Theme 1: phonetics theory a. Consonants



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part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 33: I can’t go out tonight because I have too many work to do.

A B C D

Question 34: Before the 1920s, no women have voted in national elections in the US.

A B C D

Question 35: Driving on the left made my daughter very surprising when she first visited London.

A B C D Question 36: We were told to plan everything very careful before the journey.

A B C D

Question 37: Bella had better to change her study habits if she wants to be admitted to a good college.

A B C D

Read the following passage adapted from the Encyclopedia Britannica 2011 and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 38 to

43.

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), a special program of the United Nations, is devoted to aiding national efforts to improve the health, nutrition, education, and general welfare of children.

UNICEF was created in 1946 to provide relief to children in countries devastated by World War II. After 1950 the fund directed its efforts toward general programs for the improvement of children’s welfare, particularly in less-developed countries and in various emergency situations. The organization’s broader mission was reflected in the name it adopted in 1953, the United Nations

Childrens Fund. UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1965. It is headquartered in

New York City.

UNICEF has concentrated much of its effort in areas in which relatively small expenditures can have a significant impact on the lives of the most disadvantaged children such as the prevention and treatment of diseases. In keeping with this strategy, UNICEF supports immunization programs for childhood diseases and programs to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS; it also provides funding for health services, educational facilities, and other welfare services. Since 1996 UNICEF programs have been guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), which affirms the right of all children to “the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health”. UNICEF’s activities are financed by both government and private contributions.



Question 38: What was the objective of UNICEF when it was created in 1946?

A. to help children in countries devastated by World War II

B. to win the Nobel Prize for Peace

C. to improve the health, nutrition, education of nations

D. to devote to the general welfare of children all over the world

Question 39: When did UNICEF win the Nobel Prize for Peace?

A. In 1946 B. In 1965 C. In 1950 D. In 1953

Question 40: The underlined word It” in paragraph two refers to .

A. the United Nations B. the Nobel Peace Prize

C. UNICEF D. New York

Question 41 Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. The headquarters of UNICEF is in New York City.

B. UNICEF has guided the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

C. UNICEF provides funding for health services and educational facilities.

D. UNICEF stands for the United Nations Children’s Fund.

Question 42: UNICEF receives money from .

A. international corporations B. national and international businesses

C. governments and individuals D. the United Nations organisations

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 43: Would you like to come to my birthday party, Mary?” said Mike.

A. Mike asked Mary if she didn’t like to come to his birthday party.

B. Mike was told to come to Mary’s birthday party.

C. Mike didn’t know that Mary had come to his birthday party.

D. Mike invited Mary to come to his birthday party.

Question 44: You won’t have a seat unless you book in advance.

A. You won’t have a seat if you don’t book in advance.

B. You didn’t have a seat because you didn’t book in advance.

C. You will have a seat if you don’t book in advance.

D. You can’t have a seat although you book in advance.

Question 45: She started working as a teacher of English ten years ago.

A. She had been working as a teacher of English for ten years.

B. She had worked with a teacher of English for ten years.

C. She has worked with a teacher of English for ten years.

D. She has been working as a teacher of English for ten years.

Read the following passage adapted from the Encyclopedia Britannica 2010 and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 46 to 50.

A person who tosses a can or a napkin on the ground is contributing to land pollution. This (46) of pollution mainly involves the depositing on land of solid wastes that cannot be broken down quickly or, in some cases, at all. Heaps of trash are not only unpleasant to look at - they can (47) interfere with the lives of plants and animals.



Land pollution also includes the build-up of (48) chemicals on land. The use of pesticides in farming is a major source of this type of pollution. These chemicals are spread over fields to kill insects, weeds, fungi, or rodents that are a threat to crops. But pesticides harm or (49) other living things too. When they drift with the wind or become absorbed (50) fruits and vegetables, they can become a source of health problems such as cancer and birth defects.

Question 46: A. plan

B. train

C. use

D. type

Question 47: A. so

B. such

C. also

D. too

Question 48: A. poison

B. poisoning

C. poisonous

D. poisonously

Question 49: A. make

B. get

C. help

D. kill

Question 50: A. up

B. on

C. into

D. of

---------- THE END ----------

ĐỀ SỐ 6 ( NĂM 2014)

I. PHẦN TRẮC NGHIỆM (30 câu; 7,5 điểm)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions.

Question 1: A. enough B. laugh C. cough D. high

Question 2: A. bear B. near C. clear D. hear

Question 3: A. rejects B. believes C. maintains D. confides

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 4: It is boring in here. Let’s go ______ else for a change.

A. something B. nothing C. nowhere D. somewhere

Question 5: I woke up when the alarm clock ______.

A. took off B. turned off C. went off D. put off

Question 6: She wrote her essay carefully to avoid ______ mistakes.

A. make B. making C. being made D. to make

Question 7: My students promised that they would hand in their assignments ______.

A. the previous day B. yesterday C. the following day D. tomorrow

Question 8: Jane is a(n) ______ girl so she finds it easy to make friends with other students.

A. sociable B. kind C. honest D. shy

Question 9: This is the supermarket ______ you can buy almost everything.

A. that B. where C. who D. when

Question 10: Scientists have proposed a possible ______ to the problem of global warming.

A. solution B. plan C. result D. effect

Question 11: It is becoming ______ challenging to find a good job nowadays.

A. better and better B. the better C. the more D. more and more

Question 12: We will leave ______ the rain stops.

A. until B. during C. as soon as D. while

Question 13: We are worried ______ the current situation of environmental pollution in our country.

A. of B. on C. about D. at

Question 14: Harry Potter books, which ______ by J.K. Rowling, are very popular with children around the world.

A. were written B. will write C. will be written D. wrote

Question 15: The money that I earn is enough to ______ my family’s basic needs.

A. take B. meet C. see D. give

Question 1: Jack: ‘Can I borrow your notes, please?’ Jill: ‘______’

A. Well done! B. No, thanks. C. Yes, sure. D. Yes, I can.

Question 2: Candidates have to attach their birth ______ to their applications for this position.

A. diplomas B. certificates C. qualifications D. degrees

Question 3: Peter would not have been late for the interview if he ______ the bus.

A. hasn’t missed B. hadn’t missed C. doesn’t miss D. didn’t miss

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 19 to 23.

In Britain, greetings cards are sold in chain stores and supermarkets, in newsagents’ shops, corner shops and, increasingly, in shops that specialize in the sale of cards and paper for wrapping presents in.

The most common cards are birthday and Christmas cards. Many Christmas cards are sold in aid of charity and special ‘charity card shops’ are often set up in temporary premises in the weeks before Christmas. A wide variety of birthday cards is available to cater for different ages and tastes. Some, especially ones for young children or for people celebrating a particular birthday, have the person’s age on the front. Many have comic, often risqué, messages printed on them, and cartoon-style illustrations. Others are more sober, with reproductions of famous paintings or attractive original designs. The usual greeting on a birthday card is ‘Happy Birthday’, ‘Many Happy Returns’ or ‘Best Wishes for a Happy Birthday’.

Some people also send special cards for Easter and New Year. Easter cards either portray images of spring, such as chicks, eggs, lambs, spring flowers, etc, or have a religious theme.

Cards are produced for every ‘milestone’ in a person’s life. There are special cards for an engagement, a marriage, a new home, a birth, success in an examination, retirement, a death in the family, etc. Some are ‘good luck’ or ‘congratulations’ cards. Others, for example ‘get well’ cards for people who are ill, express sympathy.

Question 19: What is the passage mainly about?

A. Greetings Cards B. Birthday Cards C. Christmas Cards D. Easter Cards

Question 20: The word ‘some’ in paragraph 2 refers to ______.

A. young children B. ages and tastes C. card shops D. birthday cards

Question 21: Which of the following is NOT the usual greeting on a birthday card?

A. ‘Best Wishes for a Happy Birthday’ B. ‘Happy Birthday’

C. ‘Good luck’ D. ‘Many Happy Returns’

Question 22: The word ‘milestone’ in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______.

A. a positive view B. a special gift C. an important event D. a convenient way

Question 23: It can be inferred from the passage that ______.

A. greetings cards are used on many different occasions

B. there are few choices of birthday cards

C. greetings cards are not very popular in Britain

D. greetings cards are for children only

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 24 to 28.

Most people today take relatively little general exercise. Over the last 30 or 40 years lifestyles have changed considerably and many people now travel even (24)______ shortest distances by car or bus. Lack of exercise combined with eating too many fatty and sugary foods has meant that many people are becoming too fat. Experts are particularly concerned that children (25)______ a lot of their free time watching television or playing computer games instead of being physically active.

In recent years, however, there has been a growing (26)______ in fitness among young adults and many belong to a sports club or gym. Membership of a sports club or gym can be (27)______ and not everyone can afford the subscription. Local sports centres are generally cheaper. Evening classes are also cheap and offer a wide variety of fitness activities ranging (28)______ yoga to jazz dancing. Some companies now provide sports facilities for their employees or contribute to the cost of joining a gym.

(Extracted from The Oxford Guide to British and American Culture - Oxford Advanced Learner’s Compass)

Question 24: A. the B. an C. one D. a

Question 25: A. make B. take C. get D. spend

Question 26: A. interestingly B. interest C. interesting D. interested

Question 27: A. popular B. easy C. cheap D. expensive

Question 28: A. on B. from C. at D. in

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.

Question 29: We should join hands to make our city green, clean and elegant.

A. work together B. take action C. put together D. make decisions

Question 30: The woman decided to devote herself full-time to social work.

A. determine B. bring C. help D. dedicate

---------------- THE END ----------



PHỤ LỤC: BÀI SOẠN ÔN TẬP MINH HỌA

THEME: RELATIVE CLAUSES

(4 periods)

I. Ojectives

  1. Knowledge

After the lessons, students are able:

+ to use relative pronouns, relative adverbs and relative clauses in appropriate contexts.

+ to do exercises related to this theme.


  1. Skills

Identifying mistakes, eliminating wrong answers in MCQs

II. Method

- Presentation, discussion

- Teacher presents the theory first, then instruct students to do the exercises on their own, then compare their answers in pairs or small groups. Teacher corrects and elicits the answers with the use of projector, overhead projector or extra boards.

- Assign homework for students to do at home and inform them to read the next section in preparation for the next classes.



III. Preparation

  1. Teacher

  • Reference books: English grammar Raymond Murphy, English 11, GCSE tests from 2010 to 2014, -

  • Handouts of the exercises

  • Projector

  • Extra boards of the exercises

  1. Students

IV. Procedure

Period 1

Relative pronouns, relative adverbs, relative clauses

  1. Presentation

  1. Relative pronouns and relative adverbs (10 minutes)

-Teacher presents the use of relative pronouns and relative adverbs

Relative

pronouns

Use

Example

who

Subject/ Object (people)

The man who lives next door is very friendly

He’s the man who I met at Jane’s party.



whom

Object (people)

That’s the woman whom I saw

whose

Possessive ( people/things)

I know the boy whose bike was stolen

John found a cat whose leg was broken



which

Subject/object (things)

That is the bicycle which belongs to Tom

That is the book which I like best



that

Subject/object (people/things)

Anyone that wants to take a good seat should come early.

I don’t like stories that have unhappy endings

The painting that my sister bought is very expensive


Relative adverbs




where

Adverb (place) = in/ on/at which

The hotel where we stayed wasn’t very clean

The hotel at which we stayed wasn’t very clean



when

Adverb (time) = in/on/which

June is the month when many couples get married

June is the month in which many couples get married



why

Adverb (reason) = for which

I don’t know the reason why he has changed his mind

I don’t know the reason for which he has changed his mind



Note:

1. We usually use that (not which) after the following words: all, any(thing), every(thing), few, little, many, much, no(thing), none, some(thing) and after superlatives

It was something that could have happened to anyone.

It was the most difficult exam that I have ever taken

2. If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb, it is a subject pronoun.

The man who is driving this car is Tam’s uncle.

If the relative pronoun is not followed by a verb( but by a noun or a pronoun), it is an object pronoun.



The website that you showed me yesterday is very interesting.

3. When which, that, whom are used as objects in relative clauses, they can be correctly omitted.

He’s the man I met at Jane’s party

That is the book I like best

The painting my sister bought is very expensive

The website you showed me yesterday is very interesting.

B. Practice

    1. Exercise 1 (15 minutes)

  • Teacher gives handouts.

  • Teacher gives instruction: Choose the best option by circling A, B, C or D.

  • Teacher sets the time: 10 minutes

  • Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.

  • Tell students to compare their answers in pairs in they have finished.

  • Teacher asks students to give answer.

  • Teacher asks students to explain their choice and teacher elicits difficult points.

  • Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.



  1. The man ________ spoke to John is my brother.

A. whom B. who C. whose D. which

  1. I come from a city _______ is located in the southern part of the country.

A. who B. whom C. that D. whose

  1. I talked to a woman __________ car had broken down on the way to the party.

A. which B. who C. whose D. whom

  1. Tell me the reason ____________ you were absent yesterday.

A. where B. when C. why D. that

  1. What’s the name of the blonde girl ___________has just come in?

A. who B. whose C. whom D. A & B

  1. He’s the man ___________ people like at first sight.

A. who B. whom C. that D. All are correct

  1. The dress __________ she bought last week doesn’t fit her well.

A. whom B. which C. Ø D. B & C

  1. I apologized to the boy ______ book I borrowed.

A. which B. who C. whom D. whose

  1. I am going to visit the town _____ I was born and grew up.

A. where B. which C. when D. who

  1. The ring ______ is made of gold and diamond.

A. she is wearing it B. he gave it to her C. Linda like D. she is wearing

  1. There was a time __________ dinosaurs dominated the earth.

A. which B. when C. that D. A & B

12. This is the painter__________pictures you admire so much.

A.where B. whose C. who D. which

13. The house_______Shakespeare was born is now open to public.

A. whose b. who C. where D. when

14. This is the supermarket __________you can buy almost everything.

A. that B.where C. who D. when

2. Exercise 2 (8 minutes)


  • Teacher gives handouts.

  • Teacher gives instruction: Choose the underlined part that needs correction to be correct.

  • Teacher sets the time: 5 minutes

  • Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.

  • Teacher asks students to give their answer(s)

  • Teacher asks students to explain their choice.

  • Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.

1. The New Year Day is the day where all my family members gather and enjoy it together.

A B C D


2. The policeman must try to catch those men whom drive dangerously.

A B C D


3. The man whom helped you yesterday is a television reporter.

A B C D


4. The reason what I didn’t come to visit her was that I was ill.

A B C D


5. She is the most beautiful woman whose I have ever met

A B C D


6. The city who I was born is small but nice.

A B C D


3. Exercise 3: Combine the following sentences using relative pronouns (10 minutes)

  • -Teacher gives an example:

My brother works for a company. It makes typewriters.

→ My brother works for a company which/that makes typewriters.

  • Teacher gives instruction: Combine the following sentences using relative pronouns.

  • Teacher sets the time: 6 minutes

  • Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.

  • Teacher asks students to give their answer(s)

  • Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.

1. I was waiting for a man. He didn’t turn up. ( The man…)

2. A girl was injured in the accident. She is now in hospital. (The girl…)

3.We watched a film last night. It was really moving. ( The film….)

4. Romeo and Juliet were lovers. Their parents hated each other

5. Some boys were arrested. They have now been released. (The boys…)

6. Loan is helping a foreigner. The foreigner is from the USA.

7. The bottle was blue. It contained the chemichal

8. I have to do the assignment. It is very difficult. ( The assignment…)



- Answer key

1. The man (who/whom/that/Ø) I was waiting for did not turn up.

2. The girl who was injured in the accident is now in hospital.

3. The film (which/that/Ø) we watched last night was really moving.

4. Romeo and Juliet were lovers whose parents hated each other.

5. The boys who were arrested have now been released.

6. Loan is helping a foreigner who is from the USA.

The foreigner (who/whom/that/Ø) Loan is helping is from the USA.

7. The bottle which contained the chemichal was blue.

8. The assignment (that/ which/Ø) I have to do is very difficult.



C. Homework (2 minutes)

  • - T gives handouts and asks students to do exercise 4, 5 at home.

Esercise 4: Choose the best option by circling the letter A, B, C or D

1. She is the girl ___________ .

A. father is a journalist B. a journalist is her father

C. who a journalist is her father D. whose father is a journalist

2. Do you know the hotel__________ ?

A. at which she is staying B. where she is staying

C. she is staying at D. all are correct

3. Sue lives in a house. The house is opposite my house.

A. Sue lives in a house which is opposite my house.

B. Sue lives in a house who is opposite my house.

C. Sue lives in a house where is opposite my house.

D. Sue lives in a house and which is opposite my house.

4. The table should be repaired. Its legs were broken yesterday.

A. The table which legs were broken yesterday should be repaired

B. The table whose legs were broken yesterday should be repaired.

C. The table of which legs were broken yesterday should be repaired

D. The table legs of whose were broken yesterday should be repaired

5. The restaurant was very modern. We had lunch at the restaurant.

A. The restaurant where we had lunch was very modern.

B. The restaurant which we had lunch was very modern.

C. The restaurant that we had lunch was very modern.

D. The restaurant where we had lunch at was very modern

Exercise 5

1. I enjoyed the book that you told me to read it.

A B C D

2. What is the name of the girl whom has just come in?



A B C D

3. That is the man who he told me the bad news.

A B C D

4. He’s the man that his novel won the Nobel Prize last year



A B C D

5. A person who study science is a scientist

A B C D

6. Have you read the book what I gave you this morning?



A B C D

Period 2: DEFINING AND NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES

I. Correcting homework (8 minutes)

- Teacher asks students to give the answer for exercise 4, 5

- Teacher asks students to explain their choices.

-Teacher gives feedback.



II. New lesson

A. Presentation (10 minutes)

  • Teacher introduces 2 kinds of relative clauses.

1. Identifying and non-identifying relative clauses.

1. Identifying relative clauses.

1. 1. Identifying relative clauses gives information which is essential to the meaning of the sentence. It makes clear which person or thing we are talking about.

The man who lives at number 36 has been arrested

The book that you gave me on my birthday is very interesting



1.2. Cleft sentences: It + be+ noun/ pronoun + identifying relative clauses.

It was Tom who helped us ( not Bill or Jack)

It was Ann that I saw ( not Mary)

With proper noun, that is more usual than who. That is usual for non-personal subjects.



It’s speed that causes accidents, not bad roads.

2. Non- identifying relative clauses gives information which is not essential to the meaning of the sentence.

Non-identifying relative clauses have commas at both ends unless this is also the end of the sentence.

Mr Brown, who lives at number 36, has been arrested.

I’ve invited Linda, who lives in the next flat.

The Hilton hotel, which we stayed at while we were in New York, is expensive.



Note:

a. “that” cannot be used in non-identifying relative clauses.

b. “which” can refer to a whole clause.

He didn’t pass the exam, which surprised all of us.

c. Object pronouns in non-identifying clauses must be used

Nam, who/whom we met yesterday, is my neighbor.

d. In non-identifying relative clauses after numbers, and words like many, most, neither, some, both, several, few, we use of before whom and which.

Her sons, both of whom work abroad, ring her up every week.

I saw several houses, most of which were quite unsuitable.



    1. Relative clause with prepositons

  • Teacher gives some examples

The man who/whom Mary is talking to is Mr Pike.

→ The man to whom Mary is talking is Mr Pike.

The movie they are talking about is very interesting

→The movie about which they are talking is very interesting



Note: Prepositions are normally placed before whom and which.

B. Exercises (25 minutes)

Exercise 1: Choose the best option by circling the letter A, B, C or D. (20 minutes)

  • Teacher gives handouts.

  • Teacher gives instruction: Choose the best option by circling A, B, C or D.

  • Teacher sets the time: 15 minutes

  • Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.

  • Teacher asks students to give answer

  • Teacher asks students to explain their choice.

  • Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.



  1. Jan didn't check she had enough petrol before she left, ........was careless of her.

A. what B. it C. that D. which

  1. I must thank the man from _____ I got the present.

A. who B. whom C. that D. which

  1. That ’s the woman to _______ Jim used to be married.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

  1. The success of shared holidays depends on __________ you shared it with.

A. whose B. who C. whom D. which

  1. Tom made a number of suggestions, most of ____ were very helpful.

A. them B. which C. that D. B & C

  1. The house in ________ I was born and grew up was destroyed in an earthquake ten years ago.

A. which B. where C. that D. All are correct

  1. Do you know the man about ___________ they’re talking?

A. whom B. whose C. that D. A & C

  1. What kind of music to ___________ you are listening?

A. whose B. which C. that D. B & C

  1. This is Mary, ____ is taking over my job when I leave.

A. that B. which C. who D. whom

  1. That is the house in ______I used to live.

A. that B. which C. where D. there

  1. The man _______ is my teacher.

A. who she is speaking to B. whom she is speaking with

C. to whom she is speaking D. to whom she is speaking with



  1. Sunday is the day _______which we usually go fishing.

A. during B. at C. in D. on

  1. She couldn’t answer any question, _______made me surprised.

A. that B. it C. this D. which

  1. The knife ____ we cut bread is very sharp.

A. with that B. which C. with which D. that

  1. It____ Lan _____ always helps him in his trouble.

A. was/ who B. was/ that C. is / who D. is / which

16. The bike __________ is very modern.

A. I told you about which B. about I told you which

C. which about I told you D. about which I told you

17. Last week I met Mr. Lam, ______________.

A. who’s oldest son is studying abroad

B. the oldest son of who is studying abroad

C. whose oldest son is studying abroad

D. of whom the oldest son is studying abroad

18. Is she the lady________________?

A. which you borrow this bike from B. from who you borrow this bike

C. from whom you borrow this book D. from that you borrow this bike



Exercise 2: Combine the following sentences. ( 8 minutes)

  • Teacher gives instruction: Combine the following sentences using relative pronouns.

  • Teacher sets the time: 5 minutes

  • Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.

  • Teacher asks students to give their answer(s)

  • Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary

1. The man that we are talking about is a famous scientist.

→The man about…………………………………………..

2. The tree that we picked these fruits from is in front of the house.

→The tree from…………………………………………….

3. The city that we were born in is very big.

→The city in…………………………………………………

4. Do you remember the day ? We first met on that day.

→Do you remember the day on……………………………?



    1. This is Rex hotel, and it is the biggest hotel in the city.

→This is the Rex hotel, which……………………………..

6. This is Mrs Johns. Her son won the championship last year.



Answer key

1.The man about whom we are talking is a famous scientist.

2. The tree from which we picked these fruits is in front of the house.

3. The city in which I was born is very big.

4. Do you remember the day on which we first met?

5. This is Rex hotel, which is the biggest hotel in the city.

6. This is Mrs John, whose son won the championship last year.


    1. Homework (2 minutes)

- Teacher asks students to do exercise 3 at home.

Exercise 3: Circle the letter whose underlined part must be changed for the sentence to be correct.

  1. My sister works for a foreign company in Ho Chi Minh City, in where is one of the biggest cities in Vietnam. A B C D

2. Martin tried on three jackets, none of that fitted him.

A B C D


3. Is that the man who house was broken into two days ago?

A B C D


4. Bogota, that is the capital of Colombia, is a cosmopolitan city.

A B C D


5. He is the singer about that I often tell you.

A B C D


Period 3: REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES

  1. Correcting homework ( 5 minutes)

  • - Teacher asks students to give the answer for exercise 4,5

  • - Teacher asks students to explain their choice.

  • -Teacher gives feedback.

II. New lesson

  1. Presentation ( 12 minutes)

  1. Relative clauses replaced by present participles.

  • Teacher give some examples:

a.The boy who is talking to Mrs Hoa is my classmate.

→ The boy talking to Mrs Hoa is my classmate.

b. Students who arrive late will not be permitted to enter the classroom.

→ Students arriving late will not be permitted to enter the classroom.



  • - Teacher asks students to comment on the way the above sentences are shortened

*Rule: If the verbs in relative clauses has active meaning, it can be repalced by a present participle.



  1. Relative clauses replaced by past participles.

  • Teacher give some examples:

a. We live in a house which was built a long time ago.

→ We live in a house built a long time ago.

b. The city which was destroyed in the war has now been rebuilt.

→ The city destroyed in the war has now been rebuilt.



  • - Teacher asks students to comment on the way the above sentences are shortened

*Rule: If the verbs in relative clauses has passive meaning, it can be repalced by a past participle.

  1. Relative clauses replaced by infinitives

  • Teacher give some examples:

John was the first person who came to class this morning.

→John was the first person to come to class this morning

The last person who leaves the room must turn off the lights

→The last person to leave the room must turn off the lights

He was the youngest person who came to the meeting

→ He was the youngest person to come to the meeting



  • - Teacher asks students to comment on the way the above sentences are shortened.

*Rule: Relative clauses can be replaced by full infinitive after the first, the second, the last, the only and sometimes after superlatives.

B. Practice

  • Teacher gives instruction: Rewriting the sentences as guided.

  • Teacher sets the time: 18 minutes

  • Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.

  • Teacher asks students to give their answer(s)

  • Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.

1. Exercise 1: Combine the folowing sentences by using present participles (5 minutes)

1. The street which lead to the school is very wide.

2. The applicants who applied for the post were quite young.

3. The boy who is playing the guitar is my teacher’s son.



2. Exercise 2: Combine the folowing sentences by using past participles (5 minutes)

1. I saw many houses which were destroyed by the storm

2. The vegetables which are sold in this shop are grown without chemicals.

3. The books which were written by To Hoai are interesting.



3. Exercise 3: Combine the folowing sentences by using full infinitive (8 minutes)

1. He was the first man who reached the top.

2. You are the last person who saw her alive.s

3. My brother was the only one who realized the danger.

4. The fifth man who was interviewed was entirely unsuitable.

5. I have some letters that I must write.



Answer key

1. Exercise 1: Combine the folowing sentences by using present participles

1. The street leading to the school is very wide.

2. The applicants applying for the post were quite young.

3. The boy playing the guitar is my teacher’s son.



2. Exercise 2: Combine the folowing sentences by using past participles

1. I saw many houses destroyed by the storm

2. The vegetables sold in this shop are grown without chemicals.

3. The books written by To Hoai are interesting.



3. Exercise 3: Combine the folowing sentences by using full infinitive

1. He was the first man to reach the top.

2. You are the last person to see her alive.

3. My brother was the only one to realize the danger.

4. The fifth man to be interviewed was entirely unsuitable.

5. I have some letters to write.



  1. Exercise 4: Choose the best option by circling A, B, C, or D. ( 10 minutes)

  • Teacher gives handouts.

  • Teacher gives instruction: Choose the best option by circling A, B, C or D.

  • Teacher sets the time: 10 minutes

  • Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.

  • Teacher asks students to give answer

  • Teacher asks students to explain their choice.

  • Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.



  1. Neil Armstrong was the first person _____ foot on the moon.

A. set B. setting C. to set D. who was set

  1. Many of the pictures _____ from outer space are presently on display in the public library.

A. sent B. sending C. having sent D. that sent

  1. Most of the people___________to the wedding banquet arrived late.

A. who inviting B. whom were invited C. invited D. invite 4. The bridge _____ by French architects is very nice.

A. was designed B. designing C. to design D. designed 5. Linda was the last student ______ at the oral exam.

A. to be asked B. asking C. asks D. to ask 6. 6. The man ______ at the blackboard is our teacher.

A. stood B. stands C. standing D. to stand 7. Tom was the last ______the classroom yesterday.

A. to leave B. leaving C. left D. leaves

8. I have a message for people __________ by the traffic chaos.

A. to delay B. who delay C. delayed D. who delaying

9. Mary was the only person __________ a letter of thanks.

A. wrote B. written C. to write D. writing

10. The pilot was the only man __________ after the crash.

A. was rescued B. rescued C. rescuing D. to be rescued



C. Homework

5. Exercise 5: Circle the underlined part that needs correction.

1. There are probably around 3,000 languages speaking in the world.

A B C D

2. The job that advertised on television last night seems to be very interesting



A B C D

3. She always wears clothes are made by a famous fashion designer.

A B C D

4. I live in a pleasant room overlook a beautiful garden.



A B C D

5. The man sat next to me on the plane talked all the time.

A B C D

Period 4: MIXED EXERCISES

I. Correcting homeworks ( 5 minutes)


  • - Teacher asks students to give the answer for exercise 5

  • - Teacher asks students to explain their choice.

  • - Teacher asks students to correct the mistakes.

  • -Teacher gives feedback.

II. New lesson

  • Teacher introduces the lesson ( 5 minutes): To review what students have learnt from period 1 to 3. Teacher gives a brief summary about what students have learnt about relative clauses:

+ relative pronouns

+ relative adverbs

+ Defining and non-defining relative clauses;

+ Relative clauses with prepositions.

+ Cleft sentences

+ Reduced relative clauses.



  • Teacher asks students to do exercises

1. Exercise 1 ( 25 minutes)

  • Teacher gives handouts.

  • Teacher gives instruction: Choose the best option by circling A, B, C or D.

  • Teacher sets the time: 18 minutes

  • Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.

  • Teacher asks students to give answer

  • Teacher asks students to explain their choice.

  • Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.

1. I used to enjoy the summer, ______________ we had a big family picnic.

A. where B. when C. which D. that



2. He has just come back from London, ________is the capital of England.

A. that B. which C. where D. in which

3.Ms Young, to _______ many of her students are writing, is living happily and peacefully in Canada.

A. who B. whom C. that D. whose

4. Would you mind show me __________to work the lift?

A. where B. how C. what D. why

5. The reason _____ he was absent from school is that he had an accident.

A. why B. in which C. for D. which



    1. Picasso,______ , lived until he was a ripe old age.

A. which inspired many other artists B. whose works inspired many other artists

C. inspired many other artists D. who was inspired many other artists



    1. Let’s go to Smith’s, _________we can have a drink before the soccer game starts.

A. where B. which C. who D. whom

  1. Mary didn’t remember _________ I had told her the day before.

A. of which B. which C. what D. that

9. They would like to live in the country_________there is plenty of snow.

A. which B. that C. where D. when

10. Harry Potter, ____is a best-selling book by J.K. Rowling, has been translated into different languages.

A. which B. who C. whose D. that


  1. London is the city in ___________I was born.

A. where B. which C. that D. there

  1. The children, ___________parents work late, are taken home by bus.

A. that B. whom C. whose D.their

  1. This present will be given to __________can answer the last question.

A. whomever B. whoever C. whom D. who

  1. They asked me a lot of questions, _____ I couldn’t answer.

A. most of which B. of which most C. most of that D. of that most

15. This house, …he bought in 1990, is being repaired at the moment.



A. which

B. that

C. what

D. who

16. The lady…in blue is her aunt.

A. dresses

B. dressed

C. is dressing

D. dressing

17.The party, …I was invited last week, was extremely enjoyable.

A. by which

B. to which

C. at which

D. for which

18 .The secretary … I talked to didn’t know where the meeting was.

A. which

B. whose

C. when

D. Ø

2. Exercise 2. ( 10 minutes)

  • Teacher gives handouts.

  • Teacher gives instruction: Circle the underlined part that needs correction

  • Teacher sets the time: 6 minutes

  • Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.

  • Teacher asks students to give answer

  • Teacher asks students to explain their choice.

  • Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.

1. The students which were late had to wait outside.

A B C D


2. The picture painting by my brother was bought by a foreigner.

A B C D


3. Bill went to class late, that was unusual for him

A B C D


4. The boy injuring in the accident was taken to the hospital.

A B C D

5. Smoke comes from fuel wood affects people’s health

A B C D


6. We are talking about the writer whom book is best selling.

A B C D


II. Homework

  • Teacher asks students to revise the lesson.

  • Do Reading passage No.1 in the Revision material.






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