Revision cách nhận biết từ loại: a. Cánh nhận biết danh từ



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UNIT 6: FUTURE JOBS

Lesson : READING :

A/. New words :

- casual clothes (n) ……………………….……………………………….

- ‘honest ( ) …………………………..……………………………

- confident (a) …………………………… ………………………….

-………………….. (n) sự tin tưởng

- sefl- confident ( ) ………………..……………………………………

- nervous( ) - nervousness (n) ……………….……………………………………

- sense of humour ( ) …………………………………………………….



- prepare….. for : ……………………………………………………..

- call for: ………………………………………………………

- ‘interview (v) ………………………………………………………

- ‘interviewer ( ) ……………………………………………………..

- interview’ee ( ) …………………………………………………….

- stressful ( ) ………………………………………………………

- particularly ( ) …………………………………………………….

- ‘vacancy ( n) = a job that is available: công việc sẵn có

- ………….. ( ) = curriculum vitae: short written account of some one`s education and previous jobs :

sơ yếu lý lịch

- express ( ) ……………………………………………………..

- suitable ( ) ……………………………………………………………

- ‘candidate ( ) ……………………………………………………………

- position ( ) = post ………………………………………………………..…

- recommendation letter ( ) …………………………………………………

- previous ( ) ……………………………………………………….

- employ ( ) …………………………………………………………

- ………………(n) ông chủ

- employee ( ) ……………………………………………………

- …………………….( ) công việc làm

- ……………………. (n) sự thất nghiệp

- qualify (v) làm đủ tiêu chuẩn

- ……………… (n) trình độ chuyên môn, khả năng

-quality phẩm chất, có chất lượng

- jot down (v) = …………………………………………………..

- experience ( ) …………………………………………………..



- relate to ( ) ………………………………………………

- make sure = remember ( ) …………………………………..

- dress neatly ………………………………………………………

-formally ( ) …………………………………………………….



- concentrate on ( ) = pay attention to ………………………………………………..

- real effort …………………………………………………………..

- technical ( ) ……………………………………………………….

- technique ( ) ………………………………………………………

- aspect ( ) …………………..………………………………………

- admit ( ) ………………..…………………………………………….



- be willing to +V1 …………………………………………………

- enthusiasm ( ) ………………………………………………………

-enthusiatic ( ) ………………………………………………………

-enthusiast (n) người đam mê, người nhiệt tình

-enthusiastically (adv) một cáh nhiệt tình

-best side ( …) ………………………………………………………….

-keeness ( ) special interest : sự khao khát, sự đam mê

-sense of responsibility …………………………………………………

-comment ( ) …………………………………………..………………

-offer ( ) …………………………………………………………….

-call for ( ) ……………………………………………………….

-shortcomings ( ) …………………………………………………



-find out : ( ) = determine………………………………………………

- be interestid in ( ) ……………………………………………….

-to be keen on : ( ) ………………………………………………….

-suitable for : ( ) ………………………………………………….

-bring with : ( ) ……………………………………………………

-on time: ……………………………………………………

- in time : ……………………………………………………

- turn down : từ chối , loại bỏ

- recommend to (v) ….…………………………………………………

- …………………..(n) sự giới thiệu

-congratulate (v)… on …………………… ………………………………

-………………… (n) lời chúc mừng, sự chúc mừng .



- depend on (v) ……………………………………………………

- …………………….. (n) sự lệ thuộc



- dependent on ( ) ……………………………………………………

independent of ( ) ………………………………………………………

- dependently ( ) ……………………………………………………

≠ independently ( ) ……………………………………………………



- take care of = look after …………………………………………………

B/. EXERCISE :Choose the correct answer :

1/. What kind of clothes should you wear when you come to an interview ?

A. neatly and formal B. neatly and informal C. casaul clothes D. all are correct

2/. You should arrive the interview _________

A. late or a few minutes early B. on time or a few minutes early

C. on time or a few minute early D. in time or a few minutes late

3/. You should prepare what you want to say ___________the interview .

A. during B. before C. after D. while

4/. You should show your ______ and your keeness to work and your sense of responsibility .

A. shortcomings B. week point C. interest D. best side

5/. You should find out the company you wish to work ________ going to work .

A. before B. after C.during D. while



Lesson : SPEAKING & LISTENING

I/. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.

  1. A. interview B. impression C. company D. formally

  2. A. stressful B. pressure C. prepare D. future

  3. A. employment B. remember C. concentrate D. position

  4. A. express B. effort C. office D. comment

  5. A. advice B. relate C. during D. forget

II/.Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.

  1. A. worker B. whom C. interview D. answer

  2. A. honest B. holiday C. home D. happiness

  3. A. character B. teacher C. chemist D. technical

  4. A. interview B. minute C. question D. suitable

  5. A. explained B. disappointed C. prepared D. interviewed

III/.Choose the correct answer to complete the sentences :

11/ Nam:.“…………….going to the cinema tonight?” -Lan:“ I’d love to

A. How about B. Let’s C. What D. Would you like

12/. Mary: “Thanks for the nice gift!” Peter “……………………”

A. In fact, I myself don’t like it. B. you’re welcomed

C. I’m glad you like it. D. But do you know how much it costs?

13/. Tom : “ Excuse me, is anybody sitting here?” - Linda : “………………………….”

A. No, thanks B. Yes, I’m so glad

C. Sorry, the seat is taken D. Yes, you can sit here

14/. John : “Can I help you?” – Lili : “…………………..”

A. No, thanks. I’m just looking B. Yes, I’m watching C. No, I’m seeing D. Yes, I’m thinking

15/. Phong :"Where can we meet? _ Mai : “ ______________________”

A. I do not want to meet you B. I don’t know

C. It's up to you D. At your house

16/.Tuan : "What do you think of the book?" - Hong :" ……….."

A. That's right B.No, it not C. It's right D. Oh, excellent

17/. Quan : Let’s chat on line. - Thi: ...............................

A- not at all B- thank you C- good luck D- Good idea

18/. Hung: Hello, may I speak to Mr Black , please? Thu : -.......................

A- I think so B- Hold on , please C- Good bye D- I’d like to

19/. Hoa : “Congratulations to you on passing the maths exam.” – Bao : “ _______________”

A- you are welcome B- Never mind C- Don’t mention it D- Thanks a lot

20/.-Mike : “What is your father?” - Ann: “He is ...............................”

A- tall B- in his office C- an engineer D- going swimming



D/. WRITING :

IV/. Cách rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ dùng to V1/ V_ing hoặc V3/ed

1/…………… that/ whom/ which + S + V + O = to V + O

Ex1: The first man that we must see is Tom.

 …………………………………………………………………………


2/…………….. that/ who/ which + V = V_ing
Ex2: The people who wish to go on the tour are waiting in the lobby.

 ……………………………………………………………………

3/……………… that/ who/ which + be (thì) + V3/ed = V3/ed

Ex3: The chair which was broken by the boy is now mended.

 ……………………………………………………………………….



4/ a/. ……………… the first, the second + N + who + V

the last, the only which

 …………………the first, the second + N +

………………... the last, the only + to V ………..
Ex4a: That is the first man who won the gold medal yesterday .

 …………………………………………………………………………….



b/. ……… the first / the second …N + be ( thì) + V3/ed ( bị động)

--> ……...the first , the second …N + to be + V3/ed ( bị động)

Ex4b : He is the second man who was killed like that .

 ……………………………………………………………………………



EXERCISE : I/. Choose the correct answer :

1/.Look ! The boy ______ at the desk is Mary’s boyfriend .

A. stand B. stands C. standing D. st ood

2/. The little boy _____ by the dog held his mother ‘s arm tightly

A. frighten B. frightens C. frightening D. frightened

3/. They suggest that the beer _____ on T.V should be banned.

A. advertise B. to advertise C. advertising D. advertised

4/. Films _____ in theaters for entertainment are the best known

A. showing B. shown C. showed D. to be showing

5/. The boy ______ at the desk is Mary’ s new boy friend

A. stand B. to stand C. stood D. standing

6/. The woman ______ next door is often willing to help us whenever we are in difficulty

A. to live B. living C. lived D. live

7/. Today there are many people _____ English

A. that speaking B. to speaking C. speaking D. speak

8/.I’m reading a book _________ by Jack London.

A. was written B. that wrote C. written D. which written

9/.The boy _______ next to me in the evening class is very clever .

A.sitting B. to sit C. who sit D. whom sits

10/. We are living in the house _______ by green tree .

A. is surrounded B. that surrounded C. to be surrounded D. surrounded

11/.Do you know the woman ______ to the head master ?

A. is talking B. she is talking C. talking D. talked

12/.The energy _______ by the windmill drives all the drainage pumps.

A. that is producing B. which produces C. producing D. produced

13/. She is the only one in the discussion _______ to using nuclear power.

A. objects B. objected C. to object D. whom objects

14.The old man _______ a black suit is a famous energy researcher.

A. to wear B. wearing C. whom is wearing D. is wearing

15. John was the last applicant _______ for a position in that energy station.

A. to interview B.which is interviewed C. interviewing D. to be interviewed

II/. Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting.

16/. The book giving to me by my uncle has just been published

A B C D

17/. In sociology and biology , a population is the collection of people live in a given geographic area



A B C D

18/. The boy who sitting in front of me was reading a novel .

A B C D

19/. Many people think this novel writing by Charles Dickens



A B C D

20/. He is the second student giving scholarship this school year .

A B C D

E : LANGUAGE FOCUS

A/. Pronunciation :

I/. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.


  1. A. technical B. advertise C. candidate D. consider

  2. A. experience B. certificate C. interviewer D. enthusiasm

  3. A. addition B. suitable C. shortcoming D. honestly

  4. A. qualification B. disappointedly C. responsibility D. recommendation

  5. A. answer B. question C. polite D. keenness

II/. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.

6.A. vacancy B. wholesale C.retail D.category

7.A.neat B.create C.piece D.keenness

8.A.future B.resume C.pressure D.enthusiasm

9.A.honest B.humour C.honour D.hour

10A.whether B.enthusiast C.clothes D.though



B/. Grammar :

RELATIVE CLAUSES (Mệnh đề quan hệ)

1/. ………………..N(người) +WHO + V



Ex 1: The man __________ teaches me English is my uncle

a. who b. whom c. whose d. which

2/. …………………N ( người ) + WHOM + S + V ………….

Ex 2: The man ______ you met last night is my brother

a. who b. whom c. whose d. which

3/. ………………. N (người ) +WHOSE + N …………………….

Ex 3: The woman _______ son won the scholarship is ny aunt

a. who b. whom c. whose d. which

4/. ………………… N ( vật) + WHICH + V/ S+V

Ex 4: The book ______ you bought yesterday is about some kinds of birth

a. who b. whom c. whose d. which



5/ where: chỉ nơi chốn, thường thay cho there

.N (place) + WHERE + S + V ….



(WHERE = ON / IN / AT + WHICH)

Ex 5: He came back to the town _______ he was born

6/.when: chỉ thời gian, thường thay cho từ then

.N (time) + WHEN + S + V …



(WHEN = ON / IN / AT + WHICH)

Ex 6: We will never forget the day ________ we first met

7/ - why: chỉ lý do, thường thay cho cụm for the reason, for that reason.

..N (reason) + WHY + S + V …



Ex 7:Please tell me the reason ______ you didn’t go to the class yesterday .

8/. ……………..N ( người ) + giới từ (on,in, ….) + WHOM ………………

……………...N (vật ) + giới từ ( at, in ,…..) +WHICH ……………….



Ex 8a: I have three sisters all of who got married

A B C D


Ex 8b : I have got three books all of them are interesting

A B C D


THAT có thể thay thế cho WHO ,WHOM, WHICH trong mệnh đề liên hệ có giới hạn

9/. Một số trường hợp dùng THAT

a/……………….N (người + vật ) +THAT +……………………..

Ex 9: The man and his dog ______ live opposite my house has just gone out

a.who b.whom c. which d. that



b/.Sau so sánh nhất ( -est/ the ….most ) +N +THAT

Ex This is the first film that I have ever seen



c/. Sau no , some,only, not, such, first, second ……… + N …….+THAT

Ex I saw something that was moving



10/.Môt số trường hợp không dùng THAT

a/. THAT không thay thế cho WHOSE

Ex: The girl that mother has just come studies the same class with me

A B C D

b/. THAT không đứng sau dấu phẩy .

Ex: Mr White , that teaches English , is my sister

A B C D

c/.THAT không đứng sau giới từ .

Ex: The man to that you talked yesterday is my uncle .

A B C D

NOTE

1. Mệnh đề liên hệ không giới hạn là mệnh đề thường bổ nghĩa cho danh từ riêng

hoặc danh từ xác định, ta thường dùng một hoặc hai dấu phẩy để phân tách chúng.

Mệnh đề liên hệ không giới hạn là mệnh đề không quan trọng, chỉ dùng để bổ nghĩa thêm

cho danh từ đứng trước nó. Nếu bỏ mệnh đề này ra ta vẫn hiểu được ý nghĩa của câu.

Ex: Mary is my friend. She lives next door to me.

=> ………………………………………………………………………

2. Ta có thể dùng WHICH để bổ nghĩa cho nguyên một câu.WHICH đứng sau dấu phẩy

Ex: Mary failed the exam.This makes me surprised.

 ………………………………………………………………

3.Where, when , why không làm chủ từ trong câu (Không đứng trước động từ trong mệnh đề liên hệ )

Ex: He will visit the town where is very crowded at night .

A B C D


EXERCISE :

I/. Choose correct answer to complete the sentences :

11. My father works for a construction company in _______.

A. Winchester, which is a city in the U.K. B. Winchester, that is a city in the U.K.

C. Winchester is a city in the U.K. D. Winchester where is a city in the U.K.

12. Ms Young, to _______ many of her students are writing, is living happily and peacefully in Canada.

A. who B. whom C. that D. whose

13. I saw a lot of new people at the party, _______ seemed familiar.

A. some of whom B. some of who C. whom D. some of that

14. My friend eventually decided to quit her job, _______ upset me a lot

A. that B. when C. which D. who

15. The children were quite attracted by the tamer and his animals _______ were performing on the stage.

A. that B. which C. whom D. who

16.He is the man _______ car was stolen last week.

A. whom B. that C. which D. whose

17.It was the worst winter _______ anyone could remember.

A. that B. which C. where D. why

18.I would like to know the reason _______ he decided to quit the job.

A. why B. which C. that D. when

19._____ instructed me how to make a good preparation for a job interview.

A. John Robbins to that I spoke by telephone, B. John Robbins, that I spoke to by telephone,

C. John Robbins I spoke to by telephone, D. John Robbins, whom I spoke to by telephone,

20.He was always coming up with new ideas, _______were absolutely impracticable.

A. most of whom B. that C. most of which D. most of that

21She always had wanted to go to places _______ she could speak her native tongue.

A. that B. in that C. which D. where

22.February is the month ____ many of my colleagues take skiing holidays.

A. when B. that C. in that D. which

23.Is there anything else _______ you want to ask?

A. what B. where C. whom D. that

24.I come from the Seattle area, _______ many successful companies such as Microsoft and Boeing are located.

A. which B. that C. where D. whom

25.They have just visited the town _______ location was little known.

A. where B. whose C. which D. that

26._______ one of the most creative artists in rock 'n roll, came from California.

A. Frank Zappa, who was B. Frank Zappa was

C. Frank Zappa, that was D. Frank Zappa whom was

27.He came to the party wearing only a pair of shorts and a T-shirt, _______ was a stupid thing to do.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

28.He lives in a small town _______.

A. where is called Taunton B. which is called Taunton

C. is called Taunton D. that called Taunton

29.The house _______ is more than 100 years old.

A. where I live B. in where I live C. in that I live D. where I live in

30._______ want to get a god job have to have certain qualifications and experience.

A. Who B. Those which C. Those who D. Those whom

31.Wild fires are common in the forest areas of Australia, of the US and Canada, _______ the climate is moist.

A. in where B. in that C. where D. which

32.King Henry, _______ was Elizabeth I, led England into the Age of Empire.

A. daughter B. whom daughter C. which daughter D. whose daughter

33. I don't think my ex-girl friend will remember the day _____ we saw each other for the first time.

A. which B. on which C. at which D. why

34.August is the month ______ I always give my birthday parties.

A. which B. in which C. what D. why

35. What exactly is the influence of television ____________ children?

A. on B. in  C. at  D. with

36. I have two brothers, ________ are professional athletes.

  A. two of which  B. two of whom  C. both of whom    D. two of them

37.They have just found the couple and their car _______ were swept away during the heavy storm last week.

A. that B. which C. whose D. when

38. One of the people _________ I admire most in the history of the world is Gandhi.

  A. that   B. which   C. whose  D. of them

39. Sunday is the day _______ which we usually go fishing.

  A. during   B. at   C. in  D. on

40. The speech _______ we listened last night was informative.

A. to which  B. which to  C. to that  D. that

II/. Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting.

41. The man whom remained in the office was the manager.

A B C D

42. 1975 was the year in when the revolution took place.



A B C D

43. Mr. Brown, that teaches me English, is coming today.

A B C D

44. The car who I bought used to be my father’s.



A B C D

45. Do you ever feel that life is not being fair to you because you cannot

A B C

seem to get the job where you want or that really suits you?



D

III/. Choose one sentence that best rewrites the sentence given:

46. This man studies biology. What do you call him?

A. What do you call a man who studies biology?

B. What do you call a man, who studies biology?

C. What do you call a man studies biology?

D. What do you call a man whom studies biology?

47. She is the advisor. We got those recommendations from her.

A. She is the advisor, who we got those recommendations from.

B. She is the advisor whom we got those recommendations from her.

C. She is the advisor from that we got those recommendations.

D. She is the advisor from whom we got those recommendations.

48. This is the battle field. The soldiers fought there.

A. This is the battle field which the soldiers fought.

B. This is the battle field that the soldiers fought.

C. This is the battle field where the soldiers fought there.

D. This is the battle field where the soldiers fought.

49. He was born in 1983.There was a severe drought that year.

A. He was born in 1983 when there was a severe drought.

B. He was born in 1983 when was there a severe drought

C. When there was a severe drought in 1983 he was born.

D. He was born in 1983, there was a severe drought when

50. John Montagu was an English Earl. He invented the sandwich.

A. John Montagu, whose invented the sandwich, was an English Earl.

B. John Montagu, who invented the sandwich, was an English Earl.

C. John Montagu, that invented the sandwich, was an English Earl.

D. John Montagu, invented the sandwich, was an English Earl.



TEST YOURSELF B

Aims :

  • Review new words of unit 4,5,6

  • Review pronunciation ( stress in three or more than three syllable words .

  • Review : Passive ,If clause and Relative clause .

I/. Mark the letter A, B, C or to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions.



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