ship to Asia.



A. is B. was C. be D. were

REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES – MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ RÚT GỌN

Exercise 7: Choose the best option for each of the following sentences.

1. She studied at a university _________ one hundred years ago.



A. founding B. which founding C. to found D. founded

2. I just feel safer with the food _________ supermarkets.



A. sold B. to sell C. selling D. to be selling

3. An opportunist is a person _________ every chance they get.



A. took B. taken C. who take D. taking

4. The picture _________ last week has been found.



A. to steal B. who stealing C. stolen D. to be selling

5. Tim has a friend _________ as an engineer.



A. who work B. working C. to worked D. worked

6. The men _________ yesterday have been released.



A. to arrest B. arresting C. arrested D. arrests

7. Only a few people _________ the lottery actually win anything.



A. playing B. to play C. which play D. whom playing

8. Baseball is a game _________ mainly in the United States.



A. playing B. played C. which play D. who play

9. The money _________ in the flat belongs to the National Bank.



A. to find B. to finding C. which find D. found

10. The picture _________ at the auction last week was painted by Picasso.



A. which sell B. that sold C. sold D. whose selling

Exercise 8: Choose the word or phrase in each of the following sentences that needs correction.

1. Baseball is the only sport in which I am interested in.



A B C D

2. I can assure you that John is a man who you can absolutely depend in.



A B C D

3. My sister has two children, who their names are Ali and Tally.



A B C D

4. I would like to write about several problems which I have faced them since I came to United States.



A B C D

5. If you need any information, see the librarian sits at the central desk on the second floor.



A B C D

6. On the wall, there is a colourful poster which consists of a group of young people who dancing.



A B C D

7. When we walked pass theatre, there were a lot of people waited in a long line outside the box office.



A B C D

8. It’s important to be polite to people who lives in the same building.



A B C D

9. The fence surrounded our house is made of wood.



A B C D

10. Parents who children are in college are working longer hours to pay their tuition.



A B C D

11. Marie Curie, whose discover of radium made her famous, was a French physicist.



A B C D

12. That is the man which told me the bad news.



A B C D

13. Have you ever read any novels writing by Jack London?



A B C D

14. Today the number of people whom enjoy winter sports is almost double that of twenty years ago.



A B C D

15. Mr. Brown, his picture you saw in the newspaper, lives next door to us.



A B C D

16. The boy which was given first prize in the contest was very happy.



A B C D

Exercise 9: Choose the sentences that is closest in meaning to the given one.

1. They asked me alot of questions. I couldn't answer most of them.

A. They asked me a lot of question which I couldn't answer most of them.

B. They asked me a lot of questions, I couldn't answer most of which.

C. They asked me a lot of questions, most of which I couldn’t answer.

D. They asked me a lot of questions, most of them I couldn’t answer.

2. Mary has three brothers. All of her brothers are married.

A. Mary has three brothers, all of them are married.

B. Mary has three brothers, all of whom are married.

C. Mary has three brothers all of whom are married.

D. Mary has three brothers of who are married.

3. Neil couldn't come to the party. This was a pity.

A. Neil couldn't come to the party that was a pity.

B. Neil couldn't come to the party, that was a pity.

C. Neil couldn't come to the party which was a pity.

D. Neil couldn't come to the party, which was a pity.

4. I didn't talk much to the woman. The woman sat next to me on the train.

A. I didn't talk much to the woman whom sat next to me on the train.

B. I didn't talk much to the woman sitting next to me on the train.

C. I didn't talk much to the woman sat next to me on the train.

D. I didn't talk much to the woman who she sat next to me on the train.

5. Mr Carter is very interested in our plan. I spoke to him on the phone last night.

A. Mr Carter, to whom I spoke on the phone last night, is very interested in our plan.

B. Mr Carter who I spoke to him on the phone last night, is very interested in our plan

C. Mr Carter, who is very interested in our plan, I spoke to on the phone last night.

D. Mr Carter is very interested in our plan to whom I spoke on the phone last night.

6. I went to see the doctor. The doctor told me to rest for a few days.

A. I went to see the doctor who told me to rest for a few days.

B. I went to see the doctor, whom told me to rest for a few days.

C. The doctor, that I went to see, told me to rest for a few days.

D. The doctor told me to rest for a few days who I went to see.

7. That's the place. The accident occurred there.

A. That's the place where the accident occurred.

B. That's the place where the accident occurred there.

B. That's the place in that the accident occurred.

D. That's the place in which the accident occurred there.

8. Tom was in very a very bad mood. His car had broken down.

A. Tom was in very a very bad mood whose car had broken down.

B. Tome who's car had broken down was in very a very bad mood.

C. Tom, whose car had broken down, was in very a very bad mood.

D. Tom, who was in very a very bad mood, his car had broken down.

9. Mike speaks French and Italian. He works as a tourist guide.

A. Mike who speaks French and Italian working as a tourist guide.

B. Mike, that speaks French and Italian works as a tourist guide.

C. Mike speaks French and Italian who works as a tourist guide.

D. Mike, who speaks French and Italian, works as a tourist guide.

10. What is the name of the man? You borrowed his car.

A. What is the name of the man who you borrowed his car?

B. What is the name of the man you borrowed whose car?

C. What is the name of the man whose car you borrowed him?



D. What is the name of the man whose car you borrowed?

Exercise 10: Choose the best answer for the sentences. (Questions in GCSE examinations)

1: Peter works for a factory ________ makes motorbikes.

A. what B. which C. who D. whom

2: She will help you ________ she has some free time.

A. how B. where C. when D. what

3: What is the name of the girl________ bicycle was stolen?

A. whose B. who C. which D. when

4: The children, ________ parents work late, are taken home by bus.

A. that B. whom C. whose D. their

5: He wanted to know the reason ________ I was late.

A. as B. for C. why D. because

6: She doesn't understand ________ I am saying.

A. what B. that C. whose D. where

7: The place ________ we spent our holiday was really beautiful.

A. what B. who C. where D. which

8: I took the damaged watch to my watch maker______ knows how to repair all sorts of things.

A. which B. where C. whose D. who

9: He will take us to the town ______ we can see old temples.

A. whom B. where C. when D. which

10: My uncle _____ you met yesterday is a lawyer.

A. which B. what C. whose D. whom

11: Dien Bien Phu is the place _____ our army won a resounding victory in 1954.

A. where B. that C. what D. which

12: Dr Sales is the person _____.

A. in that I don't have much confidence B. whom I don't have much confidence in him

C. I don't have much confidence D. in whom I don't have much confidence

13: The man ________we met yesterday was the manager of a bicycle factory.

A. when B. whose C. who D. which

14: A person ______ is a lecturer.

A. whom teaches at the university B. teaches at the university who

C. who teaches at a university D. who at the university teaches

15: In 1980, he came to Hollywood, ______ he became a film star.

A. when B. which C. where D. that

16: I don't like stories ______ have an unhappy ending.

A. when B. which C. whose D. where

17: They took her to the International Hospital, ______ is only a mile away.

A. which B. that C. in which D. where

18: They would like to live in a country ______ there is plenty of snow in winter.

A. where B. which C. when D. that

19: This house, _____ he bought in 1990, is being repaired at the moment.

A. who B. which C. what D. that

20: In our school library, there are several large tables _____ we can sit to read books.

A. when B. which C. that D. where

21: That's the house _____ he used to stay.

A. in which B. of which C. which D. on which

22: Yesterday was the day ______ they celebrated their 21st wedding anniversary.

A. then B. which C. what D. when

23: The woman ______ son is studying at Hanoi University of Technology is a teacher.

A. who B. which C. whose D. whom

24: I will never forget _______ you have just told me.

A. what B. why C. which D. when

25: Have you ever met the man ______?

A. who is married Mary's cousin B. who married Mary's cousin

C. who was married the cousin of Mary D. whom married Mary’s cousin

26: Do you know the boy ______ at the party last week?

A. who we talked about him B. we talked about

C. we talked about him D. about him we talked

27: They are living in a house ______.

A. that built in 1930 B. in 1930 that was built

C. that was building in 1930 D. that was built in 1930

28: The boy ______ eyes are brown is my friend.

A. whose B. who C. whom D. which

29: Alexander Fleming, ______, received the Nobel Prize in 1945.

A. that discovered penicillin B. who discovered penicillin

C. which discovered penicillin D. he discovered penicillin

30: That’s the man ______ house we have rented.

A. whose B. who C. whom D. that

31. Nam is the only person ______ understands me.



A. which B. whom C. that D. whose

32.What was the name of the people ______ car had broken down?



A. which B. whom C. who D. whose

33.The party ______ we went to wasn’t very enjoyable.



A. who B. when C. that D. where

34.Have you seen the money ______ was on the table?



A. who B. whom C. where D. which

35.I can’t remember the name of the person ______ I gave the money.



A. who B. whose C. whom D. which

36. The musician is a person ______ plays a musical instrument.



A. that B. which C. when D. whom

37. This is my new watch, ______ I bought in the same shop as you di D.



A. whose B. whom C. that D. which

38. I have a chair ______ leg is broken.



A. whose B. who C. which D. that

39.Jim was wearing a hat ______ was too big for him.



A. where B. what C. which D. why

30.Vegetarian is someone ______ doesn’t eat meat.



A. whom B. who C. whose D. which

41. Tom’s father, ______ is 78, goes swimming everyday.



A. who B. whose C. which D. whom

42. Nam passed his driving test, ______ surprised everybody.



A. whom B. which C. whose D. who

43. A friend of mine, ______ father is the manager of a company, helps me to get a job.



A. whom B. which C. whose D. who

44. London is the city in ______ I was born.



A. where B. which C. That D. there

45. The novel ‘Tom Sawyer’, ______ written by Mark Twain, is my all time favourite.



A. that B. what C. who D. which

REPORTED SPEECH

I. REPORTED SPEECH WITH “STATEMENTS”:

- If the reporting verb is in the past tense (e.g, said, told), it is usual for the verb in the reported clause to move “one tense back”.

- If the reporting verb is in the present tense (e.g, says), there is no tense change.

Ex: The train will be late

=> He says the train will be late.

1. Tense changes

Direct Speech

Reported Speech

1. Present Simple:V1

2. Present Progressive: am/is/are+V-ing

3. Present Perfect: has/have + V3/ed

4. Past Simple: V2/ed

5. Past Progressive: was/were + V-ing

6. Past Perfect: had + V3/ed

7. Future Simple: will/shall + Vo

8. can


9. may

10. must


1. Past Simple:V2/ed

2. Past Progressive: was/were + V-ing

3. Past Perfect: had + V3/ed

4. Past Perfect: had + V3/ed

5. was/were+V-ing

6. Past Perfect: had + V3/ed

7. would/should + Vo

8. could


9. might

10. had to



Ex: He said to me, “I and you will go with her father next week.”

 He told me (that) he and I would go with her father the following week.



2. Adverbs changes:

Direct Speech

Reported Speech

1. today/tonight

2. yesterday

3. last week

4. ago


5. now

6. tomorrow

7. next week

8. this


9. these

10. here


1. that day/ that night

2. the day before

3. the week before

4. before

5. then

6. the following day



7. the following week

8. that


9. those

10. there



Ex: He said to me, “I and you will go with her father next week.”

He told me (that) he and I would go with her father the following week.



S + said (to + O) + that S + V……

S + told + O + that S + V….

3. Pronouns changes:

Subject

Object

Possessive Adjective

Possessive

Pronoun

Reflexive Pronoun

I

me

my

mine

myself

You

you

your

yours

yourself

He

him

his

his

himself

She

her

her

hers

herself

It

it

its

its

itself

We

us

our

ours

ourselves

You

you

your

yours

yourselves

They

them

their

theirs

themselves

II. REPORTED SPEECH WITH “YES/NO QUESTIONS”

Ex: He said to me, “Will you go with her father next week?”

 He asked me if/whether I would go with her father the following week.



S + asked + O + if/whether + S + V….

III. REPORTED SPEECH WITH “WH - QUESTIONS.”

Ex: He said to me, “Why did you go with her father last week?”

 He asked me why I had gone with her father the week before.



S + asked + O + wh- + S + V….

IV. REPORTED SPEECH WITH “IMPERATIVES”

1. Affirmative

S + asked / warned/ told/…+ O + to V….

Ex: He said to me “Give your toys to her, please!”



He asked me to give my toys to her.

2. Negative

S + asked/warned/ told + O + not to V….

OR: Ex: He said to me “Don’t open this book now.”

He asked me not to open that book then.

3. Questions

- Would you like + N ? to offer sb sth

- Why don’t you + V ? to suggest + V_ing

- Would you like to + V to invite sb to V

V. REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUNDS.

=>We use a gerund after some reporting verbs such as: suggest, admit, insist on, apologize for, accuse sb of , dream of, prevent sb from, deny, thank sb for, think of, look forward to.



Eg. “I’m sorry I come late.”  I apologized for coming late.

PRACTICE

Exercise: Choose the best answer

  1. She asked the little boy what ______________________
    A. his name was B. was his name C. is his name D. his name is

  2. Tom asked Susan if she_________ to wear her new hat.

A. wants B. wanted C. to want D. will want

  1. She said that they had moved house_________.
    A. this year B. the year before C. the year D. the year after

  2. John’s mother asked where John_________ night before.
    A. went B. goes C. has gone D. had gone

  3. Janet’s boss reminded her not to forget to post_________.
    A. those letters B. these letters C. this letters D. this letter

  4. The man promised that he_________ to Mary as soon as he reaches Paris.
    A. will write B. can write C. would write D. writes

  5. She asked Mr. Vincent_________
    A. what was his job B. what is his job

C. what his job was D. what will his job be

  1. She said she_________
    A. was a teacher B. is a teacher C. will be a teacher D. can be a teacher

  2. Anna asked if we_________ there.
    A. could walk B. can walk C. will walk D. walk

  3. She asks him if he_________ back next week.
    A. is coming B. was coming C. were coming D. would coming

  4. “She’ll come with us as soon as_________,” he replied.
    A. she was ready B. she ready C. she is ready D. is she ready

  5. “I wish_________ eat fruit,” he said.
    A. my children must B. my children will

C. my children would D. if my children would

  1. He asked me_________ I liked soft music.
    A. where B. whether C. when D. what

  2. Tom asked if he_________ use the phone.
    A. can B. will C. may D. could

  3. Henry said that his house had been broken into_________.
    A. two days ago B. two days before C. since two days D. the two days before

  4. His uncle asked Michel _________ the previous match.
    A. who is winning B. who won C. who will win D. who wins

  5. Their parents wanted to know_________.
    A. what was happening B. is happening

C. was what happening D. will be happening

  1. She asked me what time_________.
    A. was it B. it was C. is it D. it is

  2. Someone told us_________ sit on the stairs.
    A. don’t B. not C. not to D. to not

  3. He told me that he _________

  4. A. had already the film seen B. had already seen the film
    C. the film had already seen D. had seen already the film

Exercise 2: Choose the best answer A, B, C or D for the following sentences.

1. “All right, I’ll help you” he said.
- He _____to help me.


A. agreed B. refused C. ordered D. suggested
2. “ Oh, no, I won’t come to your party”, he said.
- He ______ to come to my party.


A. invited B. advised C. refused D. denied
3. “I’ll look for the cat for you tomorrow if you like” he said.
- He _____ to look after the cat for me the next day if I liked.


A. asked B. told C. admitted D. offered
4. “I’ll visit your parents when I arrive there”, he said
- He _____ to visit my parents when he arrived there.


A. said B. suggested C. offered D. promised
5. “I’ll sell the TV set if you keep on watching it all day”, said the father
- The father _____ to sell the TV set if he kept on watching it all day.


A. reminded B. threatened C. refused D. ordered

6. “You’d better hurry”, he said.
- He _____ me to hurry.


A. warned B. advised C. asked D. inquired
7. “Post the letter for me, will you? ” he said.
- He _____ me to post the letter for him.


A. asked B. reminded C. ordered D. encouraged
8. “Make another try, please”, he said.
- He _____ me to make another try.


A. advised B. told C. encouraged D. agreed
9. “Don’t drive too fast”, he said.
- He _____ me not to drive too fast.


A. offered B. refused C. begged D. warned
10. “Remember to close the door”, he said.
- He _____ me to close the door.


A. reminded B. ordered C. agreed D. threatened
11. “Would you like to come on a picnic with us?”

- He ______ us to come on a picnic with them.



A. advised B. ordered C. invited D. begged

12. “Can I borrow your pencil?”

- He _____ to borrow my pencil.

A. begged B. asked C. demanded D. offered

13. “I must know your decision soon.”

- Her parents _____ to know her decision soon.

A. ordered B. demanded C. threatened D. reminded

14. “I’ve made the wall dirty” said one student.


- One student _____making the wall dirty.

A. denied B. accepted C. agreed D. admitted

15.“If I were you, I would go to the doctor. ”Minh said to Lan.

- Minh _____Lan to go to the doctor.



A. advised B. encouraged C. asked D. Wanred

16. “ Let’s go out for a walk,” said Mary.

- Mary_____ going out for a walk.

A. admitted B. suggeted C. insisted D. advised

17. “I’ll pay back the money, Gloria” said Peter.

- Peter _____ to pay the money back to Gloria.

A. promised B. advised C. apollogized D. offered

18. “You should stop working and take a rest,” said the doctor.

-The doctor _____him to stop working and to take a rest.

A. warned B. warned C. advised D. encouraged

19. “Let me give you a helping hand,”

- He offered to give me a helping hand.

A. ordered B. wanted C. insisted D. offered

20. “ Please wait for a minute”



- He _____ me to wait for a minute.

A. asked B. begged C. reminded D. suggested

Exercise 3: Choose the most suitable sentences in each reported sentence below.

1. Charlie said, "I'm thinking of going to live in Canada".

A. Charlie said that I was thinking of going to live in Canada.

B. Charlie said that I am thinking of going to live in Canada.

C. Charlie said that he was thinking of going to live in Canada.

D. Charlie said that he is thinking of going to live in Canada.

2. Charlie said, "My father is in hospital".

A. Charlie said that my father is in hospital.

B. Charlie said that his father was in hospital.

C. Charlie said that his father is in hospital.

D. Charlie said that my father was in hospital.

3. Charlie said, "Nora and Jim are getting married tomorrow’’

A. He said that Nora and Jim are getting married tomorrow

B. He said that Nora and Jim were getting married the next day.

C. He said that Nora and Jim were getting married tomorrow.

D. He said that Nora and Jim are getting married the next day.

4. Charlie said, "I haven't seen Bill for a while".

A. He said that he hadn't seen Bill for a while.

B. He said that I haven't seen Bill for a while.

C. He said that he hasn't seen Bill for a while.

D. He said that I hadn't seen Bill for a while.

5. Charlie said, "I've been playing tennis a lot recently"

A. Charlie said that I've been playing tennis recently.

B. Charlie said that he had been playing tennis recently.

C. Charlie said that he had been playing tennis recently.

D. Charlie said that I had been playing tennis recently

6. Charlie said, "Margaret has had a baby".

A. Charlie said Margaret has had a baby.

B. Charlie said Margaret had had a baby.

C. Charlie said Margaret had a baby.

D. Charlie said Margaret has a baby.

7. Charlie said, "I don’t know what Fred is doing".

A. He said that he doesn’t know what Fred is doing.

B. He said that he didn’t know what Fred is doing.

C. He said that he doesn’t know what Fred was doing.

D. He said that he didn’t know what Fred was doing.

8. Charlie said, "I hardly ever go out these days".

A. He said that he hardly ever went out these days.

B. He said that I hardly ever go out these days.

C. He said that I hardly ever went out these days.

D. He said that he hardly ever goes out these days.

9. Charlie said, '"I work 14 hours a day".

A. He said that he works 14 hours a day. B. He said that he worked 14 hours a day.

C. He said that I work 14 hours a day. D. He said that I worked 14 hours a day.

10. Charlie said, "I'll tell Jim I saw you"

A. He said he'll tell Jim he saw me. B. He said I would tell Jim I had seen you.

C. He said he would tell Jim he had seen me. D. He said I would tell Jim he had seen me.

11. Charlie said, "You can come and stay with me if you are ever in London".

A. He said you could come and stay with him if you were ever in London.

B. He said I could come and stay with him if I were ever in London.

C. He said you can come and stay with him if you are ever in London.

D. He said I can come and stay with him if I am ever in London.

12. Charlie said, "Tom had an accident last week but he wasn't injured".

A. He said Tom had an accident last week but he wasn't injured.

B. He said Tom had had an accident last week but he wasn't injured.

C. He said Tom had had an accident last week but he hadn't been injured.

D. He said Tom had an accident last week but he hadn't been injured.

13. Charlie said, "I saw jack at a party a few months ago and he seemed fine".

A. He said he had seen Jack at a party a few months ago and he had seemed fine

B. He said I saw Jack at a party a few months ago and he seemed fine

C. He said he had seen Jack at a party a few months ago and he seemed fine

D. He said he saw Jack at a party a few months ago and he had seemed fine

14. To said, "New York is bigger than London".

A. He said that New York was bigger than London.

B. He says that New York is bigger than London.

C. He says that New York was bigger than London.

D. He said that New York is bigger than London.

15. "Stay in bed for a few days", the doctor said to me.

A. The doctor told me stay in bed for a few a days.

B. The doctor told to me to stay in bed for a few days.

C. The doctor said me to stay in bed for a few days.

D. The doctor told me to stay in bed for a few days.

16. "Don’t shout", I said to Jim.

A. I told Jim don't shout B. I told to Jim not to shout

C. I told Jim not to shout D. I said to Jim don't shout.

17. "Please don’t tell anyone what happened", Ann said to me

A. Ann asked me don't tell anyone what happened.

B. Ann told me don't tell anyone what happened.

C. Ann said to me don't tell anyone what happened.

D. Ann asked me not to tell anyone what happened.

18. "Can you open the door for me, Tom?" Ann asked.

A. Ann asked to open the door for her, Tom.

B. Ann asked Tom to open the door for her.

C. Ann asked Tom open the door for her.

D. Ann asked Tom to open the door for me.

19. "Listen carefully", he said to us.

A. He told us listen carefully B. He told to us to listen carefully

C. He told us to listen carefully D. He said us to listen carefully

20. "Don’t wait for me if I'm late", Ann said.

A. Ann said don't wait for her if she was late.

B. Ann said not to wait for me if I was late.

C. Ann said not to wait for her if she was late.

D. Ann said don't wait for me if I'm late.

21. “ Please, could you wake me at 6 o’clock tomorrow morning?” I asked the doorman.

A. I aksed the door man if he wakes me at 6 o’clock the following morning.

B. I aksed the door man if he wake me at 6 o’clock the following morning.

C. I aksed the door man whether he wakes me at 6 o’clock the following morning or not.

D. I aksed the door man to wake me at 6 o’clock the following morning.

22. “ You stole my best cassette, Bob!” said Willy.

A. Willy accused Bob for having stolen his best cassette.

B. Willy accused Bob of having stolen his best cassette.

C. Willy accused Bob on having stolen his best cassette.

D. Willy accused Bob to have stolen his best cassette.

23. “ Don’t forget to feed the chicken twice a day,” he said.

A. He said don’t forget to feed the chicken twice a day

B. He told not to forget to feed the chicken twice a day

C. He reminded me to feed the chicken twice a day

D. He suggetsed me to feed the chicken twice a day

24. “ Please do not touch that wire!” the old man said to me.

A. the old man told me not to touch that wire.

B. The old man said that I didn’t touch that wire.

C. The old man aksed me to not touch that wire.

D. The old man said to me not to touch that wire.

25. “ Would you like to come to my birthday party,Mary?” said Mike

A. Mike didn’t know that Mary had come to his birthday party.

B. Mike was told to come to Mary’s birthday party.

C. M ike invited Mary to come to his birthday party.

D. Mike asked Mary if she didn’t like to come to his birthday party.

PASSIVE VOICE – CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG

  1. SÁU THÌ KHÔNG TIẾP DIỄN Ở BỊ ĐỘNG .

Sơ đồ chung

Active S + V + O + (place) + (time)



thì hình thức

Passive S + be + Vcột 3 /ed + (place) + by O + (time)



số ít - nhiều

Muốn đổi một câu chủ động sang câu bị động thì phải xác định được chủ từ (S), động từ và túc từ (O) trong câu song làm như sơ đồ. Chú ý động từ chính trong câu chủ động ở thì nào thì "be" ở câu bị động chia theo thì đó.

1. Simple present S + V + O

S + (is, am, are)+ PP by O

Ex: She cleans the floor. The floor is cleaned by her (Sàn nhà dược lau bởi…)

2. Simple past. S + Ved (cột 2) + O

S + were,was + PP by O

Ex: She cleaned the room yesterday. The room was cleaned by her yesterday.

3. Present perfect. S + have,has + PP + O

S + have,has been PP + O

Ex: I have bought the book. The book have been bought by me.

4. Past perfect S + had + PP + O

S + had been PP by O

Ex: I had met him before 4 p.m yesterday. He had been met by me before 4 p.m yesterday.

5. Future simple. S + will + V + O

S + will be PP by O

Ex : I will buy the bicycle. The bicycle will be bought by me.

6. Future perfect . S + will have + PP + O

S + will have been PP by O

Ex : I will have met him by nine. He will have been met by me

II. SÁU THÌ TIẾP DIỄN Ở THỂ BỊ ĐỘNG

Sơ đồ chung

S + be + V-ing + O

S + be being PP by O

1. Present progressive: S + (is,am,are) + V-ing + O

S + (is,am,are) being PP by O

Ex : He is washing the clothes. The clothes are being washed by him.

2. Past progressive:

S + (were,was) + V-ing + O

S + (were,was) being PP by O

Ex 1. They were watching the play The play was being watched by them.

3. Future Present progressive:

S + will be + V-ing + O

S + will be being PP by O

Ex : He will be reading the book. The book will be being read by him.

III. CÁC CẤU TRÚC KHÁC.

1. S + can,must… + V + O

S + can,must… be PP by O



Ex: 1.She can do the exercises The exercises can be done by her.

2. S + be going to + V + O

S + be going to be PP by O



3. S + have to,had to + V + O

S + have to,had to be PP by O



4. S + used to + V + O

S + used to be PP by O



5. S + think,know,believe,agree… that + clause

It is /was + PP (của think, know…) that + clause OR S + be + PP + to + V



6. It is + adj + to V + O

It is + adj for + O + to be + PP OR S + be + adj + to be + PP



IV. CAUSATIVE :

Khi muốn nói rằng chúng ta để cho ai/nhờ ai/yêu cầu ai làm việc gì,chứ không tự tay chúng ta làm


Have + sb + Bare Get + sb + to-inf

Have + sth + pp Get + sth + pp

=


Ex : We had them paint our house / We got them to paint our house

We had our house painted / We got our house painted



V. PASSIVE VOICE OF INFINITIVE AND GERUND :

1. Passive voice of infinitive: Verb + to be +PP



->Verbs that are followed by an infinitive: agree, demand, mean, expect, offer, refuse, hope, seem,want, need *,……

e.g: The new students hope to be included in many of the school’s social activities

2. Passive voice of Gerund: Verb (prep) + being + PP

-> Verbs that are followed by a gerund: dislike, risk , keep, enjoy, admit, mention, practise, …….

E.g: You can’t count on being rescued by your parents every time you get into financial dificulty.



B. PRACTICE

Exercise 1. Choose the best answer A, B, C or D

1. If you __________ about it, will you be able to answer?



A. are asked B. ask C. will be asked D. asked

2. Do you believe that such a problem can __________?



A. solve B. be solving C. is solved D. be solved

3. “ Can’t we do something about the situation?”- “ Something __________ right now.”



A. is doing B. is do C. is being done D. has been doing

4. The university __________ by private funds as well as by tuition income.



A. is supported B. supports C. is supporting D. has supported

5. This picture __________ by Johnny when I came.



A. painted B. was painted C. was being painted D. had been painted

6. It must __________ without delay.



A. do B. have been done C. be doing D. be done

7. This exercise may __________ with a pencil.



A. be written B. be to write C. be writing D. write

8. The money __________to him 2 months ago, but it __________ back yet.



A. was lent/ had not been given B. has been lent/ was not given

C. was lent/ has not given D. was lent/ has not been given

9. She could easily __________for a top model.



A. be mistaken B. have mistaken C. been mistaken D. to be mistaken

10. My shirt __________ by my sister on my last birthday.



A. gave B. was given C. had been given D. was being given

11. I still can not believe it. My bicycle __________ some minutes ago.



A. was stolen B. was stealing C. stolen D. stole

12. Some funny __________ in class yesterday.



A. happened B. was happened C. happens D. is happened

13. The children’s arm was swollen because he __________ by a bee.



A. stung B. had stung C. had been stung D. had being stung

14. I __________with you on that subject.



A. am agree B. am agreed C. agreeing D. agree

15. Many U.S automobiles __________ in Detroit, Michigan.



A. manufacture B. have manufactured C. are manufactured D. are manufacturing

16. When I came, an experiment __________ in the lab.



A. was being holding B. has been held C. was being held D. has held

17. George is __________ Lisa.



A. marry with B. marry to C. married with D. married to

18. Last night a tornado swept through Rockville. It __________ everything in its path.



A. destroyed B. was destroyed

C. was being destroyed D. had been destroyed

19. Dynamite __________by Alfred Bernard Nobel.



A. have been invented B. invented C. was invented D. was being invented

20. __________ this work __________ before you went to Moscow?



A. Will/ have been done B. Has/ been done C. Will/ be done D. Had/ been done

21.The prisoner __________ yesterday



A. released B. has releasedC. was released D. has been released

22. The cutting down of trees __________to prevent forest destruction



A. should control B. should be controlled C. would control D. controlling

23. Computers __________since 1940s



A. is in used B. was used to C. used D. have been in use

24. Our plan __________by the members of the committee



A. considers B. considered C. is considering D. is being considered

25. Unfortunately, the patient __________to hospital too late



A. sent B. has sent C. had sent D. was sent

26.I expected ________ to the party, but I wasn’t.



A. to invite B. to be invited C. being invited D. inviting

27.Her watch needs _____________.



A. to be repaired B. to repair C. being repaired D. repaired

28. The National Curriculum ______________ by the government.



A. will set B. set C. is setting D. is set

29. The school year in Vietnam ______________ into two terms.



A. was divided B. are divided C. is divided D. is dividing

30. English ______________ in many parts of the world.



A. speaks B. is spoken C. is speaking D. was spoken

Exercise 2: Choose one sentence that best rewrites the sentence given.

1. He broke my watch.

A. My watch were broken. B. My watch be broken.

C. My watch is broken. D. My watch was broken.

2. The teacher explained the rule to the student.

A. The rule was explained to the student. B. The students were explained the rule.

C. The students were explained the rules. D. A and B are correct

3. He often asks me to help him.

A. He is often asked to help them. B. They are often asked to help me.

C. I am often asked to help him. D. I am often asked him to help me.

4. His friends never forgave his betrayal.

A. His betrayal were never forgiven by his friends.

B. His betrayal was never forgiven by his friends.

C. His betrayal was never forgave by his friends

D. His betrayal never forgave by his friends.

5. I am sure we’ll settle the matter easily.

A. I’m sure the matter will settle easily. B. I’m sure the matter will be settled easily.

C. I’m sure the matter will settled easily. D. I’m sure the matter won’t be settled easily.

6. We sent for the police.

A. The police was sent for B. The police was sent.

C. The police were sent for. D. The police was sent for us

7. They speak much about this book.

A. This book is much spoken about. B. This book is much spoken.

C. This book is much about spoken. D. This book are much spoken about.

8. Have they tested all the machines?

A. Have all the machines be tested? B. Have all the machines been testing?

C. Have all the machines been tested? D. Have all the machines been being testing?

9. Does he realize that they are laughing at him?

A. Is he realized that he is laughing at? B. Is he realized that he is being laughed at?

C. Does he realize that he is laughing at? D. Does he realize that he is being laughed at?

10. The manager offers me several jobs.

A. I was offers several jobs. B. I am offered several jobs.

C. Several jobs are offered to me. D. B and C are correct.

11. We found that they had cancelled the soccer match.

A. We found that the soccer match had been cancelled.

B. The soccer match had been cancelled.

C. The soccer match was found that had been cancelled.

D. The soccer match was found to have been cancelled by us.

12. “Did Shakespeare write this play?”

A. Did this play be written by Shakespeare? B. Was this play written by Shakespeare?

C. This play was written by Shakespeare. D. Did this play Shakespeare write?

13. Which book do the students love?

A. Which book are done love by the students? B. Which book is the students loved?

C. Which book are loved by the students? D. Which book is loved by the students?

14. How many slums are they going to clear?

A. How many slums are being gone to clear?

B. How many slums are being cleared?

C. How many slums are going to clear?

D. How many slums are going to be cleared?

15. Who wrote the report on the air pollution?

A. By whom was the report on the air pollution written?

B. Whom was the report written on the air pollution by?

C. By whom was the report written on the air pollution?

D. All are correct.

16. Who killed President John Kennedy?

A. By whom President John Kennedy was killed?

B. By whom was President John Kennedy killed?

C. By whom was killed President John Kennedy?

D. By whom killed President John Kennedy?

17. How many students are carrying the bookshelf?

A. By how many students are the bookshelf being carried?

B. By how many students is the bookshelf being carried?

C. By how many students is the bookshelf been carrying?

D. By how many students are the bookshelf be carrying?

18. People say that Mary is a good worker.

A. Mary is said that she is a good worker.

B. Mary is said to be a good worker.

C. It is said to be a good worker.

D. Mary is said that to be a good worker.

19. It is believed that the man escaped in a stolen car.

A. The man is believed to escaped in a stolen car.

B. The man is believed to have escaped in a stolen car.

C. The man is believed to escaped in a stolen car.

D. They believed that the man stole the car.

20. It was thought that the building had been destroyed.

A. The building was thought had been destroyed. B. The building was thought to have been destroyed.

C. The building thought to be destroyed. D. They have destroyed the building.

  1. They gave the job to Amy and Bob.

A. Amy and Bob are given a job. B. A job was given to Amy and Bob.

C. Amy and Bob was given a job. D. A job were given to Amy and Bob.

  1. They started the work last week.

A. The work was started last week. B. The work are started last week.

C. The work were started last week. D. The work is started last week.

  1. They finished the kitchen’s building on Saturday.

A. The kitchen’s building was finished on Saturday.

B. The kitchen’s building were finished on Saturday.

C. The kitchen’s building is finished on Saturday.

D. The kitchen’s building are finished on Saturday.

  1. Somebody calls the president everyday.

A. The president was called every day. B. The president are called every day.

C. The president is called every day. D. The president were called every day.

  1. Last Thursday we pointed a new marketing manager.

A. A new marketing manager is pointed last Thursday.

B. A new marketing manager were pointed last Thursday.

C. A new marketing manager are pointed last Thursday.

D. A new marketing manager was pointed last Thursday.

  1. William, the conqueror built the castle in the 11­­th century.

A. The castle are built by William, the conqueror in the 11­­th century.

B. The castle were built by William, the conqueror in the 11­­th century.

C. The castle was built by William, the conqueror in the 11­­th century.

D. The castle is built by William, the conqueror in the 11­­th century.

  1. People believed that somebody murdered Miss. Stone.

A. It is said that Miss. Stone was murdered.

B. It were said that Miss. Stone was murdered

C. It was believed that Miss. Stone was murdered.

D. People believed that Miss. Stone murdered.

  1. We put a notice about the trip on the notice board yesterday.

A. A notice about the trip on the notice board put yesterday.

B. A notice about the trip on the notice board was put yesterday.

C. A notice about the trip on the notice board is put yesterday.

D. A notice about the trip on the notice board are put yesterday.

29. People think that an apple a day is good for you.

A. It is thought that an apple a day is good for you.

B. It was thought that an apple a day is good for you.

C. They are thought that an apple a day is good for you.

D. They thought that an apple a day is good for you.

30. The cold weather damaged the plants.

A. The plants were damaged by the cold weather.

B. The plants was damaged by the cold weather.

C. The plants are damaged by the cold weather.

D.The plants is damaged by the cold weather


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