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READING COMPREHENSION

I. STRATEGIES FOR THE READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS

  1. Skim the reading passage to determine the main idea and the overall organization of ideas in the reading passage.

You do not need to understand every detail in the passage with the intent of understanding every single detail before you cry to answer the questions.

  1. Look ahead at the questions to determine what types of questions you must answer. Each type of questions is answered in a different way.

  2. Find the section of the passage that deals with each questions. The question type tells you exactly where to look in the passage to find correct answers.

  • For main idea questions, look at the first line of each paragraph.

  • For directly and indirectly answered detail questions, choose of key word in the quesions and skim for that key word( or a related idea) in order in the passage.

  • For vocabulary questions, the question will tell you where the word is located in the passage.

- For overall review questions, the answers are found anywhere in the passage.

  1. Read the part of the passage that contains the answer carefully. The answer will probaly be in the same sentence( or one sentence before or after) the key word or idea.

  2. Choose the best answer to each question from the four answer choices listed in your test book. You can choose the best answer according to what is given in the appropriate section of the passage, eliminate definitely wrong answer and mark your best guess on the answer sheet.

II. READING PRATICE

Read the passages carefully and choose the correct answer

Passage 1

Body postures and movements are frequently indicators of self-confidence, energy, fatigue, or status. Cognitively, gestures operate to clarify, contradict, or replace verbal messages. Gestures also serve an important function with regard to regulating the flow of conversation. For example, if a student is talking about something in front of the class, single nods of the head from the teacher will likely cause that student to continue and perhaps more elaborate. Postures as well as gestures are used to indicate attitudes, status, affective moods, approval, deception, warmth, arid other variables related to conversation interaction.

The saying "A picture is worth a thousand words" well describes the meaning of facial expressions. Facial appearance - including wrinkles, muscle tone, skin coloration, and eye color-offers enduring cues that reve1il information about age, sex, race, ethnic origin, and status.

A less permanent second set of facial cues-including length of hair, hairstyle, cleanliness, and facial hair-relate to an individual's idea of beauty. A third group of facial markers are momentary expressions that signal that cause changes in the forehead, eyebrows, eyelids, cheeks, nose, lips, and chin, such as raising the eyebrows, wrinkling the brow, curling the lip.

Some facial expressions are readily visible, while others are fleeting. Both types can positively or negatively reinforce the spoken words and convey cues concerning emotions and attitudes.


  1. Gestures _________.

A. can do nothing with a conversation

B. can clarify the meaning of verbal messages.

C. may interrupt the flow of a conversation

D. can end a conversation more quickly than usual



  1. A nod of the head from the teacher will likely ask his student to _______ what he is saying.

A. go on B. give up C. put off D. throwaway

  1. According to the writer, "A picture is worth a thousand words" means _______.

A. a picture of a face is more valuable than a thousand words

B. a picture is more important than a thousand words

C. facial gestures can convey a lot of meanings

D. he has just bought a picture with a thousand words on it



  1. How many categories of facial expressions are mentioned?

A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5

  1. Facial expressions _________.

A. cannot convey emotions B. cannot reinforce spoken words

C. can only express negative attitudes D. can be either visible or fleeting



Passage 2

There is no age requirement for admission to Cambridge University, although the vast majority of undergraduates are 18 years' or older when they come into residence. All applicants will need to demonstrate that they have the maturity and personal skills to cope with university level study. A student who will be over 21 on commencing a course is classified as a mature student.

In previous years, the University has had minimum entrance requirements for all applicants, known as matriculation requirements. These included the need for a qualification in English, a language other than English, and a mathematical or scientific subject. These requirements will be abolished from 2009 entry onwards.

Cambridge applicants are encouraged to study either four or five Advanced Subsidiary (AS) levels in Year 12. Applicants taking four subjects will not be disadvantaged compared with those taking five subjects. The university administration would normally expect A grades in subjects which are particularly reIevant to the course a student is applying for. More challenging offers may be set to ensure that an applicant can cope with pressure and the demands of exams.

Advanced Extension Awards (AEAs) are based on A level subject criteria and require no additional teaching or resources. They are designed to challenge the most able students and to provide opportunities for students to show logical and critical thinking skills and a greater depth of understanding than required at A level.



  1. "There is no age requirement for admission to Cambridge University" means that _______.

A. All students studying at Cambridge University must be under 18 years old

B. Any students can enter Cambridge University regardless of the age

C. Any students who are admitted to Cambridge University have to meet age requirement.

D. All Cambridge higher students must be more than 20 years old



  1. To enter Cambridge University, students must be _______.

A. very wealthy B. under the level of university study

C. mature and personally skillful D. very intelligent



  1. What is not a matriculation requirement to enter Cambridge University?

A. A Bachelor of Art in Literature B. A language other than English

C. A qualification in English D. A mathematical or, scientific subject



  1. According to the third paragraph, _______.

A. Studying at Cambridge University is not a difficult task.

B. Examinations at Cambridge University are very difficult.

C. Students at Cambridge University do not to encounter any pressure.

D. Cambridge University does not require examinations.



  1. Advanced Extension Awards (AEAs) are for _______ students.

A. poor B. foreign C. elderly D. good

Passage 3

May 7,1840 was the birthday of the most famous Russian composer Peter Illich Tchaikovsky. The son of a miming inspector, Tchaikovsky studied music as a child and later studied composition on the St. Petersburg Conservatory . His greatest period of productivity occurred between 1876 and 1890, during which time he enjoyed the patronage of Madame von Weck who gave him a living stipend of about $ 1,000,000 a year. This woman later terminated her friendship with Tchaikovsky as well as his living allowance when she was in facing difficulties. It was during the time of Madame von Weck’s patronage, however, that Tchaikovsky created the music for which he is most famous ,including the music for the ballets of Swan Lake and The Sleeping Beauty . Tchaikovsky’s music, well known for its rich melodic, was of the first that brought serious dramatic music to dance.

1. With what topic is the passage primarily concerned ?

A. the life and music of Tchaikovsky.

B. development of Tchaikovsky’s music for ballets.

C. Tchaikovsky’s relationship with Madame Von Meck.

D. the main features of Tchaikovsky’s music.

2. The phrase” enjoyed the patronage of ” probably means :

A. Liked the company of B. was mentally attached to

C. was financially dependent upon. D. needed the advice of .

3. According to the passage of all the following describe Madame Von Meck EXCEPT :

A. she had economic troubles B. she enjoyed Tchaikovsky’s music.

C. she was never introduced to Tchaikovsky. D. she was generous

4. According to the passage for what is Tchaikovsky’s music most well known?

A. Its repetitive and monotonous tones. B. the ballet –like quality of the music.

C. the richness and melodic drams of the music. D. its lively melodies.

5. According to the passage , Swan Lake and The Sleeping Beauty are :

A. dances B. songs C. operas D. plays



Passage 4

The primary attraction of snorkeling is the opportunity to observe underwater life in a natural setting, such as coral reefs, fish, starfish, and mollusks. Other organisms that can be seen while snorkeling include various forms of seaweed, jellyfish, shrimp and $ea turtles. Snorkeling requires no special training, only the ability to swim and to breathe through the snorkel. However, it is considered advisable that one get some instruction from a tour guide, dive shop, or equipment rental shop, any of which often can be found around popular snorkeling locations. Instruction generally covers equipment usage, basic safety, what to look for, and what to look out for, including how not to damage fragile organisms such as coral. As with scuba diving, it is always recommended that one, should not snorkel alone, but rather with a friend, a guide, or a tour group.

Swim fins used in snorkeling are usually longer than those used in diving. Snorkel is a tube about thirty centimeters (twelve inches) long, usually J-shaped, fitted with a mouthpiece, and constructed of rubber or plastic. It is used for breathing air from above the water surface when the mouth and nose are submerged, either when snorkeling or during a surface swim before or after scuba diving. The snorkel usually has a piece of rubber that attaches the snorkel to the outside of the strap of the diving mask, as sticking the snorkel in between the strap and the mask could cause the mask to leak, or risk losing the snorkel should the diver choose to switch to scuba.

Typically, the diving mask also serves to prevent breathing through the nose, so that one is forced to breathe through the snorkel. This also provides some negative pressure which helps keep the .mask sealed against the face, though attempting to breathe out through the nose can break this seal and fog the mask.



  1. Snorkeling ________.

A. offers divers an opportunity to observe marine life

B. needs a very special training

C. does not require an ability to swim

D. is too dangerous for everybody to enjoy



  1. We cannot get instructions for snorkeling from ________.

A. a college B. a tour guide

C. a dive shop D. an equipment rental shop



  1. A snorkeler should not ________.

A. rent diving equipment B. use any equipment

C. dive with a friend D. dive alone



  1. The snorkel ________.

A. is a long rope B. has swim fins

C. is made of rubber or plastic D. is longer than 12 inches



  1. The snorkeler breathes through his ________.

A. nose B. mouth C. fin D. face

Passage 5

A trend in women's change in attitude to work and home life roles has launched because more and more women begin to feel the stress and exhaustion when they play multiple roles.

The image for women of the 1950s was the domesticated housewife and mother who cooked, cleaned, and sewed. The vogue woman of today is proud while possessing the role as career woman and mother, wife, and domestic organizer. Yet, the main thing that has really changed for the modern woman is the fact that her workload has doubled from the duality of her role. The effects of this duality are being felt through stress, and unfairness.

A recent study has shown that that 68% of women see a conflict between working and raising a family. It is no wonder since large amounts of stress stem from a woman's professional career in collaboration with her role as housekeeper and mother. A study in 1997 by the Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology found said, "Stress appears to be strongly related to being employed outside found said, "Stress appears to be strongly related to being employed outside the home and is more strongly felt by women working more hours, especially those working full-time." The 2001 U.S. Current Population Survey found that many women wish to have fewer office hours. More and more women want to cut work hours because they find it difficult to take care of household responsibilities while maintaining a career. The Female Lifestyle Survey of Great Britain 2004 found that 86% of full time working women did most of the housework and 77% did most of the child rearing, which; has made them quite exhausted.



  1. The text is about _______.

A. women's difficulties when they have to work both outside and at home

B. women's stress caused by her children

C. women's exhaustion caused by her boss

D. women's preference of multiple roles



  1. Being both a career woman and domestic organizer makes women ____

A. happy and independent B. proud and exciting

C. vogue and wonderful D. stressed and exhausted



  1. Which idea is not referred in the text?

A. There have been several studies' and surveys on women and their roles.

B. Many women realize a conflict between working and raising a family.

C. All women can do well with their roles both at home and at work.

D. Stress stems from a woman's professional career and her roles as a housekeeper and mother.



  1. The writer _______.

A. advised women to quit their jobs and stay at home for childrearing

B. described the situations that working women suffered from stress and exhaustion

C. conducted several surveys on women and their work

D. objected to the fact that women worked outside the home



  1. Women _______.

A. want to have less work hours

B. want to have more work hours

C. do not want to do housework any more

D. do not want to join social activities



Passage 6

On 8 August 1967, five leaders - the Foreign Ministers of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand- sat down together in the main hall of the Department of Foreign Affairs building in Bangkok, Thailand and signed a document. By virtue of that document, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was born. The five Foreign Ministers who signed it have been considered as the founders of probably the most successful intergovernmental organization in the developing world today. The document that they signed would be known as the ASEAN Declaration.

It is a short, simply-worded document containing just five articles. It declares the establishment of an Association for Regional Cooperation among the Countries of Southeast Asia to be known as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and spells out the aims and purposes of that Association. These aims and purposes are about the cooperation in economy, society, culture, techniques, education and other fields, and in the promotion of regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the principles of the United Nations Charter. It stipulates that the Association will be open for participation by all States in the Southeast Asian region subscribing to its aims, principles and purposes. It proclaims ASEAN as representing the collective will of the nations of Southeast Asia to bind themselves together in friendship and cooperation and, through joint efforts and sacrifices, secure for their peoples and for posterity the blessings of peace, freedom and prosperity. The goal of ASEAN, then, is to create, not to destroy.

The original ASEAN logo presented five brown sheaves of rice stalks, one for each founding member. Beneath the sheaves is the legend "ASEAN" in blue. These are set on a field of yellow encircled by a blue border. Brown stands for strength and stability, yellow for prosperity and blue for the spirit of cordiality in which ASEAN affairs are conducted. When ASEAN celebrated its 30th Anniversary in 1997, the sheaves on the logo had increased to ten -representing all ten countries of Southeast Asia and reflecting the colors of the flags of all of them. In a very real sense, ASEAN and Southeast Asia will be one and the same, just as the founders had envisioned.



  1. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations ________.

A. consists of some Western nations

B. was established by the Philippines

C. was founded on 8 August 1967

D. was established by the Minister of the Department of Foreign Affairs of Thailand



  1. The pronoun it in the first paragraph refers to ________.

A. the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

B. the most successful inter-governmental organization

C. Bangkok

D. the ASEAN Declaration



  1. Which adjective can be used to describe the Association of Southeast Asian Nations?

A. successful B. illegal C. nongovernmental D. developing

  1. Which does not belong to the purpose and aim of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations?

A. friendship B. destruction C. creation D. cooperation

  1. Up to 1997 how many countries there have been in ASEAN?

A. 5 B. 6 C. 8 D. 10

Passage 7

The 22nd SEA Games, hosted this year by Vietnam, has joined the international movement to rid sports of tobacco. For the first time, the regional sporting event will be tobacco-free under a landmark cooperative agreement signed in April 2003 between the World Health Organization (WHO), the 22nd SEA Games Organizing Committee and the Vietnamese Ministry of Health. Hanoi Health Department has organized a press seminar to celebrate and raise awareness about the tobacco-free SEA Games.

The 22nd SEA Games is the first games hosted by Vietnam and 10 countries from the Southeast Asian region with nearly 8,000 athletes and coaches will participate. It will be the first tobacco-free international sporting event in Vietnam, joining other international tobacco-free sporting events such as the FIFA World Cup 2002, and the Winter Olympic Games 2002.

The 22nd SEA Games will ban all sales, advertising and other promotion of tobacco products, and restricts smoking in all Games venues. The aim is to protect spectators, athletes, event staff, media and other visitors from the serious health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke, as well as to change public attitudes about the social acceptability of smoking.

Madame Pascale Brudon, WHO Representative in Vietnam, stated, "Vietnam has established 3 years ago a comprehensive, ambitious national tobacco control policy and a national tobacco control program. The tobacco-free 22nd SEA Games will be yet another area where Vietnam is leading the way for other countries in the region and the world in protecting its citizens from the debilitating and disastrous consequences of tobacco use."

WHO has provided funding and technical assistance to the SEA Games Organizing Committee and Vietnamese Ministry of Health to train of over 4,000 SEA Games organizers and volunteers on the implementation of the tobacco-free policy. An international team of trainers from the Ministry of Health, International Organization for Good Temper (lOGT), WHO and International Development Enterprises (IDE) began a series of national training workshops for volunteers in April, 2003.

The tobacco-free SEA Games are an inspiration and a model for other sport events, big and small, not only in Vietnam but also in the Southeast Asian and Western Pacific Region.


  1. In the 22nd SEA Games _______.

A. there will be the attendance of athletes from the World Health Organization

B. smoking is not allowed

C. smoking is only for the leader, not any athletes

D. is held by the Vietnamese Ministry of Health



  1. According to the text, _______.

A. Vietnam has ever organized several tobacco-free sport events before the 22nd SEA Games

B. the tobacco-free SEA Games in Vietnam has not been approved by any world organizations

C. the tobacco-free SEA Games is not announced to newspapers and magazines

D. the tobacco-free SEA Games in Vietnam has been encouraged and supported by many world organizations



  1. According to the third paragraph, _______.

A. tobacco companies can have an advertising campaign during the SEA Games

B. second-hand tobacco smoke cannot cause any harm to the athletes in the 22nd SEA Games

C. cigarettes are not allowed to sell in the 22nd SEA Games venues

D. everyone can buy cigarettes in the 22nd SEA Games venues except the athletes



  1. One of the aims of the tobacco-free SEA Games is

A. to sell more and more tobacco during the event

B. to change public attitudes about the social acceptability of smoking

C. to reduce the production of tobacco

D. to help athletes to solve the problems of the serious health hazards



  1. Which sentence is not true?

A. Vietnam itself has to pay a lot for the volunteers on the implementation of the tobacco-free policy.

B. The tobacco-free SEA Games in Vietnam get great support from several world organizations

C. The tobacco-free SEA Games is considered a model for other sport events.

D. There are national training workshops for volunteers in April, 2003 for the tobacco-free SEA Games.



Passage 8

Viet Nam officially became a full member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) on July 28, 1995. Since then, Viet Nam has worked together with other ASEAN member countries to reinforce regional cooperation and made great contributions to maintaining peace, stability and reconciliation in the region.

In the past years in the ASEAN, Viet Nam has reaped many successes in all social and economic fields. The country has gradually restructured its administrative apparatus to suit a market economy and to integrate into the international community. Viet Nam has made a good impression on ASEAN countries with its achievements in economic development especially in hunger eradication and poverty alleviation. ASEAN countries' investment into Viet Nam has also increased sharply. With a high economic growth rate averaging seven percent each year, Vietnam has been able to decrease economic gap slightly with Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Brunei.

In addition, Viet Nam actively works to integrate culturally and socially with the Southeast Asian region while preserving its own cultural features. Thirteen is not a long period for such an important political event but what has been achieved in relations between Viet Nam and the association is creating splendid prospect for the future.


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