SÁng kiến kinh nghiệm bồi dưỠng học sinh giỏi tiếng anh



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II. THAØNH LAÄP DANH TÖØ

V-ment

Agree/ agreement: sự đồng ý

Encourage/ encouragement



Enjoy/ enjoyment: sự thích thú

Equip/ equipment: thiết bị



Manage/management:sự quản lí

Move/ movement; sự di chuyển



V- tion

(Sự ...)


Participate/ participation: tham gia

Destroy /destruction: phá huỷ



Illustrate/ illustration: minh hoạ

Instruct/ instruction: hướng dẫn



Compete/ competition: cạnh tranh

Prevent/ prevention: ngăn cản



V-ation

(Sự ...)


Form/ formation: thành lập

Combine/ combination:kết hợp



Determine/ determination:

quyết định



Concentrate/ concentration

tập trung



V- ness

(Sự ...)


Clean/ Cleanness: sự sạch sẽ

Clear/ clearness: sự rõ ràng

Deaf/ deafness: tật điếc

Weak/ weakness: yếu điểm



Dark/ darkness: bóng tối

Great/ greatness: sự to lớn

Happy/ happiness: hạnh phúc

Willing/willingness:sự sẳn lòng



Kind/ kindness: lòng tốt

Lazy/ laziness: sự lười biếng

Sad/ sadness: nỗi buồn

Ready/ readiness: sự sẵn sàng



ADJ-th

True/ truth: sự thật

Long/ length; độ dài



Strong/ strength: sức mạnh

Wide/ width: chiều rộng



Grow/ growth: sự phát triển

Deep/ depth: độ sâu



III. THAØNH LAÄP TÍNH TÖØ

N- y (có ...)

Sun/ sunny: nắng

Rain/ rainy: mưa

Sand/ sandy: cát


Cloud/ cloudy: mây

Wind/ windy : gió

Snow/ snowy: tuyết


Dust/ dusty: bụi

Fog/ foggy: sương mù

Health/ healthy: khoẻ mạnh


N- ly

(có vẻ,


hàng)

Day/ daily: hàng ngày

Week / weekly: hàng tuần Month; yearly: hàng thág /năm



Love/ lovely: đáng yêu

Leisure/ leisurely: thoải mái

Friend/ friendly: thân thiện


Man/ Manly: có vẻ đàn ông

Brother/ brotherly: tình anh em

World/ worldly: thế giới


N-ful/ less

Careful / Careless:

Helpful / helpless



Harmful / harmless

Hopeful / hopeless



Thoughtful / thoughtless

Colorful / colorless



N- ful

(đầy)


Success/ Successful: thcông

Delight/ delightful: thú vị

Power/ powerful: hùng mạnh


Peace/ peaceful: thanh bình

Beauty/ beautiful: đẹp

Pain / painful: đau đớn


Wonder/ wonderful: tuyệt

Truth/ truthful: chân thật

Waste/ wasteful: hoang phí


N- less

(không)


Cloudless: không mây

Childless: khônng có con



Speechless: không nói được

Treeless: trụi cây cối



Restless: không nghỉ ngơi

Odorless: không mùi



N – al

(thuộc)


Nature/ natural: thiên nhiên

Industry/ industrial; cônghiệp



Economy/economical: tiết kiệm

History/ historical: lịch sử



Environment/ environmental

Music/ musical: âm nhạc



IV. THÀNH LẬP ĐỘNG TỪ :

N – ize

Symbol/ symbolize: tượng trưng

Apology/ apologize: xin lỗi



Emphasis/ emphasize: nhấn mạnh

Critic/ criticize: phê bình



Drama/ dramatize: đóng kịch

ADJ-en

Weak/ weaken: làm cho yếu

Dark/ darken: bôi đen



Sharp/ sharpen: mài sắc, vót nhọn

Wide/ widen: mở rộng



Weak/ Weaken: làm yếu đi

N – en

Strength/ strengthen: tăng cường

Length/ lengthen: kéo dài




EN-

Rich/ enrich: làm giàu

Large/ enlarge: mở rộng



Sure / ensure: bảo đảm

Close/ enclose: gởi kèm



Danger/ endanger: gây nguy

Courage/ encourage: khuyến khích



N – fy

Beauty/ beautify: làm đẹp

Satisfaction/ satisfy: thoả mãn

Solid/ solidify: làm cho chắc

V. THAØNH LAÄP TRAÏNG TÖØ

ADJ- ly

(1 cách)


Quick/ quickly: nhanh

Beautiful/ beautifully: hay, giỏi



Hurried/ hurriedly: vội

Excited/ excitedly: hào hứng



Surprising / surprisingly

Slow/slowly: chậm



WORD FORM CHART



NOUN

VERB

ADJ

PARTICIPLE

ADV

NOTE

Anger




Angry




Angrily

Giaän

Anxiety




Anxious




Anxiously

Lo laéng

Act/ action/ activity

Act

Active




Actively

Hoaït ñoäng

Amusement

Amuse




Amusing/ed




Vui chôi

Attraction

Attract

Attractive

Attracted

Attractively

Haáp daãn

Beauty

Beautify

Beautiful




Beautifully

Ñeïp

Business




Busy




Busily

Baän vieäc

Care/ ful/ ness

Care

Careful/ less




Carefully/ lessly

Caån thaän

celebration

celebrate

celebrative







Toå chöùc lễ

Center




Central




Centrally

Trung taâm

Collection

Collect

Collective







Thu thaäp

Comfort

Comfort

Comfortable




Comfortably

Tieän nghi

Communication

Communicate

Communicative







Thoâng tin

Curiosity




Curious




Curiously

Toø moø

Danger

Endanger

Dangerous




Dangerously

Nguy hieåm

Death

Die

Dead







Chết

Deafness

Deafen

Deaf







Ñieác

Depth (ñoä saâu)

Deepen (laøm)

Deep




Deeply

Saâu

Dependence

Depend

Dependent







Phuï thuoäc

Difference

Differ

Different




Differently

Khaùc nhau

Difficulty




Difficult




Difficultly

Khoù khaên

Disappointment

Disappoint

Disappointing

Disappointed/ ing

Disappointedly

Thaát voïng

Economy

Economicalize

Economical




Economically

Kinh teá

Electricity




Electrical







Ñieän

Excitement

Excite

exciting

Excited/ ing

Excitingly

Haøo höùng

Explanation

Explain

Explanatory







Giaûi thích

Fascination

Fascinate

Fascinating

Fascinating/ed

Fascinatingly

Loâi cuoán

Friend/ - ship




Friendly







Baïn beø

Fluency




Fluent




Fluently

Troâi chaûy

Harm

Harm (gaây haïi)

Harmful/ less




Harmlully/lessly

Haïi

Happiness




Happy




Happily

Haïnh phuùc

Health




Healthy




Healthily

Maïnh khoeû

History




Historic/ al




Historically

Lòch söû

Information

Inform

Informative







Thoâng tin

Invention

Invent

Inventory







Phaùt minh

Laziness




Lazy




Lazily

Löôøi bieáng

Length

Lengthen

Long







Daøi

Movement

Move

Movable

Moving/ ed




Di chuyeån

Nation/ ality

Nationalize

National







Nöôùc/ quốc tòch

Nature

Naturalize

Natural




Naturally

Töï nhieân

Pleasure

Please

Pleasant




Pleasantly

Vui veû

Pollution

Pollute




Polluted




OÂ nhieãm

Possession

Possess

Possessive




Possessively

Sôû höõu

Practice

Practise

Practical




Practically

Thöïc haønh

Preparation

Prepare

Preparatory







Chuaån bò

Prevention

Prevent

Preventable







Ngaên caûn

Product

Product/ tion



Produce

Productive







Saûn xuaát, saûn phaåm

Protection

Protect

Protective







Baûo veä

Reason

Reason

Reasonable




Reasonably

Lyù do

Science




Scientific




Scientifically

Khoa hoïc

Society

Socialize

Social/ ist




Socially

Xaõ hoäi

Strength

Strengthen

Strong




Strongly

Maïnh

Success

Succeed

Successful




Successfully

Thaønh coâng

Variety

Vary

Various




Variously

Ña daïng

Value

Value

Valuable







Giaù trò

Violence

Violate

Violent




violently

Baïo ñoäng

Warmth

Warn

Warm




Warmly

AÁm aùp

Width

Widen

Wide




Widely

Roäng

Wonder

Wonder

Wonderful




Wonderfully

Kì dieäu


Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets.

1. He is a famous…………………….

(Act)

2. He ....................... for his wrongdoings.

(Apology)

3. He plays soccer …………..............……….………

(Beauty)

4. This is the biggest……………..in the city.

(Build)

5. Bill Gates is a famous ..........................

(Busy)

6. Hoa has a fine …………..............……….……… of stamp.

(Collect)

7. You must ................................. the answer you choose.

(Dark)

8. She welcomes us…………..............……….………

(Deep)

9. There is no …………..............… between my answer and his.

(Differ)

10.We have a lot of …………..............……… in learning English.

(Difficult)

11. Nam is very…………..............……….……… and heavy.

(Economically)

12. I felt very ………….... when I was a member of our school team.

(Excite)

13. The is an…………..............…… football match this afternoon.

(Excite)

14. Her smile is very ............................

(Fascinate)

15. He speaks English ...................................

(Fluency)

16. We are very proud of our………..............……….

(Friend)

17. He turns out to be the………..student in his class.

(Good)

18. He leads his life ...................

(Happy)

19. If you smoke, it is …………..............……….……… to you.

(Harm)

20.He does exercise every morning, so he is very…………..........

(Health)

21. Smoking is bad for your...............................

(Healthily)

22. Her parents’ …………..............……….… makes her very sad.

(Ill)

23. News on TV is very ......................

(Inform)

24. He gets bad grades because of his...................

(Lazily)

25. What is his ............................?

(Nation)

26. Every man loves ................................ beauty.

(Nature)

27. She had a lot of ............................ for Tet.

(Prepare)

28. He runs very..............……….………

(Quick)

29. It is cloudy and .......................... toay.

(Rain)

30. We are interested in .......................... books.

(Read)

31. Ha Long Bay is one of the ........................... of the world.

(Wonderfully)

32. This…………has written many stories for children.

(Write)

33. Water is .......................................

(Color)

34. A large number of ..................... comes to Nha Trang every year.

(Visit)

f) Cho học sinh thực hành sâu về một hiện tượng ngữ pháp : Ví dụ cho học sinh thực hành về Present Perfect Tense

A) Write a suitable sentence using the PRESENT PERFECT TENSE :


  1. Ann’s hair was dirty. Now it’s clean. (wash) ……... Ann has washed her hair………

  2. Tom was 80 kg. Now he’s 70. (lose weight)

  3. Bill played football yesterday. Now he can’t walk; his leg is in plaster. (break)

  4. My sister is looking for her pen. (lose)

  5. Mary is on holiday in France. (go)

  6. Mr. Hill was in Canada last week. He’s back in London now. (be)

  7. Look! Mrs. Smith has got a lot of packages. (buy)

  8. I can’t eat anything now. (eat too much)

  9. Mrs. Jenkins is very tired. (clean / house)

  10. Tony needs a holiday. (work / hard / this year)

B) Use PRESENT PERFECT TENSE after BECAUSE:

Example: She can’t go to the party. (catch a cold)

She can’t go to the party because she has caught a cold.



  1. He can’t walk very fast. (hurt / leg)

  2. I can’t get in. (lose / key)

  3. I know this story very well. (see the film)

  4. I can’t post the letter. (not put / stamp / on it)

  5. He can’t stand up. (eat too much)

  6. They can’t go on holiday. (not save / money)

  7. I know him. (meet him before)

  8. We don’t know how he is. (not hear from him)

  9. He won’t take a cigarette. (give up smoking)

  10. She can’t get in. (he / lock the door)

C) Follow the example and do the same using ALREADY:

Example: Bring the milk in, please.



- I have ALREADY brought it in.

1. You must find the tickets soon. ………………………………………

2. Turn the radio down, please. ………………………………………

3. Tidy your room. ………………………………………

4. Could you post the letters, please? ………………………………………

5. Why don’t you see a doctor? ………………………………………

6. You have a bad cough. I think you should stop smoking ………………...

7. Why don’t you clean your shoes? ………………………………………

8. Brush your teeth, will you? ………………………………………

9. We have guests today. Shall we make a cake? …………………………..

10. We should invite Mary to the party. ……………………………………..

D) Follow the example and do the same using YET:

Example: She has been in the shop. (buy anything)

- She has been in the shop but she hasn’t bought anything YET.


  1. I’ve written to them three times. (not reply)

  2. I’ve asked you again and again. (not do it)

  3. I lent him $10 last month. (not give it back)

  4. He lost his pen a week ago. (not find it)

  5. He borrowed my book last year. (not give it back)

  6. She went to New York six months ago. (not return it)

  7. She gave me $2 a week ago. (not return it)

  8. I finished reading my library books a long time ago. (not change them)

  9. She went to the bus-stop half an hour ago. (the bus / not come)

  10. He’s still studying that lesson. (not learn it)

E) Fill in the blanks with ALREADY or YET:

  1. He hasn’t called us ……………………………… .

  2. They have ………………………………… sent the letter.

  3. John has ……………………………… bought the tickets for the football match.

  4. We have ……………………………….. been to Mexico three times.

  5. You haven’t visited Tokyo ………………………………… .

  6. Has John bought a new car ………………………………….. ?

  7. The plane has …………………………… left.

  8. Has she done it …………………………….. ? No, not ……………… .

  9. A: Haven’t they arrived ………………………………. ?

B: Oh, yes. They have ………………………………… arrived.

  1. Hurry up! The class has ……………………………… started.

  2. Be careful! They have ……………………………… painted the door.

  3. Haven’t you read the book ………………………………. ?

F) Follow the example and do the same using JUST:

Example: he / go out



    1. What has he JUST done?

    2. He has JUST gone out.




  1. She / leave the room

  2. they / watch the news

  3. I / finish homework

  4. he / put on the jacket

  5. she / catch a fish

  6. he / call a taxi

  7. you / write a letter

  8. the girl / burn the cake

  9. the teacher / walk out

  10. the dog / see the cat

  11. Jane / turn the TV off

  12. the boys / eat dinner

G) Put the verbs in the correct tense. Use the SIMPLE PAST or the PRESENT PERFECT:



  1. ………………………Tim ……………………(finish) his work yet?

  2. …………………… he ……………………… (finish) it yesterday?

  3. They ……………………………… (just / go) out.

  4. They ……………………………… (go) out a minute ago.

  5. ………………… Ann ………………… (study) yesterday afternoon?

  6. …………………… you …………………… (send) the letters yet?

  7. …………………… she ……………………… (call) him a week ago?

  8. They ………………………………………. (not / see) the film yet.

  9. The train ……………………………………………… (just / arrive).

  10. ………………………. you ……………… (ever / be) in a TV studio?

  11. …………… you and Tom …………… (enjoy) the party last night?

  12. ………………… you ……………… (not / finish) school last year?

  13. I ………………………(lose) my dictionary. I can’t find it anywhere.

  14. His hair looks short. He ……………………….. (have) a haircut.

  15. When ……………………………………… (he / give up) smoking?

  16. Jane …………………………………… (buy) her car two weeks ago.

  17. My bicycle isn’t here. Somebody …………………………. (take) it.

  18. Why…………………… (Jim / not want) to play tennis last Friday?

  19. The car looks clean. ………….. you ……………….. (wash) it?

  20. When we were on holiday, the weather …………… (be) terrible.

H) Ask questions with HOW LONG:

Example: I am married.



- HOW LONG have you been married?

1. I know Bob. ………………………………

2. Sue and Alan are married. ………………………………

3. George is unemployed. ………………………………

4. Those books are here. ………………………………

5. Mary is at the airport. ………………………………

6. My sister is ill. ………………………………

7. She has got a bad cold. ………………………………

8. Jan has long hair. ………………………………

9. I have a yacht. ………………………………

10.They are in the restaurant. ………………………………

11.My parents are in London. ………………………………

12.The cat is under the table. ………………………………

I) Rewrite the following sentences twice, using SINCE and FOR:

Example: I haven’t seen you. (Christmas / 3 days)

a) I haven’t seen you SINCE Christmas.

b) I haven’t seen you FOR 3 days.


  1. We’ve been here. (an hour / 4 o’clock)

  2. She hasn’t spoken to me. (2 weeks / last week)

  3. They’ve lived in this street. (1970 / a long time)

  4. I haven’t had time to do it. (last Monday / a few days)

  5. We haven’t bought a new one. (ages / many years)

g ) Giáo viên cho học sinh học ngữ pháp và thực hành theo từng chủ đề. Ví dụ 1:


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