ĐỀ CƯƠng ôn tập kiểm tra học kỳ ii– english 8 Năm học: 2017 2018 I. in order to / so as to



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ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP KIỂM TRA HỌC KỲ II– ENGLISH 8

Năm học: 2017 - 2018

I. in order to / so as to

...in order (not) to + V-bare inf : talk about the purpose

...so as (not) to

Ex: He studies English in order/so as to go abroad.

I get up early in order/so as (not) to be late for school.



*Exercise: Combine each pair of sentences into one, using the words given in the brackets

  1. Minh does morning exercises regularly. He wants to be healthy. (so as to)

………………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. You have to wear arm clothes. You won’t catch a cold. (in order to)

…………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. She said nothing. She didn’t want to make him angry. (in order to)

………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. He hurried up to the station. He didn’t want to miss the train. (so as to)

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. She called me last night. She told me her decision ( in order to)

………………………………………………………………………………………….
II -ed / -ing participles (Quá khứ phân từ / Hiện tại phân từ)

  1. -ing participle: (Khi có nghĩa chủ động)

Ex: The man walking up the stairs is Mr. Quang.

  1. -ed participle: (Khi có nghĩa bị động)

Ex: The old lamp made in China is five dollars.

*Exercise: Combine each pair of sentences into one, using the present participle or past participle

  1. The house belongs to my uncle. It is built of wood.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….......

  1. The boy is my neighbour’s son. He is playing in the front yard.

……………………………………………………………………………………………................

  1. The man was taken to the hospital. He was injured in the accident.

………………………………………………………………………………………………............

  1. All the people can speak French and English. They live in this village.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….....

III. …Adjective followed by - an infinitive / a noun clause

( …tính từ + động từ nguyên mẫu có “to” / tính từ + mệnh đề “that”…)



Ex:

- We are going to clean the environment. We are ready  We are ready to clean the environment.

- You are interested in protecting environment. He is delighted.  He is delighted that you are interested in protecting environment.
*Exercise: Combine each pair of sentences into one, using “… adj + V-to inf” or “… adj+ that-clause”


  1. The factory is producing more and more pollution. We are afraid.

....................................................................................................................................................

  1. He didn’t pass the driving test. He was very sad.

..................................................................................................................................................

  1. She is very glad. She becomes a member of the group “Friends of the Earth”

....................................................................................................................................................

  1. He won the first prize in the environmental protection contest. We were surprised.

.....................................................................................................................................................
IV. Compound words (từ ghép)

a) It is a contest in which participants have to make a fire.  It’s a fire-making contest.

b) It is a festival in which people have their bulls fight against each other.  It is a bull-fighting festival.

*Exercise: Rewrite sentences, using compound word

1. Japan is the country which exports lots of cars

.................................................................................................................................................

2. Her father has just bought a machine which is used to wash dishes.

.................................................................................................................................................

3. Our school is going to hold a contest in which students just speak English.

..................................................................................................................................................

4. It is a festival in which participants have to make fire.

.....................................................................................................................................................
V. Reported speech ( Lời nói gián tiếp)

- When the main verb of the sentence is in the past tense, the tense in the reported statement is change



Speaker’s words

Reported statement

will

shall


can

must


present simple

present continuous



would

should

could

had to

past simple

past continuous



- As well as tense changes, other words in directed speech need to be changed when they are reported

Speaker’s words

Reported statement

tomorrow

next week

here

today


tonight

now


this

these




the following day/the day after

the following week/ the week after

there

that day

that night

then/at once

that

those




Ex:

a) ‘I will see you tomorrow’. She said



=> She said she would see me the following day

b) The plumber said to the woman: “You must pay me now”

=> The plumber said to the woman she had to pay him then / at once.

*Indirect questions with if and whether (Câu hỏi gián tiếp với “if” và “whether”)

+ If or whether is used reported questions that do not start with Wh - words

Form: S + asked + (O) + if / whether + S + V



+ Tense changes and some words changes are as shown in reported statements

Ex: a) Phong asked Nhi: “Is Bat Trang pottery in Hai Duong?”

->Phong asked Nhi if /whether Bat Trang pottery was in Hai Duong.

b) He asked me: “Do you like durians?”

->He asked me if/ whether I liked durians.

*Exercise: Put into reported speech


  1. “ I will come back late tonight” He said

.............................................................................................................................................

  1. “I can’t go to the party next Sunday.” He said

............................................................................................................................................

  1. He asked her: “Are you studying English now?”

.............................................................................................................................................

  1. His neighbour asked him: “Do you like living here?”

............................................................................................................................................

  1. She said: “ My brother teaches me Math every day”

.............................................................................................................................................

  1. “We hope it will be rain tomorrow” the farmers said

..............................................................................................................................................
VI. Passive forms (Thể bị động)

1. Present simple tense (hiện tại đơn): S + am/is/are + V3/Ved + ( place + by O + time)



past participle (p.p)

2. Past simple tense (quá khứ đơn): S + was/were + p.p…

3. Present perfect tense (hiện tại hoàn thành): S + have/has + been + p.p…

4. Future simple / Modal verb: (Tương lai đơn/ Động từ khiếm khuyết):



S + will/can/should/must… + be + p.p…

5. Near future (Tương lai gần): S + am/is/are going to + be + p.p…



*Exercise: Put into passive form

  1. We paint the gate once a year.

................................................................................................................................................

  1. They do not teach French in this school.

...........................................................................................................................................

  1. The students have already written their report

................................................................................................................................................

  1. He didn’t sell that valuable painting

...............................................................................................................................................

  1. The form teacher held a class discussion about book report last week

...............................................................................................................................................

  1. You ought to send the letter at once.

..............................................................................................................................................
VII. Requests with

- Would you mind if I + V2/Ved …?

- Do you mind if I + V (bare infinitive) …?

- Would / Do you mind + V-ing? …?



Ex:

  • Would you mind if I took a photo?

  • Do you mind if I take a photo?

  • Would you mind opening the window?

Do you mind

VIII. Verb + to-infinitive

(decide, start, begin, try, want, intent, hope, ask, wish, seem, expect, learn, promise, beg...)

Ex: I was late, so I decided to take a taxi home.
IX. Verb + Gerund /V-ing

(suggest, hate, like, dislike, enjoy, keep, avoid (tránh), mind, prevent, stop, spend...)



Ex: He suggested going out for lunch
X. Question words before to-infinitive

Ex: She told me what to do there during the visit.

She showed me where to get tickets.


XI. Model “will” to make requests, offers and promises…

1) Request (yêu cầu): Will you send me this letter, please?

2) Offer (đề nghị): That bag looks heavy. I will help you with it.

Shall I do the washing up for you?

3) Promise (lời hứa) I promise I will study harder next semester. ( I promise to study...)


XII. Tenses

1. The past progressive (Quá khứ tiếp diễn)

Form: S + were / was + V-ing...

S + wasn’t / weren’t + V-ing...

Was/Were + S + V-ing...?

Use:

* Diễn đạt hành động đang xảy ra tại một thời điểm trong quá khứ ( at 9.00 last night/all day yesterday/from 7a.m to 10a.m yesterday...)

* Diễn đạt một hành động đang xảy ra thì có một hành động khác xảy đến. (thường có “when/ while)

Ex: Hoa was eating when the phone rang.

* Diễn đạt 2 hay nhiều hành động xảy ra song song cùng một lúc (thường có “while”)



Ex: My mother was cooking while my father was doing the washing-up.
2. Progressive tenses with ‘always’ ( thì tiếp diễn với “always”)

- Describe the action happens too often, more often than normal. (Complaint – Lời phàn nàn)



Ex: He’s always working / You are always talking in class
3. Present perfect with “yet” / “ already” ( Hiện tại hoàn thành với “yet” / “already”)

* YET is used in the negative and interrogative sentences, and is often put at the end of the sentences.



(YET được dùng trong câu phủ định và nghi vấn và thường được đặt ở cuối câu)

Ex:

  • I haven’t received any letters from him yet.

  • Has he come home yet?

* ALREADY is used in affirmative sentence, and is often put at the end of the sentences, or between “have/has” and “past participle”, expressing an action happened in the past with indefinite time.

(ALREADY được dùng trong câu khẳng định và thường được đặt ở cuối câu hoặc giữa “ have/has” và “past participle”)



Ex: She has already finished her homework.
A. Multiple Choices

1. The teacher told him ___________ up late.

A. to not stay B. to stay not C. to stay not D. not to stay

2. My father is good at ____________ English.

A. speaking B. spoken C. speak D. to speak

3. - __________ to come and have dinner with us?


    - I’d love to but I’m very busy.

A. Would you mind B. Could you please C. Would you like D. Do you enjoy

4. I am very _____________ in the information you have given me.

A. concerned B. interested C. surprised D. worried

5. Can you tell me where ______________?

A. she does B. does she C. she is D. is she

6. You have to work ____________ for the coming exam.

A. hardly B. more hardly C. more hard D. hard

7. I saw her _____________ the flowers in the garden.

A. watering B. watered C. be watered D. is watering

8. Our children go to the same school ________ theirs.

A. with B. to C. as D. than

9. They had their luggage ___________ by the porter.

A. carry B. carrying C. to carry D. carried

10. I was reading a book when Mary _______ in.

A. came B. comes C. coming D. come

11. __________ have you studied English? - For 3 years.

A. How long B. How much C. How often D. How many

12. We have lived in Nam Dinh ________ over 20 years.

A. in B. for C. from D. since

13. The students are _________ to take part in a beauty contest.

A. excite B. exciting C. excited D. excitedly

14. Presents _________ in colored paper and put under the Christmas tree.

A. are wrapped B. are wrap C. are wraped D. are wrapping

15. Sally is quite keen ________ the idea.

A. in B. for C. of D. on

16. Would you mind ________ on the light?

A. turn B. to turn C. turned D. turning

17. Jack ___________ his homework between 8 pm and 9 pm.

A. did B. was doing C. made D. was making

18. _______ is an area of land between hills or mountains.

A. Valley B. Beach C. Bay D. Island

19. Do you mind ______ I leave early?

A. if B. when C. that D. Ø

20. Try to ______ amount of fat in your diet.

A. reuse B. refill C. reduce D. recycle


B. Rewrite the following sentences, using the given words.

1. Quang said: "New pipes are very expensive".

→ Quang said that

2. Viet Nam is a country that exports rice. (Use Compound word)

→Viet Nam is

3.The children love Santa Claus.

→Santa Claus

4. She asked Nam: "Do you know Great Wall of China?"

→She asked Nam if

5.They will build a new school in my neighborhood.

→A new school

6. "Eiffel Tower is in France." Nga told me.

→Nga told me (that)

7. "I can play the guitar and the piano." Ba said.

→Ba said (that)

8. They made the fire in the traditional way.

→The fire

9. English is taught in this school. (Change into active voice)

→They

10. It is a contest in which participants have to make fire. (Use Compound word)



→ It is a

11. Can I turn on the TV?

→Would you mind

12. They use recycled plastic to make toys and utensils.

→ Recycled plastic

13. The Chinese invented paper in the 2nd century A.D.

→ Paper

14. "My sister likes cooking.", said Nam.

→ Nam said that

15. "Is Ha Long Bay in the Northern Vietnam, Phuong?" asked Mary.

→ Mary asked Phuong whether

16. The young man said, "I have to go to Cairo tomorrow".

The young man
17. Following your directions is difficult.

→ It is


18. He likes swimming and sunbathing.

→He is interested

19. Do you want to visit Ho Chi Minh City?

→ She asked me

20. The cat has broken many bowls and dishes.

→ Many bowls and


C. Reading

R1. Read the following passage and choose the best answers each of the questions.

You (1)_______ be a famous cook to make (2)_______ food! Here is a recipe for a simple, real Chinese vegetable dish that is ready in minutes. Buy some vegetables and oyster sauce from an oriental supermarket. You may even be able to find them in your (3)______ store. Chop the green vegetable, then steam or boil it (4)________ a minute or two until it is cooked but still soft. Now put it on a warm plate and (5)_______ oyster sauce on top of it. Now give it a very short stir, to (6)_______ the sauce in, and try it to make sure the taste is just right. Then give it to your guests (7)________ while it is still hot. You can (8)__________ more sauce at the table, according to taste.

Recipe (n): công thức
Oriental (adj): phương Đông
Oyster sauce (n) : dầu hàu
1. A. shouldn’t B. mustn’t C. don’t have to D. ought not to

2. A. great B. delicious C. good D. all are correct

3. A. near B. nearly C. nearby D. nearer

4. A. on B. at C. for D.of

5. A. take B. pour C. dry D. melt

6. A. mix B. mixture C. take D. taking

7. A. recently B. lately C. immediately D. firstly

8. A. wash B. add C. take D. A&B


R2: Read the following passage and choose the item (A, B, C, or D) that best answers each of the questions about it.

   Just a few years ago, this place was called Dumptown. The people living here didn’t think much about where waste went when they threw it out. Things that could be reused or recycled were thrown in the trash, because nobody believed recycling made a difference. And, eventually, that became a very big problem. The garbage heap grew and began to smell. Sometimes it caught fire, and making it hard for everyone to breathe. Dumptowners knew they had to fix it. They learned to reduce the amount of waste they threw away. For example, they learned to reuse things like washing out empty jars instead of throwing them away. And, they learned to recycle. They set up bins around town to collect glass, paper, and other things, then made into new products .


1. The people living in Dumptown________________ .

A. didn’t think much about where the waste went

B. threw things that could be reused or recycled into the trash

C. didn’t believe that recycling could make a difference

D. all are correct

2. Which of the following could replace the word 'trash' in line 2?

A. garbage B. rubbish C. compost D. A & B

3. What were the Dumptown’s problems?

A. The garbage heap smelled.

B. Sometimes the garbage heap caught fire.

C. It was hard for everyone to breathe.

D. all are correct

4. What does the word 'them' in line 7 refer to?

A. the trash B. the garbage heap C. Dumptowners D. empty jars

5. What did they do to solve their problems?

A. They reduced the amount of waste they threw away.

B. They learnt to reuse things.

C. They learnt to recycle.

D. all are correct
R3: Read the text carefully and choose the best option to answer the questions below.

   Ted Robinson has been worried all the week. Last Tuesday he received a letter from the local police. In the letter the police asked him to meet them at the police station. Ted wondered why the police wanted him, but he went to the station yesterday and now he is not worried any more. At the station he was told by a smiling policeman that they found his bicycle. Five days ago, the policeman told him, the bicycle was picked up in a small village four hundred miles away. They are now sending his bicycle to his home by train. Ted was most surprised when he heard the news. He was amused too, because he never expected the bicycle to be found. It was stolen twenty years ago when Ted was a boy of fifteen .


1. Ted was worried because ____________ .

A. He received a letter.

B. He went to police station yesterday.

C.The police would catch him.

D. He didn’t know why the police wanted him.

2. The police who talked to Ted was ___________ .

A. pleasant B. worried C. surprised D. small

3. What did the policeman tell him?

A. His bicycle was lost.

B. His bicycle was found five days ago.

C. He was very surprised.

D. He never expected the bicycle to be found.


4. Why was Ted very surprised when he heard the news?

A. Because his bicycle was stolen 20 years ago.

B. Because his bicycle was found when he was a boy of fifteen.

C. Because the bicycle was sent to him by train.

D. Because he thought he would never find the bicycle.

5. Which of the following statements is not true?

A. The police asked Ted to go to their station.

B. Ted is no longer anxious.

C. The policeman told Ted the good news five days ago.

D. Ted is 35 years old now.


D. Choose the words or phrases that are not correct in standard English.

1. You will be gave a present when you go to the party next Sunday .

2. Miss Blake is one of the represents from Friends of the Earth .

3. They are planting trees by the roadside so that reduce the traffic noise .

4. Do you mind take the book back to the library for me?

5. He often gets up early in order to reviewing lessons before school.

6. The ambulance will be here for about ten minutes.

7. I took off my shoes so as to not make any noise.

8. Shall I to come to the station with you?

9. Nam got up early this morning to going jogging with his friends.

10. Thank you very much to the present you sent me yesterday.
E. Reorder the words to make meaningful sentences.


  1. phone / Would / used / mind / I / you / if / the / ?

  2. wasn't / The / expected / as / film / good / had / as / we / .

  3. characters / is / the / Ben / by / book / the / in / fascinated / .

  4. his / Mark / asked / for / wife / what / she/ liked / her / birthday / .

  5. are/ It / that / Jack / is / Joe/ good / said / friends/ and / .

  6. lessons / father / to / at / me / told / stay / home/ to / learn / my / .

  7. so / food / went / My / market / to / the / mother / as / buy / to / .

  8. go / homework / to / Your / before / done / class / to / be / has / you / .

  9. can / reused / bottles / being / Milk / be / after / cleaned / .

  10. China / made / five / The / lamp / is / old / dollars / in / .


F. Write complete sentences.

  1. You / finish / homework / yet, Ba?

  2. Le's family / sleep / when / the mailman / come

  3. We / delighted / you / interested / protect / environment

  4. The celebration / will / hold / tomorrow

  5. They / play / tennis / at 10:30 / yesterday morning

  6. Eiffel Tower / design / Alexandre Gustave Eiffel / 1889

  7. She / said / her brother / like / learn English

  8. Empty / milk bottles / collect / the milkmen / Britain

  9. Nam / is studying / hard / in order / keep pace / his classmates

  10. She / always / want / improve her English


G. Writing

Write a paragraph about the way how to improve your English.

Write a paragraph about the way how to protect the environment.

Write a paragraph about the way how to protect the environment.

Write a paragraph about the benefits that the competer brings to our life.

Write a paragraph about the trip you like best.





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