TÀi liệu tham khảO Ôn thi tốt nghiệp tiếng anh lớP 12 I. Tenses a/ Lý thuyết 1



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EX: 'vision, uni'versity, phy'sician, li'brarian, Ca'nadian, Au'stralian, ex'perience, im'patience, edu'cation, a'bility, elec'tricity, bi'ology, psy'chology, Au'stralia, 'Austria, 'Asia, ge'ography, pho'tography, e'ssential, ha'bitual, me'chanical, mathe'matical, po'litical, de'licious, pho'netics, scien'tific, ge'ometry, a'stronomy...


Ngoại Trừ (exceptions): 'lunatic, a'rithmetic, 'politics, 'Arabic, 'television...

5) Trọng âm rơi vào các vần cuối sau đây: -ADE, -OO, -OON, -EE, -EEN, -EER, -ESE, -AIRE, -SELF, -ETTE, -ESQUE . Ex: bamboo, millionaire, engineer, themselves, saloon, balloon, thirteen, Vietnamese, employee, agree, picturesque, Cartoon, guarantee, kangaroo, typhoon...

*Ngoại lệ : 'centigrade , 'coffee , co'mmittee , 'cukoo , 'teaspoon…

STRESS

1. a. pollute b. contractual c. reject d. marvellous

2. a. mechanic b. military c. apologize d. miraculous

3. a. compulsory b. intensity c. kidding d. invaluable

4. a. nursery b. focus c. delicate d. secure

5. a. curriculum b. kindergarten c. contaminate d.conventional

6. A. apology B. industrial C. Industry D. Disaster.

7. A. interview B. certificate C.applicant D. primary

8. A. certificate B. apartment C. individual D. biology

9. A. scientific B. availlable C. suspicious D. supportive

10. A. especially B. comfortably C. carefully D. possibly

11. A. importance B. subtraction C. algebra D. example

12. A. aspect B. careful C. require D. successful

13. A. terrific B. applicant C. banking D. ignorant

14. A. recognize B. challenge C. symbolize D. Continue

15. A. continent B. belong C. master D. access

16. A. appalling B. ashamed C. November D. architect

17. A. policeman B. cinema C. overcoat D. politics

18. A. competition B. intelligent C. automation D. information

19. A. accountant B. Arabic C. Germany D. chemistry

20. A. attention B. interesting C. influence D. Television

EXERCISES A

I. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.

1. She (not work)…………………., she (swim) ……………….in the river.

2. Why Ann (not wear) ………………..her new dress?

3. You can't see Tom now: he (have) ………………..a bath.

4. He usually (drink) ………. coffee but today he (drink) ……………..tea.

5. – What she (do) …………..in the evenings?

– She usually (play) ……………cards or (watch)……………… TV.

6. She (stand) …..at the bus stop. I asked her what bus she (wait) ……. for.

7. When I arrived , the lecture had already started and the professor (write) ……………. on the overhead projector.

8. I didn't want to meet Paul , so when he entered the room I (leave) ……….

9. He (watch) ……………… TV when the phone rang. Very unwillingly he (turn) ………….. down the sound and (go) ……………… to answer it.

10. – This is my house.

– How long you (live)…………………… here?

– I (live) …………………here since 1970.

11. He (live) ……. in London for two years and then (go) …. to Edinburgh.

12. I (not see) ………………… him for three years. I wonder where he is.

13. I can't go out because I (not finish) ……………… my work.

14. Here are your shoes; I just (clean) ……………………. them.

15. You (have) ……. breakfast yet? – Yes, I (have) …………… it at 8.00.

16. – You (be) ……………… here before?

– Yes, I (spend) ……………. my holidays here last year.


  • You (have) …………………. a good time?

  • No, it never (stop) …………………. raining.

17. – Where you (go) …… for your holidays this year? – I (go)… to Holland.

18. They (get) ………………… married next week.

19. – You (do) …. anything tonight? – Yes, I (go) … to my carpentry class.

20. It (rain)…………………... Look at those clouds.

21. You (have) …………………. time to help me tomorrow?

22. – Did you remember to book seats? – Oh no, I forgot. I (telephone) ……………. for them now.

23. – He has just been taken to hospital with a broken leg.

– I'm sorry to hear that. I (send) ……………… him some grapes.

24. I've hired a typewriter and I (learn) …………………. to type.

25. I see that you have got a loom. You (do) ………….. some weaving?



II. Multiple choices

  1. She................Hanoi last year

A. went B. go C. goes D. is going

  1. Now you ..................from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours

A. are flying B. would fly C. will fly D. can fly

  1. When Carol....................last night, I................my favorite show on television

A. was calling- watched B. called- have watched

C. called- was watching D. had called- watched



  1. By the time next summer, you....................your studies

A. completes B. will complete

C. are completing D. will have completed



  1. Right now, Jim.................the newspaper and Kathy...............dinner

A. reads- has cooked B. is reading- is cooking

C. has read- was cooking D. read- will be cooking



  1. Last night at this time, they.....................the same thing. She.............and he..........the newspaper

A. are doing- is cooking- is reading B. were doing- was cooking- was reading

C. was doing- has cooked- is reading D. had done- was cooking- read



  1. – Hurry up! We’re waiting for you. What’s taking you so long? – I …………….. for an important phone call. Go ahead and leave without me.

A. wait B. will wait C. am waiting D. have waited

  1. – Robert is going to be famous someday. He ………. in three movies already. – I’m sure he’ll be a star.

A. has been appearing B. has appeared C. had appeared D. appeared

  1. – Hello? Alice? This is Jeff. How are you? – Jeff? What a coincidence! I ………….. about you when the phone rang.

A. was just thinking B. just thought

C. have just been thinking D. was just thought



  1. – What …….. about the new simplified tax law? – It’s more confusing than the old one.

A. are you thinking B. do you think

C. have you thought D. have you been thinking



  1. – Why did you buy all this sugar and chocolate? – I ……………a delicious dessert for dinner tonight.

A. make B. will make C. am going to make D. will have made

  1. – Let’s go! What’s taking you so long? – I’ll be there as soon as I …… my keys.

A. found B. will find C. find D. am finding

  1. While I ………………. TV last night, a mouse ran across the floor.

A. watch B. watched C. was watching D. am watching

  1. The earth ……………… on the sun for its heat and light.

A. is depend B. depending C. has depend D. depends

  1. I don’t feel good. I ……………… home from work tomorrow.

A. am staying B. stay C. will have stayed D. stayed

  1. I’ve been in this city for a long time. I …………….. here sixteen years ago.

A. have come B. was coming C. came D. had come

  1. – May I speak to Dr. Paine, please? – I’m sorry, he ……….. a patient at the moment. Can I help you?

A. is seeing B. sees C. has been seeing D. was seeing

  1. – Paul, could you please turn off the stove? The potatoes …….. for at least 30 minutes.

A. are boiling B. have been boiling C. boiling D. were boiling

  1. My family loves this house. It ……….the family home ever since my grandfather built it 60 years ago.

A. was B. has been C. is D. will be

  1. I know you feel bad now, Tommy, but try to put it out of your mind. By the time you’re an adult, you …………. all about it.

A. forget B. will have forgotten C. will forget D. forgot

  1. The little girl started to cry. She ……….. her doll, and no one was able to find it for her.

A. has lost B. had lost C. was losing D. was lost

  1. I..................much of you lately. We..........................three months ago

A. haven’t seen- last meet B. didn’t see- met

C. haven’t seen- have meet D. didn’t see- have met



  1. The Chinese................spaghetti dishes for a long time before Marco Polo................back to Italy

A. made- brought B. have made- brought

C. made- had brought D. had been making- brought



  1. When I arrived at the meeting the first speaker.................speaking and the audience...................

A. just finished- were clapping B. had just finished- had clapped

C. had just finished- were clapping D. just finished- had clapped



  1. He.............................his job last month and then he..................out of work

A. lost- was B. was lost- had been C. has lost- was D. lost- has been

  1. Jane’s eyes burned and her shoulders ached. She ……………. at the computer for five straight hours. Finally, she took a break.

A. is sitting B. has been sitting C. was sitting D. had been sitting

  1. In the last hundred years, travelling.......................much easier and more comfortable

A. become B. has become C. became D. will became

  1. In the 19th century, it.............two or three months to across North America by covered wagon

A. took B. had taken C. had been taken D. was taking

  1. Sam..............to change a light bulb when he................and.........................

A. was trying -slipped- fell B. tried- was slipping- falling

C. had been trying- slipped- was falling D. has tried- slips- falls



  1. In the past, the trip...................very rough and often dangerous, but things..........a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years

A. was- have changed B. is- change

C. had been- will change D. has been- changed



EXERCISES B

Exercise 3: Choose the best answer:

1. When I got home I found that water...............................down the kitchen walls

A. ran B. was running C. has run D. had been running

2. After he.......................his English course, he went to England to continue his study

A. has finish B. had finished C. was finished D. would finish

3. How.........................since we .....................college?

A. are you- left B. were you- left C. have you been- have left D. have you been- left

4. I..................much of you lately. We..........................three months ago

A. haven’t seen- last met B. didn’t see- met C. haven’t seen- have meet D. didn’t see- have met

5. The Chinese.......................spaghetti dishes for a long time before Marco Polo.................back to Italy

A. made- brought B. have made- brought C. made- had brought D. had been making- brought

6. When I arrived at the meeting the first speaker.................speaking and the audience...................

A. just finished- were clapping B. had just finished- had clapped

C. had just finished- were clapping D. just finished- had clapped

7. He.............................his job last month and then he..................out of work

A. lost- was B. was lost- had been C. has lost- was D. lost- has been

8. In the last hundred years, travelling.......................much easier and more comfortable

A. become B. has become C. became D. will became

9. In the 19th century, it.............two or three months to across North America by covered wagon

A. took B. had taken C. had been taken D. was taking

10. In the past, the trip...................very rough and often dangerous, but things..........a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years

A. was- have changed B. is- change C. had been- will change D. has been- changed



Exercise 4: Choose the best answer:

  1. John …………tennis once or twice a week .

  1. usually B. is usually playing C. usually plays D. have usually played

  1. It was noisy next door . Our neighbors ………………….a party .

  1. had B. were having C. had had D. have had

  1. It …………dark . Shall I turn on the light ?

  1. is getting B. get C. got D. has got

  1. Tom: ‘I ………………..for Christine . Do you know where she is ?’

David: ‘She has gone out.’

  1. look B. looked C. am looking D. looks

  1. Nga: ‘What were you doing at 7 o’clock yesterday evening?’

Huong: ‘I …………………….my clothes.’

  1. am ironing B. have ironed C. ironed D. was ironing

  1. Cavin:“Are you ready , Ann ?”

Ann: “ Yes , I …………………………….”

  1. am coming B. come C. came D. have came

  1. Why ……………….at me like that ? What’s the matter ?

  1. do you look B. have you looked C. did you look D. are you looking

  1. I …………along the street when I suddenly heard footsteps behind me .

  1. was walking B. am walking C. walk D. walked

  1. She ……………….German for two years .

  1. has learnt B. is learning C. learn D. learns

  1. The earth ……………….round the Sun .

  1. go B. went C. goes D. has gone

  1. I come from Canada . Where ……………you ……….from ?

  1. do – come B. did – come C. are – coming D. have come

  1. When I last ………………Jane , she ……………..to find a job .

  1. see – trying B. saw – was trying C. have seen – tried D. saw – tried

  1. ………………….you go to the dentist ?

  1. How often are B. How often do C. How often does D. How are

  1. Ann ………………tea very often.

  1. doesn’t drink B. don’t drink C. didn’t drink D. hasn’t drunken

  1. It’s a nice day . I ……………we go out for a walk

  1. suggested B. suggest C. is suggesting D. are suggesting

  1. Now I …………….for what I said about you . It wasn’t true and shouldn’t have said it.

  1. do apologize B. apologized C. was apologized D. apologizing

  1. Tim was tired . He ……………..hard all day.

  1. has been studying B. studies C. studied D. had been studying

  1. Bad driving often ………………….many accidents.

    1. caused B. cause C. causes D. has caused

  1. The Olympic Games …………………every four years

    1. take place B. takes place C. took place D. is taking place

  1. What time ……………..the banks close in Britain ?

    1. do B. does C. did D. can

  1. Look ! That man ……………………..to open the door of your car .

  1. try B. tried C. is trying D. has tried

  1. When I was young , I …………..to be a singer .

  1. want B. was wanting C. wanted D. had wanted

  1. I ……………lots about the job so far .

  1. have learnt B. am learning C. had learnt D. learn

  1. I ………..here at the end of the month .

  1. will leave B. would leave C. would have left D. is leaving

  1. I hope every thing …………………fine

  1. is B. would be C. was D. will be

  1. I …………….my son the money for that last week .

  1. gave B. given C. have given D. was given

  1. Yesterday I passed by Peter’s house , but the front door was closed . He …………….out

  1. went B. must have gone C. has gone D. had gone




  1. Where ……………you at 9.00 last night , Mr Green ?

  1. have been B. were C. will be D. are

  1. I …………the dishwasher on when heard the shot .

  1. am turning B. was turned C. was turning D. turned

  1. There was a time when watching T.V really …………………family entertainment .

  1. were B. was C. had been D. is

  1. Daniel ……………..the bus . It doesn’t run on Sundays .

  1. did not catch B. have not caught

C. had not caught D. couldn’t have caught

  1. We didn’t play well . We ……………..better .

  1. should have played B. should play

C. have played D. have been playing

  1. I think you ……………….pay to park here . I’ll just go and read that notice .

A.will B. would C. must D. can

  1. I think you should have that coat ……………….soon .

  1. cleaned B. being cleaned C. cleaning D. to clean

  1. I’m feeling sick . I ………………so much chocolate last night .

  1. needn’t to eat B. did not eat

C. mustn’t eat D. shouldn’t have eaten

  1. I’m going on holiday on Saturday . This time next week I ……….on a beach in the sea .

  1. will lie B. am lying C. will be lying D. should be lying

  1. Tomorrow I ……………..my grandparents .

  1. am going to visit B. will have visited C. have visited D. visit

  1. When their first child was born , they ……….married for three years .

  1. have been B. had been C. will be D. will have been

  1. She ………………very angry when she knows this .

  1. shall be B. has been C. will have been D. will be

  1. We …………a party last Saturday . It was great – we invited lots of people .

  1. have B. have had C. had D. had had

  1. I was sad when I sold my car . I ……….….it for a very long time .

  1. am running ` B. were running

C. had been running D. have been running

  1. We were extremely tired at the end of the journey . We …….for more than 24 hours .

A.had been traveling B. were traveling C. have traveled D. traveled

  1. The house was very quiet when I got home . Everybody ………………straight to bed .

A.had gone B. have gone C. went D. go

  1. The man sitting next to me on the plane was nervous because he ………………..before .

  1. hasn’t flown B. didn’t fly C. hadn’t flown D. wasn’t flying

  1. ……………a car when they were living in London ?

  1. Have they B. Did they have

C. Were they having D. Have they had

  1. The fire spread through the building quickly but everybody ………………………

  1. manages to escape B. managed to escape C. was escaping D. can escape

  1. There ‘s plenty of time . You ……………………hurry .

  1. don’t have to B. mustn’t C. have not to D. won’t

  1. A few days ago , I ………that Jane …………………for New York .

  1. learn – had left B. learned – had left

C. learned – has left D. learn – will leave

  1. Tom writes very quickly . He’s …………………finished his essays .

  1. already B. been C. for D. yet

  1. How …………have you known each other ?

A. already B. for C. long D. since

  1. He has been selling motorcycles ………………………….

  1. ten years ago B. since ten years C. for last ten years D. for ten years

  1. He fell down when he ……..towards the church .

  1. run B. runs C. was running D. were running

  1. Sorry , I can’t stop now . I …………..to an important appointment

  1. go B. am going C. have gone D. was going

  1. They ……..serving meals by the time we get to the restaurant .

  1. will stop B. stopped C. are stopping D. will have stopped

  1. Mark was listening to music while his sister …………….a book .

  1. read B. reads C. is reading D. was reading

  1. You …………..here for my party , won’t you ?

  1. shall be B. won’t be C. will be D. are going to be

  1. Can you borrow your bike on Monday ? – I’m sorry , but ……………………it

  1. I’ll be using B. used C. use D. have used

  1. There’s no more apples . We …………………..them all .

  1. had eaten B. ate C. eat D. have eaten

  1. She ……………music all day . Now she feels tired .

  1. has been playing B. is playing C. played D. plays

  1. After he ……………the house , he wrote a letter .

  1. cleans B. was cleaning C. had cleaned D. has cleaned

  1. The books , an English dictionary and a chemistry text , …………on the shelf yesterday.

  1. was B. were C. is D. are

  1. There …………..ten people in line already when we arrived .

  1. were B. was C. is D. are

  1. Either of these buses ……………….past the university .

  1. go B. have gone C. gone D. goes

  1. Neither Canada nor Mexico ……………..that citizens of the United States have passports .

  1. requires B. require C. requiring D. to require

  1. The staff ……………in the conference room at the moment .

  1. are meeting B. were meeting C. meet D. is meeting

  1. Mathematics ……………….very interesting to me .

  1. are B. have been C. were D. is

  1. I ……………..to New York three times this year .

  1. have been B. were C. has been D. was

  1. Diana is a wonderful tennis player . She ……….……since she was at high school .

  1. has been practising B. is practising

C. has been practised D. was practised

  1. This is the most difficult class ………………..

A.I’ve never taken B. I’m ever taking

C. I used to take ever since D. I’ve ever taken



  1. By the end of next year, Mr Park …………for this company for 35 years .

  1. will work B. will have worked

C. will be working D. has worked

I don’t care whether ……………….. or not.

A. his coming B. he comes C. does he come D. will he come

72. She listened so attentively that not a word ………………..

A. she missed B. she did miss C. she didn’t miss D. did she miss

73. Helen and Tom _____ each other since they were seven years old.

A. know B. has known C. have known D. knew

74. Harry works all the time. He ________.

A. never relaxes B. relaxes never

C. often relaxes D. relaxes sometimes

75. The last time I _______ swimming was when we were in Spain.

A. has gone B. went C. had gone D. goes

76. How old was Catherine when she ______ to France?.

A. migrated B. migrate C. migrates D. has migrated

77. A: I hope to write my autobiography before I ___. Do you think anyone would read it ?

B: Certainly!

A. died B. die C. have died D. had died

78. While I …………..TV last night, a mouse ran across the floor

A. was watching B. watched C. watch D. am watching

79. It ____________ him three months to be able to run a mile a year ago.

A. takes B. take C. took D. to take

80. World War II ________ out in 1939.

A. break B. will break C. broke D. have broken

Exercise 5 :Choose the underlined word or phrase that must be changed to make sentence correct :

81. After Mrs. Wang had returned to her house from work, she was cooking dinner.

A. returned B. to her house C. from work D. was cooking

82. Debbie, whose father is an excellent tennis player, has been playing tennis since ten years.

A.whose father B.player C. has been D.since

83. Linda has worn her new yellow dress only once since she buys it.

A. worn B.new yellow C. only once D. buys

84.I have seen lots of interesting places when I went on holiday last summer.

A. have seen B. lots C. interesting D. went

85. When my cat heard a noise in the bushes, she stopped moving and listens intently.

A.heard B.moving C.listens D. intently

86. The police arrested the man while he is having dinner in a restaurant.

A.The police B.while C. is having D.in

87. Peter and Wendy first met in 2006, and they are married for three years now.

A.first B. in 2006 C. are D. now

88. The boss laughed when the secretary has told him that she really needed a pay rise.

A.has told B. really C.needed D.pay

89. While I’m shopping in the supermarket, I ran into an old friend who I hadn’t met for five years.

A.I’m shopping B. into an old friend C. hadn’t met D. for five years

90. Last week Mark told me that got very bored with his present job and is looking for a new one.

A.told B. got C. is looking D. new one.




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