1. “If the weather is fine, I will go on a picnic with my friends,” she said.
2. “What would you do if you had three days off ?” I asked him.
3. “I would have come to see you if I had known your address, Jim” she said.
4. “I’m sure she will help you if you ask her.” , he told me.
5. “If Today were Sunday, we wouldn’t go to school.” They said to me.
6.She said to me, “If I were you, I wouldn’t tell her about this.”
7. “There would not be enough seats if a lot of guests came.”
8. “You will be surprised if you meet him.” , Peter said to Linda.
9.The boy said : “I won’t be strong if I don’t swim everyday.”
10. “What would you do if you saw a snake ?” Nam asked Nga.
11. “We’ll have lunch outside in the garden if it’s not cold.” ,Mr John said.
12. “Tom would win more races if he trained hard.” , The man said.
13. “If you feel like a chat, phone me tonight.” David said to me.
14. “If you isn’t so much junk food, you would be a lot fitter.” Mother said.
15. “I will be surprised if Mary doesn’t pass the exam.” , our teacher said.
16. “If I knew her hobbies, I could let you know.” He said to me.
17. “If I won the lottery, I would buy a new car.” , the man said.
18. “If you had listened to my advice, you wouldn’t have made such a big mistakes.”
Julia said to LiLi.
Reported speech with to infinitive and gerund (HSG)
1. ‘You have broken 2 of my glasses, boy” said the old man.
2. “Yes, I’ve broken 2 of them” said the boy.
3. “Certainly. I’ll take you to the zoo next Sunday” He said (insist)
4. “I’ll water the flowers every morning if you like” She said (offer)
5. “No, we won’t go with him next Friday’ they said (refuse)
6. ‘You have made the wall dirty, pupils” said the teacher. (accuse)
7. “No, we didn’t make noise last night” said the children (deny)
8. “We will shut the door if you go on getting out’ said the parents to children (threaten)
9. “I am sorry. I’ve made the house untidy” said the girl. (apologize)
10. “I will punish you if you don’t pay attention to the lesson, pupils” said the teacher (threaten)
11. “Would you like me to look after the house for you?” He said (offer)
12. “Will you keep quite, please?’ she said (tell)
13. “Will you keep your mouth shut? He said (order)
14. Shall we meet outside the cinema after eight” he said (suggest)
15. “Would you like me to repair the car for you?’ he said (offer)
16. “Will you have a drink?” he said (invite)
17. “You had better hurry’ she said (advise)
18. “Please, please let me come in” he said (beg)
19. ‘Don’t talk anymore.” He said (command)
20. ‘Try again, all of you” he said (encourage)
21. “Don’t swim so far” He said to me (warn somebody to do something)
22. ‘Do come and enjoy tea with my family” she said (invite)
23. “Why don’t we come to visit our teacher today?” he said (suggest)
24. “My advise to you is to do morning exercises” she said (advise)
25. “In your place, I would learn English” she said to me (advise)
Some special cases:
1. Indirect speech with Let’s/ Let him/ Let her/ Let them:
+ Let’s/ Let him/ let her/ Let them do something
…. suggest that somebody should do something (dùng cho mọi trường hợp)
Eg: “Let’s eat out tonight” she said. She suggested that they should eat out that night.
“Let him prepare all the lesson.” She said She suggested that he should prepare all the lesson.
… suggest + V-ing (dùng cho let’s)
…suggest + somebody’s + V-ing ( dùng cho let him/ let her/ let them
Eg: “Let’s go camping next weekend” he said He suggested going camping the following weekend.
“Let them do their exercises this morning” she said She suggested their doing exercises that morning.
2. + “Yes, let’s” agree
Eg” “Let’s go to the theatre tonight? He said
“Yes, let’s’ said one of his friends.
He suggested going to the theatre that night and one of his friends agreed.
Eg’ “No, let’s not. It is hot” said another friend
but another friend objected to that idea/ was against it because it was hot.
3. Let = allow
Eg: “Let him go with me, mother” she said She asked her mother to let him go with her
“Let her do it herself, teacher” he said to his teacher. He asked his teacher to let her do it herself.
BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG: Change the following sentences into reported speech:
1. “Let’s give a party” said Ann
“Let’s not” said her husband
2. “Let’s take a tent and camp out” said Bill
“ Good idea” said Nina
3. “Let the children stay indoor tonight.” She said
4. “Let me go” he said to the policeman.
5. “Let’s go swimming in the lake” he said
“No, it is against law” said his friend.
6. “Let’s prepare everything for the party” she said.
“Yes, let’s” said her friend.
7. “Let’s stay here till the storm has passed” he said
8. “Don’t drive too close the car in front” said my mother (warn)
9. “Let’s go swimming. It is too hot to learn our lesson now.” He said
10. “You ought to wear a safety helmet when you drive motorbike” she said to her husband.
Rewrite the following sentences using given words or phrases:
1. ‘What’s your job?” Mary asked Tom.
Mary wanted to …
2. The factory inspector asked me where I kept the fine fighting equipment
3. She said “It’s good if you make your own decision” (advise)
4. “Why don’t you read that book, Peter” she said
5. “What a mischievous boy!” he said.
He exclaimed …
6. “How wonderful the play was!” said John
John exclaimed …
7. ‘Me? No, I didn’t break your glasses.’ Peter said.
4. Indirect speech with ‘must” ‘need” “have to”
+ I must do … = unchanged/ had to
Eg: ‘I must be there at 6 a.m” he said He said he must/ had to be there at 6 a.m
Eg: “Must you get ready for the party” he said He asked if I/ she had to get ready for the party.
Eg: “I must not get up early tomorrow”, she said she said that she must not get up early the next day
Eg: “He must not be present at the meeting today” she said
She said that he must not be/ wasn’t to be present at the meeting that day.
+ I needn’t do = needn’t have to/ wouldn’t have to …
Eg” “I needn’t do my homework” she said
She said that she needn’t have to do her homework/ wouldn’t have to do her homework.
+ You he/ she needn’t do … = unchanged
Eg: “You needn’t lock the door” she said
She said that he needn’t lock the door.
+ Need I/ you/ he do …? = unchanged / had to
Eg: “Need I prepare everything for the meal” she said
She asked if she need/ had to prepare everything for the meal.
5. Indirect speech with some expressions:
+ “Thanks” he said
He thanked me
+ “Good luck” he said He wished me good luck
“Happy Christmas” he said he wished me happy Christmas
+ “Congratulation” she said He congratulated me
+ The notice said ‘Welcome to Bacgiang”
The notice welcomed visitors to Bac giang
+ “No/ Yes” Subject + Auxiliary verb
Eg: “Did you have a good time” he said; “yes’ I said
He asked me if I had had a good time and I said I had
“Have you done your work” he said “ No’ I said
He asked me if I had done my work and I said I hadn’t
+ Good morning/ evening/ hello Subject + greet …
1. “Don’t repeat the mistake” the instructor warned the sportsman.
2. “As soon as I hear from him, I will let you know” My neighbour said to me.
3. “I will live in town till my husband returns from the expedition and when he returns, we will go to the seaside together,” she said
4. “I hope they will have taken a decision by the end of the meeting” she remarked
5. “This story happened long ago,’ he said, “ and few people remember anything about it”
6. My sister said to me “What about going to see Aunt Mary on Sunday?”
7. James said “Do you want me to type this letter for you?”
8. James said to Jill, “When do you expect to finish your assignment?”
9. ‘These old buildings might have already disappeared by the time I am back next year,” he said
10. Rose said, ‘I was just leaving the office when I came face to face with a stranger”
11. Richard asked Jane, “Is it true that your father fought in the last war?”
12. The inspector said to the woman, “What were you doing at 7 o’clock yesterday evening?”
13. The passenger said to the taxi driver “Hurry up!” and he added “I must be at the station on time.”
14. Father said, “The taxi is coming now. Is everyone ready?”
15. Helen said, ‘I think I’ll have to find a better job. I can’t make both ends meet”.
16. He said to her, “What are you so late? I’ve been waiting for half an hour already”
17. She said to him “Don’t let them down. I’ll be very embarrassed if you go back on your words.’
18. She said to her husband, “You’d better not drink too much. You may lose control of the car and have a bad accident”
19. The boy said to his mother “When shall we have lunch? I am very hungry.”
20. She said to him, ‘I am glad you’ve come. Sit down, please”
21. Mr Brown said to his wife, “I don’t feel like going out this evening. Let’s ask the Browns to come over for a chat”.
22. “Be careful. Don’t go near the edge of the cliff,” she said to the boy
23. “Please, please come to help me with the assignment,” my sister said to me
24. “I wouldn’t buy that sort of raincoat if I were you” my friend said to me.
25. “Would you mind moving your bicycle? Said the janitor ‘It’s in the way”
26. “Remember to leave the window open when you are using the gas stove” my mother said to me.
27. “Would you like to come over to my house for a slide show?” my friend said to me
28. “Show me your driver’s license, will you?” the policeman said to the drunken driver
29. “Do come again next weekend” the hosts said to the visitor
30. “Could you ring up the station and find out when the train comes in?” Said Tom to me.
Exercise: Choïn phöông aùn toát nhaát ñeå hoaøn thaønh caùc caâu sau:
C.where I came from D.where did I come from?
C. why they fight D.why were they fighting
C. whether her children were D. her children are if
C. it hadn’t been so foggy D. it isn’t such foggy
C. whether my children would D. my children must
C. it was happening D. was happening what
C. the ticket office is D. where was the ticket office
C. she wondered why Minh hadn’t phoned D. she wondered why hadn’t Minh phoned
C. he told me how to get to the airport D. he asked me to tell how to get to the airport
B. she asked me whether I had heard of their marriage
C. she asked me if I had heard of their marriage
D. B and C
B. Cindy said she hadn’t seen John since the previous month
C. Cindy said she wasn’t seen John since the previous month
D. Cindy said she doesn’t see John since the previous month
B.The little boy said that two and two have made four.
C.The little boy said that two and two had made four.
D.The little boy said that two and two make four.
B. Minh advised Lan to go to the doctor
C. Minh told Lan that he would to go to the doctor
D.Minh advised Lan not to go to the doctor
B. His wife told him to write to her as often as he could
C. His wife told him writing to her as often as he could
D. His wife told him writing to her as often as he can
B. The police asked Mr John what he had been doing the night before
C. The police asked Mr John what he had been done the night before
D. The police asked Mr John what had he been done the night before
C. careful when doing these exercises D. are careful when doing these exercises
C. to think well before I answered D. think well before I will answer
99. He begged them --------------.
A. help him B. should help him C. to help him D. help to him
100. She said that she -------------- there the year before.