Inthis research work the author tries to make reference to various materials of American literary criticism, but to a certain extent he also holds his own views in evaluating the achievements of American writers and analyzing the literary texts with comparative method.
The work includes ten chapters, three of which are the overview of the historic processes of American literature:
1. The period of American Literary Renaissance from the middle up to the end of 19th century.
American literature in the first half of 20th century.
American literature in the second half of 20th century.
In each of these chapters, there are presentation of the relationship between the social reality, American way of life, American culture and creative activities of American writers. But the main content of these chapters focus on the formation and development of the main artistic trends and movements in each period, in which the author points out the role and achievements of the distinguished American writers as the artistic creators and renovators of American and world literature.
Another seven chapters make an introduction to the lives and literary career of seven great American writers: Herman Melville, Mark Twain, Theodore Dresser, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, John Updike. Though the main content of these chapters focus on some topics of several works of the above mentioned writers:
Moby-Dick, a novel by Melville: Transcendentalist esthetics and the relationship between man and nature; the image of the white whale and symbolic art; the various genres; artistic time and space.
The Adventure of Huck Finn by Mark Twain: Mark Twain’s ambiguity: humor and satire.
Theodore Dresser’s novels: the writer’s creation of artistic space and genres.
The Great Gatsby, a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald: The mixture of lyrical and satirical planes.
Structure of Hemingway’s short stories: The combination of drama, language and events.
The Old Man and the Sea, a novella by Hemingway: poeticism and dramatization of human character and human condition.
The Sound and the Fury, a novel by William Faulkner: The stream of consciousness and the renovation of fiction’s narrative.
The Rabbit is Rich, a novel by John Updike: Instinctive realism and the combination of genres - tragedy, humor and satire.
** This research work could be used as textbook for the students and reference book for postgraduate students.