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UNIT 5 : HIGHER EDUCATION



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UNIT 5 : HIGHER EDUCATION

Lesson : READING

A/. New words :

- apply for a job (v): nộp đơn (xin việc)



- apply to s.o nộp đơn đến ai

- application (n): sự áp dụng, đơn xin

- application form: mẫu đơn, đơn

- applicant (n) /’æplikənt/: ………………………………………………….…..



- talk to s.o about s.th ……………………………………………………….
- campus ( ) ………………………..……………………………..

- walk around : ( ) ………………………………………………………



- impress on (v) : ………………………..………………………………

- impression (n): ………………………..………………………………

- impressive (a) : ………………………..………………………………

- impressively (adv): ………………………..………………………………

- notice ( ) ………………………..………………………………

- exist ( ) :

- ……………….. (n) : sự tồn tại

- back tear : gượng không bật khóc

- lonely (a) - loneliness (n) ……………………………………………………

- run back : ………………………………………………………

- degree Celsius : ………………………………………………………

- midterm ( ) ………………………………………………………



- blame s.th on s.o ……………………………………………………...

- blame s.o for s.th ……………………………………………………….

- daunting ( ) = disappointing (a) ………………………………………………



- graduate from : ( ) ………………………………………………………

- amaze at : ( ) …………………………………………………………

- scary ( ) …………………………………………………………

- project ( ) …………………………………………………….…

- ‘challenge ( ) …………………………………………………...........

- create ( ) : …………………………………………………………

- cre’ative ( ): ……………………………………………………………

- ……………….. (adv): một cách sáng tạo

- crea’tivity ( ): ………………………………………………………….

- ‘creature ( ): ………………………………………………………….

- know ( ) …………………………………………………………

- knowledge ( ) ………………………………………………………..

- knowledgeable (a): thông thạo

- chance = opportunity ( ) ……………………………………………………….

- ‘probably ( ) ………………………………………………………

- eca’demic (a): ………………………………………………… ….

- ecademically (adv): ………………………………………………………

- ecademician: ( ) ………………………………………………………

-. scary ( ) ……………………………………………………..

- advance ( ): ……………………………………………………

- advancement ( ): …………………………………………………



- be aware of ( ): …………………………………………………

- awareness( ): …………………………………………………

- engi’neer ( ): …………………………………………………

- engineering ( ): …………………………………………………

- non-engineering ( ): …………………………………………………

- mate ( ) ……………………………………………………………

- undergraduate course ( ) khóa học đại học

- ……………………( v ) = raise ( v) = go up ……………………tăng

- …………………….(v) = fall (v) = go down …………………. giảm

- inflation ( ) ………………………………………

- calendar ( n) ……………………………………….

- on behalf of : thay mặt , nhân danh , đại diện cho

- order of preference : thứ tự ưu tiên

-take part in = participate in = join : ……………………………………………

-divide into: …………………………………………………………

-at the end of : ………………………………………………



-depend on …………………………………………………

-get on well with : have a good relationship with ………………………………………………….

- excited about …………………………………………

- fill in (a form) ……………………………………………….

- different from ……………………………………………

- be used to + V-ing = get used to + V-ing …………………………………………..

- be busy + V-ing …………………………………………..

- seem + to V1 ……………………………………………

B/. EXERCISE : Choose the correct answer to complete the sentences :

1/.What did Sarah do on the first weekend ?

A.met non- engineer B. complained her roommate C.went out with her friends D. all are correct

2/. Why did Sarah feel so lonely at the party ? Because _______________

A. She went to the party at the first weekend B. Noone noticed her existence

C. The people at the party were busy playing some games D. b & c

3/.What problem did Ellen have with her roommate ?

A. Noone noticed her existence B. She went out with her friends

C. She blamed her for typing and having a light on while she was trying to sleep.

D. She met non engineering students .

4/.What did Brenden think about his first year at college ?

 He thought that the first year at colleges was the most _________________

A. boring B. exciting C. lonely D. challenging

5/.What does the social calendar of the colleges provide him ?

 It provides him plenty of opportunities to meet ______________

A. good friends B. non- engineering students C. other engineers D. all are correct


Lesson : SPEAKING AND LISTENING (Unit 5) :

I/.Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.

  1. A. university B. application C. technology D. entertainment

  2. A. mathematics B. engineering C. scientific D. laboratory

  3. A. certificate B. necessary C. economy D. geography

  4. A. interviewer B. preparation C. economics D. education

  5. A. considerable B. information C. librarian D. technician

II/. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.

  1. A. apply B. university C. identity D. early

  2. A. choice B. achieve C. each D. chemistry

  3. A. final B. applicant C. high D. decide

  4. A. average B. indicate C. application D. grade

  5. A. course B. four C. our D. your

II/. Choose correct answer to complete the sentences :

11/. - “I’ve lost $500 dollars!” - “___________”

A. Really? Thanks B. Good luck! C. How annoying! D. I’m sorry to hear that

12/. Peter: Good morning, Mr. Brown. How are you? - Mr. Brown: _______

A. Not bad. You? B. So long C. I’m fine, thank you D. Morning, Peter. And you?

13/. “Do you fancy a coffee?” - “ _____”

A. Oh, dear. B. Everything is OK.

C. Oh, yes. I’d love one. D. How do you do?

14/. “I’m sorry. It’s late. I must go now. Bye bye.” -“ _____”

A. You are welcome. B. Goodbye. See you soon.

C. Not at all. D. Hello.

15/. “How are you getting on?” - “ _____”

A. All right. B. Not bad. C. It’s OK. D. All are correct

16/. “Where can we meet?” - “It’s up to you.”

A. I do not want to meet you. B. I do not know.

C. It depends on you. D. At your house

17/. “Thank you for a lovely evening.” - “ _____”

A. You are welcome. B. Have a good day. C. Thanks. D. Cheer.

18/. _ What an attractive hair style you have got, Mary! _   …

A. Thank you very much. I am afraid                         B. You are telling a lie

C. Thank you for your compliment                            D. I don't like your sayings

19/.I tried not to … attention … the weak points in my argument.

A. pull-to                           B. draw-to C. pull-at        D. draw-at

20/. A motorbike knocked Ted down. _ “…”

A. What is it now ?            B. Poor Ted !   C. How terrific !    D. What a motorbike!

Lesson : WRITING( Unit 5) :

Choose the most correct answer:


  1. If I ______ the bus this afternoon, I will get a taxi instead.

A. miss B. will miss C. missed D. had missed

  1. `We’ll have to go without John if he ______ soon.

A. won’t arrive B. will arrive C. arrives D. doesn’t arrive

  1. If I make some coffee, _____ the cake?

A. do you cut B. will you cut C. are you cutting D. don’t you cut

  1. If you ______ your homework, I _____ you watch TV.

A. won’t do/ let B. did/ won’t let C. don’t do/ won’t let D. won’t do/ don’t let

  1. If you _____ this switch, the computer _____ on.

A. press/ comes B. will press/ comes

C. press/ can come D. have pressed/ will comes



  1. ____ you, I would think twice about that decision. It could be a bad move.

A. If I am B. should I be C. were I D. if I had been

  1. “Would you like some cake?”- “no thanks. If I ________ cake, I ______ fat.”

A. ate/ will get B. ate/ would get

C. would eat/could get D. am eating/ will get



  1. Pam broke her arm in the accident. It____ much worse if she hadn’t been wearing her seat belt.

A. will be B. would have been C. was D. were

  1. “My boss made me work overtime again.”_ “if I _____ you, I _____ the job.”

A. were/ would have quit B. am/ will quit C. was/ must quit D. were/ would quit

  1. “John went to the hospital alone.”- “Did he? If he_____ me I _________with him.”

A. told/ would go B. told/ might have gone

C. had told/ could go D. had told/ would have gone



  1. “My car broke down when I was leaving London ”. – “_____, we’d _____ you up.”

A. if we had known/ pick B. had we known/ have picked

C. if we’d known/ picked D. if we knew/ pick



  1. “I don’t know whether to take that job or not”- “_____ you, I _____ it. ”

A. if I had been/ would have taken B. should I be/ will take

C. if I were/would have taken D. were I/ would take



  1. “ You look tired ”- “well, if you ____ me up in the middle of the night, I _____ so tired.”

A. didn’t wake/ wouldn’t have been B. hadn’t woken/ wouldn’t be

C. hadn’t woken/ wouldn’t have been D. don’t wake/ won’t be



  1. ____ resigned, we would have been forced to sack him.

A. Had he not B. Hadn’t he C. He had not D. He not had

  1. If you _____ me about the bad service, we’d have eaten there.

A. didn’t tell B. wouldn’t have told C. hadn’t told D. had told

II/. Find out the mistake in each sentence:

  1. Unless there had been a heavy storm, the climber will not have died.

A B C D

  1. What would happen if there was no water?

A B C D

  1. If forests had not been destroyed, there will have been no floods.

A B C D

  1. They will build a new house if they were very rich.

A B C D

  1. What would you have do if you were in my position?

A B C D

Lesson : LANGUAGE FOCUS

A/.PRONUNCIATION :

a/.Từ có 3 âm tiết:

- Những từ có hậu tố là: -ade, -ee, -ese, -ette, -ique, -eer, -ain thì trọng âm chính rơi vào ngay âm tiết đó

Ex: lemo’nade, ciga’rette, Vietna’mese, enter’tain …

- Âm tiết liền trước các hậu tố -tion, thường nhận trọng âm

Ex:, trans’lation

- Từ tận cùng bằng –ate thường đặt ở âm thứ 3 tính từ cuối

Ex: ‘generate, cer’tificate, cong’ratulate

b/.. Từ có 3 âm tiết trở lên:

- Những từ tận cùng bằng các hậu tố -ic, -ual, -ian, -ical, -ity, -graphy, -ics, -logy âm tiết liền trước nó thường nhận trọng âm

Ex: eco’nomic, intel’lectual, mathema’tician, poli’tician, eco’nomical, uni’versity, ge’ography, mathe’matics soci’ology

- Trọng âm đặt ở âm thứ 2 trước các hậu tố -ize, -ary

Ex: ‘modernize, ‘dictionary, i’maginary

EXERCISE

I/.Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.

1.A. veterinary B. consequently C. application D. difficulty

2.A. maximum B. decision C. requirement D. admission

3.A. institution B. university C. preferential D. indicative

4.A. available B. majority C. tutorial D. differently

5.A. graduation B. understanding C. international D. accommodation

6.A. linguistics B. favorite C. demanding D. geography

7.A. university B. examination C. sociology D. geographical

8.A.obligatory B.undergraduate C.international D.argricultural

9.A.international B.psychology C.university D.conversation

10.A.examination B. engineering C. archeology D.mathematics

B/. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (Câu điều kiện)

1/. Các loại câu điều kiên :

- Loại 1: Chỉ điều kiện có thể xảy ra ở hiện tại, tương lai : tomorrow, next, in the future , will ,shall, won’t , shan’t

If + S + am,is, are + O , S + will / shall / can + V1 + O

+ V1/ Vs/es won’t / can’t + V1

+ don’t + V1 , V +O / Don’t +V +O (mệnh lệnh)

+ doesn’t + V1 , S + V1/ Vs/es (chân lý)

, S + should + V1 (lời khuyên)

, must + V1 (sự bắt buộc)

Ex: If he (have )…………….. enough money , he will buy that house



- Loại 2: Chỉ điều kiện không có thật ở hiện tại: am, is, are, V1, Vs/es / don’t +V1/ doesn’t +V1 , now , today
If + S + were / weren’t +O , S + would / could + V1

V2/ Ved

didn’t + V1 wouldn’t / couldn’t + V1

Ex: If I were you , I ( help)………………………………. her.



- Loại 3: Chỉ điều kiện không có thật ở quá khứ: yesterday , last week, ago, was, were, V2/ Ved, didn’t + V1…… )

If S + had + V3/ed +O, S + would / should + have + V3/ed

hadn’t + V3/-ed wouldn’t / shouldn’t + have + V3/ed
Ex: If he(come) ………………..here early , he would have met her

Note :

- Unless = if …………not

- or = if……………not

- without = if ……. not

Ex: Hurry up or you will be late for school

 If …………………………………………………………..

 Unless …………….……………………………………….

* Cách đổi từ If → unless


If

Unless

Khẳng định

Khẳng định (mệnh đề chính đổi thể)

Phủ định

Khẳng định (mệnh đề chính không đổi)

Ex: If he doesn’t study hard, he will fail the exam

 Unless he ………………………………………………………………………

2/. Dạng nhấn mạnh mệnh đề if

Muốn nhấn mạnh mệnh đề if ta chỉ cần bỏ if và đảo ngữ ở mệnh đề if ( Giống dạng câu hỏi nhưng không có dấu chấm hỏi)



- Loại 1:

If + S + am/ is/ are +O , S’ll +V1 +O

Am/Is/ Are + S +O , S + will +V1 +O


If + S + V1 / Vs/es +O , S’ll +V1 +O

  • Do / Does +S +V1 +O , S +will +V1 +O

Should + S + V1, S +will +V1 +O
EX : If he keeps his feet dry , he won’t be sick .

 ……………………………………………………………


- Loại 2:
If +S + were +O , S+ would + V1 +O EX: If I were you , I would help her .

Were I you , S + would +V1 + O  ……………………………..


If +S + V2/ V ed +O , S + would + V1 +O

Did + S + V1 + O , S+ would +V1 +O



- Loại 3:

If + S + had +V3/ed +O , S+ would + have + V3/ed + O

Had +S +V3/ed +O , S + would + have + V3/ed + O

EX : If he had come here he would have had great fun

………………………………………………………………..



3/. Cách đổi từ câu tình huống sang câu điều kiện :

  • Open condition: Khi hai câu tình huống đều ở tương lai (will/ shall/ won’t/ shan’t / tomorrow, next / in the future ….. ) ta nối câu dùng điều kiện loại I .

Ex1: He’ll come here .He’ll meet her .

 ……………………………………………………………………………………..



Ex2: They will study hard .They will pass the exam.

 ………………………………………………………………………………………



Ex3: She won’t have time .She won’t visit us .

……………………………………………………………………………………..



EX4 : They won’t visit her .She will be sad .

……………………………………………………………………………………



  • Present unreal condition :

-Khi hai câu tình huống có liên quan đến hiện tại ( now, today , am,is,are, V1,Vs/es , don’t, doesn’t ) ta đổi thành điều kiện loại II .Phải đổi từ phủ sang khẳng và ngược lại .

EX5: He isn’t here . He doesn’t have good fun

…………………………………………………………………………………



  • Past unreal :

- Khi câu tình huống có liên quan đến quá khứ ( yesterday / last/ ago /was/were/V2/ed / didn’t + V1) ta đổi thành điều kiện loại III .Phải đổi từ phủ sang khẳng và ngược lai .

EX6: He didn’t study hard . He got bad marks .

……………………………………………………………………



NOTE: Trong câu điều kiện hổn hợp ,ta có thể dùng vế if ở loại III ( Xẩy ra trong QK ) ,với mệnh đề chính loại II (Kết quả còn ở HT )

Ex7: He stayed up late last night. He is tired now.

 ………………………………………………………………………………….

EXERCISE

I/. Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D to complete each sentence.


  1. If you ______ to my advice in the first place, you______ in this mess right now.

A. listen/ won’t be B. had listened/ wouldn’t have been

C. will listened/ wouldn’t be D. had listened/ wouldn’t be



  1. If he ____ me, I’ll be ready to help him.

A. ask B. will ask C. asks D. to ask

  1. If winter comes, I ____ a new coat.

A. buying B. buy C. will buy D. buys

  1. What would Tom do if he ____ the truth?

A. would know B. has know C. knows D. knew

  1. If I ____ you, I wouldn’t do that.

A. be B. were C. was D. had been

  1. If I had money now, I _____ a car.

A. will buy B. buy C. would buy D. had bought

  1. They would have had accidents if they _____ fast at the time.

A. was driving B. had driven C. drove D. drive

  1. If I had been absent from class yesterday, I____ the math test

A. would missed B. would have missed C. will miss D. miss

  1. If you _____ here earlier, you _____ her.

A. had come/ would have met B. come /meet

C. came/would meet D. comes will meet



  1. If I _____ a millionaire, I ______ a Civic Honda.

A. am/ will buy B. was/ would buy C. was/ would have bought D. were/ would buy

  1. “ Here is my phone number”- “thanks, I _______ you a call if I _____ some help.”

A. will give/ will need B. would give/ need C. will give/ need D. give/ need

22. The teacher was absent today, so class was canceled. If she _____ absent again tomorrow, class____ tomorrow, too.

A. is/ will cancel B. is/ will be canceled

C. was/ would be canceled D. was/ would cancel



  1. If I _____ wings, I _____ take an airplane to fly home.

A. have/ won’t have to B. had/ wouldn’t have to

C. have/ will have to D. had/ didn’t have to



  1. I think you should stop smoking.

A. if I am you, I will stop smoking. B. if I were you, I will stop smoking.

C. if I were you, I would stop smoking. D. if I had been you, I would stop smoking.



  1. If I were you, I would work harder.

A. you would rather not work so hard B. you should work harder

C. you should work with me D. do not work so hard.



  1. We did not visit the museum because we had no time.

A. If we have time, we will visit the museum.

B. If we had time, we would visit the museum.

C. If we had had time, we would have visited the museum.

D. If we had had time, we will visit the museum.

26. If the wall weren't so high, he _____ it up to take his ball down.

A. climbed B. could climb C. is climbing D. climb

27. If I _____ her phone number, I _____ her last night

A. had known / could have phoned B. knew / would have phoned

C. know / can phone D. knew / could phone

28. __________you work harder, you will be sacked.

A. Whether B. If C. However D. Unless

29.Unless you _____ quiet, I’ll scream.

A. don’t keep B. keep C. kept D. didn’t keep

30.I won’t wake unless I ______ the alarm.

A. don’t hear B. heard C. hear D. didn’t hear

31.______, he would have been able to pass the exam.

A. If he studied more B. If he were studying more

C. studying more D. had he studied more

32.Had I had some more money, I _______ that book.

A. Would buy B. will buy C. would have bought D. all are correct

33.______ if I take a map.

A. I will get lost B. I will not get lost C. I would get lost D. I would not get l

34.If cauliflowers ______ from extreme temperatures, the heads get discolored.

A. will not be protected B. are not protected

35. I would have visited you before if there _____ quite a lot of people in your house.

A. hadn't B. hadn't been C. wouldn't be D. wasn't



II/. Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one.

36.If I were taller, I could reach the top shelf:

A. I am not tall enough to reach the top shelf.

B. I am too tall to reach the top shelf.

C. I cannot reach the top shelf because I am very tall.

D. In spite of being tall, I cannot reach the top shelf.

37. I don’t know philosophy, so I can’t answer your questions.

A. If I know philosophy, I can’t answer your questions.

B. If I philosophy, I will ba able to answer your questions.

C.If I knew philosophy, I would be able to answer your questions.

D. If I had known philosophy, I would have been able to answer your questions.

38. She didn’t stop her car because she didn’t see the signal.

A. If she saw the signal, she would stop her car.

B. If she had seen the signal, she would stop her car.

C. If she had seen the signal, she would have stopped her car.

D. If she saw the signal, she would have stopped her car.

39. His flight was delayed so he couldn’t be here on time.

A. He would be here in time if his flight were not delayed.

B. He would have been here in time if his flight hadn’t been delayed.

C. He would be here in time if his flight hadn’t been delayed.

D. He would have been here in time if his flight weren’t delayed.

40.We didn’t go by air because I didn’t have enough money.

A. We would go by air if we had enough money .

B. We would have gone by air if we had had enough money .

C. we had had enough money if we would have gone by air.

D. If we would go by air , we had enough money.



III/. Choose the underlined part in each sentence (A, B, C or D) that needs correcting.

41.If I had knew the time when the match started, I would have told you.

A B C D

42.If had I known you were in financial difficulty, I would have helped you.



A B C D

43.If she had listened to my direction she will not turn down the wrong street.

A B C D

44.My children won’t go to bed unless they don’t watch cartoon films .



A B C D

45.If you keep on playing games on the computer, I would sell it.

A D C D

46.What do you do if you won the first prize of the lottery?



A B C D

47. Would people be able to fly, if they have feathers instead of hair?

A B C D

48.If were I you ,I would help her do her homework .



A B C D

49.If I had breakfast this morning ,I wouldn’t be hungry now .

A B C D

50. If a drop of oil is placed in a glass of water, it would float to the top.



A B C D




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