What exactly is a tornado? The general picture is familiar enough. The phenomenon usually occurs on a hot, sticky day with south wind and an ominous sky. From the base of a thunderhead, a funnel-shaped cloud extends a violently twisting spout toward the Earth. As it sucks in matter in its path, the twister may turn black, brown or even white. The moving cloud shows an almost continuous display of sheet lightning. It lurches along in a meandering path, usually northeast ward, at 25 to 40 miles per hour. Sometimes it picks up its finger from the earth for a short distance and then plants it down again. The funnel is very slender; its wake of violence averages about 400 yards wide. As the tornado approaches, it is heralded by a roar as a hundreds of jet planes or thousands of railroad cars. Its path is a path of total destruction. Buildings explode as they are sucked in by the tornado’s low-pressure vortex (where the pressure drop is as much as 10 percent) and by its powerful whirling winds (estimated at up to 500 miles per hour). The tornado’s lifetime is as brief as it is violent. Within a few tens of miles (average about 16 miles), it spends its force and suddenly disappears.
Câu 1. Tornadoes usually occur on _____ .
A. hot and humid days B. hot days C. cold days D. rainy days
Câu 2. The twister’s colour is caused by _____.
A. the sun B. the colour of the sky C. snow D. what it picks up
Câu 3. A tornado _____.
A. meanders B. travels at a constant speed C. travels in a straight line D. stays on the ground at all times
Câu 4. The speed of a tornado is _____.
A. 10 miles per hour B. 85 miles per hour
C. 25 to 40 miles per hour D. 25 to 40 miles per day
Câu 5. The average width of the path of the funnel is _____.
A. the width of its finger B. less than 40 yards C. 25 miles D. about 400 yards
Câu 6. The sound which announces the coming of a tornado is similar to that made by _____.
A. vortex B. a diesel engine C. thunder and lightning D. hundreds of jets
Câu 7. A building in the path of a tornado most likely would _____.
Câu 8. According to this article, the winds of tornado _____.
A. are estimated at up to 500 miles per hour B. drop the pressure 40 percent
C. have been clocked at 500 miles per hour D. travel at 16 miles an hour
Câu 9. Usually a tornado is spent after traveling about ………….. .
A. 6 miles B. 16 miles C. 50 miles D. 400 yards
Câu 10. Implied but not stated _____.
A. Tornadoes are caused by sheet lightning B. Nature is sometimes destructive
C. The tornado’s lifetime is as brief as it is violent D. A tornado is a supernatural phenomenon
Read the passage carefully and choose the best parts to fill in the blanks.
If you can roll a ball, you can play bowls. Everyone can play: young and old, men and women, the fit and the not so fit. It is the (11)____ outdoor game that really is a sport for all. What other sports can grandparents play on equal terms with their grandchildren? What other game is so simple that you could take up it today and be (12)____ in the national championship tomorrow?
Simple? Perhaps that is not the (13)____ word. There are bowls players in their thousands (14)____ will tell you that, although bowls is a game that anyone can (15)____ in five minutes, it takes a lifetime to (16)____ it. They are the people who have developed a passionate interest in the game. (17)____ for outsiders, bowls is another word, and a strange and puzzling one. They see a bowl game in action and wonder what is going on.
What the players are trying to do is easy to explain. Their (18)____ is to roll their bowls, called wood, as near as possible to the little white ball, called the jack. If one of your bowls finishes nearer to the jack than your opponent's, you score one point and he or she scores (19)____ If you have the two nearest, you score two, and so on. The skill involved in rolling a bowl that weighs around 2 kilos across about 40 meters so that it stops only a very short (20)____ from the target is just as impressive as the skills required in other sports.
Câu 11. A. special B. one C. alone D. individual
Câu 12. A. entering B. precisely C. competing D. accurately
Câu 13. A. right B. genuine C. just D. suitable
Câu 14. A. when B. whose C. which D. who
Câu 15. A. see through B. pick up C. catch on D. find out
Câu 16. A. tame B. manage C. master D. control
Câu 17.A. However B. Although C. Unlike D. Besides
Câu 18. A. point B. attempt C. scheme D. aim
Câu 19. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything
Câu 20. A. extent B. distance C. range D. length
Which underlined part has different pronunciation from the others?
Câu 21. A. student B. stupid C. studio D. study
Câu 22. A. chemist B. cheap C. child D. chair
Which word has the different stress among them?
Câu 23. A. alternative B. satisfy C. continent D. India
Câu 24. A. holiday B. implement C. diagnose D. investigate
Câu 25. A. independence B. education C. impractical D. entertainment
Choose the correct part to complete the sentence.
Câu 26. Many organizations have been set up and funds have been ____ .
A. raised B. bought C. risen D. raise
Câu 27. She won the award for ____ her whole life to looking after the poor.
A. paying B. devoting C. causing D. attracting
Câu 28. Microwaves are used for cooking, telecommunications, and ____.
A. to diagnose medically B. diagnosed medically C. medical diagnosis D. medical diagnosing
Câu 29. I couldn’t ____ them when we climbed the mountain.
A. keep out of B. keep up with C. keep away from D. keep on with
Câu 30. It seems impossible to ____ terrorism in the world.
Câu 59. Language is regarded the private property of any nation.
A B C D
Câu 60.Happy people find it easily to get to sleep and they sleep soundly.
A B C D
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 61 to 64.
In this era of increased global warming and diminishing fossil fuel supplies, we must begin to put a greater priority on harnessing alternative energy sources. Fortunately, there are a number of readily available, renewable resources that are both cost- effective and earth – friendly. Two such resources are solar power and geothermal power. Solar energy, which reaches the earth through sunlight, is so abundant that it could meet the needs of worldwide energy consumption 6,000 times over. And solar energy is easily harnessed through the use of photovoltaic cells that convert sunlight to electricity. In the US alone, more than 100, 000 homes are equipped with solar electric systems in the form of solar panels or solar roof tiles. And in other parts of the world, including many developing countries, the use of solar system is growing steadily.
Another alternative energy source, which is abundant in specific geographical areas, is geothermal power, which creates energy by tapping heat from below the surface of the earth. Hot water and steam that are trapped in underground pools are pumped to the surface and used to run a generator, which is produces electricity. Geothermal energy is 50,000 times more abundant than the entire known supply of fossil fuel resources. And as with solar power, the technology needed to utilize geothermal energy is fairly simple. A prime example of effective geothermal use is in Iceland, a region of high geothermal activity where over 80 percent of private homes are heated by geothermal power. Solar and geothermal energy are just two of promising renewable alternatives to conventional energy sources. The time is long overdue to invest in the development and use of alternative energy on global scale.
Câu 61. What is the main topic of this passage ?
A. The benefits of solar and wind power over conventional energy sources.
B. How energy resources are tapped from nature.
C. Two types of alternative energy sources that should be further utilized.
D. Examples of the use of energy sources worldwide.
Câu 62. According to the passage, why should we consider using alternative energy sources ?
A. Because fossil fuels are no longer available.
B. Because global warming has increased the amount of sunlight that reaches the earth.
C. Because they are free and available worldwide.
D. Because conventional energy resources are being depleted, and they cause environmental damage.
Câu 63. According to the passage, what can be inferred about solar roof tiles?
A. They are being used in many undeveloped countries. C. They are more expensive than solar panels.
B. They can convert geothermal energy to electricity. D. They contain photovoltaic cells.
Câu 64. According to the passage, how is solar energy production similar to geothermal energy production ?
A. They both require the use of a generator. B. They both use heat from the earth’s surface.
C. They both require fairly simple technology. D. They are both conventional and costly
PHẦN TỰ LUẬN: (2 điểm)
I. Rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that the original meaning is exactly the same as the provided one.
1. “ Why don’t you put better lock on the door, Barbara”? said John
=> John suggested..................................................................................................
2. Although his both legs were broken in the crash, he managed to get out of the car before it exploded.
5. It isn’t necessary for you to finish by Saturday
II. TOPIC: Write a letter to pen-pal to talk about your family.
……………, September 26th, 2014
I am writing to talk about my family as requested in your last letter.
There are four members in my family; my parents, my elder brother and I. My dad is now at his forty-five and my mom is two years younger. My elder brother is twenty-two of age. My dad is a teacher at a local high school, and he has to work nearly weekdays. Very often he has extra classes on weekends, sometimes he has evening classes. My mom is a farmer and she has to work hard in the fields nearly daily from early morning till dark. My elder brother is now a final year university student, so he has very little time to be at home with other family members. Although my parents are very busy, they try hard to spare as much time to take care of their children as possible.
My mom is a really caring woman who is always the first to get up to prepare for other family members things to start a new day, and the last to go to bed to make sure that everything is under control. My dad is always willing to join hands to make us a nice house and a happy home. My brother and I love helping my parents in all sort of work whenever we have chance.
In my family, members care as much for others as possible to make a close-knit family. We are admired so much by the neighboring residents. Whenever problems come up, we discuss the matters all together frankly to find out solutions quickly. We also share all happiness and worries, so we all feel happy, safe and secure at home just as the saying we love “Home is where love dwells and thrives”.
As you know, I am now in my final secondary year, preparing for the coming examinations with so much pressure. Therefore, all members in my family encourage and give me the best to help me realize my dreams.
That is some about my family, and I would very much like to hear about yours in turn. I hope you will share with me your family life. I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Lan ------------------THE END-----------------
PREPARED BY M.A ĐỖ BÌNH – GV THPT LIỄN SƠN, LẬP THẠCH, VĨNH PHÚC – firstname.lastname@example.org 4 Apr 2015