Revision cách nhận biết từ loại: a. Cánh nhận biết danh từ



tải về 1.39 Mb.
trang1/16
Chuyển đổi dữ liệu02.06.2018
Kích1.39 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   16


REVISION

1. Cách nhận biết từ loại:

a. Cánh nhận biết danh từ: danh từ thường có các hậu tố sau:

-TION/ -ATION invention, information, education

-MENT development, employment

-ENCE/-ANCE difference, importance

-NESS richness, happiness, business

-ER (chỉ người) teacher, worker, writer, singer

-OR (chỉ người) inventor, visitor, actor

-IST (chỉ người) physicist, biologist, chemist

-AR/-ANT/-EE (chỉ người) beggar, assistant, employee

-ING teaching, schooling

-AGE teenage, marriage

-SHIP friendship, championship

-ISM (chủ nghĩa) pessimism, optimism

-(I)TY possibility, responsibility, reality, beauty

(verb)-AL refusal, arrival, survival

-TH warmth, strength, youth, truth, depth

b. Cánh nhận biết tính từ: tính từ thường có các hậu tố sau:

-FUL successful, helpful, beautiful

-LESS (nghĩa phủ định) homeless, careless

(noun)-Y (có nhiều) rainy, snowy, windy

(noun)-LY (có vẻ, hàng ngày giờ.ngày..) friendly, yearly, daily

-ISH selfish, childish

(noun)-AL (thuộc về) natural, cutural

-OUS nervous, dangerous, famous

-IVE active, expensive

-IC electric, economic

-ABLE comfortable, acceptable
c. Cánh nhận biết động từ: động từ thường có tiền tố hoặc hậu tố sau:

Tiền tố EN- endanger, enlarge, enrich (làm giàu), encourage (động viên)



-FY classify, satisfy, beautify

-IZE, -ISE socialize, modernize, industrialize

-EN widen, frighten

-ATE considerate, translate



d. Cánh nhận biết trạng từ: trạng từ thường có hậu tố -LY. Ex: beautifully, carefully, suddenly, carelessly, recently ...
Lưu ý: Một số trạng từ đặc biệt cần ghi nhớ:

- good (a) well (adv): giỏi, tốt

- late (a) late: trễ, chậm lately (adv): mới đây, gần đây

- ill (a) ill (adv): xấu, tồi, kém

- fast (a) fast (adv): nhanh

- hard (a) hard (adv): tích cực, vất vả, chăm chỉ hardly (adv): hầu như không



2. Chức năng của một số từ loại:

a. Danh từ (Noun)


Sau tính từ (adj + N)

They are interesting books.

Sau

- mạo từ: a /an / the

- từ chỉ định: this, that, these, those, every, each, …

- từ chỉ số lượng: many, some, few, little, several ...

- tính từ sở hữu: my, his, her, your, our, their, its…

He is a student.

These flowers are beautiful.

She needs some water.



Sau ngoại động từ (V cần O)

She buys books.

She meets a lot of people.



Sau giới từ (prep. + N)

He talked about the story yesterday.

He is interested in music.



Trước V chia thì (N làm chủ từ)

The main has just arrived.

Sau enough (enough + N)

I don’t have enough money to buy that house.

b. Tính từ (Adj)


Trước N (Adj + N)

This is an interesting books.

Sau TO BE

I am tired.

Sau: become, get, look, feel, taste, smell, seem keep, make …

It becomes hot.

She feels sad.

The news made me happy.


Sau trạng từ (adv + adj): extremely (cực kỳ), completely (hoàn toàn), really (thực sự), terribly, very, quite, rather, …

It is extremely cold.

I’m terribly sorry.

She is very beautiful.


Sau too ( be + too + adj)

That house is too small.

Trước enough (be + adj + enough)

The house isn’t large enough.

Trong cấu trúc: be + so + adj + that

She was so angry that she can’t speak.

A, an, the, this, that, his, her, their, my, … + (Adj) + Noun

My new car is blue.

Trong câu cảm thán:

- How + adj + S + V

- Wht + (a / an) + adj + N

How beautiful the girl is!

What an interesting film!



c. Trạng từ (Adv)

Sau V thường

He drove carefully.

Trước Adj

I meet an extremely handsome man.

Giữa cụm V

  • have / has + adv + V3/-ed

  • am/ is/ are + adv + V3/-ed

She has already finished the job.

The party was well prepared.



Đầu câu hoặc trước dấu phẩy

Unfortunately, I couldn’t come the party.

Sau too V + too + adv

They walked too slowly to catch the bus.

Trong cấu trúc V + so + adv + that

Jack drove so fast that he caused an accident.

Trước enough V + adv + enough

You should write clearly enough.


EXERCISE

Choose the best answers

  1. Life here is very _____.

A. peacefully B. peaceful C. peace D. peacefulness

  1. Women usually don’t shake hands when being _____.

A. introducing B. introduction C. introduced D. introducer

  1. He was so _____ that he had an accident.

A. caring B. careless C. careful D. carefully

  1. Farmers can enrich the soil by using ______.

A. fertile B. fertility C. fertilize D. fertilizers

  1. Nowadays, chemicals are ______ into some fruits to reduce decay.

A. injection B. injecting C. inject D. injected

  1. What’s your _______ ? – I’m Vietnamese.

A. nation B. national C. nationality D. international

  1. In this course, students receive _______ in the basic English grammar.

A. instruct B. instructional C. instruction D. instructive

  1. I _____ him for his honesty.

A. respective B. respectful C. respectable D. respect

  1. All of the students appreciate the ______ of English learning.

A. import B. important C. importantly D. importance

  1. We can enjoy live programmes through _______ satellites.

A. communicate B. communication C. communicative D. communicable

    1. Learning English has become a ______ in our country.

A. necessitate B. necessary C. necessity D. necessarily

    1. Computers are ______ used in schools and universities.

A. widely B. wide C. width D. widen

    1. He retired at the ______ of 60.

A. age B. old C. older D. elder

    1. My teacher always give us a clear ______.

A. explain B. explained C. explanatory D. explanation

    1. The _____ of the moon for the earth causes the tides.

A. attract B. attracted C. attractive D. attraction

    1. Your bad result made me ______ .

A. disappoint B. disappointment C. disappointed D. disappointing

    1. Getting such a well-paid job is very beyond my ______.

A. expect B. expected C. expecting D. expectation

    1. It has been proved ______ that the unemployment rates are increasing.

A. statistic B. statistics C. statistical D. statistically

    1. She has made an _______ for the job as a nursery teacher because she like children.

A. apply B. applicant C. application D. applicator

    1. Daisy has been out of work for 3 months. She stay at home and does the housework_______.

A. disappoint B. disappointed C. disappointedly D. disappointing

    1. She is a biologist. She is interested in _______ .

A. conserves B. conservancy C. conservation D. conservative

    1. There is no ______ for them to do that.

A. need B. needs C. needless D. needing

    1. The _____ development leads to our country’s prosperity.

A. industry B. industries C. industrial D. industrialize

    1. Farmers ______ their land to make it _______.

A. fertilize / product B. fertilizer / productive C. fertilize / production D. fertilize / productive

    1. Many communities are burning garbage and other biological waste products to produce ______.

A. electric B. electricity C. electrician D. electrify
UNIT 1: HOME LIFE

A. READING

- night shift: ………………………………………….

- biology ( ) - biologist ( ): ………………………………………..

- biological ( ): ……………………………………….

- join hands: work together ………………………………………..

- (be) willing to + V1: ………………………………………..

- household chores: ……………………………………….

- run the household: …………………………………………

- make sure …………………………………………

- rush = hurry = go quickly (v) ……………………………………

- responsibility ( ): …………………………………….

- responsible for (a): …………………………………….

- take the responsibility for + V-ing: …………………………………….

- pressure (n): …………………………………….

- (be) under pressure: …………………………………….

- caring (a) …………………………………..



- take out = remove: ……………………………………

- mischievous ( ): ……………………………………….

- mischief (n): …………………………………..

- give s.o a hand = help s.o: …………………………………..

- o’bedient (a) ≠ disobedient (a): ………………………………….

- obedience (n): ……………………………………

- obey ( ): ………………………………….

- close – knit: …………………………………..

- supportive of …………………………………..

- ‘frankly (adv): ……………………………………

- frank (a): ………………………………………

- make a decision = decide (v) ……………………………………

- solve (v): ……………………………………

- solution ( ): …………………………………

- secure (a) = safe (a) ………………………………..

- security (n): ……………………………….

- (be) crowded with …………………………………

- well – behaved (a): …………………………………

- confidence (n): …………………………………..



- confident in s.o (a): ………………………………

  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   16


Cơ sở dữ liệu được bảo vệ bởi bản quyền ©hocday.com 2019
được sử dụng cho việc quản lý

    Quê hương