Revision cách nhận biết từ loại: a. Cánh nhận biết danh từ



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- in : trong, ở trong (địa điểm lớn)

In the kitchen / bathroom / garden / town / city / country/ mountains / village

In the world / in the sky / in the air / in space

In a car / in a taxi

In bed / hospital / prison

In the south / east / west / north

In the middle of the room: ở giữa phòng

* Một số giới từ chỉ nơi chốn khác:

Above ở bên trên

By / beside / next to bên cạnh

Behind phía sau

Between ở giữa (hai người, hai vật)

Among ở giữa (nhiều người, nhiều vật)

Under ở dưới

Around / round quanh



* Giới từ chỉ thời gian:

- at: vào lúc

At + giờ

At midnight nừa đêm

At night buổi tối

At lunchtime vào giờ ăn trưa

At noon giữa trưa (lúc 12 giờ trưa)

At Easter vào lễ phục sinh

At Christmas vào lễ Giáng sinh

At the same time cùng thời gian

At the end / beginning of this month / next month

At the age of ở lứa tuổi



- on: vào

* on + thứ / on + ngày tháng

On Sunday, On March 8th ,

* on + buổi trong ngày

On Saturday morning

On Christmas Day, On New Year’s Day, On my birthday



- in: trong

In the morning / afternoon / evening

* in + tháng, mùa, năm, thế kỷ

In September , In the summer / winter / spring / autumn, In 2010, In the 21st century

In the end cuối cùng

* Note: On time đúng giờ (không trễ)

In time đúng lúc, kịp lúc
* Một số giới từ và cụm giới từ thường gặp :


- across :…………….. ngan qua

- opposite: …………… đối diện

- between ………….. giữa hai người , hai vật

- among : …..… giữa nhiều người , nhiều vật

- object to +V-ing / N : phản đối

-be different from ……… : khác với

-happen to …………………….: xẩy đến với

-be fond of / be interrested in : thích thú với

-be proud of ……………. : tự hào về

-consist of……………… :bao gồm

-be famous for ………….: nỗi tiếng vầ

-be excited about ……….: sôi động về

-be successful in ……….: thành công về

-turn on …………………………: bật

-depend on ………………..: tùy thuộc vào

-prefer ……… to …… : thích …… hôn …

-S + be kind/ nice to …...: thật là tử tế

-Ex: You are very kind to me when you help me

-It/ that + be + kind/nice of + ….:thật là tử tế

-Ex: It is very kind of you to say so.

- to be on holiday : ……………đi du lịch

- to be on business : ………….. đi công tác

- die of : ………………….. chết vì ( bệnh )

- believe in : …………….. tin tưởng vào

- warn about ……………. cảnh báo về

- warn against :. cảnh báo không được làm …

- to get married to ……..... kết hôn với

-look at ……………………….: nhìn

-look for ……………………… : tìm kiếm

-look after ……………..……: chăm sóc

-look up ………………………..: tra từ điển

-look forward to …………: mong đợi

-go on …………………….: tiếp tục

- bring up ……………….: nuôi dưỡng

- pass away …………….: qua đời

- cope with …………: đối mặt , đối phó với


II/. Articles (Mạo từ)

* Mạo từ không xác định: a/ an

- a (một): đứng trước danh từ đếm được bắt đầu bằng phụ âm Ex: a book, a house, a bike, …

- an (một): đứng trước danh từ đếm được bắt đầu bằng nguyên âm (a, e, i, o, u) và “h” câm

Ex: an apple, an orange, an umbrella Nhưng a university, an hour



* Mạo từ xác định: The

- Trước danh từ xác định số ít hoặc số nhiều

- Trước danh từ chỉ vật duy nhất: the earth, the sun, the moon, the sky, the world, …

- Trước tính từ, trạng từ trong so sánh nhất: the first, the second, …

- Trước tên người số nhiều để chỉ toàn thể gia đình: the Taylors, the Smiths, ..

- The +danh từ đếm được số ít: chỉ một loài vật, phát minh khoa học, nhạc cụ

- The + adj: chỉ một nhóm người trong xã hội: the young, the old, the poor,…

- The + quốc tịch: chỉ toàn dân tộc: the French, the Chineses,…

- The thường dùng trước những từ có of theo sau: the university of London, the Gulf of Mexico, ..

- The raido, the cinema, the theater

* Các trường hợp không dùng THE

- Trước danh từ số nhiều và danh từ không đếm được với nghĩa chung chung.

Ex: Sugar is sweet.

The sugar in that jar was bought this morning.

- Trước các danh từ trừu tượng: happiness, freedom, …Dùng the khi các danh từ này có nghĩa riêng biệt.

- Trước các môn thể thao: football, tennis, basketball, baseball

- Trước danh từ chỉ bữa ăn trong ngày: breakfast, lunch, dinner



* THE không được dùng trước tên của:

- Châu lục: Africa, Asia, Europe,…

- Quốc gia: Japan, England, ..

- Tiểu bang: Texas, Florida, ..

- Thành phố, thị trấn: Cairo, New York

- Đảo, hồ, núi, đồi, đường phố, công viên, quảng trường, nhà ga, phi trường, các hành tinh, công ty

Nhưng: the United States, the United Kingdom, the Philippines, the Netherlands
EXERCISE I/.Fill in blank with correct preposition :

11.They planned to have the trip __________ June .

A. on B.in C.of D. by

12.She loves to watch the starts ___________ night .

A. before B.on C.by D. at

13.Liz met Ba’s family ____________ his house early _________ the morning

A.at/ in B. in/ on C. to/ by D.on/ in

14.You are just __________ time to meet your pen pal , Maryam

A.from B.at C.by D. in

15.I have studied Tamil ___________ six months .

A. since B. for C. from D.with

16.Luckily , you are ______ time for the meeting .

A. on B.in C.of D. by

17.Many people dying _____ various types of cancer.

A.by B . with C. of D. from

18.Next year , I am going to get married _______ John and we are going to move to Bristol.

A. between B. with C. from D. to

19. Thank you for everything you’ve done. You are a true friend _______ me .

A.of B. to C.from D.with

20.I will not be here next week.I am going to be _______ business in Mexico.

A.on B. in C. at D.of

21/.Paul and Jane have objected _________ the proposal .

A. for B. at C. to D. against

22/. An accident has happened ____________ him

A. to B. against C. with D. for

23/. This Jacket is the kind of thing I want . Can I try it __________ ?

A. out B. on C. off D. in

24/.They were playing football ________a p.m to 6 p.m yesterday .

A. from B.within C.between D.out of

25/.Who looks _______ the garden when you are on vacation?

A. at B. after C. for D. to

26.______ the end of the book ,They get married and lived happily ever after .

A.on B. in C. at D.of

27. I can’t believe _______ you.You always let me down .

A. out B. on C. to D. in

28.The bookshop is ________ the chemist’s and the butcher’s and ________ the library .

A. among/ opposite B. between / opposite C. among /across D.between / opposite

29. Britney Spears is famous ________ her beautiful face and sweet voice.

A. on B. for C. in D. from

30. I have warned you _________ the difficulties you have to face when applying for the job.

A. on B. against C.about D. with

31.She is looking _____ a new place to live because she does not want to depend ____ her parents any more.

A. for / on B. after / with C. up / forward D. at / into

32.I was brought _______ in the countryside by my aunt after my parents had pass _______.

A. on / over B. for / on C. on / off D. up / away

33.Due to industrialization, we have to cope _______ the fact that many species are _______ danger _______ extinction.

A. over / at / for B. at / upon / over C. for / on / with D. with / in / of

34.Boys! Put your toys ______. It is time to go to bed. Don't stay _____ late.

A. off / on B. away / up C. down / off D. around/ for

35.She intended to quit her job to stay _______ home and look _______ her sick mother.

A. in / at B. at / after C. for / over D. up / on

Choose the correct answer to complete the sentences :

36. I didn’t have time for _______ breakfast this morning because I was in _____ hurry.

A. X- a B.a –the C. the – a D. X -X

37. They couldn’t continue their journey because they didn’t bring enough ____ food and drinks .

A. a B.the C. many D. X

38.Lee is ________ waiter at the local Chinese restaurant .

A. a B. an C. the D. X

39. Have you ever listened to ______ Backstreet Boys, _______ pop band ?

A. the /a B. a/ no article C. X- / the D. a/a

40. I’m trying to learn ______ Japanese .I’m having _______ lesson tomorrow .

A. the / a B. X/ the C. X/ a D. the /X

41. I like _____ classical music but my brothers prefer ______ Jazz .

A. a/ a B. the / the C. X/ X D. a /the

42. _________ breakfast is ______ first meal of the day .

A. X /the B. The /the C. A/ no article D. The / X

43. Peter want to become _______ doctor . He will probally go into _____ medicine

A. the / a B. a/ X C. the / the D. X / the

44. _________ rice is ______ main food in _______ Asia.

A. X/ the /X B.the / X / the C. A /a / X D. X/a/ the

45.________ sun gives off ________ heat and ________ light

A. X,X,X B. The /X,X C.A/ the / the D. The /a/a

46. He has just bought ________ expensive new funiture .

A. an B. these C. some D. those

47. I had to wear ______ unifom when I worked in the hotel.

A. an B . some C. any D. a

48.Lee is ________ waiter at the local Chinese restaurant .

A. a B. an C. the D. Þ

49.What are your plans for _______ future?

A. a B. an C. the D. Ø

50.Within _______ few years, _______ private space travel has gone from concept to reality.

A. Ø / an B. the / the C. the / a D. a / Ø

TEST YOURSELF C

Aims :


  • Review new words of unit 8 .

  • Review :

+ Adverbial clauses and phrase of concession , reason

+ Prepositions

+ Articles

+ Future tenses



I. Mark the letter A, B, C or to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions

1. A. enjoys B. feels C. takes D. gives

2. A. experience B. domestic C. depression D. pessimism

3. A. treated B. corrected C. stopped D. wicked



II/.Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of main stress in each of the following questions.

4.A.astronaut B.technique C.domestic D.incredible

5.A. influence B.efficient C.expectancy D.responsible

III. Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct option to fill each of the following blanks

6. Hurry up! We have only ……………..little time.

A. a B. an C. the D. any

7. Because he is rich, he feels happy.

A. He feels happy because of his richness. B. He feels happy, so he is rich.

C. Because his richness, he feels unhappy. D. He feels happy although he is rich.


8. We’ll have to hurry if we want to be ………….. time for the show.

A. on B. with C. at D. for

9. The phone rings. The person calling says “ Hello, who’s that?”. Alex says “…………………….”.

A. I’m Alex B. Here is Alex C. It’s Alex D. That is Alex

10. Shall we get a taxi or shall we go ……….foot.

A. in B. by C. with D. on

11. Someone who is …………… is hopeful about the future or the success of something in particular.

A. optimist B. optimistic C. pestimist D. pessimistic

12. How do you start the computer?

A. How does the computer turn on? B. How do you turn on the computer?

C. How do you turn the computer on? D. Both B and C are correct

13. Mary: “Can you lend me your notebook …………Friday?”

Tom:. “ Sorry, I can’t. I’ll have to finish my report ……..the end of the week”

A. on/at B. on/in C. in/at D. in/in

14. What did you do with ………….. camera I lent you ?

A. a B. an C. the D. no article

15. His car struck ……….tree; you can still see the mark on ………….tree.

A. a/a B. the/ the C. a/the D. the/a

16. Mary ( on the phone) : “Could I speak to Susan?”

Susan : “…………………………….!”

A. Speaking B. Talking C. Calling D. Answering

17. I’m sure Bill …………………………….the job. He has a lot of experiences.

A. was getting B. will get C. had got D. will be got

18. Thanks to the inventions of labour-saving …………………, domestic chores will no longer be a burden.

A. tools B. facilities C. equipment D. devices

19. Despite _______, we arrived on time.

A. the traffic B. of the traffic

C. there was heavy traffic D. of there was heavy traffic

20. Madrid is …………….capital of Spain.

A. a B. an C. the D. no article

21. What will the relationship between computing and ………….bring us over the next 15 years ?

A. science B. scientific C. scientifically D. scientist

22. Why are you so rude ……….your sisters ? Can’t you be nice ………..them ?

A. with/with B. at/ to C. to/to D. on/ with

23. …………………………are people who always expect good things to happen.

A. pessimists B. optimists C. scientists D. terrorists

24. No one can predict the future exactly. Things may happen ……………………………

A. expected B. unexpected C. expectedly D. unexpectedly

25. In the future, many large corporations will be wiped out.

A. companies B. services C. supermarkets D. farms

26. The more powerful weapons are, the more terrible the …………………………..is.

A. creativity B. history C. terrorism D. technology

27. – “Don’t tell anyone my new address.” - “No, ……………………..”

A. I wouldn’t B. I can’t C. I don’t D. I won’t

28. Have you had …………lunch yet ?

A. a B. an C. the D. any

29. 35. Despite the heavy snow, his father went out to work.


  1. Although the snow was heavy, his father went out to work.

  2. Although the snow is heavy, his father went out to work.

  3. Although it snows heavy, his father went out to work.

  4. Although the snow was heavily, his father went out to work.

30.In spite ______, the baseball game was not cancelled.

A. the rain B. of the rain C. it was raining D. there was a rain

31. When you see your friend off on holiday , you say “…………………………….!”

A. Lucky you B. See you later C. Good night D. Have a good journey

32. By the end of next year , I ……………………………. here for ten year.

A. will be B will have been C. am D. will being

33. “……………..! Can you help me with this?”

A. Sorry B. Excuse me C. Pardon D. My apology

34. He was very kind to help me with my English.

A. It was very kind of him for helping me to learn English.

B. It was very kind of him to help me learning English.

C. It was very kind of him to help me learn English.

D. It was very kind of him because he helped me to learn English.

35. Do you believe ……………..God ?

A. on B. at C. by D. in

III. Mark the letter A, B, C or D to show the underlined part that needs correction

36. When you will come to Dalat next summer, I will take you round the city.

A B C D

37. Although his poor health, Mr. Brown still works hard to support his family.



A                B                       C   D

38.You can look after these new words in the dictionary if you don't know their meanings.

A B C D

39. Many teenagers show signs of anxiety and depressed when being asked about their future.



A B C D

40. My father often watches the television after dinner.

A B C D

IV. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 41 to 45

Many envirenmental experts are pessimistic about the future of our……(41)….They say that the next few years harmful chemicals will further damage the……(42)……layer., there will be more losses of irreplaceable tropical rainforests, and serious air pollution will cause the climate itself to change.They also warn us that the developing countries will continue to suffer ecologycal disasters, while the …(43)………….countries consume the vast majority of the world’s fuels. Animals are also

at……(44)…...It’s fear that some endangered species may soon die out, as their natural……(45)…are destroyed.

41. A. country B. planet C. society D. life

42. A. oxygen B. dioxide C. carbon D. ozone

43. A. poor B. developing C.European D. rich

44. A. risk B. danger C. accidents D. unfortunate

45. A. environment B. habitats C. resources D. disasters



V. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from46.to 50:

People used to know more or les how their children would live .Now thing are changing so quickly that they don’t even know what their own lives will be like in a few years’ time .What follows is not science fiction .It is how experts see the future.

You are daydreaming behind the steering wheel ; is it too dangerous ? No! That’s no problem because you have it on automatic pilot, and with its hi-tech computers and cameras, your car “know” how to get you home safe and sound .

What is for lunch ? In the old days you used to stop off to buy a hamburger or a pizza. Now you use your diagnostic machine to find out which foods your body needs. If your body needs more vegetables and less fat, your food-preparation machine makes you a salad.

After lunch,you go down the hall to your home office.Here you have every-thing you need to do your work.Thanks to your information screan and your lastest generation computer, you needn’t go to the office any more. The information screen shows an urgent message from a co-worker in Brazil.You can instantly send back a reply to him and go on to deal with other matters.


  1. The passage mainly discuss about ___________.

A. the pace of life in the future B.food that people will eat in the future.

C. what the life is like in the future D. the role of the computer in the future life.



  1. According to the passage , people in the future ____________

A. usually have daydreams while driving B.will always have a balanced diet for their meals.

C. won’t need to work for living D. will be much lazier.



  1. The word “its” in the second pharagraph refers to _____________.

A.the future B.the car C.the steering wheel D.automatic pilot

  1. With the help of high technology , you can __________.

A.work at home without going to the office B. have everything you need to do your work

C. work and travel quickly D. deal with a lot of matter of just a few seconds



  1. Which of the following is NOT true about life in the future?

    1. There’s no need to concentrate much when driving.

    2. Eating is a problem because food contains too much fat .

    3. Getting information is a matter of just a few seconds .

    4. Contacts between people are almost instant.


UNIT 10: ENDANGERED SPECIES

Lesson : READING :



I/. New words :

  • ‘insect (n) …………………………………………………

  • extinct(v) ……………………………………….................

  • ………………………..(n) sự tuyệt chủng

  • become extinct : ……………………………………………

- danger (n) …………………………………….. …………..

- be in danger of = at risk = be endangered …………………………………………

-……………………………(a) nguy hiểm

- endanger (v) ………………………………………………………

- species ( ) ……………………………………………….

- globe (n) – global (a) ……………………………………………………

- i’dentify(v) …………………………………………………..

- identity ( n) nét để nhận dạng

- identification (n) …………………………………………..

-…………………..(a) chính , giống hệt , đồng nhất

- ‘primary (a) ………………………………………………….

- cause (n) ………………………………………………..……

- ‘habitat (n) ………………………………………………..….

- destroy (v) …………………………………

-……………. ………………(n) sự tàn phá

- commercial (n) ……………………………………….

- exploit ( ) ……………………………………………

-………………………....(n) sự khai thác

- drain (v) ………………………………

-………………… (n) sự thoát nước

- wetland (n) ……………………………………………….

-………………….. ( v) đô thị hóa

- urbanization(n) ……………………………….………

- dam (n) ……………………………………………………..

-…………………..(v) xây dựng

- construction (n) …………………………………..

- seriously (adv) ……………………………………….

- serious (a) ………………………………………….

- damage(v) ……………………………………..……….

- rare species (a) ………………………………………………….….

- toxic chemicals ………………………..………….

- contaminate (v) ………………… …………………………………

- contaminated(a)………………… .……………………………..…

-……………….(n) ……………… ……………………………….

- temperatures (n) …………………………………



- drive to (v) ………………………………….……………….

- at the verge of (n) …………………………………………………

- lead to (v) ………………………………………………………

- loss(n) ……………………………………………………….

- biodiversity (n) ……………………………………….

- maintain(v) ………………………………………..…………

- fertile soil (n) ……………………………………..……..

- in addition (n) …………………………………….……..

- benefit from (n) ………………………………………………………

- medicine (n) ………………………………………………..

-………………..(a) …………………………………………..

-effort (n) ……………………………………………………..



-make efforts …………………………………………………

-The Red list = a global list : …………………………………………………

-vulnerable (a) ……………………………………..……

-introduce to (v) …………………………………………..….

-raise(v) ………………………………………………………



-awareness of (n) ………………………………….…….

-conserve( ) ……………………………………….

-………………..(n) …………………………………….

-enact laws …………………………………………..………

-overhunt(v) …………………………………………..….

-wildlife habitat reserves : …………………………………………………

-establish (v) = set up = found ……………………………………………...

- a wide range (n) ………………………………………….

- survive(v) ……………………………………………….……..

-………………..(n) sự sống sót

-…………...(n) người sống sót

-prevent from (v) …………………………………………..………..

-natural environment (n) ……………………………………………

II/.EXERCISE : Choose correct answer to complete the sentences :

1/. The existence of a large number of different kinds of animals and plants which make a balanced environment is called ___________

A. priority B. habitat C. extinction D. biodiversity

2/. In recent years, many areas in the suburb of Hanoi have been _______

A. urban B. urbanized C. urbanization D. urbanizing

3/.The government should _____ new laws to conserve wifelife in the area.

A. enact B. publish C. announce D. maintain

4/.The world people are now aware ____ the importance of environmental protection

A. to B. about C. of D. for

5/. Pandas ,polar bears and many other wild animals are _____ risk of extinction.

A.in B. on C. into D. at




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