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Họ, tên thí sinh:.................................................................... M· ®Ò thi 247
Số báo danh:................................. ĐỀ THI GỒM 80 CÂU (TỪ QUESTION 1 ĐẾN QUESTION 80)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 1. He tries to _______ himself with everyone by paying them compliments.
A. gratify B. please C. ingratiate D. commend
Question 2. As he made no ______ to our quarrel, I assumed he had forgiven me.
A. statement B. mention C. reference D. comment
Question 3. It was found that he lacked the ________ to pursue a difficult task to the very end.
A. persuasion B. commitment C. engagement D. obligation
Question 4. The newspaper did not mention the ______ of the damage caused by the fire.
A. range B. extent C. amount D. quality
Question 5. Frankly, I'd rather you _______ anything about it for the time being.
A. don't do B. hadn't done C. didn't do D. haven't done
Question 6. Since they aren't answering their telephone, they _____
A. must have left B. should have left C. need have left D. can have left
Question 7. He can not ________ ignorance as his excuse; he should have known what was happening in his own department.
A. insist B. plead C. refer D. defend
Question 8. I was angry when you saw me because I ______ with my sister.
A. have been arguing B. had been arguing C. argued D. would argue
Question 9. Luckily, I _______ a new pair of sunglasses as I found mine at the bottom of a bag.
A. needn't have bought B. needed not to buy C. didn't need to by D. hadn't to buy
Question 10. The book would have been perfect ________ the ending.
A. had it not been for B. it had not been for C. it hadn't been for D . hadn't it been for.
Question 11. I'm __________ my brother is.
A. nowhere like so ambitious B. nothing near as ambitious as
C. nothing as ambitious than D. nowhere near as ambitious as
Question 12. _________ I'd like to help you out, I'm afraid I just haven't got any spare money at the moment.
A. Even B. Despite C. Much as D. Try as
Question 13. Hardly ________ of the paintings at the gallery were for sale
A. none B. few C. some D. any
Question 14. Mr. Nixon refused to answer the questions on the ________ that the matter was confidential.
A. reasons B. excuses C. grounds D. foundation
Question 15. William is an authority _______ medieval tapestries.
A. on B. with C. about D. in
Question 16. They attempted to __________ the painting to its original condition.
A. restore B. renovate C. repair D. refurbish
Question 17. Jane's very modest, always ________ her success.
A. playing down B. turning around C. keeping down D. pushing back
Question 18. I feel _________ to inform the committee that a number of members are very unhappy with the decision.
A. my duty B. it my duty C. this my duty D. that my duty
Question 19. I'm sure when you've stopped looking for your keys, they'll _____ up somewhere.
A. take B. look C. turn D. pull
Question 20. It's very easy to _______ over when the snow is hard.
A. slide B. skid C. skate D. slip
Question 21. All things_________, he is the best president we are likely to get.
A. considered B. thought C. taken D. added
Question 22. Check the bottles carefully to make sure they have not been _______
A. broken into B. taken out C. touched up D. tampered with
Question 23 Harry:" _______"
Kate: "Yes. I'd like to buy a computer."
A. Do you look for something? B. Good morning. Can I help you?
C. Excuse me. Do you want to buy it? D. Can you help me buy something?
Question 24. Peter: “I’ve been awarded a scholarship to study in America.”
Kate: “Uh, really? __________!”
A. Take care of yourself B. Congratulations
C. You are always lucky D. Lucky as you are
Question 25. Tom:" Would you take this along to the office for me?"
A. Never mind B. Yes, with pleasure C. Yes, that's right D. Not at all
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is closest in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 26. The famous racehorse Secretariat had to be destroyed because of a painful, incurable hoof disease.
A. disabling B. vexatious C. dangerous D. irreparable
Question 43. I feel completely exhausted when I've listened to Marion for half-an-hour.
A. It is completely exhausting after half-an-hour I listening to Marion.
B. Half-an-hour listening to Marion leaves me feeling completely exhausted.
C. Feeling completely exhausted, I spent half-an-hour listening to Marion.
D. When I've listened to Marion for half-an-hour, she feels exhausting completely.
Question 44. They were exposed to biased information, so they didn't know the true story.
A. If they got unbiased information, they could know the true story.
B. If they had unbiased the information, they could have known the true story.
C. If they had been exposed to unbiased information, they would have known the true story.
D. If they have exposed to the unbiased information, they could have seen the true story.
Question 45. It was not until after I had got home that I realized I had not set the burglar alarm in the office.
A. On the way home, I suddenly realized that I had forgotten to turn on the burglar alarm in the office.
B. Fortunately, I realized that I hadn't set the burglar alarm just before I left for home; otherwise, I would have had to travel all the way back to the office.
C. I didn't turn the burglar alarm on before I left the office, but I only became aware of this after I'd arrived home.
D. I wish I had realized before I arrived home that I hadn't turned on the burglar alarm in the office; then it would have been easier to go and set it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best forms from the given words.
Question 46. They/ leave/ early/ not catch/ traffic.
A. They left early so that not to catch in the traffic.
B. They left early to avoid being caught in the traffic.
C. They left early so as to not get caught in the traffic.
D. They left early in order to not get caught in the traffic.
Question 47. It/ not easy/ remain/ tranquil/ events/ suddenly/ change/ life.
A. It is not easy remain tranquil when events suddenly change life.
B. It is not easy to remain tranquil when events suddenly change your life.
C. It is not easy remaining tranquil when events suddenly change your life.
D. It is not easy to remain tranquil if events suddenly change life.
Question 48. You/ should/ doctor/ see/ that cut.
A. You should have a doctor seen to that cut.
B. You should get a doctor seen to that cut.
C. You should have a doctor see to that cut.
D. You should ask a doctor see to that cut.
Question 49. She/ urge/ her husband/ accept/ post.
A. She urged that her husband accept the post.
B. She urged her husband accept the post.
C. She urged her husband accepted the post.
D. She urged her husband should be accepted the post.
A. The committee members resented to treat as that.
B. The committee members resented to be treated as that.
C. The committee members resented to treat like that.
D. The committee members resented being treated like that.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 51 to 60.
Most people can remember a phone number for up to thirty seconds. When this short amount of time elapses, however, the numbers are erased from the memory. How did the information get there in the first place? Information that makes its way to the short term memory (STM) does so via the sensory storage area. The brain has a filter which only allows stimuli that is of immediate interest to pass on to the STM, also known as the working memory.
There is much debate about the capacity and duration of the short term memory. The most accepted theory comes from George A. Miller, a cognitive psychologist who suggested that humans can remember approximately seven chunks of information. A chunk is defined as a meaningful unit of information, such as a word or name rather than just a letter or number. Modern theorists suggest that one can increase the capacity of the short term memory by chunking, or classifying similar information together. By organizing information, one can optimize the STM, and improve the chances of a memory being passed on to long term storage.
When making a conscious effort to memorize something, such as information for an exam, many people engage in "rote rehearsal". By repeating something over and over again, one is able to keep a memory alive. Unfortunately, this type of memory maintenance only succeeds if there are no interruptions. As soon as a person stops rehearsing the information, it has the tendency to disappear. When a pen and paper are not handy, people often attempt to remember a phone number by repeating it aloud. If the doorbell rings or the dog barks to come in before a person has the opportunity to make a phone call, he will likely forget the number instantly. Therefore, rote rehearsal is not an efficient way to pass information from the short term to long term memory. A better way is to practice "elaborate rehearsal". This involves assigning semantic meaning to a piece of information so that it can be filed along with other pre-existing long term memories.
Encoding information semantically also makes it more retrievable. Retrieving information can be done by recognition or recall. Humans can easily recall memories that are stored in the long term memory and used often; however, if a memory seems to be forgotten, it may eventually be retrieved by prompting. The more cues a person is given (such as pictures), the more likely a memory can be retrieved. This is why multiple choice tests are often used for subjects that require a lot of memorization.
Question 51. According to the passage, how do memories get transferred to the STM?
A. They revert from the long term memory.
B. They are filtered from the sensory storage area.
C. They get chunked when they enter the brain.
D. They enter via the nervous system.
Question 52. The word elapses in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to:
A. passes B. adds up C. appears D. continues
Question 53. All of the following are mentioned as places in which memories are stored EXCEPT the:
A. STM B. long term memory C. sensory storage area D. maintenance area
Question 54. Why does the author mention a dog's bark?
A. To give an example of a type of memory
B. To provide a type of interruption
C. To prove that dogs have better memories than humans
D. To compare another sound that is loud like a doorbell
Question 55. How do theorists believe a person can remember more information in a short time?
A. By organizing it B. By repeating it
C. By giving it a name D. By drawing it
Question 56. The author believes that rote rotation is:
A. the best way to remember something B. more efficient than chunking
C. ineffective in the long run D. an unnecessary interruption
Question 57. The word elaborate in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to:
A. complex B. efficient C. pretty D. regular
Question 58. Which of the following is NOT supported by the passage?
A. The working memory is the same as the short term memory.
B. A memory is kept alive through constant repetition.
C. Cues help people to recognize information.
D. Multiple choice exams are the most difficult.
Question 59. The word cues in the passage is closest in meaning to
A. questions B. clues C. images D. tests
Question 60. Which of the following best provides the important information in the bold sentence from the passage. Incorrect answer choices leave out essential information or change the meaning of it
A. Prompting is the easiest way to retrieve short term memory after an extended period of time.
B. A memory can be retrieved by prompting, in a case where it has been rarely used.
C. It's easier to remember short term memories than long term memories due to regular prompts.
D. Recalling a long term memory that is often used is easy, while forgotten memories often require prompting.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 61 to 70. The lack of printing regulations and the unenforceability of British copyright law in the American colonies made it possible for colonial printers occasionally to act as publishers. Although they rarely undertook major publishing project because it was difficult to sell books as cheaply as they could be imported from Europe, printers in Philadelphia did publish work that required only small amounts of capital, paper, and type. Broadsides could be published with minimal financial risk. Consisting of only one sheet of paper and requiring small amounts of type, broadsides involved lower investments of capital than longer works. Furthermore, the broadside format lent itself to subjects of high, if temporary, interest, enabling them to meet with ready sale. If the broadside printer miscalculated, however, and produced a sheet that did not sell, it was not likely to be a major loss, and the printer would know this immediately, There would be no agonizing wait with large amounts of capital tied up, books gathering dust on the shelves, and creditors impatient for payment.
In addition to broadsides, books and pamphlets, consisting mainly of political tracts, catechisms, primers, and chapbooks were relatively inexpensive to print and to buy. Chapbook were pamphlet-sized books, usually containing popular tales, ballads, poems, short plays, and jokes, small, both in formal and number of pages, they were generally bound simply, in boards (a form of cardboard) or merely stitched in paper wrappers (a sewn antecedent of modern-day paperbacks). Pamphlets and chapbooks did not require fine paper or a great deal of type to produce they could thus be printed in large, cost-effective editions and sold cheaply.
By far, the most appealing publishing investments were to be found in small books that had proven to be steady sellers, providing a reasonably reliable source of income for the publisher. They would not, by nature, be highly topical or political, as such publications would prove of fleeting interest. Almanacs, annual publications that contained information on astronomy and weather patterns arranged according to the days, week, and months of a given year, provided the perfect steady seller because their information pertained to the locale in which they would be used
Question 61. Which aspect of colonial printing does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Laws governing the printing industry. B. Competition among printers
Question 62. According to the passage, why did colonial printers avoid major publishing projects?
A. Few colonial printers owned printing machinery that was large enough to handle major projects.
B. There was inadequate shipping available in the colonies.
C. Colonial printers could not sell their work for a competitive price.
D. Colonial printers did not have the skills necessary to undertake large publishing projects.
Question 63. Broadsides could be published with little risk to colonial printers because they
A. required a small financial investment and sold quickly
B. were in great demand in European markets
C. were more popular with colonists than chapbooks and pamphlets
D. generally dealt with topics of long-term interest to many colonists
Question 64. The word "they" refers to
A. chapbooks B. tales C. jokes D. pages
Question 65. The word "antecedent" is closest in meaning to
A. predecessor B. format C. imitation D. component
Question 66. Chapbooks produced in colonial America were characterized by
A. fine paper B. cardboard covers
C. elaborate decoration D. a large number of pages
Question 67. The word "appealing" is closest in meaning to
A. dependable B. respectable C. enduring D. attractive
Question 68. What were "steady sellers"?
A. Printers whose incomes were quite large
B. People who traveled from town to town selling Books and pamphlets
C. Investors who provided reliable financial Support for new printers
D. Publications whose sales were usually consistent from year to year
Question 69. The word "locale" is closest in meaning to
A. topic B. season C. interest D. place
Question 70. All of the following are defined in the passage EXCEPT
A "Broadsides" B. "catechisms"
C "chapbooks” D. "Almanacs"
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 71 to 80
The texting pigeons
Not everybody recognises the benefits of new developments in communications technology. Indeed, some people fear that text messaging may actually be having a negative (71)_____ on young people's communication and language skills, especially when we hear that primary school children may be at (72)______ of becoming addicted to the habit. So widespread has texting become, however, that even pigeons have started doing it. (73) _____, in this case, it's difficult to view the results as anything but positive.
Twenty of the birds are about to (74) ______ to the skies with the task of measuring air pollution, each (75) _____ with sensor equipment and a mobile phone. The (76) _____ made by the sensors will be automatically (77) _____ into text messages and beamed to the Internet - where they will appear on a dedicated 'pigeon blog'.
The birds will also each have a GPS receiver and a camera to capture aerial photos, and researchers are building a tiny 'pigeon kit' containing all these (78)_____. Each bird will carry these in a miniature backpack, (79) _____ , that is, from the camera, which will hang around its neck.
The data the pigeons text will be displayed in the (80) _____of an interactive map, which will provide local residents with up-to-the-minute information on their local air quality.