SỞ gd&Đt vĩnh phúc trưỜng thpt liễn sơN (ĐỀ luyệN 095) ĐỀ thi thử thpt quốc gia năM 2015

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(ĐỀ LUYỆN 095)



Thời gian: 90 phút


Chọn từ hoặc cụm từ thích hợp (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau.

Câu 1: From an early age, Wolfgang had a/an _______ for music.

A. interest B. passion C. involvement D. tendency

Câu 2: Larry never spoke to anyone, and kept himself _______.

A. outside B. withdrawn C. superior D. aloof

Câu 3: Sarah delivered a/an _______ appeal to the court and asked for mercy.

A. sensational B. sentimental C. emotional D. affectionate

Câu 4: No sooner had we left the house, _______ it started snowing.

A. and B. than C. when D. that

Câu 5: Whatever Jane _______ to do, she finishes.

A. gets on B. sees to C. sets out D. looks for

Câu 6: Several cars, _______ owners had parked them under the trees, were damaged.

A. their B. of which C. whom D. whose

Câu 7: It was very good _______ you to give up so much of your time.

A. of B. for C. with D. to

Câu 8: The play was not _______ what we had expected.

A. just B. absolutely C. at all D. very

Câu 9: We had to get a bank loan when the money finally _______.

A. gave in B. gave off C. gave over D. gave out

Câu 10: The minister _______ to say whether all the coal mines would be closed.

A. refuse B. avoided C. denied D. bothered

Câu 11: When Helen agreed to run the school play, she got more than she _______.

A. came down to B. bargained for C. faced up to D. got round to

Câu 12: At the end of the match the players were _______ exhausted.

A. solely B. utterly C. actually D. merely

Câu 13: _______ you should do first is make a list of all the things you have to do.

A. That B. What C. As D. If

Câu 14: The smell of the kippers cooking _______ my breakfast.

A. put me off B. came up against C. gave off D. held up

Câu 15: This conversation project looks promising, but it’s still _______.

A. in the early stages B. in advance C. under stress D. at first sight
Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 16 đến 25.

Every drop of water in the ocean, even in the deepest parts, responds to the forces that create the tides. No other force that affects the sea is so strong. Compared with the tides, the waves created by the wind are surface movements felt no more than a hundred fathoms below the surface. The currents also seldom involve more than the upper several hundred fathoms despite their impressive sweep.

The tides are a response of the waters of the ocean to the pull of the Moon and the more distant Sun. In theory, there is a gravitational attraction between the water and even the outermost star of the universe. In reality, however, the pull of remote stars is so slight as to be obliterated by the control of the Moon and, to a lesser extent, the Sun.

Just as the Moon rises later each day by fifty minutes, on the average, so, in most places, the time of high tide is correspondingly later each day. And as the Moon waxes and wanes in its monthly cycle, so the height of the tide varies. The tidal movements are strongest when the Moon is a sliver in the sky, and when it is full. These are the highest flood tides and the lowest ebb tides of the lunar month and are called the spring tides. At these times the Sun, Moon, and Earth are nearly in line and the pull of the two heavenly bodies is added together to bring the water high on the beaches, to send its surf upward against the sea cliffs, and to draw a high tide into the harbors. Twice each month, at the quarters of the Moon, when the Sun, Moon and Earth lie at the apexes of a triangular configuration and the pull of the Sun and Moon are opposed, the moderate tidal movements called neap tides occur. Then the difference between high and low water is less than at any other time during the month.

Câu 16: What is the main point of the first paragraph?

A. The waves created by ocean currents are very large.

B. Despite the strength of the wind, it only moves surface water.

C. Deep ocean water is seldom affected by forces that move water.

D. The tides are the most powerful force to affect the movement of ocean water.

Câu 17: The word "felt" in line 3 is closest in meaning to

A. based B. dropped C. detected D. explored

Câu 18: The words "In reality" in line 8 are closest in meaning to

A. surprisingly B. actually C. characteristically D. similarly

Câu 19: It can be inferred from the passage that the most important factor in determining how much gravitational effect one object in space has on the tides is

A. size B. distance C. temperature D. density

Câu 20: The word "correspondingly" in line 11 is closest in meaning to

A. unpredictably B. interestingly C. similarly D. unusually

Câu 21: What is the cause of spring tides? A. Seasonal changes in the weather

B. The gravitational pull of the Sun and the Moon when nearly in line with the Earth

C. The Earth's movement around the Sun D. The triangular arrangement of the Earth, Sun, and Moon

Câu 22: The word "configuration" in line 18 is closest in meaning to

A. unit B. center C. surface D. arrangement

Câu 23: Neap tides occur when_____. A. the Sun counteracts the Moon's gravitational attraction

B. the Moon is full C. the Moon is farthest from the Sun

D. waves created by the wind combine with the Moon's gravitational attraction

Câu 24: According to the passage, all of the following statements about tides are true EXCEPT:

A. The time of high tide is later each day. B. Tides have a greater effect on the sea than waves do.

C. The strongest tides occur at the quarters of the Moon. D. Neap tides are more moderate than spring tides.

Câu 25: Where in the passage does the author mention movements of ocean water other than those caused by tides? A. Lines 2-5 B. Lines 10-11 C. Lines 12-13 D. Lines 17-20
Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A, hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 26 đến 34.

The ocean bottom - a region nearly 2.5 times greater than the total land area of the Earth - is a vast frontier that even today is largely unexplored and uncharted. Until about a century ago, the deep-ocean floor was completely inaccessible, hidden beneath waters averaging over 3,600 meters deep. Totally without light and subjected to intense pressures hundreds of times greater than at the Earth's surface, the deep-ocean bottom is a hostile environment to humans, in some ways as forbidding and remote as the void of outer space.

Although researchers have taken samples of deep-ocean rocks and sediments for over a century, the first detailed global investigation of the ocean bottom did not actually start until 1968, with the beginning of the National Science Foundation's Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP).Using techniques first developed for the offshore oil and gas industry, the DSDP's drill ship, the Glomar Challenger, was able to maintain a steady position on the ocean's surface and drill in very deep waters, extracting samples of sediments and rock from the ocean floor.

The Glomar Challenger completed 96 voyages in a 15-year research program that ended in November 1983. During this time, the vessel logged 600,000 kilometers and took almost 20,000 core samples of seabed sediments and rocks at 624 drilling sites around the world. The Glomar Challenger's core samples have allowed geologists to reconstruct what the planet looked like hundreds of millions of years ago and to calculate what it will probably look like millions of years in the future. Today, largely on the strength of evidence gathered during the Glomar Challenger's voyages, nearly all earth scientists agree on the theories of plate tectonics and continental drift that explain many of the geological processes that shape the Earth.

The cores of sediment drilled by the Glomar Challenger have also yielded information critical to understanding the world's past climates. Deep-ocean sediments provide a climatic record stretching back hundreds of millions of years, because they are largely isolated from the mechanical erosion and the intense chemical and biological activity that rapidly destroy much land-based evidence of past climates. This record has already provided insights into the patterns and causes of past climatic change - information that may be used to predict future climates.

Câu 26: The author refers to the ocean bottom as a "frontier" in line 2 because it

A. is not a popular area for scientific research B. contains a wide variety of life forms

C. attracts courageous explorers D. is an unknown territory

Câu 27: The word "inaccessible" in line 3 is closest in meaning to

A. unrecognizable B. unreachable C. unusable D. unsafe

Câu 28: The author mentions outer space in line 6 because

A. the Earth's climate millions of years ago was similar to conditions in outer space.

B. it is similar to the ocean floor in being alien to the human environment

C. rock formations in outer space are similar to those found on the ocean floor

D. techniques used by scientists to explore outer space were similar to those used in ocean exploration

Câu 29: Which of the following is true of the Glomar Challenger?

A. It is a type of submarine. B. It is an ongoing project.

C. It has gone on over 100 voyages D. It made its first DSDP voyage in 1968

Câu 30: The word " extracting " in line 11 is closest in meaning to

A. breaking B. locating C. removing D. analyzing

Câu 31: The deep Sea Drilling Project was significant because it was

A. an attempt to find new sources of oil and gas B. the first extensive exploration of the ocean bottom

C. composed of geologists form all over the world D. funded entirely by the gas and oil industry

Câu 32: The word " strength " in line 17 is closest in meaning to

A. basis B. purpose C. discovery D. endurance

Câu 33: The word " they " in line 22 refers to

A. years B. climates C. sediments D. cores

Câu 34: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as being a result of the Deep Sea Drilling Project? A. Geologists were able to determine the Earth's appearance hundreds of millions of years ago.

B. Two geological theories became more widely accepted

C. Information was revealed about the Earth's past climatic changes.

D. Geologists observed forms of marine life never before seen.
Chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau.

Câu 35: Hary: “Thanks for your help, Judy.” Judy: “______.”

A. With all my heart B. Never remind me C. It’s my pleasure D. Wish you

Câu 36: "Just think, ______ 2 years' time, we'll be 20 both."

A. under B. in C. after D. over

Câu 37: Anne: “Thanks for the nice gift!” John: “______”

A. I’m glad you like it. B. But do you know how much it costs?

C. In fact, I myself don’t like it. D. You’re welcomed.

Câu 38: Anne persisted ______ her search for the truth about what had happened.

A. at B. about C. on D. in

Câu 39: If she ______ sick, she would have gone out with me to the party.

A. wasn’t B. hadn’t been C. hasn’t been D. weren’t

Câu 40: - “________ detective stories?” - “In my opinion, they are very good for teenagers.”

A. What do you think about B. Are you fond of

C. How about D. What do people feel about

Câu 41: - “Would you mind lending me your bike?” - “ ______ .”

A. Yes. Here it is B. Not at all C. Great D. Yes, let’s

Câu 42: They would ______ go by air than travel by train.

A. always B. better C. prefer D. rather

Câu 43: Don’t worry. He’ll do the job as _______ as possible.

A. economizing B. economic C. uneconomically D. economically

Câu 44: ______ entering the hall, he found everyone waiting for him.

A. With B. On C. At D. During

Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ/ cụm từ có gạch chân cần phải sửa để các câu sau trở thành câu đúng.

Câu 45: By measuring the color of a star, astronomers can tell how hot is it.


Câu 46: Exploration of the Solar System is continuing, and at the present rate of progress all the


planets will have been contacted within the near 50 years.


Câu 47: Grover Cleveland was the only American president served two nonconsecutive terms.


Câu 48: Calcium, the most abundantly mineral in the body, works with phosphorus in maintaining


bones and teeth.

Câu 49: The next host for the SEA Games is Laos. It is Laos' the first time as the host for the



Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 50 đến 59.

Owning a car

Owning a car has several advantages. (50) ____ you can go wherever you want, whenever you want. You don’t have to depend on public transport and (51) _____ you feel more independent. (52) _____ you are able to give lifts to friends, or carry heavy loads of shopping. (53) ______ there can be problems, especially if you live in a city. Running a car can be expensive, and you have to spend money on items (54) _____ petrol, servicing the car, and repairs. You might also have problem with parking, as everywhere is more and more crowded with cars. (55) _____ most people feel that the advantages of owning a car outweigh the disadvantages.

(56) _____ most young people of my age start driving as soon as they can. (57) _____ I think that cars nowadays have become more essential, but I also feel that they cause a lot of problems, (58) _____ they are noisy and dirty. (59) ______ the large numbers of cars on the roads means that most town and cities are organized for the convenience of cars, and the needs of pedestrians are ignored.

Câu 50: A. First of all B. As a result C. Personally D. Besides this

Câu 51: A. however B. personally C. since D. as a result

Câu 52: A. In contrast B. In my view C. Besides this D. However

Câu 53: A. On the other hand B. To sum up C. Thus D. For example

Câu 54: A. as B. such as C. owning to D. then

Câu 55: A. Finally B. Secondly C. However D. As

Câu 56: A. For B. Next C. As well as this D. Consequently

Câu 57: A. For example B. Personally C. Nevertheless D. In comparison

Câu 58: A. for example B. however C. thus D. since

Câu 59: A. As a result B. Moreover C. Personally D. In comparison
Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ có phần gạch chân phát âm khác với ba từ còn lại trong mỗi câu.

Câu 60: A. food B. shoot C. book D. boot

Câu 61: A. secure B. police C. council D. socialize
Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ có trọng âm chính nhấn vào âm tiết có vị trí khác với ba từ còn lại trong mỗi câu.

Câu 62: A. medicine B. endanger C. addition D. survival

Câu 63: A. corridor B. enormous C. mystery D. separate

Câu 64: A. effectiveness B. entertainment C. environment D. endangerment
PHẦN TỰ LUẬN: (2 điểm)

I. Rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that the original meaning is exactly the same as the provided one.

1. She started working as a secretary five years ago.

=> She has....... .......................................................................

2. She knows a lot more about it than I do.

=> I don’t know............ ...................................................................

3. My French friend finds driving on the left difficult

=> My French friend isn’t............................................................................

4. They think the owner of the house is abroad.

=> The owner................. ....................................................................

5. We didn’t go on holiday because we did not have enough money

=> If we............................ .....................................................................
II. TOPIC: Write a letter of request to UCAS to ask for information about the admission requirements to the university.

475/57 Le Thanh Ton St. District 1

Ho Chi Minh City

March 15th, 2008

Dear Sir/Madam,

I’ve read a lot about tertiary study in the UK and very impressed by the reputation of many famous universities there. I am writing now to apply for the course and to ask for the admission requirements to the university.

Now, I am in the last year of the high school and will finish secondary education in 3 months. I am very much interested in an undergraduate course in economics in Birmingham University. At school I have learnt English for 7 years now, and my English is good enough to communicate with English speaking residents. Moreover, I am rather good at natural science subjects, and I am also very much interested in social activities. My family income is absolutely good enough to pay for my life and study abroad, too. I have good health and am willing to live on my own. What my family and I want to know now is the detailed admission requirements to the university and the degrees I will be granted after finishing the course. Could you please send me some information about the admission requirements, tuitions fees, accommodation and details of the course? I am ready to supply any information about myself if necessary.

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Yours faithfully,

Hoang Thanh Nam.
-------------------THE END-------------------

PREPARED BY M.A ĐỖ BÌNH – GV THPT LIỄN SƠN, LẬP THẠCH, VĨNH PHÚC – binhbac72@gmail.com 4 Apr 2015

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