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TEST 3

1. Neither Lan nor her friends is telling the truth

A B C D

2. Mary with her children are sitting around the table



A B C D

3. A large number of Vietnamese student know English

A B C D

4. It is very difficult for us to preventing forest fires during the drought.



A B C D

5. Would you mind give me a hand, I have a lot of things to do?

A B C D

6.The little boy is very interested in football, but he is actually not good for playing.



A B C D

7. Paula has given up to smoke for 5 months..

A B C D

8. He used to working hard when he was young, but he is old now.



A B C D

9. Peter is used to doing morning exercise every day, didn’t he?

A B C D

10. This morning I met Mary, that I hadn’t seen for ages.



A B C D

11. They have done the homework since 2 hours.

A B C D

12. How long does your mother go to market? - Every day.



A B C D

13. Marie Curie’ dream was to become a scientific.

A B C D

14. They were hungry, so they suggested to have dinner early.



A B C D

15. How many money do you want to borrow?

A B C D

16. They agreed with waiting for me if I was late.



A B C D

17. I hate the way you never look at me whenever you speak to me.

A B C D

18. The purpose of volunteer work is to help poor people how improving their life.



A C B D

SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION + SENTENCE COMPLETION

  1. SOME COMMON ENGLISH STRUCTURES

1. both...and ...

2. not only.... but (also) .......

3. either.... or....

4. neither ... nor....

5. Used to – infinitive

6. Be used to + V- ing/ noun

7. Because of + phrase

8. Because + clause

9. Such + ( a/an + Adj + Noun ) + that + clause

10. To – inf, In order to – inf, So as to – inf

11. Adj/ adv + Enough + for sb + to- inf

12. it take/ took + sb + time + to – inf

13. Have + Obj + participle

14. It is + Adj + for sb + to – infinitive

15. S + Verb so + Adjective/ Adverb +that + S + Verb

16. S + Verb too + Adjective/ Adverb + to + Verb- infinitive.

17. S + Verb ( in negative) + Adjective/ Adverb + enough + to + Verb – infinitive.

18. It is / was + such + a / an Adjective/ Adverb +that + S + Verb

19. So + Adjective/ Adverb +( Auxiliary) / be + S ( Verb) that S+ Verb


  1. Although / even though + S + Verb , S + Verb

  2. Despite / in spite of + noun phrase/ gerund , S + Verb

  3. Despite / in spite of + the fact that S + Verb , S + Verb

  4. Even if S + Verb, S + Verb

24. S + would rather S + Verb ( in past simple)

25. It is (high) time +S Verb ( in past simple )



  1. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION

Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one.

  1. This is the first time I attend such an enjoyable wedding party.

a. The first wedding party I attended was enjoyable.

b. I had the first enjoyable wedding party.

c. My attendance at the first wedding party was enjoyable.

d. I have never attended such an enjoyable wedding party before.



  1. It is not until a Vietnamese girl getting 18 years old that she is allowed to get married legally.

a. A Vietnamese girl is not allowed to get married legally only when she gets

18 years old.

b. A Vietnamese girl is allowed to get married legally only after she gets 18 years old.

c. They never allow a Vietnamese girl to get married legally when she is 18 years old.

d. The legal allowance for a Vietnamese girl to get married will be issued in 18 years.


  1. I have not met her for three years.

a. The last time I met her was three years ago.

b. It is three years when I will meet her.

c. I did not meet her three years ago.

d. During three years, I met her once.



  1. This pasta is a new experience for me.

a. I used to eat a lot of pasta.

b. I am used to eating pasta.

c. It is the first time I have eaten pasta.

d. I have ever eaten pasta many times before.



  1. I have not seen Tom for ages.

a. It has been a long time since I last saw Tom.

b. Tom and I do not look the same age.

c. Tom and I are friends for a long time.

d. I often met Tom ages ago.



  1. Lan suggested going out for dinner. .

a. Lan said, “Why don’t we go out for dinner?”

b. Lan said, “Do you want to go out for dinner?”

c. Lan said, “Must we go out for dinner?”

d. Lan said, “Will you go out for dinner?”



  1. “I’m sorry. I can’t help you,” Peter said to me.

a. Peter promised to help me. B. Peter approved of helping me.

c. Peter regretted not to help me. D. Peter regretted not helping me.



  1. “It is a surprising gift. Thank you very much, Mary,” said Mr. Pike.

a. Mr. Pike promised to give Mary a surprising gift.

b. Mr. Pike thanked Mary although she did not really like gift.

c. Mr. Pike thanked. Mary for the surprising gift.

d. Mr. Pike congratulated Mary on the surprising gift.



  1. Peter promised to pick Mary up at 10 o’clock.

a. Peter said, “Mary, I will pick you up at 10 o’clock.”

b. Peter said, “Mary, I am sorry for not picking you up at 10 o’clock.”

c. Peter said.’ “Mary, I am too busy to pick you up at 10 o’clock.”

d. Peter said, “Let’s pick Mary up atl0 o’clock.”



  1. “If I were you, I would take a break,” Tom said to Daisy.

a. Tom wanted to take a break with Daisy.

b. Tom advised Daisy to take a break.

c. Tom suggested not taking a break.

d. Tom wanted to take a break, and so did Daisy.



  1. “How beautiful is the dress you have just bought!” Peter said to Mary.

a. Peter promised to buy Mary a beautiful dress.

b. Peter said thanks to Mary for her beautiful dress.

c. Peter complimented Mary on her beautiful dress.

d. Peter asked Mary how she had just bought her beautiful dress.



  1. She raised her hand high so that she could attract her teacher’s attention.

a. Because her teacher attracted her, she raised her hand high.

b. To attract her teacher’s attention, she raised her hand high.

c. Though she raised her hand high, she could not attract her teacher’s attention.

d. She had such a high raising of hand that she failed to attract her teacher’s attention.



  1. “Hello, Mary!” Peter said. ‘

a. Peter said hello Mary. B. Peter said Mary hello.

c. Peter told Mary hello d. Peter greeted Mary.



  1. Julie and Anne had not met each other before he party.

a. Julie and Anne got acquainted when they were at the party.

b. The party prevented Julie and Anne from meeting each other.

c. The party was the place where Julie and Anne could not meet each other.

d. Julie and Anne used to meet each other for the party.



  1. “Why don’t you ask the teacher for help?” Peter asked me.

a. Peter advised me to ask the teacher for help.

b. Peter recommended me not to ask the teacher for help. ,

c. Peter told me the reason why I did not ask the teacher for help.

d. Peter suggested that he should ask the teacher for help.



  1. We have decided that the work they do is unacceptable.

a. As they do the work which we have decided is unacceptable.

b. They have been decided that the work they do is unacceptable.

c. It has been decided that the work being done is unacceptable.

d. We have decided that we accept the work they do.



  1. If you honor me, I will appreciate it.

a. If I am to be honored, it is to be appreciated.

b. Thank you for your appreciation to honor me.

c. Because of your honor, I will appreciate.

d. You are appreciated to honor me.



  1. Barry continued to smoke even though we had advised him to quit.

a. Barry took our advice so he stopped smoking.

b. If we had advised Barry, he would have quit smoking.

c. Barry did not quit smoking because of our advice.

d. Despite being told not to smoke, Barry continued to do.



  1. Many people think Steve stole the money.

a. It was not Steve who stole the money.

b. Steve is thought to have stolen the money.

c. Many people think the money is stolen by Steve.

d. The money is thought to be stolen by Steve.



  1. The man suddenly realized that the neighbor was watching him.

a. The man suddenly realized that he was –being watched by the neighbor.

b. The neighbor was watching the man and he suddenly realized that.

c. The neighbor was suddenly realized the man and watching him.

d. The man suddenly realized that he was watched by the neighbor.



  1. If I were taller, I could reach the top shelf:

a. I am not tall enough to reach the top shelf.

b. I am too tall to reach the top shelf.

c. I cannot reach the top shelf because I am very tall.

d. In spite of being tall, I cannot reach the top shelf.



  1. If only I had studied hard enough to pass the final exam.

a. I regret not studying hard enough to pass the final exam.

b. I had studied hard enough and I passed the final exam.

c. I studied too hard to pass the final exam.

d. I studied hard otherwise I would fail the final exam.



  1. John speaks Chinese fluently because he used to live in China for ten years.

a. Suppose John has lived in China for ten years, he can speak Chinese fluently.

b. Provided that John lived in China for ten years, he could speak Chinese fluently.

c. Unless John had lived in China for ten years, he could not have spoken Chinese fluently.

d. John could not speak Chinese fluently if he had not lived in China for ten years.



  1. Peter said if he were me he would stop smoking.

a. I wanted Peter to stop smoking and he promised to do.

b. Peter promised to stop smoking.

c. Peter said he would stop smoking as I wanted him to.

d. Peter advised me to stop smoking.



  1. I will agree to these conditions provided that they increase my salary.

a. They did not increase my salary so I quit the job.

b. I will only agree these conditions if they give me more money.

c. They give me more money or I will only agree these conditions.

d. Unless they give me more money, I will only agree these conditions.



  1. Those who are riding a motorbike are not allowed to take off their helmet.

a. Those who are wearing a helmet are not allowed to ride a motorbike.

b. It is the helmet that one needn’t wear when he is riding a motorbike

c. You should not wear a helmet when you are riding a motorbike.

d. People must never take their helmet off while they are riding a motorbike.



  1. John, whose cough is terrible, needs to see a doctor.

a. John’s terrible cough prevents from seeing a doctor.

b. John needs to see a doctor because of his terrible cough.

c. John’s doctor does not want to see him because he has a bad cough.

d. John’s terrible cough forces him to see a doctor.



  1. The last time when I saw her was three years ago.

a. I have often seen her for the last three years.

b. About three years ago, I used to meet her.

c. I have not seen her for three years.

d. I saw her three years ago and will never meet her again.



  1. It is the earth’s gravity that gives us our weight.

a. If there were not the earth’s gravity, we would be weightless.

b. Due to the earth’s gravity we cannot weigh anything.

c. We are overweight because of the earth’s ‘gravity.

d. The earth’s gravity is given weight by people.



  1. It was your assistance that enabled us to get achievement.

a. But for you assistance, we could not have, got achievement.

b. Your assistance discouraged us from get achievement.

c. If you assisted us, we could not get achievement.

d. Without your assistance, we could get achievement.



  1. Mary tried to keep calm although she was very disappointed.

a. Mary was too disappointed to keep calm.

b. Disappointed as she was, Mary tried to keep calm.

c. Mary lost her temper because of her disappointment.

d. Feeling disappointed, Mary tried to keep calm, but she failed.



  1. Even though it was raining heavily, the explorers decided to continue their journey.

a. It rained so heavily that the explorers could not continue their journey.

b. The explorers put off their journey due to the heavy rain.

c. The heavy rain could not prevent the explorers from continuing their journey.

d. If it had rained heavily, the explorers would not have continued their journey.



  1. Despite his ability to do the job, he was not offered the position.

a. It was his ability that helped him do the job and get the position.

b. Although he was able to do the job, but he was not offered the position.

c. He was not offered the position, regardless of his ability to, do the job.

d. If he had enough ability to do the job, he would be offered the position.



  1. He had worked very hard but he (ailed.

a. Hard as he worked, he failed.

b. Thanks to his hard work, he failed.

c. He did not succeeded because of his being hard working.

d. Even though being hard working, he failed.



  1. I did not answer the door even though I knew it was my friend.

a. unless I knew it was my friend, I would not answer the door.

b. I knew it was my friend, but I did not answer the door.

c. Only when I answered the door did I knew it was my friend.

d. I answered the door since I knew it was my friend.



  1. I will take up golf this year.

a. I will begin to play golf this year.

b. I will stop playing golf this year.

c. I will build a golf court this year.

d. I will enter a golf competition this year.



  1. Housewives do not have to spend a lot of time doing housework any more.

a. Housework will never be done by housewives any more.

b. Housewives have to spend more and more time to do housework.

c. Never have housewives spent as much time doing housework as they do now.

d. No longer do housewives have to spend a lot of time doing housework.



  1. Go over the report before you submit it.

a. Before you submit the report, you should be finished writing it.

b. Type the report quickly and then submit it.

c. Read the report carefully before you submit it.

d. Before you write the report you have to find enough information.



  1. We always stand by you when you are in need.

a. Whenever you are in need, we stand next to you.

b. We cannot do anything for you though you are in need.

c. We always continue to support and help you when you are in need.

d. We can never stand your necessity.



  1. The sign says, “Keep off the grass.”

a. The sign says, “Have someone cut the grass immediately.”

b. The sign says, “Don’t walk on the grass.”

c. The sign says, “Grass should not be grown here.”

d. The sign says, “Water the grass, please.”



  1. Slippery as the roads were, they managed to complete the race.

a. The roads were so slippery that they could hardly complete the race.

b. The roads were slippery but they managed to complete the race.

c. The roads were slippery so they could hardly complete the race.

d. The roads were so slippery; therefore, they could hardly complete the race.



  1. They decided to go for a picnic though it was very cold.

a. Because it was very cold, they decided to go for a picnic.

b. However cold it was, they decided to go for a picnic.

c. If it had been cold, they would not have gone for a picnic.

d. It was very cold so they decided to go for a picnic.



  1. Both Peter and Mary enjoy scientific expedition.

a. It is not Peter, but Mary, that enjoys scientific expedition.

b. Peter enjoys scientific expedition. Therefore, does Mary.

c. However Peter enjoys scientific expedition and Mary does.

d. Peter enjoys scientific expedition, and so does Mary.



  1. Because it was an interesting novel, I stayed up all night to finish it.

a. I stayed up all night to finish the novel, therefore, it was interesting.

b. Unless it were an interesting novel, I would stay up all night to finish it.

c. Though it was an interesting novel, I stayed up all night to finish it.

d. So interesting was the novel that I stayed up all night to finish it.



  1. He cannot afford a new computer.

a. The new computer is so expensive that he cannot buy it.

b. Therefore, he would buy a new computer.

c. So, he would buy a new computer.

d. The new computer is so expensive but he can buy it



  1. It wasn’t obligatory to submit my assignment today.

a. My assignment must have been submitted today.

b. I needn’t have submitted my assignment today.

c. My assignment was required to submit by today.

d. I mustn’t submit my assignment today.



  1. It’s time we left for the disco.

a. We may leave for the disco now.

b. We needn’t leave for the disco now.

c. We should leave for the disco now.

d. We must have leave for the disco now.



  1. It was a mistake of you to lose your passport.

a. You shouldn’t have lost your passport.

b. There must be a mistake in your passport.

c. You needn’t have brought your passport.

d. Your passport must be lost.



  1. My car keys are possibly in the kitchen.

a. My car keys should be put in the kitchen.

b. My car keys cannot be in the kitchen.

c. I do not know whether my car keys are in the kitchen.

d. My car keys might be in the kitchen.



  1. Is it possible for me to come to your house at about 7pm?

a. Must I come over to your house at about 7pm?

b. Could I be come to your house at about 7pm?

c. Can I come to your house at about 7pm?

d. Will I come to your house at about 7pm?



  1. He could escape from hurt because he was wearing protective clothes.

a. Thanks to his protective clothes, he could escape from hurt.

b. His protective clothes made him hurt.

c. Due to his protective clothes, he was hurt.

d. His being hurt made his unable to wear protective clothes.



  1. We were unable to type the contract because the computer malfunctioned.

a. Despite a computer malfunction, we managed to finish typing the contract.

b. The computer malfunction helped us complete the contract.

c. The fact that the computer malfunction prevented us from typing the contract.

d. Thanks to the computer malfunction, we could type the contract.



  1. The roads were slippery because it snowed heavily.

a. It snowed too heavily to make the roads slippery.

b. The heavy snow prevented the roads from-being slippery.

c. Thanks to the slip of the roads, it snowed heavily.

d. The heavy snow made the roads slippery.



  1. The accident happened because she was careless.

a. The accident was prevented due to her carelessness.

b. Her carelessness was responsible for the accident.

c. It was the accident that made her careless.

d. The more careless she was, the less accident happened.



  1. I did not understand what the lecturer was saying because I had not read his book.

a. What the lecturer wrote and said was too difficult for me to understand.

b. The lecturer’s book which I had not read was difficult to understand.

c. I found it very difficult to understand what the lecturer said in his book.

d. I would have understood what the lecturer was saying if I had read his book.



  1. There are more sports competed in this SEA Games than in last SEA Games.

a. The sports competed ill this SEA Games are the same as those in last SEA Games.

b. Not as many sports were competed in last SEA Games as in this SEA Games.

c. In the last SEA Games there were some sports which were not competed.

d. In this SEA Games, there are less sports competed than in last SEA Games.



  1. No one in the team can play better than John.

a. John plays well but the others play better.

b. John as well as other players of the team plays very well.

c. Everyone in the team, but John, plays very well.

d. John is the best player of the team.



  1. He only feels happy whenever he does not have much work to do.

a. The more he works, the happier he feels.

b. The less he works, the happier he feels:

c. His work makes him feel happy.

d. He feels happier and happier with his work.



  1. More petrol is consumed nowadays than ten years ago.

a. Not so much petrol was consumed ten years ago as nowadays.

b. Petrol consumption is going down nowadays.

c. We had more petrol ten years ago than we do nowadays.

d. We should consume as much petrol as possible.



  1. I learn a lot but I cannot remember anything.

a. I learn more and more and remember more and more.

b. The less I learn, the more I remember.

c. The more I learn, the less I remember.

d. I remember not only what I have learnt.



  1. Mary says that when her drugs budget was exhausted she turned to the Swedish Red Cross.

a. Mary says that she was tired with the voluntary work for the Swedish Red Cross.

b. Mary says that she gave all her money to the Swedish Red Cross.

c. Mary says that the money she bought drugs was given to the Swedish Red Cross.

d. Mary says that when she ran out of money for her drugs, she asked the Swedish Red Cross for help.



  1. I find it difficult to get rid of my smoking habit.

a. As for me, stopping my smoking habit is quite difficult.

b. I have difficulty smoking cigarettes.

c. My smoking habit has caused me a lot of difficulties.

d. I will quit smoking someday.



  1. You can look up this word in the dictionary.

a. There are a lot of words in the dictionary for you to look at.

b. You can find the meaning of this word in the dictionary.

c. The dictionary contains a lot of words except the one you need.

d. You should buy this dictionary to find the word you need.



  1. That car is beyond my means.

a. That car is cheap enough for me to buy.

b. That car is too expensive for me to buy.

c. I am really interested in that car.

d. I really do not like that car.



  1. The doctor advised Mr. Pike to take up a new hobby.

a. The doctor said, “A new hobby is not good for Mr. Pike.”

b. The doctor wanted Mr. Pike not to have any new hobby.

c. The doctor said, “You should start a new hobby, Mr. Pike.”

d. The doctor said to Mr. Pike, “You should stop your present hobby.”



  1. It is really important to have friends whom you can count on.

a. You should have reliable friends whom you can trust.

b. You should not contact with friends who make use of you.

c. Some friends may make your feelings hurt.

d. Do not believe in any friends.



  1. We will set off tomorrow.

a. We will have to postpone our trip tomorrow.

b. Tomorrow will be a good day for us to go

c. We will leave the place tomorrow.

d. We will arrive home tomorrow.



  1. Despite her age, she gets about easily.

a. She is too old to do anything easily.

b. Because she is old, she cannot go anywhere.

c. Although she is old, she can travel easily.

d. Her age prevents her from going from place to place.



  1. “I will ring you up after I get home.” Peter said to Mary.

a. Peter promised to give Mary a wedding ring after he got home.

b. Peter asked Mary to pay him a visit after he’ got home.

c. Peter promised to visit Mary after he got home.

d. Peter promised to telephone Mary after he got home.



  1. The criminals got away in spite of the efforts of the police.

a. Without the efforts of the police, the criminals would have escaped.

b. Even though the police made their efforts, the criminals escaped.

c. Thanks to the efforts of the police, the criminals were imprisoned.

d. The criminals were caught because of the efforts of the police.



  1. As soon as you arrive, give me a call.

a. Give me a call immediately on arrival.b. Wait until I call you to arrive.

c. I will phone you on my arrival. D. Whenever you call me, I will arrive.



  1. Lucy always reminds me of my youngest sister.

a. My youngest sister’s name is Lucy.

b. Whenever I see Lucy, I think of my youngest sister.

c. It is Lucy who is my youngest sister.

d. I always think of Lucy, my youngest sister.



  1. By the time we finished our work, Peter had already gone home.

a. Peter did not go home until we finished our work.

b. As soon as we finished our work, we would go home with Peter.

c. We finished our work before Peter went home.

d. Peter had gone home before we finished our work.



  1. It has been years since I last ate fish.

a. I have not eaten fish for years.

b. For many years, I have eaten only fish.

c. I like eating fish for years.

d. It is fish that I have eaten for many years.



  1. It will not be long until he is at the meeting.

a. It will take him a long time to attend the meeting.

b. He will be at the meeting soon.

c. The meeting will last for a long time.

d. He has been at the meeting for a long time.



  1. Lan suggested going out for dinner. .

a. Lan said, “Why don’t we go out for dinner?”

b. Lan said, “Do you want to go out for dinner?”

c. Lan said, “Must we go out for dinner?”

d. Lan said, “Will you go out for dinner?”



  1. “I’m sorry. I can’t help you,” Peter said to me.

a. Peter promised to help me. B. Peter approved of helping me.

c. Peter regretted not to help me. D. Peter regretted not helping me.



  1. “It is a surprising gift. Thank you very much, Mary,” said Mr. Pike.

a. Mr. Pike promised to give Mary a surprising gift.

b. Mr. Pike thanked Mary although she did not really like gift.

c. Mr. Pike thanked. Mary for the surprising gift.

d. Mr. Pike congratulated Mary on the surprising gift.



  1. Peter promised to pick Mary up at 10 o’clock.

a. Peter said, “Mary, I will pick you up at 10 o’clock.”

b. Peter said, “Mary, I am sorry for not picking you up at 10 o’clock.”

c. Peter said.’ “Mary, I am too busy to pick you up at 10 o’clock.”

d. Peter said, “Let’s pick Mary up atl0 o’clock.”



  1. “If I were you, I would take a break,” Tom said to Daisy.

a. Tom wanted to take a break with Daisy.

b. Tom advised Daisy to take a break.

c. Tom suggested not taking a break.

d. Tom wanted to take a break, and so did Daisy.



  1. I did not come to your party due to the rain.

a. If it did not rained, I would come to your party.

b. It was the rain that prevented me from coming to your party.

c. Even though it rained, I came to your party.

d. Suppose it .did not rain, I would come to your party.



  1. They got success since they took my advice.

a. They took my advice, and failed.

b. If they did not .take my advice, they would not get success.

c. But for taking my advice, they would not have got success.

d. My advice stopped them from getting success.



  1. Unless you come on time, we will go without you.

a. Come on time or we will go without you.

b. Come on time, we will go without you.

c. Because of your punctuality, we will go without you.

d. Without jour coming on time, we will go.



  1. Thanks to her high grades at university, she is offered the position.

a. If she had not got high grades at university, she would not be offered the position.

b. It was her high grades at university which offer her the position.

c. If she had not got high grades at university, she would not have been offered the position.

d. Without her high grades at university, she is not offered the position.



  1. I am very interested in the book you lent me last week.

a. The book is interesting enough for you to lend me last week.

b. It was the interesting book which you lent me last week.

c. The book which you lent me last week is too interesting to read.

d. The book that you lent me last week interests me a lot.



  1. Optimists believe that life will be far better than it is today.

a. Optimists cannot tell any differences between today life and future life.

b. It is believed by optimists that there will be no changes for life in the future.

c. Optimists believe that today’s life is not as good as it will be.

d. Optimists believe that we will have a worse life in the future.



  1. In spite of his poverty, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause.

a. He could not devote his life to the revolutionary cause because of his poverty.

b. If he had not been so poor, he could have devoted his life to the revolutionary cause.

c. Poor as he was, he leg a devoted life to the revolutionary cause.

d. He led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause, but he was so poor.



  1. They did not let me in because I was not a member of the club.

a. They invited me although I was not a member of the club.

b. They did not allow me to enter because I was not a member of the club.

c. They invited me to the clubs as if I had been a member.

d. They asked me to get out of the club because I was not a member.



  1. Can you account for your strange behavior?

a. Does your strange behavior make anybody surprised?

b. Can you please stop behaving strangely?

c. Can you give a good explanation for your strange behavior?’

d. Is your strange behavior only for me?



  1. Most bosses cannot put up with irresponsibility.

a. Irresponsibility is what most bosses are trying to find.

b. Most bosses cannot tolerate irresponsibility.

c. Irresponsibility is a must to please most bosses.

d. Without responsibility, most bosses will not offer you a job.



  1. You must never take your helmet off while you are riding a motorcycle.

a. If you are riding a motorcycle, you needn’t wear a helmet.’

b. When you are riding a motorcycle, wearing a helmet is not a must.

c. You needn’t wear a helmet whenever you are riding a motorcycle.

d. Helmets must be worn at all times when you are riding a motorcycle.



  1. John was not here yesterday. Perhaps he was ill.

a. John needn’t be here yesterday because he was ill.

b. Because of his illness, John should have been here yesterday.

c. John might have been ill yesterday, so he was not here.

d. John must have been ill yesterday, so he was not here.



  1. I think Tom needs to see a doctor. His cough is terrible.

a. With that terrible cough, Tom ought to see a doctor.

b. Although his cough was terrible, I think Tom needn’t see a doctor.

c. Tom must have got a terrible cough and he needs to see a doctor.

d. Tom did not see a doctor due to his terrible cough;



  1. I took a sweater but it was not necessary.

a. I needn’t have taken a sweater.

b. It was too necessary for me to take a sweater.

c. I should have taken a sweater.

d. I must have taken a sweater.



  1. If I were you, I would take the train instead of the bus.

a. You should have taken the train instead of the bus.

b. You should take the train instead of the bus.

c. I advise you to take the bus.

d. You must have taken the train instead of the bus.



  1. This is the first time I attend such an enjoyable wedding party.

a. The first wedding party I attended was enjoyable.

b. I had the first enjoyable wedding party.

c. My attendance at the first wedding party was enjoyable.

d. I have never attended such an enjoyable wedding party before.



  1. It is not until a Vietnamese girl getting 18 years old that she is allowed to get married legally.

a. A Vietnamese girl is not allowed to get married legally only when she gets 18 years old.

b. A Vietnamese girl is allowed to get married legally only after she gets 18 years old.

c. They never allow a Vietnamese girl to get married legally when she is 18 years old.

d. The legal allowance for a Vietnamese girl to get married will be issued in 18 years.



  1. I have not met her for three years.

a. The last time I met her was three years ago.

b. It is three years when I will meet her.

c. I did not meet her three years ago.

d. During three years, I met her once.



  1. This pasta is a new experience for me.

a. I used to eat a lot of pasta.

b. I am used to eating pasta.

c. It is the first time I have eaten pasta.

d. I have ever eaten pasta many times before.



  1. I have not seen Tom for ages.

a. It has been a long time since I last saw Tom.

b. Tom and I do not look the same age.

c. Tom and I are friends for a long time.

d. I often met Tom ages ago.


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