L. f u2,U4,U5,U6 / e /: many any anyone / ∂



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REVISION FOR THE FIRST EXAMINATION- GRADE 10


  1. Pronunciation and stress:

+Pronunciation L.F U2,U4,U5,U6

1. / e /: many - any - anyone

2. / /: about - again - another

3. / æ / : hat - bank – fat

4. / ʊ /: good - wood - wool - book - took - foot - look – cook - poor

5. / u:/: pool - too - mood - noon - moon - school – choose – food - smooth

6. / Λ /: blood - flood

7. / o:/: door – floor.

8. / o /: dog - not – job

9. / o:/: morning – sports – short

+ Stress: two-syllable words and three syllable words


  1. STRESS - Một số quy tắc cơ bản để nhận biết trọng âm

1/ Trọng âm thường ít rơi vào các tiền tố(prefix) và hậu tố (suffix)

ví dụ: dislike, unhappy, uncertain, disappointed, unashamed, forefather. ...



* Ngoại lệ: 'foresight , 'forecast , 'unkeep , 'upland , 'surname , 'subway ....

Dưới đây là vài hậu tố không thay đổi dấu nhấn của từ gốc

V + ment: ag'ree(thoả thuận) =>ag'reement

V + ance: re'sist( chống cự ) =>re'sistance (sự chống cự)


V + er : em'ploy(thuê làm) => em'ployer( chủ lao động)
V + or : in'vent ( phát minh) => in'ventor
V + ar : beg (van xin) => 'beggar( người ăn xin)

V + al : ap'prove( chấp thuận) => ap'proval
V + y : de'liver( giao hàng)=> de'livery( sự giao hàng)
V + age: pack( đóng gói ) => 'package( bưu kiện)
V + ing : under'stand( hiểu) => under'standing
adj + ness : 'bitter ( đắng)=> 'bitterness( nỗi cay đắng)

2/ Noi chung, trọng âm thường rơi vào nguyên âm kép hoặc dài, ít rơi vào nguyên âm ngắn như /∂/ hay /i/

* EX:a'bandon , 'pleasure , a'ttract , co'rrect , per'fect , in'side , 'sorry , 'rather , pro'duct , for'get , de'sign , en'joy



3/ Một từ hai vần vừa là động từ vừa là danh từ thì

Động từ : trọng âm thường rơi vào âm tiết thứ 2.

Danh từ : trọng âm thường rơi vào âm tiết thứ 1

EX: 'rebell(n), re'bell(v), export, import, increase, object, perfect, permit, present, produce, record, refuse...

* Ngoại lệ : 'promise (n), (v)...

4/ Trọng âm thường rơi vào trước các hậu tố (suffixes) sau đây một vần : -ION, -IC, -IAL , -ICAL, -UAL, -ITY, -IA, -LOGY, -IAN, -IOUS, -EOUS , -IENCE, -IENT, -GRAPHY , -NOMY , -METRY

EX: 'vision, uni'versity, phy'sician, li'brarian, Ca'nadian, Au'stralian, ex'perience, im'patience, edu'cation, a'bility, elec'tricity, bi'ology, psy'chology, Au'stralia, 'Austria, 'Asia, ge'ography, pho'tography, e'ssential, ha'bitual, me'chanical, mathe'matical, po'litical, de'licious, pho'netics, scien'tific, ge'ometry, a'stronomy...


Ngoại Trừ (exceptions): 'lunatic, a'rithmetic, 'politics, 'Arabic, 'television...

5) Trọng âm rơi vào các vần cuối sau đây: -ADE, -OO, -OON, -EE, -EEN, -EER, -ESE, -AIRE, -SELF, -ETTE, -ESQUE . Ex: bamboo, millionaire, engineer, themselves, saloon, balloon, thirteen, Vietnamese, employee, agree, picturesque, Cartoon, guarantee, kangaroo, typhoon...

*Ngoại lệ : 'centigrade , 'coffee , co'mmittee , 'cukoo , 'teaspoon…

I. PHONETICS

*Choose one word whose underlined part pronounced differently:

1. A. heat B. scream C. meat D. dead

2. A. tease B. beat C. break D. lead

3. A. met B. freeze C. bee D. green

4.A. hit B. bit C. minute D. like

5.A. miss B. little C. child D. listen

6.A. far B. marvelous C. star D. match

7.A. guitar B. target C. mad D. Charles

8.A. hat B. father C. bank D. sang

9.A. full B. lunch C. study D. Sunday

10.A. subject B. just C. put D. discuss

11.A. cook B. good C. look D. boot

12.A. pool B. fool C. boot D. took

13.A. put B. full C. pull D. rude

14.A. teacher B. camera C. together D. term

15.A. water B. term C. turner D. other

16.A. work B. shirt C. bird D. pagoda

17.A. butter B. put C. sugar D. push

18.A. pretty B. get C. send D. well

19.A. close B. chose C. lose D. rose

20.A. but B. cut C. Sun D. put

21.A. car B. carriage C. corn D. city

22. A. cloud B. found C. would D. around

23.A. close B. both C. dozen D. so

24.A. food B. mood C. shoot D. poor

25.A. home B. hour C. horn D. high



* Pick out the word that has the stress pattern different from that of the other words:

1. A. usually B. afternoon C. family D. buffalo

2. A. tobacco B. breakfast C. children D. several

3. A. continue B. alarm C. contented D. sometimes

4. A. airport B. passenger C. technology D. chemistry

5. A. routine B. tobacco C. neighbour D. experience

6. A. interest B. middle C. wonderful D. announce

7. A. occupation B. national C. natural D. passenger

8. A. office B. result C. pedal D. modern

9. A. contain B. event C. holiday D. instead

10. A. similar B. corner C. travel D. about

11. A. traffic B. about C. around D. enjoy

12. A. profession B. interest C. conclusion D. appropriate

13. A. moment B. language C. provide D. single

14. cartoon B. confuse C. alike D. centre

15. A. determine B. radium C. private D. tutor

16. A. condition B. general C. professor D. another

17. A. physics B. chemistry C. degree D. science

18. A. institute B. radium C. human D. atomic

19. A. position B. impossible C. award D. colour

20. A. develop B. exactly C. determine D. interest

21. A. interview B. background C. scientific D. secondary

22. A. education B. romantic C. conversation D. information

23. A. basketball B. diploma C. champion D. evidence

24. A. mentally B. retarded C. demonstrate D. different

25. A. realize B. family C. continue D. proper

26. A. consuming B. develop C. prevention D. effort

27. A. subtract B. reason C. children D. mental

28. A. opposition B. difference C. information D. demonstration

29. A. technology B. magazine C. computer D. mysterious



30. A. machine B. device C. system D. memorial

II. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY:

A Chose the best answer to complete the following sentences

  1. I was late for school this morning because my alarm clock didn’t …….

a. go on b. go off c. go away d. go up

  1. I was born and grew up on the ……. of the Red River

a. shops b. restaurants c. offices d. banks

  1. We are contented with what we do

a. interested in b. excited about c. keen on d. satisfied with

  1. During his break, Mr.Pike is used to drinking tea with his fellow peasants

a. workers b. associates c. mechanics d. farmers

  1. We use a…….. to break up the earth and plant the seeds

a. car b. plough c. dog d. land

  1. He’s ……. a lot of subjects this semester

a. getting b. taking c. doing d. setting

  1. What is your job?

a. occupation b. career c. profession d. all are correct

  1. It’s good to ……. up early for school.

a. catch b. take c. get d. climb

  1. Anyone who wants to apply for the job have to …… this form

a. take up b. take in c. come up d. fill in

  1. The …… is the family name

a. surname b. first name c. given name d. middle name

  1. She was disappointed to fail in two of her four ……..

a. schools b. classes c. lessons d. subjects

  1. Mathematics is my favorite ……..

a. objective b. requirement c. subject d. purpose

  1. Being unfamiliar with the living…….. in Africa, he came back to his hometown

a. work b. conditions c. life d. cost

  1. Mary……. the dream of becoming an actress as she was a child

a. liked b. received c. fed d. harbored

  1. She is interested in …….. She is a ……..

a. scientist/science b. science/scientist c. scientific/science d. scientist/scientific

  1. She harbored the thought of being a member in the Parliament to struggle for women’s right

a. keep in mind b. determined c. passed d. took change of

  1. John is always late for class, ________ annoys the teacher.

a. which b. this c. what d. that

  1. Thuy’s class is different _______ other classes because the children are disabled.

a. on b. from c. in d. at

  1. Her job is ______ of mentally retarded children in the area.

a. looking b. taking care c. taking notice d. watching

  1. Thay gave a clear _________ of their intentions

a. demonstrate b. demonstrative c. demonstration d. demonstrating

  1. The little boy is helping ______ cross the street.

a. the poor b. the rich c. the blind d. the young

  1. What makes a computer such a ________ device?

a. miracle b. miraculous c. miraculously d. wonder

  1. Computers are capable ____ doing almost anything you ask.

a. in b. at c. of d. with

  1. I work from Tuesday to Saturday, and Sunday and Monday are my ______

a. working days b. days out c. breaks d. days off

  1. We are going on a _____ to Vung Tau next week.

a. two day trip b. two-days trip c. two-day trip d. two day trip

  1. Ambulances arrived at the scene of the accident and took ___________to hospital.

A. the sick B. the poor C. the injured D. the old

  1. Sheila couldn't come to the party, ___________was a pity

A. who B. that C. which D. Where

  1. John lost his job __________his laziness.

A. because of B. because C. in spite of D. though

  1. A person who is more beautiful in photographs is said to be ____________

A . photography B. photograph C. photographic D. photogenic

  1. Harry works all the time. He ________

A. never relaxes B. relaxes never C. often relaxes D. relaxes sometimes

  1. Some of the more time-consuming jobs can now be done by machines.

A taking much time B. taking little time C. odd D. not affected by time)

  1. People …live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones

.a. who b. whom c. which d. Ø

  1. . A calculating machine can do calculations with lightning speed .

a. very quickly b. very slowly c. incorrectly d. perfectly

  1. You can use a …to make a phone call when you are way from home .

a. monitor b. magazine c. cell phone d. calculating machine

  1. A computer consists of hardware and software .

a. screen b. physical part c. programs d. keyboard

  1. At last, the discussion came to an end with, the sound conclusions.

a. finished b. delayed e. postponed d. persuaded

  1. . ___ is a place where plants and trees are grown for scientific study

.a. A pagoda b. A Botanic Garden c. A resort d. A pine forest

  1. Is it OK if we meet at 9 o'clock? Is the time ______for you?

a convenience b. convenient c. conveniently d. inconveniently

  1. I have___ news to tell you but you have to promise to keep it secret.

40. “ …………………..” means “ an act of showing or explaining how to do something”

a. Demonstration b. Information c. Time-consuming d. Gradually

41. We are going to the theatre tonight to see a drama. Drama is closest meaning to…………..

a. film b. play c. documentary d. cartoon

42. A blind people is the one who can’t ………anything

a. see b. hear c. talk d. eat

43. I’ve been ……….for six months. I have to find work at once

a. employed b. unemployed c. worked d. worker

44. Please ............... your phone card in the slot before pressing the number you require.

a. insert b. operate c. plug d. adjust

45. Watching TV is an ...... way to relax.

a. enjoy b. enjoying c. enjoyable d. enjoyment


III. GRAMMAR

+Tenses:



1. The Simple Present (Thì hiện tại đơn)

a. Form : ( Công thức )

- Khẳng định : I , We , You , They … ( S nhiều ) + V1

He , She , It ( S ít ) + V- s / es

- Phủ định : I , We , You , They .. + don't + Vo

He , She , It … + doesn't + Vo

- Nghi vấn : Do + We , You , They .. + Vo … ?

Does + He , She , It … + Vo … ?

b. Usage (Cách dùng ) :

- Diễn tả một chân lí, một sự thật hiển nhiên.



Ex : The Earth goes round the sun . - He is a doctor.

- Tom comes from England.

- Diễn tả 1 thói quen hoặc 1 việc xảy ra thường xuyên ở hiện tại ( always, often, usually, sometimes, now and then, seldom, rarely, never, every ..... ) dùng để nhận biết.

Ex : He often goes to class late . / My mother gets up early every morning .

Note : Thêm – es vào sau những động từ tận cùng : o , s , x ,z ,sh , ch.

2 . The Present Continuous (Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn)

a. Form : - Khẳng định : S + am / is / are + V –ing

- Phủ định : S + am / is / are ( not ) + V -ing

- Nghi vấn : Are / Is + S + V-ing …. ?



Ex: We are studying English now .

b. Usage ( Cách dùng) :

- Diễn tả một hành động đang tiếp diễn ở thời điểm nói ( ở hiện tại)

* Dấu hiệu nhận biết : now , right now = at once , at ( the / this / present ) time, at the moment, Ra lệnh ( Look ! Listen ! ) Ex : - She is listening to his teacher now

- Diễn tả 1 hành động sẽ xảy ra ở tương lai ( có kế hoạch từ trước)

Ex : She is getting married next year.



Note :* Be going to +Vo dùng để diễn tả 1 hành động sắp xảy ra mà hiện tượng của nó đã xuất hiện hoặc 1 hành động tương lai có dự định trước.

Ex: The grey dark appears. It is going to rain.

3 . The Present Perfect (Thì hiện tại hòan thành)

a. Form : - Khẳng định : S + has / have + V3 , ed

- Phủ định : S + has / have ( not ) V3 , ed

- Nghi vấn : Has / Have + S + V3 , ed?

b. Usage (Cách dùng ) :

* Diễn tả một hành động vừa mới xảy ra hoặc xảy ra không rõ thời gian (thường đi kèm với các từ just , recently = lately, not .. yet, ever, never, aleady )

Ex : We haven’t finished our homework yet .

* Diễn tả 1 hành động bắt đầu từ quá khứ kéo dài đến hiện tại có khả năng tiếp tục ở tương lai (thường đi với các từ since , for)

Ex : - They have lived here for ten years .

* Ngòai ra còn có một số cụm từ chỉ thời gian như : so far = until now = up to now ,how long .. ? It is the first / second / third … time, twice / many / three…. times.

Note : For ( many, several, 2, 3 / . + times, years, months or a long time = ages ) # since ( last week .. )

4. The Simple Past (Thì quá khứ đơn )

a. Form : - Khẳng định : S + V2, ed … ( To be : was / were )

- Phủ định : S + did not Vo ….

- Nghi vấn : Did + S + Vo ….. ?

b. Usage : Diễn tả hành động đã xảy ra, chấm dứt trong quá khứ ( đôi khi biết rõ thời gian ) thường có các từ đi kèm : yesterday ,ago , last ( week /night … ) , in 1990 ( thời gian ở quá khứ )



5 . The Past Continuous (Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn )

a. Form : S + was / were + V - ing



Ex: We were studying Maths at this time yesterday.

b. Usage :

- Diễn tả một hành động đang xảy ra vào 1 thời điểm xác định trong quá khứ .

Ex : - What were you doing at 4 p.m yesterday?

- Diễn tả 1 hành động đang xảy ra vào 1 thời điểm xác định ở quá khứ hoặc 1 hành động đang xảy ra ( hành động này kéo dài hơn ) thì có hành động khác xen vào .

Ex: a. What were you doing at 4 p.m yesterday?

b. We were watching television when he came

- Diễn tả 2 hành động đang xảy ra cùng lúc ở quá khứ .

Ex: Yesterday , while I was reading a book , my sister was watching T.V .

* Dấu hiệu nhận biết : at ( the / this / that ) time, at the moment, at 4p.m + thời gian ở quá khứ ( yesterday, last .. )

Ex : He was watching film at the moment yesterday.

6 . The Past perfect (Thì quá khứ hòan thành )

a. Form : S + had V3 , ed

b. Usage : Diễn tả một hành động xảy ra trước 1 hành động khác trong quá khứ hoặc trước 1 thời điểm ở quá khứ .



Ex : When I got up this morning , my mother had already left .

* Dấu hiệu nhận biết : before , after

7 . The simple future : (Thì tương lai đơn )

a. Form : S + shall / will Vo

b. Usage : Diễn tả hành động sẽ xảy ra ở tương lai : tomorrow , next ( week / month ) … , in 2010

Exercise:Give the correct tenses of the verbs in bracket

1. Hurry up ! the bus (come )………………………………. .I (not want )…………………………to miss it

2. We ( study)…………………almost every lesson in this book so far

3. How often (you /read )…………………………..a newspaper ?

4 The sun always( rise )………………….in the east .Look! it( rise )…………………..now

5. I try to learn Enlish for years but I(not succeed )……………………………..yet

6. He (not be )………………… here since Christmas .I wonder where he (live )…………………. since then

7. My wife and I ( travel )………………………. to Mexico by air last summer

8. When I (arrive)………………….at her house ,she still ( sleep )………………………………

9. Yesterday, they ( go )……………… home after they (finish )…………………..their homework

10. we ‘ll go out when the rain ( stop )…………………….

11. Miss Hellen ( help )………………………. you as soon as she ( finish )…………….. that letter tomorrow

12. He usually (drink) ………. coffee but today he (drink) ……………..tea

13. When I arrived , the lecture ( already, start)................................. .........and the professor (write) ……………......... on the overhead projector

14. They (get) …………………............. married next week

15. I (study)……………. English 7 years ago

+ Passive voice( Simple Present, Simple Past, Present Perfect)
. Form: be + past participle

TENSES

SUBJECT

AUXILARY

PAST PARTICIPLE

Singular

Plural

1. Simple Present

The car/ cars

is

Are

designed.

2. Present Perfect

The car/ cars

has been

Have been

designed.

3. Simple Past

The car/ cars

was

Were

designed.

1. S + is / are + V3/ED

2. S + has / have + BEEN + V3/ED



3. S + was / were + V3/ED

Use the verbs in correct voice(Active voice and Passive voice)

1.The letter (just, send) by my sister _________________________

2. The fire (destroy) many buildings last year. _________________________

3. I (not, meet) my ex-friend since we left school . _________________________

4. More 20 films (show) in Galaxy Cinema since last month _________________________

5.He has planted roses in the garden. ……………………………………………………….

+ Who, whom, which

A. RELATIVE CLAUSES

- Mệnh đề quan hệ (hay mệnh đề tính ngữ) bổ nghĩa cho danh từ đứng trước nó.

- Mệnh đề quan hệ được đặt sau danh từ mà nó bổ nghĩa, được bắt đầu bằng các đại từ quan hệ: WHO, WHOM, WHICH, THAT


Danh từ đứng trước

(Antecedent)

Chủ ngữ (Subject)

Tân ngữ

(Object)

Người (person)

Who/That

Whom/That

Vật (Thing)

Which/That

Which/That



1. Đại từ quan hệ (Relative Clauses)

a. WHO: thay thế cho người, làm chủ từ trong MĐQH.

Ex: - I need to meet the boy. The boy is my friend’s son.

à I need to meet the boy who is my friend’s son.

- The woman is standing over there. She is my sister.

àThe woman who is standing over there is my sister.

b. WHO/ WHOM: thay thế cho người, làm túc từ trong MĐQH.

Ex:- I know the girl. I spoke to this girl.

à I know the girl who/ whom I spoke to.

- The man is my teacher. Your father is talking to him.

à The man who/ whom your father is talking to is my teacher.

c. WHICH: - thay thế đồ vật, làm chủ từ, túc từ trong MĐQH.

Ex: - She works for a company. It makes cars

à She works for a company which makes cars.

- The elephants are big. People keep the elephants in iron cages.

à The elephants which people keep in iron cages are big.

- Thay thế cho cả mệnh đề đứng trước nó

Ex: He passed his exam. This pleased his parents.

He passed his exam, which pleased his parents. (dùng dấu phẩy trước đại từ quan hệ)



d. THAT: thay thế cho WHO/ WHOM/ WHICH trong MĐQH hạn định

Ex: - I need to meet the boy that/ who is my friend’s son.

- The woman that/ who is standing over there is my sister.

- I know the girl that/ who/ whom I spoke to.

- The man that/ who/ whom your father is talking to is my teacher.

- She works for a company that/ which makes cars.

- The elephants that/ which people keep in iron cages are big.

* Những trường hợp thường dùng THAT:

- Sau cụm từ quan hệ vừa chỉ người và vật:

Ex: He told me the places and people that he had seen in London.

- Sau đại từ bất định: something, aynyone, nobody, all, much ....

Ex: I’ll tell you something that is very interesting.

All that is mine is yours.

- Sau các tính từ so sánh nhất, only, first, last

Ex: - This is the most beautiful dress that I have.

- You are the only person that can help us.

- Trong cấu trúc It + be + … + that … (chính là …)

Ex: It is my friend that wrote this sentence.

(Chính là bạn tôi đã viết câu này.)

* Những trường hợp không dùng THAT:

- Trong mệnh đề tính từ không hạn định.

Ex: Mr Brown, that we studied English with, is a very nice teacher.

- Sau giới từ

Ex: The house in that I was born is for sale.

1. The girl is my cousin. She chatted with you yesterday. à……………………………………………

2. The man is very kind. He spent 15 minutes measuring our kitchenà………………………………………

4. The young boy is naughty. He rides an expensive motorbike.à…………………………………

5. I’m reading the book. I bought it in 1996.à………………………………………………….……………….

6 She hasn’t eaten anything. This makes her parents worried.à………………………………………………….

7.. The girl……………………….. is now in hospital.

A. which was injured in the accident B. was injured in the accident.

C. who was injured in the accident D. whom she injured.

8. The decision was postponed,..........was exactly what he wanted.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

9.Do you know the man ……won the prize last Sunday?

A. who B. which C. where D. Whom

10. Do you know the man .........we talked to last night?

A. when B. which C. where D. Who

+ use



1. USED TO +V0 : đã từng (chỉ hành động xãy ra ở quá khứ mà bây giờ không còn nữa.)

S didn’t use to Vo/ Did + S+ use to Vo?


Ex:I used to smoke : tôi từng hút thuốc ( bây giờ không còn hút nữa )
There used to be a river here ( đã từng có một con sông ở đây )
2. S (người ) + GET/BE + USED TO + VING / Noun: quen với
ex:I am used to getting up late on Sundays.(tôi quen dậy trể vào chủ nhật )
I was used to cold weather ( tôi quen với thời tiết lạnh) 
Don't worry ! you will get used to living / life here soon..

3. S( vật) BE USED TO + V0 : ( được sử dụng để )



S( vật)BE USED FOR + Ving
Eg; A knife is used to cut the cake. (con dao được sử dụng để cắt bánh. )

Money is used for buying and selling goods.

4. USE (v,n): dùng, sử dụng

Eg: May I use your phone?


1.Photocopier is used for (make)………………. exact copies of documents

2. Dave used to (smoke) …………………….2 years ago

3. He uses a knife (cut)………………the cake

4. My father is used to(do)……………………….morning exercise every day

5. Fax machine is used to(send or receive)…………………………………………………..letter quickly

6. The old man is used to(fish)………………………………..on the lake near his house

7. I…to the zoo when I was a child

A. used to B. is used to C. used for D. is used for

8.Liz used to ………..a motorbike but she sold it last year

A. ride B. to ride C. riding D. rode

9. He ……………getting up early in the morning

A. used to B. is used to C. used for D. is used for

10. Did you ……… on business?

A. used to go B. is used to go C. use to go D. use for going

+ prepositions:

Worried about, anxious about, get up. Contented with, good at/for, interested in, turn on, turn off, go off= ring, at, in, on, look forward to, different from, capable of, prevent from, send to, receive from, far from, proud of,

Since+1999(Simple Past), for 2 days(a distance of time)……………….

1. I’m anxious…………..her, I haven’t receive the letter.

2. My house is far……………..the post office

3. TV is used ……………watching news.

4. Smoking is not good ……………..your health

5. Nam is very good…………..Maths

6. Marie Curie was born …………Warsaw …………November 7th, 1867

7. The alarm goes…………….at 4.30

8. I have lived here…………I was born

9. I’m looking forward…… hearing from you soon

10.The port is capable ........ handling 10 million tons of coal a year

11. His parents are contented …….what he did A. from

12. He is different …………his wife A. forward

To Vo/Ving( exercise on page 30, 31)

1. To Vo

- Làm object of verb : S + V + to inf (as an object )

-. Làm bổ ngữ cho tân ngữ ( object complemet): S + V + obj + to infinitive

- After adjectives: S + V + too adj/adv ( for object )+ to inf

S + V + adj/adv enough (for object )+to inf

2. Gerund(V-ing) as a verb( : có object hoặc được bổ nghĩa bởi một trạng từ

- After Prepositons

- After some expressions and special verbs below

1. admit : thừa nhận

2. advise : khuyên ( không object )

3. anticipate : tham gia

4. appreciate : đánh giá cao

5. avoid : tránh

6. complete : hòan thành

7. consider : xem xét

8. delay : trì hõan

9. dread : sợ

10. detest : ghét

11. discuss : thảo luận

12. dislike : không thích

13. deny : từ chối

14. enjoy : thưởng thức

15. excuse : xin lỗi

16. finish : hòan thành

17. forget : quên ( qúa khứ )

18. forgive : tha thứ

19. fancy : tưởng tượng

20. imagine : tưởng tượng

21. involve : làm liên lụy

22. include : bao gồm

23. keep : tiếp tục

24. love : ( hoặc To inf)

25. like : thích


26. hate : ghét

27. mention : nhắc tới, nĩi tới

28. mind : phiền

29. miss : nhớ, lỡ, mất

30. postpone : đình, hõan.

31. prevent : ngăn cản

32. practise : luyện tập

33. recall : gợi lại, nhớ lại.

34. recollect : gợi lại.

35. recommend : khuyên, dặn dò.

36. regret : tiếc nuối ( quá khứ )

37. remember : nhớ ( qúa khứ )

38. resent : tức giận, phật ý.

39. resist : cưỡng lại, phản kháng.

40. risk : liều lĩnh.

41. stop : ngừng, từ bỏ.

42. start : ( hoặc To inf )

43. suggest : đề nghị

44. tolerate : bỏ qua

45. understand : hiểu

46. restrict : hạn chế, giảm bớt, ngăn ngừa.

* can’t bear, can’t stand, can’t help

* it is no use, it is no good, there is no use .

* look forward to

* busy, worth

* have trouble,have difficulty.............



  1. INFINITIVE ( Động từ nguyên mẫu có To.

a. S + V + To V

Ex1: She agreed to love him


1. afford : cung cấp đủ

2. agree : đồng ý

3. appear : có vẻ

4. arrange : sắp xếp

5. ask : hỏi

6. attempt : cố gắng

7. beg : đề nghị, xin

8. care : quan tâm

9. claim : cho là, tuyên bố

11. decide : quyết định

12. demand : yêu cầu

14. expect : trông đợi

15. dare : dám

16. fail : thất bại

18. hesitate : ngập ngừng

19. hope : hy vọng

20. learn : học


21. manage : xoay xở

22. mean : muốn

23. need : cần ( chủ động, người )

24. offer : mời

25. plan : dự định, kế hoạch

26. prepare : chuẩn bị

27. pretend : giả vờ

28. promise : hứa

29. refuse : từ chối

32. seem : dường như

34. swear : thề

36. tend : có khuynh hướng

37. volunteer : tình nguyện, xung phong

38. wait : đợi

39. want : muốn ( chủ động )

40. wish : ao ước



B. S + V + O + To.

Ex: He begged her to kill him.


1. advise : khuyên

2. allow: cho phép

3. ask : hỏi, đòi hỏi

4. beg : năn nỉ, xin

7. convince : thuyết phục

9. encourage :khuyến khích

10. expect : trông đợi

11. forbid : cấm

12. force : bắt buộc

14. instruct : chỉ dẫn

15. invite : mời

16. need : cần

17. tempt : cám dỗ

18. intend : dự định

19. order : ra lệnh

20. permit : cho phép

21. persuade : thuyết phục

22. remind : nhắc lại



23. require : yêu cầu

24. recommend : khuyên

26. tell : bảo

27. urge : thúc giục, thuyết phục

28. want : muốn

29. warn : cảnh báo

31. would like : thích

32. would prefer : thích

33. appoint : chỉ định ai làm gì

35. choose : lựa chọn

36. compel : cưỡng bách

37. defy : thách

38. desire : ao ước, thèm thuồng

39. direct : hướng dẫn, chỉ huy

40. implore : yêu cầu

41. provoke : xúi giục




* Note: Vo + ing or to infinitive

1. Recommend, begin, start, continue + To inf /Vo – ing

2. Forget, remember, regret: +to inf ® chỉ tương lai

+Vo – ing ® chỉ quá khứ

3. Stop to infinitive ® ngừng việc đang làm để làm việc khác.

Vo – ing : ® ngừng việc đang làm
4. Try to infinitive : cố gắng

Vo – ing : thử

5. Need, want, require

To inf : mang nghĩa chủ động

Vo+ ing : mang nghĩa bị động (need: tobe + V (PP)

6. Would you mind + Vo- ing?



Would you mind if + S + past Subjunctive …?

7. Advise, allow, permit obj + to infi

 + Vo- ing

8. Prefer: + V-ing to V-ing:thích cái gì hơn cái gì

+ to infinitive: thích cái gì đó

9. Feel like + Vo ing: thích cái gì đó

Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets below

1.A: Do you enjoy (be)…………………… at university ?

B: Yes, I do. Although I often miss (see)…………………….. my old school friends.

A: Don’t you mind (travel)…………………. so fast every day ?

B: No, it only takes me an hour (get)………………………………. there. Sometimes I manage (work)……… on the bus.

A: Don’t you find all the noise and people prevent you from (concentrate) ………………………………

B: Not really. I usually do a bit of reading. Are you still at school or have you got a job ?

A: I’m still at school. I hope ( go)……………………to university next year, but I haven’t applied anywhere yet.

B: You should apply soon. It’s getting late.

A : Where would you advise me ( apply)……………………………….?

B: What subject are you studying ?

A: Maths and Physics. I want (study)………………………………… Physics at university.

B: I would recommend (apply) …………………………..to Newton University.

Ms. Lan Phuong enjoys (work)…………….with children

A: I decide (go) ……………. abroad

B: You should stop (make) ……………....noise.

+ The + ADJ = group of people. The+adj is a plural noun

Old the old:. ............................ young the young:............................

Poor the poor ........................... rich ...........................................

Injured ............................... sick ............................................

Unemployed .............................. deaf ............................................

@ Complete the following sentences by using the + Adj : blind, deaf, healthy, old, polite, poor, rich, sick , unemployed, young

*. ……………………………….of the town gather there once a month to get the dole

*. ……………………………should share some of their possessions with …………………………..

*. ……………………………...are those who can see nothing, and ………………………..are those who can’t hear.

*. There will be a great shortage of workforce in our country. The number of …………………………is decreasing while the number of ……………………………..is increasing.

*. …………………………………..are the happiest people and have millions of wishes while ………………………….have only one wish; that’s to be healthy.

*. ……………………………..always say “ sorry ‘’ and ‘’thank you’’

1. ….are those who can hear nothing

A. The dumb B. The blind C. The injured D. The deaf

2. She is a nurse. She spent all her life caring for……….

A. the sick B. the young C. the injured D. the unemployed

+ Questions

- Câu hỏi với từ để hỏi bắt đầu bằng –Wh cho phep người hỏi tim ra được các thông tin về các chủ đề như sau.

When ? ( khi nào ?) Time ( thời gian)

Where ? (ở đâu ?) place (nơi chốn)

Who ? (ai ? ) person ( người)

Why ? ( tại sao ?) reason ( lý do)

How ? ( như thế nao ?) manner (cách thức)

What ? ( cái gì ? ) object, idea,action (vật thể, ý

kiến, hanh động)

- Một số từ để hỏi khac giup người hỏi tim kiếm được những thông tin cụ thể.

Which one ? ( cái nào ) Choice of alternatives( lựa chọn)

Whose ? ( của ai ? ) Possession ( sở hữu)

Whom ? ( ai ?) person (người – tân ngữ)

How much ? ( bao nhiêu?) price,amount (non-count) gia cả, số lượng( danh từ không đếm được)

How many ? (bao nhieu?) Quantity (count) số lượng (danh từ đếm được)

How long ? ( bao lâu?) Duration ( quá trình)

How often ? ( bao lâu 1 lần) Frequency( mức độ thường xuyên)

How far ? ( bao xa ?) Distance ( khoảng cách)

What kind of? ( loại nào?) Description (miêu tả)

Structures:

Câu hỏi có từ để hỏi thường có các cấu trúc sau:

1.Đối với câu có động từ "To be":

WH- + BE + S +.........?


Ex: I'm interested in Maths. ...........................................................................

He is looking for Mr David. ...........................................................................

She was at home. ...........................................................................

There is a lillte of water in the bottle.............................................................................

2.Đối với câu có động từ khiếm khuyết:


WH- + DTKK(can, could..) + S +.........?

Ex: I may come back next month........................................................................................

She will get there by taxi..............................................................................................

Minh must go because his mother was ill.....................................................................

3.Đối với câu có động từ thường:


WH- + DO/ DOES/ DID + S + Vo......?


Ex: I got married in 2006......................................................................................................

She buys some food at a store near her house. ......................................................................................................................................

Nam and Mai like listening to music............................................................................

My son has three pencils...............................................................................................

4. Đối với câu có động từ ở thì hiện tại hoàn thành hoặc quá khứ hoàn thành:


WH- + HAVE/ HAS/ HAD + S + Ved/V3......?

Ex: She has been here for an hour........................................................................................

They had lived in Can Tho City before 1989................................................................

I has gone with my friends to the countryside..............................................................



Exercise 1: Make the questions for the following sentences.

  1. My aunt and uncle live in Chicago.Where

  2. We often have dinner at 7:00 pm.  What time

  3. I am reading an English book at the moment.  What

  4. It takes me 30 minutes to go to school.  How long

  5. She speaks English very fluently. How

  6. I have written over twenty novels. How many

  7. We have known each other for 5 years. .

  8. He went to the zoo with his parents. .

  9. She learns English well because she wants to get a good job. .

+ Because of/ In spite of

*BECAUSE + Clause (S+V) (adverb clause of reason

- I couldn’t come to class yesterday because I was ill.

- Because the weather was bad, the flight was put off.

BECAUSE OF+ Noun/NP/V-ing

- I couldn’t come to class yesterday because of his illness.

- Because of the bad weather, the flight was put off.

*(AL)THOUGH/ IN SPITE OF=DESPITE

(AL)THOUGH + Clause(S+V) (adverb clause of concession)

- They came to the concert though it was raining heavily.

- Although it is a very hot day, I shall go for a walk.

IN SPITE OF/DESPITE + Noun/NP/V-ing

- They came to the concert in spite of the heavy rain.

- In spite of a hot day, I shall go for a walk.

Complete the sentences with Because, Because of, Although or In spite of

1. ................ they had been lost in the mountains for 3 days, they looked strong and healthy

2. Mr. Nam runs three kilometers every morning ............... his old age.

3. My uncle walked slowly ...... his old age.

4. .................. his strong voice, we couldn’t understand him.

5. .................. computers offer so many advantages, a lot of people use them today.

6. They failed ............... all their efforts.

7. ............... she is usually busy, she takes good care of her children.

8. They couldn’t go to the meeting on time ............... there was traffic jam.

9.Although there was a rain, the baseball game was not cancelled.

à In spite of …………………………………………………………………………………………………

10. Because of the heavy rain, they couldn’t go for a picnic last weekend.

à Because …………………………………………………………………………………………………

11. We arrived late…….the bad weather

A. because B. because of C. although D. in spite of

12. I went to school on time ……….the heavy rain



A. because B. because of C. although D. in spite of


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