TRƯỜng thcs thpt võ nguyên giáp tổ tiếng anh đỀ CƯƠng ôn tập anh văN 11- hki năm họC 2017- 2018 unit 1: friendship



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TRƯỜNG THCS _ THPT VÕ NGUYÊN GIÁP

TỔ TIẾNG ANH

ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP ANH VĂN 11- HKI NĂM HỌC 2017- 2018
UNIT 1: FRIENDSHIP

A. Ly Thuyet:

I. Infinitive with TO and Infinitive without TO

1. Infinitive with TO :

+ is used to express a purpose (chỉ mục đích). Ex : I’m learning English to get a good job.

+ is used after adjectives (sau tính từ) Ex : I’m happy to see you.

+ is used after interrogative pronouns:(sau Wh-words) what, who, where, why, how, ...



Ex : Tell me what to do.

+ is used after indefinite pronouns: (sau các đại từ) something, nothing, anybody,…



Ex : He has nothing to do.

+ is used after some verbs: want, need, decide, refuse, offer, hope, fail, agree, tend, plan, arrange, learn, promise, afford, care, manage, attempt, expect, ...



Ex : I want to buy that house.

2. Infinitive without TO (V bare)

+ is used after some verbs : make, let, have ; and see, hear, watch, feel,+ Object + (V bare)



Ex : Nothing can make him cry./ I saw the man get into the car.

+ is used after modal verbs: will, shall, could, can, should, must, may, ….and after: had better, would rather,….

Ex: I must speak to manager. /You should go to bed early. / He cannot do anything but smile.

B. Practice:

* Exercise: Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form:

1. You mustn’t (use) ________ phone in class.

2. I often go to the market ____________ (buy) food.

3. She promised (not be) ____________ there again.

4. I want (see) ____________ the house where our president was born.

5. He told me (try) ___________ (come) __________ early.

6. You’d better ______ (be) on time.

7. He always makes me ________ (smile).

8. Would you like ( go ) ________to the cinema now?

9. I wish to have someone (talk) ________with.

10. I don’t know where (go) ________now.
UNIT 2: PERSONAL EXPERIENCES

A. Ly Thuyet:

I. Tenses

1. Simple present (Hiện tại đơn):

khẳng định

phủ định

nghi vấn

He / she / it + V-s /es

I / You / We/ They +V



He / she / it + doesn’t + V

I / You / We / They +don’t + V



Does + he / she / it +V?

Do + I / you / we / they +V?



  • Trạng từ thường gặp: usually, often, always, sometimes, as a rule, normally, ever, never…

Ex: My father usually gets up at 5. a.m

2. Simple past (Quá khứ đơn)

khẳng định

phủ định

nghi vấn

S+ V-ed / V2

S+ didn’t + V

Did + S + V?

  • Trạng từ thường gặp : yesterday, ago, last….

Ex : - I went to Ho Chi Minh city three days ago.

3. Past continuous (Quá khứ tiếp diễn) : S+ was/ were + Ving

Ex: - I was watching TV at 5 p.m. yesterday.

- When he came, we were doing our homework at 7a.m yesterday morning.



4. Past perfect (Quá khứ hoàn thành) S+ had + PP

  • Use: Diễn tả hành động xảy ra và hoàn thành trước 1 hành động khác ở quá khứ.

S + V2 / didn’t + Vinf + after + S + had + Vpp

S + had + Vpp + before + S + V2 / didn’t + Vinf



- By the time

- When + Vsimple past, S + had + Vpp

- Until

B. Practice:

1. I (see) __________ her last year.

2. I (do) _____________ my homework at 7 p.m. yesterday.

3. Before she (watch)___________ TV, she (wash) _____________ her clothes.

4. The light (go) __________ out while we (have) _____________ dinner.

5. As we (cross) ___________ the street, we (see) ____________ an accident.

6. Before Alice (go) ___________ to sleep, she (call) ___________ her family.

7. The bell (ring) ____________ while Tom (take) ___________ a bath.

8. Daisy (agree) ____________ with other members in the last meeting.

9. She (win) ___________the gold medal in 1986.

10. I (be) ___________ very tired because I (work) ___________ all day yesterday.

11. While my father (read) __________ a newspaper, I (learn) __________ my lesson and my sister (do) _________ her homework at 7 p.m. yesterday.

12. What __________you (do) ___________ yesterday?

13. Yesterday when she (come) to his house, I __________ (do) my homework.

14. David (be) ____________ born after his father (die) _____________.

15. After John _________ (wash) his clothes, he began to study.


UNIT 3: PARTY

A. Ly Thuyet:

1. INFINITIVE AND GERUND

1.1 Verbs followed by To-inf:

V + (O) + To-inf

- decide - expect - try / attempt - would like / love - agree - advise

- tend - ask / want - refuse - intend - be willing - fail

- desire / wish - order / require - demand - hope - tend - hesitate

Ex: I expect to meet him tomorrow.



1.2. Verbs followed by the gerund

V + (O) + V-ing

- avoid - mind - appreciate - practise - consider - finish

- deny - delay / - miss - enjoy - keep - dislike/ hate / detest



* Expressions:

- look forward to - be worth - can’t help / bear / stand - be accustomed to

- There’s no point in - be busy - It’s no good / use - be / get used to

* Adj phrase with preposition + V-ing

Ex: He is good at solving mathematical problems



2. PASSIVE INFINITIVE AND GERUND

2.1. Examples:
- She expects to be invited to Minh’s birthday party.

V to be + PP

- She enjoys being invited to Minh’s birthday party.



V being + PP

2.2. Form:

1 Passive infinitive:

To be + Past Participle

2 Passive gerund:

Being + Past Participle

B. Practice:

Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct form: gerund or infinitive.

1. He tried (explain) but she refused (listen) .

2. At dinner she annoyed me by (smoke) between two courses.

3. He avoided _______________ (see), so he wore a big false bear.

4. Would you mind (show) ________________me how (work) the lift?

5. He enjoyed (invite)______________ to her wedding party.

6. He didn’t want ______________ (see) by Mary at the airport.
UNIT 4: VOLUNTEER WORK

A. Ly Thuyet:

GERUND AND PRESENT PARTICIPLE: (Danh động từ và hiện tại phân từ)




V - ING
1. Form:

2. Use

a. To form continuous tenses.+ Example: She is reading book now.

b. As adjectives + Example:  I love the noise of falling rain.

c. Present participle is used after verbs of sensation (see, hear, smell, feel, listen to, notice, watch…).

+ Example:  I see him passing my house everyday.

d. Present participle is used after verbs: catch, find, leave + Object.



+ Example:  I caught them stealing my money.

e. Present participle is used after verbs: go, come, spend, waste, be busy.

+ Example:  Tom is busy practising for the school concert.

PERFECT GERUND AND PERFECT PARTICIPLE ( Danh động từ hoàn thành và phân từ hoàn thành)




Having + Past Participle
1. Form

2. Use

2.1 Perfect gerund:

a. is used instead of the present gerund form when we are referring to a past action.( đề cập đến hành động quá khứ)

+ Example: He was accused of having deserted his ship

b. is fairly usual afterdeny” :

+ Example: He denied having been there.

3.2. Perfect participle:

a. can be used instead of the present participle to replace a main clauses, (when one action is immediately followed by another with the same subject)

b. emphasizes that the first action is complete before the second one starts.( hành động 1 hoàn thành trước hành động 2)

+ Example:  Having finished his homework, Tom watched TV.


B. Practice:

1. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

1/ The boy was accused of…………………… (take) the car.

2/ (Complete)………..……..the book, he had a holiday.

UNIT 6: COMPETITIONS

A. Ly Thuyet:

Reported Speech with gerund

a/ Having object:


S + V + Object + preposition + V-ing


* Verbs: accused …of, congratulate … on, prevent … from, thank … for, warm … against, stop… from.

* Example:- “You are not telling the truth, you are a liar!”

 They accused me of telling lies.



b/ Having no object:

S + V + preposition + V-ing


* Verbs: dream of, approve/ disapprove of, insist on, apologize for, think of, look forward to,

deny, admit,+ V-ING

B. Practice:

Write the following sentences using the words given.

1. “Let’s meet outside the cinema,” he said.

 He suggested………………………………………………. .

2. “You didn’t pay attention to my lesson, Ha”, the teacher said.

 The teacher accused …………………………………………….

3. John spent his own money. I can’t prevent him from that.

 I can’t prevent …………………………………………………

4.”Congratulations! You’ve succeeded in the interview, Kate,’’

 Jane congratulated ………………………………………………

5. “ Thank you for helping me, Mary” he said

 He thanked …………………………………………………..
UNIT 7: WORLD POPULATION

A. Ly Thuyet:

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (CÂU ĐIỀU KIỆN)

1. Điều kiện loại 1 :

IF CLAUSE (Mệnh đề If)


MAIN CLAUSE (Mệnh đề chính)

If + S + Be am/ is/are

V[-s/es]/ V

don’t / doesn’t + V(inf)



S + will + V(inf)

S + will not + V(inf)

Will + S + V(inf)…?


Unless = if…….not

Ví dụ Unless you study hard, you will fail the exam.

If you don’t study hard, you will fail the exam.

- Sau Unless không được dùng dạng phủ định (Ví dụ: không được viết Unless you don’t write)
2. Điều kiện loại 2, loại 3 :

TYPE

IF CLAUSE (Mệnh đề If)


MAIN CLAUSE (Mệnh đề chính)

II

If + S + Be  were


S + V-ed/2

S + didn’t + V(inf)


S + would / could + V(inf)

S + wouldn’t / couldn’t +V(inf)

Would / Could + S + V(inf)… ?

III


If + S + had + Vpp



S + would / could have + V-ed/3

S + wouldn’t / couldn’t have + V-ed/3

Would / Could + S + have + V-ed/3…?

Điều kiện loại 2 : diễn tả một sự việc không có thật ở hiện tại

Điều kiện loại 3 : diễn tả một sự việc không có thật ở quá khứ

II. CONDITIONAL IN REPORTED SPEECH

Ex: 1.“If I have a lot of money, I’ll build houses for the poor.”, John said.

  • John said if he had a lot of money, he would build houses for the poor.

2. “ If today were Sunday, we wouldn’t go to school” they said to me.

=> They told me if that day were/ had been Sunday, they wouldn’t go/ wouldn’t have gone to school.



B. Practice:

1. Put the verbs into the correct form.

1. If he (eat)____________ all that, he will be ill.

2. If I (know)______________ his address, I’d give it to you.

3. I shouldn’t drink that wine if I (be) ________________ you.

4. If the rain (stop) _______________, I would have gone for a walk.

5. If he had done his homework last night, he (not/get)___________ bad marks now.


2. Change the following conditional sentences into reported speech.

1/ “ If I had any money I’d buy you a drink”, she said to me >……………………………………………

2/ “ If I catch the plane I ‘ll be home by five” he said. >……………………………………………………

3/ “If I have enough time, I will write a letter to you”

Nga said. >…………………………………………

4/ “ If I’d had my mobile yesterday, I could have contacted you,” Tom said>……………………………

5/ “ If I were you, I’d stop smoking” she said to her brother.

>…………………………………………..



3. Rewrite these sentences by using “If”:

1. She will fail in the examination because she is lazy…………………………………………

2. We don’t have holiday because we don’t have any money……………………………………….

3. I don’t know the answer so I can’t tell you………………………………………………………..

4. The little boy couldn’t eat the cake because it was very hot……………………………………….

UNIT 8:

A. Ly Thuyet:

Indefinite pronouns: ( đại từ bất định)

Pronouns one(s), someone, no one, anyone, everyone

- One : thay cho 1 danh từ số ít đã được đề cập ở trước ( nhưng không muốn nhắc lại)

Eg : I don’t like the red shirt; I prefer the blue one.(shirt)



- Ones : thay cho 1 danh từ số nhiều đã được đề cập ở trước.

Eg: Don’t buy the sour oranges. Buy the sweet ones. (oranges)



- Someone (Somebody): thường dùng trong câu khẳng định, có thể dùng trong câu nghi vấn khi người nói muốn nghe câu trả lời ‘yes’

Eg : There’s someone waiting for you in the living room.

Did someone call me last night ? ( - Yes, Jane did.)

- Anyone(Anybody): dùng trong câu phủ định và nghi vấn.

Eg : Have you met anyone like him ?

Don’t tell anyone my secret.

- No one (Nobody) : dùng với động từ khẳng định nhưng ý tưởng của câu mang nghĩa phủ định

Eg: No one likes her stories.



- Everyone (Everybody) : dùng trong câu khẳng định, đề cập đến mọi người hoặc tất cả mọi người (nhưng động từ chia ở số ít)

Eg : Everyone has been already for the game.


Phonetics (ngữ âm)

* CÁCH PHÁT ÂM "S" CUỐI : trong trường hợp danh từ số nhiều nhiều hoặc động từ số ít.

/ s /

Khi đi sau các phụ âm điếc (voiceless consonants): /f/, /k/, /p/, /t/ ,//,/h/

Ex: laughs, walks, cups, cats, tenths; books...



/ iz /

Khi đi sau một phụ âm rít : /z/, /s/, /dz/, / t∫/, / ∫ /, /z/. Hoặc các chữ cái: s, x, z, ch, sh, ce, ge

Ex: washes , kisses , oranges…..



// z /

Không thuộc hai loại trên. Ex: bags , kids , days …


Ngọai lệ: bình thường chữ s phát âm /s/, nhưng có những ngoại lệ cần nhớ:

- Chữ s đọc /z /sau các từ: busy, please, easy, present, desire, music, pleasant, desert, choose, reason, preserve, poison..

-Chữ s đọc /'∫/ sau các từ: sugar, sure



* CÁCH PHÁT ÂM “ –ED” CUỐI : Đây là hình thức Past tense và Past participle:


1. “-ed ” pronounced as / id /: sau / t, d / : Thường sau chữ t, d : .Ex: wanted; decided

2. “-ed ” pronounced as / t /: sau / k, f, p, s, ∫, t∫, h ,/ hoặc chữ p, k, f, th, s, sh, ch :.Ex: asked; stopped; laughed...

3. “-ed ” pronounced as / d /: Trừ 2 trường hợp trên : .Ex: moved; played; raised

Ngọai lệ: Đuôi -ed trong các tính từ sau được phát âm /id/: aged, learned, beloved, blessed, naked,...



*STRESS - Một số quy tắc cơ bản để nhận biết trọng âm

1/ Trọng âm thường ít rơi vào các tiền tố (prefix) và hậu tố (suffix)

ví dụ: dislike, unhappy, uncertain, disappointed, unashamed, forefather. ...

* Ngoại lệ: 'foresight , 'forecast , 'unkeep , 'upland , 'surname , 'subway ....



Dưới đây là vài hậu tố không thay đổi dấu nhấn của từ gốc

V + ment: ag'ree(thoả thuận) =>ag'reement

V + ance: re'sist( chống cự ) =>re'sistance (sự chống cự)


V + er : em'ploy(thuê làm) => em'ployer( chủ lao động)
V + or : in'vent ( phát minh) => in'ventor
V + ar : beg (van xin) => 'beggar( người ăn xin)

V + al : ap'prove( chấp thuận) => ap'proval
V + y : de'liver( giao hàng)=> de'livery( sự giao hàng)
V + age: pack( đóng gói ) => 'package( bưu kiện)
V + ing : under'stand( hiểu) => under'standing
adj + ness : 'bitter ( đắng)=> 'bitterness( nỗi cay đắng)

2/ Nói chung, trọng âm thường rơi vào nguyên âm kép hoặc dài, ít rơi vào nguyên âm ngắn như /∂/ hay /i/

* Ex: a'bandon , 'pleasure , a'ttract , co'rrect , per'fect , in'side , 'sorry , 'rather , pro'duct , for'get , de'sign , en'joy

3/ Một từ hai vần vừa là động từ vừa là danh từ thì

Động từ : trọng âm thường rơi vào âm tiết thứ 2.

Danh từ : trọng âm thường rơi vào âm tiết thứ 1

EX: 'rebell(n), re'bell(v), export, import, increase, object, perfect, permit, present, produce, record, refuse...

* Ngoại lệ : 'promise (n), (v)...

4/ Trọng âm thường rơi vào trước các hậu tố (suffixes) sau đây một vần : -ION, -IC, -IAL , -ICAL, -UAL, -ITY, -IA, -LOGY, -IAN, -IOUS, -EOUS , -IENCE, -IENT, -GRAPHY , -NOMY , -METRY


EX: 'vision, uni'versity, phy'sician, li'brarian, Ca'nadian, Au'stralian, ex'perience, im'patience, edu'cation, a'bility, elec'tricity, bi'ology, psy'chology, Au'stralia, 'Austria, 'Asia, ge'ography, pho'tography, e'ssential, ha'bitual, me'chanical, mathe'matical, po'litical, de'licious, pho'netics, scien'tific, ge'ometry, a'stronomy...


Ngoại Trừ (exceptions): 'lunatic, a'rithmetic, 'politics, 'Arabic, 'television...

5/ Trọng âm rơi vào các vần cuối sau đây: -ADE, -OO, -OON, -EE, -EEN, -EER, -ESE, -AIRE, -SELF, -ETTE, -ESQUE. Ex: bamboo, millionaire, engineer, themselves, saloon, balloon, thirteen, Vietnamese, employee, agree, picturesque, Cartoon, guarantee, kangaroo, typhoon...

*Ngoại lệ : 'centigrade , 'coffee , co'mmittee , 'cukoo , 'teaspoon…

* Word form and word meaning:

1. Nouns: Danh từ thường đứng ở các vị trí sau:


    1. Chủ ngữ của câu ( S )

    2. Sau tính từ hoặc tính từ sở hữu ( adj + N, her/ his/ my/ their/ ‘s ……… + N )

    3. Sau mạo từ: a/ an/ the ( a/ an/ the + adj + noun )

    4. Sau giới từ: ( of, in, on, from, to, about, with...) hoặc từ chỉ số lượng ( a few/ little, some, any, much, most…

2. Adjectives: Tính từ thường đứng ở các vị trí sau:

    1. Trước danh từ, bổ nghiã cho danh từ

    2. Sau động từ “ to be” hoặc động từ “ linking verbs" ( get, seem, keep, make, become, feel ………. )

    3. Sau các cấu trúc: so…. that, enough…, too…. to, dạng so sánh ( more, most, less, as.. as. )

3. Adverbs: Trạng từ thường đứng ở các vị trí sau:

        1. Trước hoặc sau động từ thường: ( S - V …. + adv hoặc S + adv + V …. )

        2. Trước tính từ: ( be, seem … + adv + adj … )

        3. Đầu câu ( sau dấu phẩy ) hoặc cuối câu.

B. Practice:

I. Fill in the blanks with the pronouns: one(s), someone, anyone, no one, or everyone.

1. Nearly ___________on the Internet uses e-mail to communicate with each other.

2. ___________ has left their bag behind.

3. I’ve got some stamps here. Which is the ___________you like?

4. Was there ___________ you knew at the meeting?

5. Goodbye, ___________. I’ll see you next week.

6. There’s ___________at the door.

II. Fill in each blank with an appropriate preposition.

1. Children usually are given 'lucky money' ___________ Tet.



  1. Banh Chung, which is made __________ sticky rice, is one of Tet's special foods.

  2. The New Year is celebrated _______ night _______ January 1.

  3. There are usually a lot of party _______ New Year’s Eve.

  4. Vietnamese people prepare _______ Tet several weeks beforehand.

  5. We decorated our Christmas tree _______ a lot of colored and shiny little bells.

  6. Many people go to the pagoda to pray _______ a happy year.


FURTHER PRACTICE

I. Put out the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

1. A. dinner B. drink C. river D. child

2. A. young B.use C. year D.unhappy

3. A.literacy B. minority C. library D. primary

4. A. family B. father C. market D. party

5. A. chemistry B. children C. schooling D. character

6. A. general B. education C. secondary D. remember

7. A. figure B. sticky C. limit D. excite

8. A. agrarian B. traditional C. population D. popular

9. A. clean B. reach C. peach D. wear

10. A. special B. express C. method D. reward

II. Choose the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words.

1.A. number B. eager C. special D. affair

2. A. feeling B. believe C. ready D. easy

3. A. acquaintance B. interest C. capable D. sympathy

4. A. experience B. embarrass C. floppy D. embrace

5. A. operation B. revision C. education D. population

6. A. opportunity B. competition C. activity D. population

7. A. increase B. figure C. remote D. affect



III. VOCABULARY

1. We should take care of war invalids and family of martyrs.

A. look after B. look into C. look for D. look at

2. Shy people often find it difficult to_______ group discussions.

A. take place in B. take part in C. get on with D. get in

3. A person who has been chosen to speak or vote for someone else on behalf of a group.

A. contestant B. competitor C. examinee D. representative

4. One third of the world’s _______ consumes two thirds of the world resources.

A. people B. men C. population D. human

5. The practice of controlling the number of children a person has, using various methods of contraception is called _______

A. family planning B. birth control C. population D. A & B

6. A special event that people organize to memorize something.

A. birthday B. wedding C. house warning D. celebration

7. Banh Chung is made _______ sticky rice, green beans and fatty pork.

A. of B. from C. with D. by

8. Many people go to the pagoda to _______ for a happy year for themselves and their family.

A. pray B. long C. desire D. ask


  1. Schools need ______ to help children to read and write.

a. volunteers b. pioneers c. engineers d. innovators

10. I looked everywhere but I couldn't find _______ at all.



a. no one b. anyone c. someone d. somebody

11. A person who decides who has won a competition is called a(n) ____________

A. referee B. judge C. investigator D. witness

12. Teenagers often have their ________ who they admire very much.



a. ideals b. admirers c. images. d. idols

13. A: What’s Tet? B: It’s ____ time when Vietnamese people celebrate __ beginning of spring

A. X/ the B. the/ the C. a/ a D. a/ the

14. Good friendship should be based on ________ understanding.

A. give and take B. unselfish C. loyal to D. mutual

15. The population of the world has been ___________ faster and faster.

A. increasing B. decreasing C. falling D. changing
IV. Supply the correct form of the word in bold

1. I’ve never felt so ( embarrass ) ________ in my life!

2. They had a really good chance of winning the national ____________(compete)

3. Over 30,000 ____________ will run in the New York marathon. (compete)

4. We would like to see closer ( cooperate ) ____________.between parents and schools.

5. The work of the charity is funded by ( volunteer ) ____________donations.

6. They went hiking in a ( mountain) ____________region.

7. What’s the ____________(populate) of the world?



* Word form and word meaning:

1. Nouns: Danh từ thường đứng ở các vị trí sau:

    1. Chủ ngữ của câu ( S )

    2. Sau tính từ hoặc tính từ sở hữu ( adj + N, her/ his/ my/ their/ ‘s ……… + N )

    3. Sau mạo từ: a/ an/ the ( a/ an/ the + adj + noun )

    4. Sau giới từ: ( of, in, on, from, to, about, with...) hoặc từ chỉ số lượng ( a few/ little, some, any, much, most…

2. Adjectives: Tính từ thường đứng ở các vị trí sau:

    1. Trước danh từ, bổ nghiã cho danh từ

    2. Sau động từ “ to be” hoặc động từ “ linking verbs" ( get, seem, keep, make, become, feel ………. )

    3. Sau các cấu trúc: so…. that, enough…, too…. to, dạng so sánh ( more, most, less, as.. as. )

3. Adverbs: Trạng từ thường đứng ở các vị trí sau:

        1. Trước hoặc sau động từ thường: ( S - V …. + adv hoặc S + adv + V …. )

        2. Trước tính từ: ( be, seem … + adv + adj … )

        3. Đầu câu ( sau dấu phẩy ) hoặc cuối câu.


V. Reading: units 1-8 ( read carefully)


- - To Tiếng Anh





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