1. Introduce

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Chuyển đổi dữ liệu14.05.2024
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Áo dài

1. Introduce.
For many generations, ao dai has become a beauty in Vietnamese culture, an indispensable outfit in important events of the country and people. Ao Dai accentuates the traditional beauty of Vietnamese women and the charm of Asian women. The Ao Dai is the embodiment of the Vietnamese people, a beautiful yet loving beauty, an indispensable part of every Vietnamese woman, a characteristic of a country with patient and resilient women. always have the virtue of sacrifice.
Ao dai is a Westernized modernized outfit from the five-bodied ao dai. Lord Nguyen Phuc Khoat is considered to have invented the five-bodied ao dai - the forerunner of the ao dai. Le Mur painter Nguyen Cat Tuong is the person who shaped the modern shirt into what it is today.The characteristics of this outfit are the tight shape, straight flaps in the front, back and sides. Designers do not apply traditional patterns or traditional jewelry accessories to the Ao Dai.The Ao Dai looks similar to the Shalwar kameez and Kurta costumes of countries belonging to the Indo-Islamic civilization such as India, Pakistan, and Central Asian countries.The classic collar is about 4 to 5 cm high. Nowadays, ao dai collar styles are varied quite diversely, such as heart collars, round necks, U-necks, and the collars are often studded with pearls.
2. History
Ao Dai has evolved over many years and has become a feature of the Vietnamese fashion industry, as well as a political and cultural identity since it first appeared during the Nguyen Dynasty.
a, Up to now, no researcher has been able to accurately determine the history of ao dai and the time of its appearance. According to Chinese people's perception, the ao dai comes from the cheongsam, but the cheongsam has only appeared since 1920 and the ao dai has appeared thousands of years ago. The appearance of ao dai originates from the Giao Lanh ao dai (in 1744) - the most primitive style of Vietnamese ao dai. Ao dai, also known as ao dai, is sewn loose, slit on both sides, has wide wrists, and is heel-length. The body of the shirt is sewn with 4 fabric panels combined with a colored belt and black skirt. This is a cross-neck shirt similar to a four-piece shirt. At this time, King Nguyen Phuc Khoat ascended the throne and ruled the southern region. The north is governed by Lord Trinh in Hanoi, people here wear military uniforms, costumes similar to those of the Han people. In order to differentiate between North and South, King Nguyen Phuc Khoat required all his assistants to wear long pants underneath a silk shirt. This dress combines Han and Champa costumes. Maybe this is the image of the first ao dai.
In terms of structure, Ao dai consists of 5 parts: collar, sleeves, hem, body, and pants. The classic collar is about 4 to 5 cm high, with a V-shaped cutout in front of the neck. This collar style further enhances the beauty of a woman's delicate, white, high neck. Nowadays, Ao Dai collar styles are varied quite diversely such as heart-shaped neck, round neck, U-neck, etc. The body of the shirt is measured from the neck to the waist. The body of the ao dai is sewn to fit tightly, hugging the wearer's body, and the waist is lined with bezels (two bezels on the back body and two bezels on the front body). Ao Dai's buttons are usually press buttons, from the neck diagonally to the shoulders and then down to the hips. When the ao dai was first born, it had five buttons in five fixed positions that both kept the body of the ao dai neat and symbolized the five ways of being human: benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and faith. From the waist, the body of the ao dai is split into two flaps, the slits are on both sides. The ao dai has two flaps: front and back and must be knee-length. The sleeves are measured from the shoulder, sewn close to the arm, without shoulder straps, sewn straight, reaching a little past the wrist. The ao dai is worn with pants instead of the old black dress. Long clothes are sewn to the heel, with wide trouser legs. Ao dai clothes are often made with soft, flowing fabric. The most common color is black. But the current fashion trend is for long clothes to match the color of the shirt.
4, ao dai in artistic
The image of Vietnamese women wearing traditional ao dai has been recorded by many artists, most notably in poetry and music.
- The famous poem about the ao dai can be said to be "Ha Dong Silk Ao Dai" by Nguyen Sa, this poem was set to music into a famous song and was the inspiration for a movie of the same name, with the lines: "It's suddenly cool when I walk in the Saigon sun. Because you're wearing a Ha Dong silk shirt...",….
- When talking about ao dai, people not only think of this as a costume to wear on Tet holidays but also associated with music, when just humming a few lines of song we can imagine a Vietnamese girl with a graceful look. in ao dai. Flexibility and softness are the spirit of artistic patterns that inspire many authors. Among them, the fluttering ao dai conquers so many infatuated hearts, causing the ao dai to appear in many songs. According to the memoir, it was the royal footsteps of Hue's purple-shirted female students that made musician Trinh write the very famous song "White Summer". Trinh Cong Son's song about the ao dai makes the listener have to listen again and again to fully absorb the meaning and beauty of the girl in the ao dai. The ao dai is not simply worn on Tet holidays, but at that time the ao dai also carries the pride of a graceful, graceful and proud Vietnamese woman. The song "Tuoi Ngoc" describes the joy of a girl entering high school, wearing "a shirt like a pink cloud" for the first time…
- The painting "Girl with a lily" is considered the most famous work of artist To Ngoc Van as well as one of the most typical representatives of Vietnamese painting in the early 20th century. Girl with lilies depicts a portrait of a young woman wearing a white ao dai, naturally tilting her head towards a vase of white lilies. The girl's shape and the surrounding details and colors form a simple shape, exuding a lingering, gentle sadness. The lily placed in the vase next to the girl is not the small flower lily commonly used on full moon days but is a lily of the valley or commonly known as lily of the valley.
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