In developing ____________(1), where three-fourths of the world’s population __________(2), sixty percent of the people who can’t __________(3) and write are women. Being illiterate doesn’t __________(4) that they are not intelligent. It does mean it is difficult for _________(5) to change their lives. They produce more than half of the food. In Africa, eighty percent of all agricultural work is ___________(6) by women. There are many programs to help poor countries develop their agriculture. However, for years, ____________(7) programs provided money and training for men.
International organizations and programs run by developed ___________(8) are starting to help women, as well as men, improve their agricultural production. Governments have already __________(9) some laws affecting women because of the UNO Decade for Women. The UNO report will affect the changes now happening in the _________(10) and society.
The family managed to get out of the burning house, but they lost nearly all their_________
4. I was annoyed at his_________ to co- operate.
Sally came in so___________ that she woke everyone up.
He said “good evening” in a most ______way.
7. Her boss _______ her to work hard.
8. Martin was very___________ of what he had done.
9. This organization is very concerned about the_________ of the rain forests
10 The country is very_______ so travelling by road is difficult.
Bài 2: Đọc các bài đọc dưới đây và trả lời các câu hỏi kèm theo:
Water is necessary for sustaining life in plants and animals. Men have always been interested in the nature of water. At one time, water was considered an element. Most water is derived from ocean directly or indirectly. Water which New Yorkers use does not come from Hudson River. Water used in New York homes comes from large reservoirs. Water in these reservoirs is purified. However, absolutely pure water is probably unknown. Lake water is relatively pure, especially in the mountainous regions. Most people think spring water is pure. However, water which comes from spring sometimes contains large amounts of two types of salt. Therefore, water in your springs should be analyzed.
What is the importance of water?
How is water which New Yorkers use?
Is there absolutely pure water in the world?
What should people do to spring water?
Because writing has become so important in our culture, we sometimes think of it as more real than speech. A little thought, however, will show why speech is primary and writing secondary to language. Human beings have been writing ( as far as we can tell from surviving evidence ) for at least 5,000 years, but they have been talking for much longer, doubtless ever since there have been human beings.
When writing did develop, it was derived from and represented speech, although imperfectly. Even today there are spoken languages that have no written form. Furthermore, we all learn to talk well before we learn to write: any human child who is not severely handicapped physically or mentally will learn to talk; a normal human being can not be prevented from doing so. On the other hand, it takes a special effort to learn to write: in the past many intelligent and useful members of society did not acquire the skill, and even today many who speak languages with writing systems never learn to read or write, while some who learn the rudiments of those skills do so only imperfectly.
To affirm the primacy of speech over writing is not, however, to say that the latter is of little importance. One advantage writing has over speech is that it is more permanent and make possible the records that any civilization must have. Thus, if speaking makes us human writing makes us civilized.
What is more real than speech ?
How long have human beings had speech ?
Do all spoken languages in the world have their written forms ?
Can a normal human being learn to write without trying ?
One year Miss Wyatt decided to have a holiday in Italy. She did not speak much Italian, but wherever she went, she was fortune enough to find people who knew enough English to be able to understand what she wanted, until one day she decided to have lunch in a charming little restaurant in a village in the south of Italy.
She had seen some nice mushrooms in the market of another village nearby and thought they would taste very good, so when the waiter came to take her order, she inquired whether she could have some mushrooms for her meal, but she had great difficulty in explaining to him because she did not know the Italian word for mushrooms. At last she took out a pencil and drew a picture of a mushroom. The waiter’s face brightened at once, and he hastened out to the kitchen. A minute later he returned, carrying an umbrella.
Why did Miss Wyatt’s poor knowledge of Italian not interfere with her enjoyment of her holiday most of the time ?
Where did she have trouble in making herself understood ?
Why did she think she would like some mushrooms ?
How did she try to show the waiter what she wanted ?
Why did he bring her an umbrella ?
Bài 3:Đọc bài đọc dưới đây và tìm một từ thích hợp để điền vào chỗ trống: