Question 35: There has been insufficient rainfall over the past two years, and farmers are having trouble.
A. adequateB. unsatisfactory C. abundant D. dominant
Read the following passage adapted from Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009 and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 19 to 28.
Feminism, collective term for systems of belief and theories that pay special (36) ____ to women’s rights and women’s position in culture and society. The term tends to be used for the women’s rights movement, which began in the late 18th century and continues to campaign for complete political, social, and economic equality between women and men. This article (37) ____ specifically with the development of the ideas behind that movement and their (38) ____ and impact.
Feminists are united by the idea that women’s position in society is unequal to (39) ____ of men, and that society is structured in such a way as to benefit men to the political, social, and economic (40) ____ of women. However, feminists have used different theories to explain these (41) ____ and have advocated different ways of redressing inequalities, and there are marked geographic and historical variations in the nature of feminism.
Historically, feminist thought and activity can be divided into two waves. The first wave, which began in about 1800 and (42) ____ until the 1930s, was largely concerned with gaining equal rights between women and men. The second wave, which began in the late 1960s, has continued to fight for (43) ____ but has also developed a (44) ____ of theories and approaches that stress the difference between women and men and that draw attention to the (45) _____ needs of women.
Question 36: A. notice B. attention C. benefit D. equality
Question 37: A. deals B. tends C. develops D. initiates
Question 38: A. pressure B. problem C. variation D. influence
Question 39: A. most B. those C. that D. which
Question 40: A. detriment B. benifit C. position D. advocate
Question 41: A. difference B. attention C. equalities D. inequalities
Question 42: A. widened B. spent C. lasted D. lengthened
Question 43: A. freedom B. independence C. tradition D. equality
Question 44: A. kind B. sort C. range D. type
Question 45: A. definite B. specific C. vague D. general
Read the following passage adapted from Britannica and mark the letter A, B, C, or Don your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
The biologist's role in society as well as his moral and ethical responsibility in the discovery and development of new ideas has led to a reassessment of his social and scientific value systems. A scientist can no longer ignore the consequences of his discoveries; he is as concerned with the possible misuses of his findings as he is with the basic research in which he is involved. This emerging social and political role of the biologist and all other scientists requires a weighing of values that cannot be done with the accuracy or the objectivity of a laboratory balance. As a member of society, it is necessary for a biologist now to redefine his social obligations and his functions, particularly in the realm of making judgments about such ethical problems as man's control of his environment or his manipulation of genes to direct further evolutionary development.
As a result of recent discoveries concerning hereditary mechanisms, genetic engineering, by which human traits are made to order, may soon be a reality. As desirable as itmay seem to be, such an accomplishment would entail many value judgments. Who would decide, for example, which traits should be selected for change? In cases of genetic deficiencies and disease, the desirability of the change is obvious, but the possibilities for social misuse are so numerous that theymay far outweigh the benefits.
Probably the greatest biological problem of the future, as it is of the present, will be to find ways to curb environmental pollution without interfering with man's constant effort to improve the quality of his life. Many scientists believe that underlyingthe spectre of pollution is the problem of surplus human population. A rise in population necessitates an increase in the operations of modern industry, the waste products of whichincrease the pollution of air, water, and soil. The question of how many people the resources of the Earth can support is one of critical importance.
Although the solutions to these and many other problems are yet to be found, they do indicate the need for biologists to work with social scientists and other members of society in order to determine the requirements necessary for maintaining a healthy and productive planet. For although many of man's present and future problems may seem to be essentially social, political, or economic in nature, they have biological ramificationsthat could affect the very existence of life itself.
A. his basic researchB. the development of new ideas
C. his manipulation of genes D. the consequences of his discoveries
Question 47: The pronoun "it" in paragraph 2 refers to ____.
A. a reality B. an accomplishment C. genetic engineeringD. hereditary mechanism
Question 48: It is implied in the passage that genetic engineering ____.
A. may do us more harm than goodB. is no longer desirable
C. is the most desirable for life D. will change all human traits
Question 49: The pronoun "they" in paragraph 2 refers to ____.
A. discoveries concerning hereditary mechanisms B. effects of genetic engineering misuse C. cases of genetic deficiencies D. possibilities for genetic deficiencies
Question 50:What is probably the most important biological problem mentioned in the passage?
A. social and economic deficiencies B. manipulation of genes C. genetic engineering misuse D. environmental pollution
Question 51:The word "which" in paragraph 3 refers to ____.
A. activities of an overpopulated society's industryB. the waste products dumped into our environment
C. activities of surplus human population D. serious environmental pollution
Question 52: The word "underlying" in paragraph 3 could best be replaced by "____".
A. noticing B. causingC. finding D. depriving
Question 53: According to the passage, to save our planet, biologists should work
A. harder and harder B. accurately and objectively
Question 54:Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "ramifications" in paragraph 4? A. useful experiments B. effective techniques C. harmful consequencesD. latest developments
Question 55: What is the author's purpose in this passage?
A. To conduct a survey of the biologist's role in society
B. To urge biologists to solve the problem of surplus human population
C. To emphasize the biologist's role in solving the world's problems
D. To advise biologists to carry out extensive research into genetic engineering
Read the following passage adapted from MS Encarta2008 and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
In early civilizations, citizens were educated informally, usually within the family unit. Education meant simply learning to live. As civilizations became more complex, however, education became more formal, structured, and comprehensive. Initial efforts of the ancient Chinese and Greek societies concentrated solely on the education of males. The post-Babylonian Jews and Plato were exceptions to this pattern. Plato was
apparently the first significant advocate of the equality of the sexes. Women, in his ideal state, would have the same rights and duties and the same educational opportunities as men. This aspect of Platonic philosophy, however, had little or no effect on education for many centuries, and the concept of a liberal education for men only, which had been espoused by Aristotle, prevailed.
In ancient Rome, the availability of an education was gradually extended to women, but they were taught separately from men. The early Christians and medieval Europeans continued this trend, and single-sex schools for the privileged classes prevailed through the Reformation period. Gradually, however, education for women on a separate but equal basis to that provided for men was becoming a clear responsibility of society. Martin Luther appealed for civil support of schools for all children. At the Council of Trent in the 16th century, the Roman Catholic Church encouraged the establishment of free primary schools for children of all classes. The concept of universal primary education, regardless of sex, had been born, but it was still in the realm of the single-sex school.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, co-education became a more widely applied principle of educational philosophy. In Britain, Germany, and the Soviet Union the education of boys and girls in the same classes became an accepted practice. Since World War II, Japan and the Scandinavian countries have also adopted relatively universal co-educational systems. The greatest negative reaction to co-education has been felt in the teaching systems of the Latin countries, where the sexes have usually been separated at both primary and secondary levels, according to local conditions.
A number of studies have indicated that girls seem to perform better overall and in science in particular in single-sex classes: during the adolescent years, pressure to conform to stereotypical female gender roles may disadvantage girls in traditionally male subjects, making them reluctant to volunteer for experimental work while taking part in lessons. In Britain, academic league tablespoint to high standards achieved in girls' schools. Some educationalists therefore suggest segregationof the sexes as a good thing, particularly in certain areas, and a number of schools are experimenting with the idea.
Question 56: Ancient education generally focused its efforts on ____.
A. on male learners B. both sexes C. female learners D. young people only
Question 57: Education in early times was mostly aimed at ____.
A. teaching skills B. learning to live C. learning new lifestyles D. imparting survival skills
Question 58: The first to support the equality of the sexes was ____.
A. the Chinese B. the Greek C. PlatoD. the Jews
Question 59: The word "informally" in this context mostly refers to an education occurring____.
A. in classrooms B. outside the school C. in a department D. ability
Question 60: When education first reached women, they were ____.
A. locked up in a place with men B. isolated from normal life
C. deprived of opportunities D. separated from men
Question 61: When the concept of universal primary education was introduced, education____.
A. was given free to all B.was intended for all the sexes
C. focused on imparting skills D. was intended to leave out female learners Question 62: The word "espouse" is contextually closest in meaning to "____".
A. to introduce B. to put off C. to give D. to induce
Question 63: Co-ed was negatively responded to in ____.
A. JapanB. the Scandinavian countries C. South American countriesD. conservative countries Question 64: The word "tables" is closest in meaning to "____".
A. shapes B. meeting tables C. personalitiesD. figures Question 65: The word "segregation" may be understood as "____".
Question 66: The museum contains sixth century sculptures, eighteenth century swords and the dress
worn by nineteenth centuryroyal family.
Question 67: When the children realized that they were by themselves in the dark, they became really
A B C frightening(D)
Question 68: It is a good idea to be careful in buying or purchasing magazines from salespersons who may come to your door. A B C D
Question 69: She finds the work she has to do quite easily; boredom is her biggest problem.
A B C D
Question 70: Read the letter from her mother, she feels very happy.
A B C D .
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that isclosest in meaning to the sentence given.
Question 71: He took the food eagerly because he had eaten nothing since dawn.
A. He had eaten nothing since dawn although he took the food eagerly.
B. The food was taken at dawn and he had nothing to eat then.
C. He had eaten something before but he took the food eagerly.
D. Having eaten nothing since dawn, he took the food eagerly.
Question 72: Anne jogs every morning. It is very good for her health.
A. Anne jogs every morning and is very good for her health.
B. Anne jogs every morning, which is very good for her health. C. Anne jogs every morning and then it is very good for her health.
D. Anne jogs every morning that it is very good for her health.
Question 73: The review overvalued his latest film.
A. The review had a high opinion of his latest film.B. The review turned down his latest film.
C. The review rejected his latest film. D. The review gave his latest film a moderate appreciation.
Question 74: Scarcely had she arrived home when the quake happened.
A. As soon as the quake took place, she arrived home. B. The quake took place before she arrived home.
C. Hardly the quake happened when she arrived home.
D. No sooner had she arrived home than the quake happened.
Question 75: "Shall I turn on the heater for you?" Lane said to his grandpa.
A. Lane wanted to turn on the heater for his grandpa. B. Lane offered to turn on the heater for his grandpa.
C. Lane promised to turn on the heater for his grandpa. D. Lane asked his grandpa to turn on the heater for him.
Question 76: "Report yourself to the police and you'll get lighter penalty," John told his brother.
A. John asked his brother to give up himself to the police.
B. John threatened his brother to report himself to the police.
C. John promised his brother a report of himself to the police.
D. John persuaded his brother to report himself to the police. Question 77: "Getting a good job doesn't matter much to me."
A. "I am only interested in getting a good job." B. "It's interesting for me to get a good job."
C. "I am not good at getting a good job." D. "I don't care about getting a good job."
Question 78:I should have studied last night, but I was too tired.
A. I couldn't study last night because I was very tired.B. I studied last night because I had to.
C. I studied last night because I was bored.D. I tried to study last night, but the homework was too hard.
Question 79: It was wrong of you not to call the fire brigade at once.
A. You didn't call the fire brigade because it was wrong. B. Calling the fire brigade must be done at once.
C. You should have called the fire brigade at once.D. The fire brigade was called at the wrong time.
Question 80: We couldn't solve the problem until our teacher arrived.
A. When our teacher arrived, we solved the problem.
B. Not until our teacher arrived could we solve the problem.
C. Until our teacher arrived, we were able to solve the problem.
D. Not until we solved the problem could our teacher arrive.