Revision cách nhận biết từ loại: a. Cánh nhận biết danh từ



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E. LANGUAGE FOCUS

1. PRONUNCIATION: Cách phát âm -ed

- Có 3 cách phát âm –ed tận cùng.

* đọc thành âm /id/ với những từ có âm cuối là / t, d /

* đọc thành âm /t/ với những từ có âm cuối là /p, f, k, s, ∫, t∫, θ /

* đọc thành âm /d/ với những trường hợp còn lại

- Examples:

* /id/: wanted, needed, prevented, confided ….

* /t/: looked, stopped, laughed, coughed, sacrificed…..

* /d/: played, seemed, planned…….

- Note: các từ raise, advise, …có âm cuối là /z/

Từ manage có âm cuối là /dz/

Từ practice, introduce có âm cuối là /s/

Từ cough, laugh có âm cuối là /f/


II. GRAMMAR: TENSES (Continue)

1/ Một số cách hòa hợp thì giữa mệnh đề chính và mệnh đề thời gian:


Main clause

(Mệnh đề chính)

Adverbial clause of time

(Mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian)

Hiện tại

Hiện tại

Quá khứ

Quá khứ

Tương lai

Hiện tại




  1. TLĐ + until / when / as soon as + HTĐ

I will wait here until she (come) ----------------- back.

  1. TLĐ + after + HTHT

He (go) --------------- home after he has finished his work.

  1. TLHT + by / by the time / before + HTĐ

He (leave) ------------------------by the time you (arrive) -----------------.

  1. while / when / as + QKTD, QKĐ

While I was going to school, I met my friend.

  1. QKĐ + while / when / as + QKTD

It (start) --------------- to rain while the boys (play) -------------- football.

  1. QKTD + while + QKTD

Last night, I was doing my homework while my sister was playing games.

  1. HTHT + since + QKĐ

I (work) -------------------- here since I (graduate)---------------------.

8. QKĐ + since then + HTHT

I (graduate) ---------------- in 2002 since then I (work) --------------- here.

9. QKHT + by / by the time / before + QKĐ

He (leave) ------------------ by the time I came.



10. Before + QKĐ + QKHT

Before she (have) ---------------- dinner, she (write) ------------- letter



11. After + QKHT, QKĐ

After I had finished my homework, I (go) --------------- to bed.



12. QKĐ + after + QKHT

I (go) ----------------- to bed after I (finish) ---------------- my work.



2/ Đổi thì quá khứ đơn sang hiện tại hoàn thành

a. S + last + QKĐ ….+ thời gian + ago.

S + HTHT (phủ định) ….+ for + thời gian

It’s / It has been + thời gian + since + S + last + QKĐ…..

The last time + S + QKĐ…. + was + thời gian + ago.



b. This is the first time + S + HTHT khẳng định….

S + HTHT never …..+ before



c. S + began / started + V-ing + ----

S + have / has + V3/-ed + for / since ---

Ex: We last went to London two years ago.

 We -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 It’s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 The last time -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

This is the first time I have visited Hanoi.

I -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I began learning English five years ago.

 I have ------------------------------------------------------------------------

I began learning English in 2007.

I have ------------------------------------------------------------------------



EXERCISE

Choose the best answer

1. The last time I saw Rose was three years ago.

A. I didn’t see Rose three years ago. B. I have seen Rose for three years.

C. I haven’t seen Rose for three years. D. I hadn’t seen Rose for three years. When did 2.When did Mike start learning French?


A. How long has Mike started to learn French? B. How long ago has Mike started to learn French?
C. How long has Mike been learning French? D. How long was Mike starting to learn French?

3. The last time I played football was in 1991.

A. I haven’t played football in 1991. B. I haven’t played football since 1991.

C. I didn’t play football in 1991. D. I last played football since 1991.

4. We last saw Mr. Brown when we were at Mary's party.

A. We haven't seen Mr. Brown since we attended Mary's party.

B.We didn't see Mr. Brown since we were at Mary's party.

C.The last time we saw Mr.Brown while we were enjoying Mary's party.

D.We haven't seen Mr. Brown when we were invited to Mary's party.

5. After I_________here, I_________to feel better.

A. have come / started B. had come / started

C. was coming/ had started D. came/ had started

6. In recent years, the price of coffee, cocoa and bananas _______.

A. has fallen B. fell C. was falling D. falls

7. He fell down when he ______ towards the church.

A. run B. runs C. was running D. had run

8. When Jack ______ me, I ______ a letter.

A. was phoning / wrote B. phoned / has been writing

C. phoned / was writing D. has phoned / was writing

9. They_________for 3 hours when the storm suddenly broke.

A. had been running B.have been running C.are running D.will be running

10. When I was at school, I _________ soccer twice a week.

A. will play B. am playing C. used to play D. am going to play

11. This morning while I ______ for the bus, it started to rain.

A. waited B. have waited C. had waited D. was waiting

12. This is the first time we _________ a sewing machine.

A. are using B. use C. used D. have used

13. I had missed the beginning of the film when I _________TV on.

A. switched B. was switching C. am switching D. had switched

14. She was sitting on the park bench when she ___________ a strange noise.

A. heard B. hears C. was hearing D. had heard

15. I____________ the book by the time you come tonight.

A. will be finishing B. finished C. had finished D. will have finished

16. They have been in love with each other _________they were young.

A. since B. while. C. until D. all are correct

17. The room ____________ when I arrived .

A. was being cleaned B. is cleaned C. was cleaning D. was cleaned

18. Since I came here, I___________a lot of acquaintances.

A.have had B.had . C.have D.am having

19.We___________that film two years ago.

A.watch B.have watched C.had watched D.watched

20.I was learning maths when _______________.

A. my mother comes back B. my mother came back

C. my mother has come back D. my mother is coming back

21. Look! The boy ___________ at the desk is Mary’s boy friend.

A. stand B. standing C. stands D. stood

22. By September John __________enough to buy a mountain bike

A. saves B. will have saved C. will be saving D. has saved

23. He felt asleep while he ____________ his homework

A. was doing B. had done C. did D. has done

24. After my sister ____________ her clothes, she began watching T.V

A. had washed B. has washed C. was washing D. washes

25. Water ............... of hydrogen and oxygen .

A. consist B. consists C. consisted D. have consisted

26. Please don’t make so much noise! I ___________

A. have studied B. study C. studied D. am studying

27. She ____________ to me since last year.

A. has not written B. wrote C. writes D. had not written

28. When the police ________ , the thief _________.

A.came / left. B.had come / had left C.had come / left D.came / had left.

29. While my mother ____________ a film on TV, my father was cooking dinner. It was March 8th yesterday.

A. watched B. was watching C. had watched D. was watched

30. By 2050, medical technology _________ many diseases.

A. will have conquered B. conquered C. has conquered D. is conquering

31. By the time I left the room, I___________ he lights.

A.will turn off B.would turn off C.have turned off D.had turned off

32. Our teacher came in when we____________ noisy.

A.have been talking B.were talking C.are talking D.had talked

33. Hurry up! It’s time we __________for next week’s examination.

A. have studied B. studied C. had studied D. will study

34. When Jack __________me, I __________a letter.

A. phoned/ has been writing B. has phoned/ was writing

C. phoned/ was writing D. was phoning/ wrote

35. Be quiet! The baby__________.

A. is sleeping B. slept C. was sleeping D. sleeps

36. At present Mary __________her clothes. She __________ the clothes on Sundays.

A. is washing / often washes B. has washed / is often washing

C. was washing / has often washed D. washes / often washed

37. After Mary ___________ her degree, she intends to work in her father’s company.

A. will finish B. is finishing C. finishes D. will have finished

38. By the time I ______back next year, I think, you _____ me.

A. am / will have forgotten B. will be / will have forgotten

C. am / will be forgetting D. will be/ will forget

39. Since I moved in, my upstairs neighbour _______ his stereo loudly every night.

A. is playing B. played C. has played D. plays

40. This time last week I _________ to Dalat.

A. have driven B. drove C. was driving D. were driving

41. This is the first time I _________London.

A. have ever visited B. ever visited C. was ever visiting D. has ever visited

42. Much progress on computers________ since 1950.

A. has made B. has been made C. have made D. have been made

43. This is the first time I________ here.

A. am B. have been C. was D. will be

44. After she________ the letter, she put it down and started to cry.

A. read B. reads C. has read D. had read

45. We __________ each other since we left university.

A. don't meet B. are meeting C. will not meet D. have not met

46. She has disappeared for 3 days ago, and they are still looking for her now.

A B C D

47. Our class will visit the teacher when we will have free time.



A B C D

48. Lan often arrives at the office at nine o'clock, but because of the storm, she is late this morning.

A B C D

49. He never goes home before he will finish his work.

A B C D

50. After get to know her at school, he finished by asking her address.

A B C D
UNIT 3: WAYS OF SOCIALISING

A. READING

- society (n): ....................................

- social (a): ……………………….

- socialize (v): ………………………

- sociable (a) ...................................

- verbal (a) ≠ non-verbal (a): ……………………..



- get / attract someone’s attention: ………………………

- communicate (v): .....................................

- communication (n): …………………….

- communicative (a): ............................................

- probably (adv) ...........................................

- signal (n, v): ...........................................

- catch one’s eyes: attract someone’s attention: ............................................

- get off ≠ get on: ............................................

- appropriate (a) = suitable ...........................................

- nod (v): ………………………….

- wave hands (v): ……………………………

- clap hands ............................................

- raise hands ...........................................

- shake hands ……………………………..

- assist (v) – assistance (n) ...........................................

- whistle (v) ..........................................

- impolite (rude) ≠ polite (a): …………………….

- formal (a) ≠ informal (a): ……………………..

- formality (n) ≠ informality (n): …………………….

- approach (v): come near: …………………….



- object to: .........................................

- reasonable (a): …………………..

- (be) sorry for: ……………………….

- break down: ……………………..



- point at ...........................................

- acceptable (a) ............................................

- argue (v) - argument (n) …………………………….

- obvious (a) …………………………….



Note:

Would like + to-V1

Want + to-V1

Ex: Would you like to have a cup of coffee?

I want to be a doctor.

Task 1 and 2 (textbook page 32)

Task 3: Choose the best answer

1. According to the passage, we can use ____________ communication to attract someone’s attention.

A. verbal B. non-verbal C. signal D. both verbal and non-verbal

2. To get the waiter’s attention in a restaurant, we can _____________.

A. whistle B. clap our hands C. nod slightly D. approach him

3. The word “that” in paragraph 3, line 7 refers to _________.

A. waiting B. whistling or clapping C, raising our hands D. nodding slightly

4. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

A. Jumping up and down and waving as hard as you can at the airport are considered as big, obvious non-verbal signals.

B. A brief raise of the hand and a small wave are appropriate only in formal social situations.

C. You shouldn’t point at the person or thing because is usually considered rude.

D. That the teacher points to the student is not impolite.


B. SPEAKING + C. LISTENING

Lời khen ngợi

Lời cảm ơn

- You really have a beautiful _______.

- You look really nice with ________.

- Your hairstyle is terrific.

- Your English is better than many Americans.



- Thank you / Thanks. That’s a nice compliment.

- You’ve got to be kidding! I thought it was terrible.

- I’m glad you like it.

- Thanks. That’s very nice of you to say so.


- ‘compliment (n) ………………………………………………

- terrific (a) ……………………………………………….

- marvelous (a) ……………………………………………….

- argument (n) ………………………………………………

- install (v) ………………………………………………

- reasonable (a) ……………………………………………….

EXERCISE

1. A. supportive B. different C. confide D. contractual

2. A. optimistic B. enthusiast C. education D. personality

3. A.economic B. entertainment C. experience D.introduction.

4. A.extinction B.animal C.classify D.primary

5. A society B. industry C. another D. dependent

6. A. invited B. attended C. celebrated D. displayed

7. A. neighbors B. friends C. relatives D. photographs

8. A. happy B. house C. hour D. hold

9. A. childless B. watching C. machine D. choose

10. A. psychology b. prepare c. problem d. promote

11. Maria: "Thanks for the lovely evening." Diana: "______."

A. No, it's not good B. Oh, that's right C. Yes, it's really great D. I'm glad you enjoyed it

12. Kevin: "How far is it from here to the nearest post office?" Lan: "______."

A. No, it's rather far B. Yes, it's quite near here

C. Turn left and then turn right D. Two kilometers at least

13. Pat: "Would you like something to eat?"

Kathy: "______. I'm not hungry now."

A. Yes, I would B. No, thanks C. No, no problem D. Yes, it is

14. David: "Could you bring me some water?" Waiter: "______."

A. Yes, I can B. Certainly, sir C. I don't want to D. No, I can't

15. Ellen: "______?" Tom: "He's tall and thin with blue eyes."

A. What does John look like B. What does John like

C. How is John doing D. Who does John look like

16. Tom:“I’m taking my driving test tomorrow” Mary:“____________”

A. Lucky! B. Best wishes ! C. Good luck! D. Good chance!

17. “Oh, I’m really sorry!” ~ “_____________________.”

A. It was a pleasure” B. That’s all right C. Thanks D. Yes, why?

18. “Do you like the weather here?” ~ “I wish it ______________.”

A. doesn’t rain B. won’t rain C. didn’t rain D. haven’t rained

19. “You look nice today. I like your new hairstyle.” ~ “______________________.”

A. It’s nice of you to think so. B. Shall I? Thanks.

C. Oh well done! D. I feel interesting to hear that

20. -“Congratulation on winning the prize!” -“_____________”

A.. All right B. Not at all C.Thank you D. You are welcome

D. WRITING

Note: 1/ There + be + N:


  • N sô ít be số ít There is a book on the table.

  • N số nhiều be số nhiều There are three students in the classroom.

2/ Let’s + V1: chúng ta hãy cùng…. Let’s go to the cinema.
EXERCISE Choose the best answer:

  1. He asked them --------------.
    A. not help him B. should help him C. to help him D. helping him

  2. She said that she -------------- there the year before.
    A. went B. had gone C. would go D. was going

  3. Peter asked Jane why -------------- the film on T.V the previous night.
    A. didn’t she watch B. hadn’t she watched

C. she didn’t watch D. she hadn’t watched

  1. They said they -------------- us if we needed.
    A. help B. helped C. would help D. had helped

  2. He advised them -------------- in class.
    A. to not talk B. not to talk C. to talk not D. don’t talk

  3. She said to us “Don’t be late again”.
    A. She said us not to be late again. B. She told us to be not late again.
    C. She told to us not to be late again. D. She told us not to be late again.

  4. “John shouldn’t have behaved so badly.” said Janet.
    A. Janet agreed with John's behaviors. B. Janet was angry with John.
    C. Janet disliked John. D. Janet objected to John's behaviors.

  5. John said “You had better not lend them any money, Daisy”.
    A. John said Daisy not to lend them any money.

B. John advised Daisy should not lend any money.
C. John said to Daisy not lend them any money.

D. John advised Daisy not to lend them any money.



  1. “I’m sorry I have to leave so early’, he said.
    A. He apologized for having to leave early. B. He apologized to have to leave early.
    C. He apologized that he has to leave early D. He apologized to have left early.

  2. “Can I borrow your pen please, Sam?”, said Gillian.
    A. Gillian asked Sam if she can borrow his pen.

B. Gillian asked Sam if she could borrow his pen.
C. Gillian asked Sam she can borrow his pen.

D. Gillian asked Sam she could borrow his pen.



  1. “Where did you go last night, Nam?”, said Hoa
    A. Hoa said to Nam where had he gone the night before.
    B. Hoa said to Nam where he had gone the night before.
    C. Hoa told Nam where he had gone last night.
    D. Hoa asked Nam where he had gone the night before.

  2. Some one was wondering if the taxi -------------- yet.
    A. had arrived B. arrived C. arrives D. had arrived

  3. Some one -------------- the tickets were free.

A. said me B. said me that C. told to me D. told me

  1. He said he would go on holiday --------------.
    A. yesterday B. the following day C. the previous day D. the day before

15. He said that Linda and John _______ married _______.

A. were getting / tomorrow B. were getting / next day

C. were getting / the next day D. would get / the day before

16. “Be aware of the dog,” said Tom.  Tom warned us _______.

A. to be aware of the dog B. being aware of the dog

C. we should be aware of the dog D. aware of the dog

17. "Well done, Jerry. You've passed the driving test!"

A. I told that Jerry had passed her driving test.

B. I congratulated Jerry on pass her driving test.

C. I congratulated Jerry on passing her driving test.

D. I told Jerry that she had done well in her driving test.

18. "Don't forget to go to the supermarket after work", he said.

A. He requested me not forget to go to the supermarket after work.

B. He asked me not to forget to go to the supermarket after work.

C. He reminded me to go to the supermarket after work.

D. He told me that I shouldn't forget to go to the supermarket after work.

19. He apologized __________able to finish the project on time.

A. his colleagues not being B. his colleagues not to be

C. to his colleagues for not being D. his colleagues for not being

20. “Let’s go on a walking holiday!” said Jane.

A. Jane allowed us to go on a walking holiday B. Jane invited us to go on a walking holiday

C. Jane wanted us to go on a walking holiday D. Jane suggested going on a walking holiday
E. LANGUAGE FOCUS

I. PRONUNCIATION: Stress in two-syllable words: Trọng âm của những từ có hai âm tiết:

- Trọng âm chỉ được đặt trên từ gốc. Phần được thêm vào (tiếp đầu ngữ hay tiếp vĩ ngữ) không được tính là vần/âm tiết.



1. Danh từ và tính từ:

- Trọng âm thường được đặt ở vần đầu

Ex: ‘table, ‘happy, ‘lucky, ‘weather……

- Một số danh từ có trọng âm ở từ gốc

Ex: de’sign, be’lief, ac’cept, de’mand………..

- Danh từ tận cùng –OO hay –OON: trọng âm đặt ngay vần này

Ex: after’noon, bam’boo, bal’loon……..

2. Động từ:

- động từ tận cùng bằng –OW, -EN, -Y, -EL, -LE, -ISH: trọng âm ở vần thứ nhất

Ex: ‘follow, ‘finish, ‘carry, ‘suffer, ‘harden, ‘answer………

- động từ tận cùng bằng –ATE: trọng âm đặt ở vần hai

Ex: trans’late, cre’ate……..




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