Ôn tập kiểm tra hkii anh văN 9 tenses cách nhận biết các thì



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ÔN TẬP KIỂM TRA HKII ANH VĂN 9

TENSES - CÁCH NHẬN BIẾT CÁC THÌ

1/ THÌ HIỆN TẠI ĐƠN (Present simple tense)

(+ ) S + V1/s/es …

(-) S + don’t / doesn’t + V1 …

(?) Do/ Does + S + V1 …?

Dấu hiệu: always, often, frequently, usually, sometimes, seldom, rarely, every day/ week/ month/ year …..




2/ THÌ HIỆN TẠI TIẾP DIỄN: (Present progressive tense )

(+) S + am / is/ are + V-ing …

(-) S + am / is/ are + not + V-ing…

(?) Am / Is / Are + S + V-ing …?



Dấu hiệu: now, at present, at / for the moment/ right now/ at this time.

+ Listen!, Look! , Be quiet!






3/ THÌ QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN (Past simple tense)

(+) S + V2/ed

(-) S + didn’t + V1 …

(?) Did + S + V1…?

Dấu hiệu: ago, yesterday, last night/ week/ month/ year, in 2009




4/ THÌ QUÁ KHỨ TIẾP DIỄN: (Past progressive tense )

(+) S + was / were + V-ing …

(-) S + was / were + not + V-ing…

(?) Was / Were + S + V-ing …?

Dấu hiệu: at that moment, at that time, at this time yesterday / last night

@ Các cấu trúc câu thường gặp:

* S + was/ were + V-ing when + S + V2/ed



When + S + V2/ed, S + was/ were + V-ing

* S+ was/were +V-ing while + S+ was/were +V-ing



While + S+ was/were+V-ing, S + was/were +V-ing




5/ THÌ HIỆN TẠI HOÀN THÀNH (present perfect tense)

(+) S + has/ have + V3/ed

(-) S + hasn’t / haven’t + V3/ed

(?) Has/ Have + S + V3/ed

Dấu hiệu: + already , before, just, since, for ,ever, frequently, many times, never, not … yet, up to present, up to/till now, so far, recently…

@ Notes:

+ Since + mốc thời gian: since last week

+ For + khoảng thời gian: for a week

* S + has/ have + V3/ed + since + S + V2/ed






6/THÌ HIỆN TẠI HOÀN THÀNH TIẾP DIỄN (Present perfect progressive tense)

(+) S + have/ has + been + V-ing

(-) S + have/ has + not + been + V-ing

(?) Have/ Has + S + been + V-ing ….?

* Dấu hiệu : for, since, for… now






7/ THÌ QUÁ KHỨ HOÀN THÀNH (Past perfect tense)

(+) S + had + V3/ed

(-) S + hadn’t + V3/ed

(?) Had + S + V3/ed

Dấu hiệu: after , before, as soon as, by the time, when.

@ Các cấu trúc câu thường gặp:

*S + V2/ed + AFTER + S + had + V3/ed



*AFTER + S + had + V3/ed, S + V2/ed

Ex: They came after the show had started.


* S + V2/ed+ AS SOON AS + s + had + V3/ed
* S + had + V3/ed BEFORE + S + V2/ed

* BEFORE + S + V2/ed, S + had + V3/ed

Ex: The show had started before they came.


* WHEN + S + V2/ed, S + had+ ( already) + V3/ed

Ex: When they came, the show had already started.






8/ THÌ TƯƠNG LAI ĐƠN (Future simple tense)

(+) S + will + V (inf)…

(-) S + won’t + V1…

(?) Will + S + V1…?

Dấu hiệu: tomorrow, someday, next week, / month/ year, in 2012….

- Đi sau : Be sure, know, suppose, think,

hope .

CÁC CÁCH BIẾN ĐỔI CÂU

I/ Because

As + S + V + O

Since


Because of

Due to + phrase ( Noun / Gerund )

Owing to

@Dạng 1:
Because + ĐTNX( he, She…) + be + Adj
Because of + TTSH( his, her…) + Noun










Ex: She doesn’t go to school today because she was sick.

She doesn’t go to school today because of her sickness.



@Dạng 2:


Because + TTSH + Noun + be + Adj


Because of + TTSH + Adj + Noun



Ex: He gets good marks because his test is easy.

He gets good marks because of his easy test.



@Dạng 3: Chủ từ ở hai mệnh đề giống nhau


S + V … because + S + V…



S + V … because of + V-ing …




Ex : She went to work late because she got up late.

She went to work late because of getting up late.



@ Dạng 4:


Because + the + Noun + be + Adj


Because of + the + Adj + Noun



EX: We can’t go out because the rain is heavy.

We can’t go out because of the heavy rain.




II/ Although

Though + S + V + O

Even though

( Cách chuyển giống Because ->



Because of )



In spite of

+ phrase

Despite



III/ PASSIVE FORM:

S + V + O

=> S + be + V3/ed …+ by + O

( be sẽ được chia theo thì của đề bài )



IV/ CONDITIONAL SENTENCES: (Câu điều kiện)

@ Type 1 : điều kiện có thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai.


If clause

Main clause

If + S + V1/s/es

To be : am / is / are



S+ will + V1

S+ modal verbs + V1



Ex: If the rice paddies are polluted, the rice plants will die.

If you want to improve your English, we can help you.





@ Type 2: điều kiện không có thật ở hiện tại


If clause

Main clause

If + S + V2/ed

be  were (cho tất cả các ngôi)



S + would + V1

could


should

might


Ex : Long eats too much chocolate, so he is fat.

  • If Long didn’t eat too much chocolate, he wouldn’t be fat.

What would you do if you met an alien from outer space?



*
Unless = If …not
Notes:


Ex: Unless they attended class regularly, they couldn’t understand the lesson.

If they didn’t attend class regularly, they couldn’t understand the lesson.

V/ RELATIVE CLAUSES: who, whom, which, whose, where, when, why


  1. Mệnh đề giới hạn : (Defining clause)


1/ The man is very friendly. He is my teacher.

The man who is my teacher is very friendly.

… noun ( chỉ người ) + who + V + O ……..

2/ The cat is small. The cat is under a table.



The cat which is under a table is small .

...noun ( chỉ vật ) + which + V + O …...



3/ He is an English teacher. I met him last night.

He is an English teacher whom I met last night.

… noun ( chỉ người) + whom + S + V + O …

4/ The book is beautiful. My mother gave me the book last week.



The book which my mother gave me last week is beautiful.

… noun ( chỉ vật ) + which + S + V + O ….

( có thể dùng that để thay thế cho who. whom, which )
5/ The woman is my aunt. Her son is a good student.

The woman whose son is a good student is my aunt.



… noun ( chỉ người / vật ) + whose + N + V + O ……
b. Mệnh đề không giới hạn: : (Non-defining clause)

Ex: 1/ Mary is good at English. She sits next to me.



Mary, who sits next to me, is good at English.

2/ Viet Nam exports rice. Viet Nam is in south - east Asia.



Viet Nam, which is in south - east Asia, exports rice.

…. noun , who / which + V + O , …..

Ex: My Tam is a famous singer. I admire her very much.

My Tam, whom I admire very much, is a famous singer.

…noun , whom / which + S + V + O , ….. …….



( Không dùng that trong mệnh đề không giới hạn )

VI/ REPORTED SPEECH :
- Statements : S + said + S + V2/ed

- Yes- No Question : asked + O

S + wanted to know + if/ whether + S + V 2/ed …

wondered
- Wh Question : S + asked + O + Wh…. S + V2/ed …
- Commands : asked

told


S + requested + O + to V1

advised


VERB FORMS
1/ Gerund: (Danh động từ): Verb - ing

@ Đi sau : avoid enjoy, dislike, like, hate, love, mind, practice, suggest, start, begin , finish.


@ Theo sau các cụm từ như:

+ have a good time + V-ing

+ spend time + V-ing

+ have difficulty / problem / trouble + (in) + V – ing

+ look forward to + V-ing
@ Gerund đứng sau giới từ ( ngoại trừ BUT và EXCEPT)
2/ Động từ nguyên mẩu có “to”:

- Thường được dùng sau một số động từ: ask, choose, decide, demand, hope, intend, learn, prepare, seem, want, wish, would like/ prefer …



- Sau enough / too
3/ Động từ nguyên mẫu không có “to” ( bare infinitive):

- Thường được dùng: sau các động từ tình thái ( modal verbs) như: can, could , may, might , must , have to.

- make, let, help + O + V1

- have + O + V1 (nhờ ai làm gì )

- help + O + V1 / to V1

- had better, would rather + V1



  • Lưu ý: S + would rather + S2 + V2/ed

@ USED TO: đã từng …

Affirmative: S + used to + V 1

Negative: S + didn’t + use to + V 1

Interrogative: Did + S + use to + V 1 ……?
@ BE / GET USED TO + V-ing /noun : quen làm gì

@ S + use + O + to + V1 : dùng để …



    • be used to + V1 : được dùng để …



WORD FORMS

1/ VERB: ( ĐỘNG TỪ )
+ Động từ đứng sau Chủ ngữ:

Ex: He attended this course last week. (attendance)


Tim suggested walking for a while . (suggestion)

2/ NOUN: ( DANH TỪ )
+ Danh từ đứng sau tính từ
+ Danh từ đứng sau tính từ sở hữu (my,your,his,her,their…) và sở hữu cách (Nam’s, … )

+ Danh từ đứng sau : a / an / the/ this/ that/ those/ these

+ Danh từ đứng sau giới từ: of , for , without.…..

+ Danh từ đứng sau: each / some / any / a little / have / make / need / a few / a lot of / many / much / all / every /

+ Danh từ làm chủ ngữ và vị ngữ trong câu:

+ Danh từ đứng sau số đếm và số thứ tự (one, two, three, first, twice, third,…)


3/ ADJECTIVES: (TÍNH TỪ)
+ Tính từ đứng trước danh từ

+ Tính từ đứng sau belinking verbs ( seem, look, feel, become, smell, taste, get …)

+ find

make + O + Adj

keep
+ Tính từ đứng giữa: a/ an/ the/ this/ those/ these/ tính từ sở hữu và danh từ

+ Tính từ đứng giữa: so…..that nếu trước nó là động từ “to be”

+ Tính từ tận cùng là “ing” biểu thị cho bản chất, tính chất và bổ nghĩa cho danh từ chỉ vật.(interesting, boring)

Ex: Liz had an interesting trip to her home village. (interest)


+ Tính từ tận cùng là “ed” biểu thị cho cảm xúc, cảm giác bị động và bổ nghĩa cho danh từ chỉ người (interested, excited, tired …)

EX: The children are interested in picture books. (interest)



4/ ADVERBS: ( TRẠNG TỪ)
+ Đứng sau động từ thường.

+ S + V + Obj + ( very) + Adv

+ Đứng giữa so…..that nếu trước So là động từ thường.

+ Đứng trước Adj

+ Trước V3/ed

EXERCISES

I MULTIPLE CHOICE:

1. You should clear ........... all the trash on the ground before leaving.

A. over B. out C. off D. up

2. Crops are sprayed with .......... to kill insects.

A. fertilizer B. manure C. dung D. pesticide

3. Unless you understand, I .......... explain it again to you.

A. am B. was C. will D. would

4. The teacher suggests that we .............. harder on pronunciation.

A. worked B. working C. should work D. to work

5. In order to keep the school ground tidy and clean, put ........... around the school yard.

A. garbage bins B. garbage cycle

C. garbage box D. trash cans

6. Plastic bags are very hard .......... , they will cause pollution.

A. to appear B. to disappear C. to dissolve D. to go away

7. Everyday trash is collected and taken to the ................

A. yard B. ground C. garbage dump D. trash place

8. We are all slowly destroying the earth by ............ our environment.

A. setting B. polluting C. minimizing D. confining

9. The earth’s natural .......... will run out.

A. sources B. forces C. resources D. courses

10. There is a lot of exhaust fume in the air ; so there is ...........

A. atmosphere dirt B. air pollution

C. air traffic D. atmosphere dust

11. This river is polluted, a lot of fish died and floated on the ……….

A. water line B. water face C. water front D. water surface

12. The local authority should ......... the fish catching by electricity.

A. allow B. permit C. prohibit D. give up

13. We ......... more shade and fresh air if we plant more trees along the streets.

A. had B. will have C. have D. would have

14. I’m ........... that you didn’t phone me about the meeting.

A. disappoint B. disappointed C. disappointing D. appointed

15. If we go on littering, our environment will become seriously ............. .

A. pollute B. polluting C. polluted D. pollutedly

16. We have to get the pipes checked by a .................

A. mechanic B. plumber C. piper D. engineer

17. Don’t forget to turn ............. the lights when you leave the classroom.

A. on B. out C. off D. up

18. ............. energy is much safer than nuclear power.

A. Sun B. Sunny C. Solar D. Sun’s

19. Lighting ............. for 30 percent of our electricity bill.

A. accounts B. makes C. puts D. does

20. If you buy this kind of energy- ..................... bulb and you won’t spend as much money on electricity.

A. using B. saving C. producing D. consuming

21. Scientists are looking for an ..................... way to reduce energy consumption.

A. effect B. effection C. effective D. effectively

22. What can we do to spend less .................. lighting ?

A. in B. on C. about D. of

23. His hobbies are playing soccer ................... collecting stamps.

A. and B. but C. however D. although

24.. I’d love to play volleyball ................ I must complete my homework.

A. since B. moreover C. but D. and

25. They didn’t understand the matter ; ........... , they didn’t ask for her.

A. but B. however C. moreover D. and

26. He got wet ............. he forgot his umbrella.

A. because of B. because C. but D. and

27. We think that Mother’s Day should be celebrated ..............

A. nationhood B. nationwide C. nationality D. nation

28. Passover is celebrated in Israel and by all ........... people.

A. English B. Vietnamese C. Japanese D. Jewish
29. Judy really liked the full-moon festival ............... happened in mid-Fall.

A. which B. who C. whose D. where

30. On Easter Day young children receive .............. or sugar eggs as long as they are good.

A. educational B. interesting C. vegetables D. chocolate

31. The Chinese and the Vietnamese traditionally celebrate .............. New Year’s Day.

A. Calender B. parting C. meeting D. Lunar

32. Last night we came to the show late .............. the traffic was terrible.

A. although B. despite C. and D. Because

33. Do you know the man ............ you met yesterday ?

A. who B. whom C. which D. whose

34. The men and animals ............. you saw on TV were from China.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

35. Tet is a good time when family members .............. apart try to be together.

A. live B. who live C. lived D. who living

36. The Seder is a special meal ............ on the first two nights of Passover by Jewish families.

A. eaten B. eating C. celebrated D. celebrating

37. They live in a house ………………… roof could collapse at any time.

A. that B. its C. whose D. which

38. ........... his good salary, he was not satisfied with his job.

A. In spite of B. Because of C. Despite D. A & C are correct

39. .......... the weather is fine, we will go on a picnic.

A. If B. However C. Although D. Therefore

40. Auld Lang Syne is an old song which is sung on ............

A. Christmas Day B. Father’s Day

C. New Year’s Eve D. Halloween

41. .......... is a sudden violent movement of the earth’s surface.

A. Typhoon B. Tornadoes C. Tidal wave D. Earthquake

42. My children laughed ............. as she watched the funny films .

A. happy B. happily C. unhappy D. unhappiness

43. . According to the weather ............... , it will be rainy tonight.

A. forecast B. forecaster C. forecasted D. forecasting

44. Pompeii was completely ........... in AD 79 by an eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

A. destroyed B. destruction C. construct D. construction

45. The ............. can know when a volcano will erupt nowadays.

A. science B. scientific C. scientists D. scientifically

46. A tropical storm which reaches 120 meters per hour is called a ……….in North and South America.

A. typhoon B. cyclone C. hurricane D. tornado

47. Tornadoes and funnel-shaped storms can suck up anything .......... is in their path.

A. who B. whom C. that D. whose

48. The person ............nominated the most effective activist comes from Nguyen Du Secondary School.

A. who B. is C. who is D. was

49. I can’t hear what you are saying. Can you ............. the radio ?

A. turn on B. turn off C. turn up D. turn over

50. Neil Armstrong, ............. walked on the moon, lived in the USA.

A. which B. whom C. who D. whose
II WORD FORM:

1/ We must learn about keeping the environment ............................... (pollute)

2/ Don’t eat those vegetables. They’re ............................. (poison)

3/ Environmental ............................. is everybody’s responsibility. (protect)

4/ Some ........................... groups have declared a boycott of tourism on the island. (environment)

5/ These ........................ will save money as well as conserving the Earth’s resources. (innovate)

6/ My father hung a lot of colorful .................... lights on the Christmas tree. (electricity)

7/ I must concentrate my ......................... on decorating it today. (energize)

8/ Companies now realize that ............................want products which work effectively and save money.(consume)

9/ Vehicles also account for air .......................... in the cities. (pollute)

10/ The new ............................... has been widely advertised on TV. (produce)

11/ We can protect the environment by .......................air pollution. (reduction)

12/ He is the most ………………activist in the town. (effect)

13/ ................................. is now a serious problem in many countries. (forest)

14/ Mid-August Festival is a ............................... festival for children. (joy)

15/ We often go to the town ........................................ house. (culture)

16/ Easter is a joyful festival which is .................................. in many countries in the world. (celebration)

17. People crowded the streets on ...............................(nation) Day to watch ............................. (color) parades.

18. My father is a ............................ man who is loved by everyone. (consider)

19. Passover of the Jewish people is a festival which celebrates ........................ from slavery. (free)

20.. ......................................... on your new job ! (congratulate)

21. When a ............................... storm reaches 120 kilometers per hour, it is called hurricane. (tropic)

22. There will also be thunderstorms over the ...................... highland. (centre)

23. Such a war would be ............................ for the country. (disaster)

24. The ............................ of earthquakes in the world occur around the “Ring of Fire”. (major)

25. Vietnam is rich in ................................ resources. (nature)

26. We’re having the party in the garden, so I hope it’ll be ..................... (sun)

27. Da Nang will be ........................................ with windy showers. (cloud)

28. These hills were formed by ....................................... eruptions. (volcano)

29. People who exercise ……………are less likely to feel stress. ( regular)

30. ....................., the typhoon didn’t cause any damage to the village. (lucky)

31.The story about UFOs caught the…………… of the whole class. (imagine)

32.There are a lot of……………………….…….places in the world.(interest)

33. For some people UFOs only exist in films for ……………....( entertain)

34. The two teachers have different …………….. of their students.( expect)

35. People are talking about the ………………… circles on the fields in Great Britain. (mystery)

36.Many reports in newspapers talked about the……………………..of UFOs

(appear)


37. She needed only one more stamp to complete her ……………… ( collect)

38.How many spacecraft have …………………….. the moon? (orbital)

39.If you were on board now, you would experience those ……….. things. (marvel)

40.The doctor ………………the patient carefully. (examination)


III/ VERB FORM:

1. Unless you understand, I (explain)________________it again to you.

2. My uncle suggest (eat)__________________in that restaurant.

3. What can you do in your school (minimize)____________ pollution?

4. The best way to reduce garbage is (reuse)___________and recycle things

5. ________________(burn) trash will pollute the air.

6. Tom often (learn) ___________________ his lessons at night.

7. Would you please(tell) __________________me how much it costs?

8. We must stop (use)____________________ dynamite for fish.

9. The last time I(go) ____________________ to Hue was in June.

10. When his son (be) ___________ in the army, I wrote to him once a week.

11. They are always tired, I wish you (not, go)______________to bed so late.

12. She saw an accident while she (wait) ____________for me on this corner yesterday morning .

13. Mr Tan (teach)______________ at this school since he graduated in 2004.

14. Yesterday the police (report) _____________that they captured the thief.

15. My handbag (steal) ___________________ on the bus last week.

16. What _________they (do)_____________when the bell rang last night?

17. I regret (inform) ________________ you about the delay.

18. Where ___________ you (spend) ____________your holiday next week?

19. I never forget what you (just tell) _____________ me.

20. They (prepare) ______________ the Christmas dinner at the moment.

21. You (receive) ________________ any letter from your parents yet?

22. Christopher Columbus (discover)__________________ America more than 400 years ago.

23. He said he (return)__________________ the following day.

24. We (not see)__________________ Mr. Hung since last Sunday.

25. It’s no use ( try) ______________ to persuade him. You won’t succeed.

26. I would rather walk home. It’s not worth (take) ___________ a taxi.

27 She had me (drive)_____________ her to Dalat yesterday.

28. She asked me what I (do)___________ in my living room at that time.

29. I was made _____________ ( answer) all the questions by the teacher.

30. Thousands of people (save).________ because scientists had warned them about the volcanic eruption.

31. We suggest the meat (not eat)_____________ as it smells bad.

32. They are looking forward to (forget)__________________ that war.

33. The house (collapse)______________ suddenly and killed 5 people inside.

34. Susan remembers (see) ___________ her keys on the table yesterday.

35. My father has his car (wash) ________________ twice a week.

36. If my brother (be)______________here now, he would help you.

37. Taxis are difficult (get) _______________ during rush hour.

38. He advised me(not be) _______________ lazy.

39. My car (not repair) ________________yet.

40. If he lived here, he (visit)_______________me more often.
IV. ERROR IDENTIFICATION :

1. Getting enough sleep is important in order not fall asleep in class.

A B C D

2. The Lunar New Year holiday is a festival occur in late January or early February. A B C D



3. The school was built in the village recently.

A B C D


4. The watch given to me by my parents in my 20th birthday was made in Switzerland. A B C D

5. Although she is eating less than usual, but she still seems to be gaining weight. A B C D

6. Her friendliness made him happily.

A B C D


7. Clean air provides us about a healthy supply of oxygen.

A B C D


8. She is not satisfying with her preparation for Tet even though she has

A B C


decorated her house.

D

9. My father is a considerate man is loved not only by his family but also his all friends. A B C



D

10. People drive fastly. That’s why there are so many accidents.

A B C D

11. We’d better hurry, or the train might leaves without us.



A B C D

12. My friend, whom sings Western folk songs very well, can compose songs. A B C D

13. The Australian enjoy Christmas very much because Christmas season is

A B C


in summer.

D

14. Have you already prepared to the disasters ?



A B C D

15. Bring with the raincoat in case it rains.

A B C D

16. Can disasters be predictably for long?

A B C D

17. We should warn them for the storm coming.



A B C D

18. She is listening to the forecast weather on T V.

A B C D

19. What will the weather be alike tomorrow? Ho Chi Minh City and areas to the south will be sunny. A B C D



20. We ought bring along a raincoat. I think it’s going to rain.

A B C D


21. Since it was first invented in 1879, the light bulb became necessary in

A B C


American households.

D

22. During an earthquake, you should be away from heavy furnitures or appliances. A B C



D

23. The typhoon may damage the pipes which supply our home, and there shall be no water. A B C D

24. I turned the computer off by mistake and lose all my work.

A B C D


25. Nowadays with modern equipment scientists can prediction when a

A B C


volcano will erupt.

D

26. The equator is an imaginative line around the middle of the earth.



A B C D

27. The origin of this race is lost in mysterious.

A B C D

28. I haven’t finished to decorate the Christmas tree yet.

A B C D

29. In spite the danger, they managed to cross the river during the night.



A B C D

30. Mount Pinatubo, that is a volcano in the Philippines, erupted in 1991.

A B C D

V. TRUE or FALSE

Passage 1:

The climate of the Earth is always changing. In the past it has altered as a result of natural causes. Nowadays, however, the term “climate change” is generally used when referring to changes in our climate which have been identified since the early part of the 1900’s. These changes have been seen for recent years and are predicted over the next 80 years. People think that their cause is mainly the result of human behavior rather than natural changes in the atmosphere.

The greenhouse effect is one of the important things when we talk about climate change as it relates to the gases which keep the Earth warm. It is the extra greenhouse gases which humans have released and this gas really creates a big problem.

1. Natural changes lead to the change of climate in the past. ______

2. Human behavior doesn’t affect climate change at all. ______

3. Greenhouse gases are naturally released in the atmosphere. ______

4. The greenhouse effect relates to the warmth of the Earth. ______
Passage 2:

Electricity is also used to power many appliances that we have in our homes. Such appliances include television sets, computer, electric fans, irons and many others. The list is simply endless. Modern Man will most probably be lost without electricity.

Electricity is generated at power stations. Two third of the power stations in the world produce electricity by means of turbo generators driven by steam.

1. People use electricity to power many appliances in our homes _____

2. Electricity is generated at solar energy. _____

3. Life will be lost if there is no electricity. _____

4. Turbo generators are driven by steam. _____
Passage 3:

Million of people are taking part in New Year’s celebrations around the world. People around the world celebrate the coming of the New Year. The celebrations include parties and religious observances. Many people take part in special activities which are expected to bring good luck and success in the New Year.

January 1st is a special day for children because they often receive money from their parents. Sending New Year’s greeting cards to each other is another popular tradition. Not all countries celebrate the New Year at the same time. This is because people in different areas have different ways to measure time. Some systems are based on the movement of the moon. Others are based on the position of the sun. Still others are based on both the sun and the moon.

1/ Millions of people take part in the New Year’s celebrations around

the world every year. _____

2/ Many people participate in many special activities to get good luck and success in the New Year. _____

3/ All countries celebrate the New Year at the same time. _____

4/ People base on the movement by the moon to measure time. _____


Passage 4:

Daddy, I am writing this to tell you how much you are missed and loved. I will always remember that day- my wedding day. You were standing there with tears in your eyes while I was walking towards my groom. You gave me a hug, and the feeling that you never wanted to let me go. But at last I had to leave you and start my new life… a moment in time that lasted forever. I now have children. Dad, but I will always be your little girl! Happy Father’s Day.

1. This is a letter written by a daughter to her father. _______

2. The father in the letter is not loved much. _______

3. The man did not let his daughter go at last. _______

4. The writer of this letter hasn’t had any children. _______


Passage 5: Bad weather comes in many different forms. One kind of bad weather is the tornado. It is one of the most destructive storms that we have on the earth.

A tornado is a long cloud which comes down from the sky. It is shaped like a funnel and it consist of wind which whirls around and around extremely fast. In fact, the wind can reach a speed of more than nine hundred kilometers per hour. Weather scientists are unable to know exactly when a tornado will occur. Fortunately, the tornado is not usually very big and it does not last long.

There are about two hundred tornadoes annually in the United States, but in some years there are many more. Tornadoes that occur over water are called waterspouts.

1. One good thing about tornado is that it does not last long. ______

2. Tornadoes over water are called water funnels. ______

3.The annual number of tornadoes in the United States is about one hundred. ______


4. There are about two hundred tornadoes in one year in America. ______

Passage 6:

Many things can cause a flash flood. Generally they are the result of heavy rainfall concentrated over one area. Most flash flooding is caused by slow-moving thunderstorms, thunderstorms that occur repeatedly over the same area, or heavy rains from hurricanes and tropical storms.

Flash flood waters move at very fast speeds. They have the power to move boulders, tear out trees, destroy buildings and collapse bridges. Wall of water can reach heights of 10 to 20 feet and generally carry a huge amount of debris with them. You need to protect yourself by tracking the weather and being alert to danger.

1. A flash flood can be caused by a heavy rainfall concentrated over one area. ______

2. Flash flood waters move at very slow speeds. ______

3. Flash flood can move boulders, destroy buildings and collapse bridges.

______

4. We should check the weather forecast to protect ourselves. ______



VI. GUIDED CLOZED:

Passage 1: Our oceans are becoming (1) _________polluted. Most of this pollution comes from the land, which (2) ___________it comes from people. Firstly, there is raw sewage, which is pumped directly into the sea. Many countries, (3) __________developed and developing, are guilty of doing this. Secondly ships drop about 6 million tons of garbage into the sea each year. Thirdly, there are oil spills from ships. A ship has an accident and oil leaks from the vessel. This not only pollutes the water, but it (4) _________ kills marine life. Next, there are waste materials from factories. (5) _________ proper regulations, factory owners let the waste run directly into the rivers, which then leads to the sea. And finally, oil is washed from the land. This can be the result (6) _________ carelessness or a deliberate dumping of waste.

1. A. extremely B. extreme C. complete D. serious

2. A. says B. means C. mean D. tell

3. A. between B. both C. consist D. with

4. A. some B. the C. an D. also

5. A. With B. Therefore C. Without D. However

6. A. in B. on C. to D. of

Passage 2: We are all slowly destroying the earth. The seas and the rivers are (1) _________ dirty to swim in. There is so much smoke in the air that it is (2) _________ to live in many of the world’s cities. In one well-known city, for example, poisonous gases from cars pollute the air so much that traffic policemen have to (3) ________ oxygen masks.

We have cut down (4)________ many trees that there are now vast areas of wasteland all over the world. As a result, farmers in parts of Africa can’t grow enough to eat .In certain nations in Asia, there is too (5)_______ rice. Moreover, we do not take enough care of the countryside. Wild animals are quickly (6) _________. We must act now before it is too late to do anything about it.

1. A. very B. too C. much D. enough

2. B. enjoyable B. pleasant C. healthy D. unhealthy

3. A. take B. bring C. wear D. carry

4. A. so B. much C. too D. enough

5. A. little B. few C. much D. fewer

6. A. saved B. preserved C. running D. disappearing



Passage 3:

Electricity is the most common form of energy used today. (1)__________ the modern world, (2) ___________is instantly available at the touch of a switch. Electricity has numerous (3) ___________. The most common use of electricity is to provide artificial lighting. (4)_________ factories, electricity is used to (5)__________ the electric motor of machines .In offices, electricity is used to light up the (6)______. It’s also used to operate air-conditioners, computer and many other machines.

1. A. In B. Around C. During D. From

2. A. electricity B. water C. gas D. coal

3. A. ways B. uses C. label D. consumers

4. A. At B. From C. In D. With

5. A. to drive B. drive C. driving D. drove

6. A. office B. workplace C. machine D. tool



Passage 4:

New Year’s Eve is the holiday (1)_________ New Year’s Day, on December 31, the last day of the current day. In modern times, Western countries usually celebrate this day with a party (2) ________ culminates with a group countdown to the midnight hour. Parties, noisemakers, fire crackers and (3) _______champagne are fairly common during this holiday.

Many cities also offer fireworks (4) ________ and other noisy ways to celebrate the holiday. Places like Berlin, Chicago, Edinburgh, Los Angeles, London, New York, Paris, etc are well-known for their New Year’s Eve (5) ________.

New Year’s Eve is becoming more (6) ________ in many developing countries nowadays.

1. A. before B. under C. follow D. during

2. A. it B. when C. which D. who

3. A. throwing B. cooking C. eating D. drinking

4. A. displays B. exhibitions C. explosives D. destructions

5. A. considerations B. presentations

C. organizations D. celebrations

6. A. well-known B. famous C. celebrated D. popular
VII. WRITE:

A. Rewrite the following sentences, using : Despite / In spite of / Although / Though

1. Despite his hard life, he studied very well.

 Though ………………………………………………………………………

2. In spite of living in poverty, they were always admired.

 Although ………………………………………………………………….

3. He took a lot of photographs even though the sky was dark.

 Despite ………………………………………………………………………

4. Although she doesn’t earn much money, she spends like a millionaire.

 In spite of ………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

5. In spite of her illness, my mother never complained.

 Although …………………………………………………………………….

6. Cars cause pollution, but people still want them.

 Although ……………………………………………………………………….

7. The weather was good, but we stayed indoors.

 Despite ………………………………………………………………………

8. In spite of her injured foot, she managed to walk home.

 Although ……………………………………………………………………….

9. Although they were poor, the children seemed happy.

 Despite …………………………………………………………………………

10. Although she was successful, she felt dissatisfied.

 Despite ………………………………………………………………………

11. Although she was ill, she still came to the meeting.

 In spite of ……………………………………………………………………

12. Despite the rain, they went to school.

 Although ………………………………………………………………….

23. Tom will not pass the examination even though he studied well.

 Despite

18. Rex came to the show on the time in spite of the heavy rain.

 Although the



B. Rewrite the following sentences, using : Because / Because of

13. Many people started wearing jeans because they were cheap.

 Many people started wearing jeans because of ………………………………………………………………………………………

14. In the 18th century people loved wearing jean cloth because the material was strong.

 In the 18th century people loved wearing jean cloth because of …………………………………………………………………………………

15. Because the weather has been cold, the crops are late this year.

 Because of ………………………………………………………………….

16. Mr Brown walked slowly because his leg was bad.

 Because of …………………………………………………………………….

17. Uyen looks happy because she had got good marks.

 Uyen looks happy because of ……………………………………………....

18. She went to bed early because of her sickness.

 Because …………………………………………………………………….

19. Two cars can’t pass each other because of the narrow road.

 Because …………………………………………………………………….

20. We spent the whole day in the garden because of lovely weather.

 Because ……………………………………………………………………….

21. She must stay in bed because of her illness.

 Because …………………………………………………………………….

22. He can’t go to school today because of his toothache.

 Because …………………………………………………………………….

23. He broke the vase because he was careless.

 Because of ………………………………………………………………….

24. He left school because his life was hard.

 He left school because of …………………………………………………

1. Because of the heavy rain, we couldn’t go out to eat last night.

 Because

11. He couldn’t go to school because he was very poor.

 Because of

12. Because she behaves well, everybody loves her.

 Because of ………………………………………………………….

8. We like to talk to Mai because of her friendliness and honesty.

 Because

25. She was tired; therefore, she wanted to go home.

 Because

9. Because of the rough sea, the ferry couldn’t sail.

 The rough sea prevented .

11. He couldn’t go to school because he was very poor.

 Because of

12. Because she behaves well, everybody loves her.

 Because of ………………………………………………………….

C. Rewrite the following sentences, using Relative clauses (who, whom, which, whose)

25. Do you know the boy? He wrote this letter.

 …………………………………………………………………………………

26. She gives me the cake. It is made from eggs and milk.

 ……………………………………………………………………………………

27. Have you read the story? It is printed in this magazine.

 ……………………………………………………………………………………

28. The chair is not old. It has a broken leg.

 …………………………………………………………………………………

29. The schoolboy is clever and kind. He has helped me with the work.

 …………………………………………………………………………………

30. Jack is the boy. The teacher punished him yesterday.

 ……………………………………………………………………………………

31. Do you know the girl? They are talking about the girl.

 ……………………………………………………………………………………

32. We don’t know the girl. You met her on the bus.

 ……………………………………………………………………………………

33. Have you seen the bicycle? We bought it yesterday.

 ……………………………………………………………………………………

34. The man lives in a small house. He brought us the fruit.

 …………………………………………………………………………………

35. They don’t want to see the man. His wife made them angry so much.

 …………………………………………………………………………………

36. The match was so boring. You watched it on TV.

 …………………………………………………………………………………

14. I’ve forgotten that actor’s name but he’ s very well-known.

 That actor, ……………………………………………………………

17. The novel is very meaningful. I’ve read it twice.

 The novel

38. That young scientist is working in a laboratory which has a lot of chemicals.

 The laboratory

41. They stayed in a very luxurious hotel last summer.

 The hotel

24. This is the dictionary. I bought it at that bookstore.

 This

26. Brenda is my close friend. She went on holiday with me.



 Brenda,

D. Passive voice

37. They have used that refrigerator for fifteen years.

 That refrigerator ……………………………………………………………..

38. He bought that car yesterday.

 That car …………………………………………………………………………

39. They prepare some banners in the next room.

 Some banners …………………………………………………………………

40. They have washed these clothes with a new detergent.

 These clothes ……………………………………………………………….

41. Someone stole his bicycle yesterday.

 His bicycle ……………………………………………………………………

42. Do they prepare their lessons carefully?

 Are their lessons …………………………………………………………….

43. He finishes his exercises on time.

 His exercises ………………………………………………………………...

44. She was doing her exercises when it began to rain.

 Her exercises ………………………………………………………………..

45. People might use the phone at night.

 The phone ………………………………………………………………….

46. You can’t keep food in that bag.

 Food …………………………………………………………………………

47. The teacher will read the passage three times.

 The passage ………………………………………………………………..

48. You must clean the floor after lunch.

 The floor ……………………………………………………………………..

49. They are going to cover the chairs with a cloth.

 The chairs ……………………………………………………………………

50. They are using animals to plough the fields.

 Animals ………………………………………………………………………

3. People first printed “ The Times” two hundred years ago

 “The times” …………………………………………………………

20. There wasn’t any directory in the telephone box .I was phoning from this box.

 There wasn’t

E/ CONDITIONAL SENTENCES:

4. If she doesn’t work harder, she’ll lose her job.

Unless ………………………………………………………………

5. Reduce the use of energy or you’ll pay more for it.

 If

6. If you go out in the rain without a raincoat, you will catch a bad cold.



 Don’t ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

10. Unless he phones immediately, he won’t get any information.

 If

11. If we use solar energy, we can save natural resources.



 By ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

31. He will only phone if he changes his mind.

 He won’t
F/ REPOTED SPEECH:

61. “I have something to show you now,” he said to me.

 He told me …………………………………………………………………..


  1. “I’m leaving here for Hue tomorrow,” she said.

 She said …………………………………………………………………..

63. “I’ll come with you as soon as I am ready,” Tom said to her.

 Tom said …………………………………………………………………….

64. “I must go now,” the father said to us.

 The father told ……………………………………………………………

32. Ba said “why don’t we stop eating chicken to avoid being infected with bird flu?”

 Ba suggested that chicken ……………………………………………………………………………………. 33/ “Why are you so late, Lan ?” The teacher asked .

 The teacher asked …………………………………………………..................................

“Can you use a computer?”

 She asked me …………………………………………………………….

72. “Do you like French friends?”

 I asked him ………………………………………………………………..

73. “Will you be to France in the future?”

 I asked her …………………………………………………………………

74. “Are you interested in learning foreign languages?”

 She asked him …………………………………………………………….

75. “Why do you come here late?”, she asked me.

 She asked me ……………………………………………………………….

76. “Where do you live, the boy?” asked the man.

 The man asked ………………………………………………………………

77. She asked me, “Why do you have to do this work?”

 She asked me ……………………………………………………………

45. Pete said to Andy: “ Thanks! You’ve helped me a lot”

 Pete thanked

30. “I’m sorry. I can not help you with your thesis,” Nam said to me.

 Nam refused



G/ SUGGESTION:

7. Nam suggests taking a rafting trip this week.

 Nam suggests we

37. Why don’t we check the machine before we use it?

 I suggest the machine
H/ PRESENT PERFECT  SIMPLE PAST

21. I have never been to Paris before.

This is

22. I have never been to Paris before.

This is ……….

33. The last time she went out with him was 9 months ago.

 It is

39. She hasn’t written to him for six month.

 They stopped
I/ WRITE THE SENTENCES AS REQUEST

2. His younger sister studies English very well.

 His younger sister is ……………………………………………….

15. I’m sorry I was rude to you yesterday.

 I apologize ………………………………………………………….

16. We’ll finish our placement test in an hour.

 It’ll

19. You sent me a present. Thank you very much for it

 Thank you

27. I didn’t attend the course last summer and now I regret.

 I wish

29. Order the porter to carry my luggage to the taxi, please.

 Have

34. The children are excited about going to the circus.



 The children are looking

35. The news was so good that she smiled happily.

 It was

36. Peter is proud of being a good computer programmer.

 Peter takes

40. The program was too interesting for any of us to turn the TV off.

 It was

42. Tan continued to work although he was too tired.

 Tan went

43. It is all right if I come to the club with you tonight?

 Would you mind
THE END





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