Question 2: A. check B. cheap C. change D. chemistry
Question 3: A. island B. especial C. escape D. isolate
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 4:A. vacancy B. family C. consider D. furniture
Question 5: A. prevention B. implement C. fertilize D. enterprise
MarktheletterA,B,C,orDonyouranswersheettoindicatethecorrectanswertoeachofthe following questions.
Question6: There is no other place near here to get your motorbike _________
A. repaired B. repair C. to repair D. repairing
Question7: My aunt is a wildlife photographer. She _______ in London for many years.
A. have been living B. will live C. has been living D. lives
Question 8:The tourists asked me how _________to Hoan Kiem lake.
A. did they get B. they could get C. would they get D. could they get
Question9:The government travel health advisory body recommends thatpregnant women should “consider _________ travel”to areas where Zika outbreaks are currently reported.
A. to avoid B. avoiding C. being avoided D. avoid
Question 10:____________ your help, I wouldn't have got the scholarship.
A. Had not it been for B. Unless I had C. If I had had D. But for
Question11: The girls and flowers ___________ he painted were vivid.
A. who B. that C. whose D. which
Question 12: The kind-hearted woman _______ all her life to helping the disabled and the poor.
A. worthless B. valueless C. priceless D. meaningless
Question 22: I could hear voices but I couldn’t ________what they were saying.
A. turn up B. bring about C. make out D. try out
Question 23: ____ I am aware, there were no problems during the first six months..
A. As far as B. So much as C. Much more than D. Except that
Question 24: Lan and Mai was taking about their study at school. Choose the most suitable response to fill in the blank in the following exchange.
Mai: “I thought your English skill was a lot better, Lan.”
A. Thank you. I’d love to. B. Yes, please. Just a little.
C. No, thanks. I think I can do it. D. You’ve got to be kidding. I thought it was bad
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word or phrase.
Question 25: Early sailing ships had some disadvantages.
A. losses B. damages C. discomforts D. drawbacks
Question 26: Thesewerethepeoplewhoadvocated usingforceto stop school violence.
A. publiclysupported B. openlycriticized
C. stronglycondemned D. publiclysaid
Question 27: The Olympic Games impressed sports enthusiasts with its spirit: solidarity, cooperation for peace and development.
A. had a favourable effect on B. interested
C. amazed D. created strong relation from.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 28: Cancer is becoming one of the common diseases.
A. ordinary B. universal C. rare D. usual
Question29: When he passes the entrance exam, his parents will be walking on the air.
A. extremely happy B. extremely light
C. feeling extremely airy D. feeling extremely unhappy
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.
The warming of the Pacific Ocean has created weather patterns (30)___ strongly affect the world. When the water is warm, the (31)___ of rainfall in Indonesia and the surrounding regions decreases. Australia could (32)___ experience a drought in many parts. On (33)___ hand, Chile (which borders the Pacific Ocean) is preparing for (34)___ rainstorms. In Pakistan and northwestern India, the weather pattern makes the rainy season weaker and makes the area much drier. This happening is called El Nino and is used (35)___ weather forecasters to make long-range weather predictions. They also know that El Nino will (36)___ unusually heavy rains to the southwestern part of the United States and make the central part of the country drier at the same time. According to research, weather forecasters (37)___ know about the coming weather with certainty. Now everything has become completely different. El Nino itself used to be (38)___. It would occur every two to seven years. But now, this weather pattern is becoming more frequent. We cannot say when and how often tornadoes or cyclones occur. Scientists are unsure of the reason for this (39)___ on a global scale either.
Question 30: A. that B. when C. what D. whether
Question 31: A. figure B. number C. deal D. amount
Question 32: A. nevertheless B. ever C. however D. even
Question 33: A. the other B. another C. other D. others
Question 34: A. strict B. severe C. cruel D. angry
Question 35: A. to B. by C. on D. at
Question 36: A. fetch B. bring C. carry D. take
Question 37: A. get used to B. are used to C. used to be D. used to
Question 38: A. remarkable B. notable C. incredible D. predictable
Question 39: A. transfer B. shift C. change D. transformation
MarktheletterA,B,C,orDonyouranswersheettoshowtheunderlinedpartthatneeds correction in each of the following questions.
Question40: The number of women earning Master's Degrees have risen sharply in recent years.
A B C D
Question 41:Traditionally, Americans and Asians have had very different ideas about love and married.
A B C D
Question 42: It was in 2006 when she got married to a well-known movie star.
A B C D
Question43: Chicago’s Sears Tower, now the taller building in the world, rises 1,522 feet from the
A B C
ground to the top of its antenna.
Question 44: Tom likes to gossip about other people, so he doesn’t like them to gossip about him.
A B C D Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
LEVEL OF VOCABULARY
Most languages have several levels of vocabulary that may be used by the same speakers. In English, at least three have been identified and described.
Standard usage includes those words and expressions understood, used, and accepted by a majority of the speakers of a language in any situation regardless of the level of formality. As such, these words and expression are well defined and listed in standard dictionaries. Colloquialisms, on the other hand, are familiar words and idioms that are understood by almost all speakers of a language and used in informal speed or writing, but not considered acceptable for more formal situations. Almost all idiomatic expressions are colloquial language. Slang, refers to words and expressions understood by a large number of speakers but not accepted as appropriate formal usage by the majority.
Colloquial expressions and even slang may be found in standard dictionaries but will be so identified. Both colloquial usage and slang are more common in speech than writing. Colloquial speech often passes into standard speech. Some slang also passes into standard speech, but other slang expressions enjoy momentary popularity followed by obscurity. In some cases, the majority never accepts certain slang phrases but nevertheless retains them in their collective memories. Every generation seems to require its own set of words to describe familiar objects and events.
It has been pointed out by a number of linguists that three cultural conditions are necessary for the creation of a large body of slang expressions. First, the introduction and acceptance of new objects and situations in the society; second, a diverse population with a large number of subgroups; third, association among the subgroups and the majority population.
Finally, it is worth noting that the terms “standard”, “colloquial”, and “slang” exist only as abstract labels for scholars who study language. Only a tiny number of the speakers of any language will be aware that they are using colloquial or slang expressions. Most speakers of English will, during appropriate situations, select and use three types of expressions.
(Source: TOEFL Reading)
Question 45: The word "appropriate" in line 9 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. old B. large C. important D. correct
Question 46: Which of the following is the main topic of the passage?
A. Standard speech B. Different types of vocabulary
C. Idiomatic phrases D. Dictionary usage
Question 47:The word "obscurity" in line 13 could best be replaced by ________.
A. tolerance B. influence C. qualification D. disappearance
Question 48: How is “slang” defined by the author?
A. Words and phrases accepted by the majority of formal usage.
B. Words or phrases understood by the majority but not found in standard dictionaries.
C. Words or phrases that are understood by a restricted group of speakers.
D. Words or phrases understood by a large number of speakers but not accepted as formal
Question 49: Where in the passage does the author explain where colloquial language and slang are most commonly used?
A. Line 21-23 B. Line 16-17 C. Line 10-11 D. Line 3-4
Question 50:Which of the following is true of standard usage?
C. It is only understood by the upper classes D. It can be used in formal and informal settings
Question 51: The word “them” in line 14 refers to ________.
A. slang phrases B. words C. the majority D. memories
Question 52:The author mentions all of the following as requirements for slang expressions to be created EXCEPT ________.
A. new situations B. a number of linguists
C. interaction among diverse groups D. new generation
Question 53: It can be inferred from the passage that the author ________.
A. does not approve of either slang or colloquial speech in any situation
B. approves of slang and colloquial speech in appropriate situations
C. approves of colloquial speech in some situations, but not slang
D. does not approve of colloquial usage in writing
Question 54: What does the author mean by the statement in line 5-7: "Colloquialisms, on the other hand, are familiar words and idioms that are understood by almost all speakers of a language and used in informal speech or writing, but not considered acceptable for more formal situations."?
A. Informal language contains colloquialisms, which are not found in more formal language.
B. Familiar situations that are experienced by most people are called colloquialisms.
C. Familiar words and phrases are found in both speech and writing in formal settings.
D. Most of the speakers of a language can used both formal and informal speech in their appropriate situations.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the question.
Diseases are a natural part of life on earth. If there were no diseases, the population would grow too quickly, and there would not be enough food or other resources, so in a way, diseases are natural ways of keeping the Earth in balance. But sometimes they spread very quickly and kill large numbers of people. For example, in 1918, an outbreak of the flu spread across the world, killing over 25 million people in only six months. Such terrible outbreaks of a disease are called pandemics.
Pandemics happen when a disease changes in a way that our bodies are not prepared to fight. In 1918, a new type of flu virus appeared. Our bodies had no way to fight this new flu virus, and so it spread very quickly and killed large numbers of people. While there have been many different pandemic diseases throughout history, all of them have a new thing in common.
First, all pandemic diseases spread from one person to another very easily.
Second, while they may kill many people, they generally do not kill people very quickly. A good example of this would be the Marburg virus. The Marburg virus is an extremely infectious disease. In addition, it is deadly. About 70 -80% of all people who get the Marburg virus died from the disease. However, the Marburg virus has not become a pandemic because most people die within three days of getting the disease. This means that the virus does not have enough time to spread a large number of people. The flu virus of 1918, on the other hand, generally took about a week to ten days to kill its victims, so it had more time to spread.
While we may never be able to completely stop pandemics, we can make them less common. Doctors carefully monitor new diseases that they fear could become pandemics. For example, in 2002, and 2003, doctors carefully watched SARS. Their health warnings may have prevented SARS from becoming a pandemic.
(Source: TOEFL Reading)
Question55: According to paragraph 1, how are diseases a natural part of life on Earth?
A. They prevent pandemics B. They help control the population
C. They led the world grow quickly D. They kill too many people
Question56: Based on the information in the passage the term “pandemics” can be explained as ______
A. diseases with no cure
B. a deadly kind of flu
C. diseases that spread quickly and kill large numbers of people
D. new disease like SARS or the Marburg virus
Question57: According to the passage, what causes pandemics?
A. Changes in a disease that body cannot fight
B. Careless doctors who do not watch the spread of disease
C. Population growth that the world cannot support
D. The failure to make new medicines
Question58: According to the passage, all of the following are true of the 1918 flu pandemic EXCEPT that ______