Revision cách nhận biết từ loại: a. Cánh nhận biết danh từ


S + have / has + been + V-ing



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S + have / has + been + V-ing

S + haven’t / hasn’t + been + V-ing

Wh- + have / has + S + been + V-ing …?

* Cách dùng:

- Một hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ, kéo dài đến hiện tại và có thể tiếp tục trong tương lai nhưng nhấn mạnh sự liên tục của hành động.

Ex: I’ve been working here for ten years now.

* Dấu hiệu: for + khoảng thời gian + now,

5. Quá khứ đơn (Simple Past)

* Công thức:



V thường to be

S + V2/-ed S + was / were …

S + didn’t + V1 S + wasn’t / weren’t ….

Wh- + did + S + V1…? Wh - + S + was / were …?

* Cách dùng:

- Một hành động xảy ra và chấm dứt ở thời điểm xác định trong quá khứ.

Ex: We bought this car two years ago.

- Một thói quen trong quá khứ.



Ex: When I was young, I often went swimming with my friends in this river.

- Một chuỗi hành động trong quá khứ

Ex: I entered the room, turned on the light, went to the kitchen and had dinner.

* Dấu hiệu:



yesterday ________ ( yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon,…….)

last _______ ( last year, last night, last week, last month….)

_______ ago ( two years ago, many months ago, ten minutes ago….)



in + year in the past ( một năm nào đó trong quá khứ: in 1999, in 2001…)

in the past, in the old times, …: trước đây, ngày xưa

6. Quá khứ tiếp diễn (Past continuous):

* Công thức:



S + was / were + V-ing

S + was / were + not + V-ing

Wh- + was / were + S + V-ing…?

* Cách dùng:

- Một hành động đang diễn ra tại một thời điểm xác định trong quá khứ.

Ex: What were you doing at 7 pm yesterday?

- Một hành động đang xảy ra trong quá khứ thì một hành động khác xảy ra cắt ngang.



Ex: Mai was watching TV when I came home.

- Hai hành động xảy ra song song trong quá khứ.



Ex: While her mother was cooking dinner, her father was reading books.

* Dấu hiệu:



At + giờ + thời gian trong quá khứ

At this/ that time + thời gian trong quá khứ

Khi hai mệnh đề nối với nhau bằng chữ when hoặc while



Note: Hai hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ: hành động ngắn dùng quá khứ đơn; hành động dài dùng quá khứ tiếp diễn.

Last night, when they were having dinner, she entered their room.



7. Quá khứ hoàn thành (Past perfect)

* Công thức:



S + had + V3/-ed

S + hadn’t + V3/-ed

Wh- + had + S + V3/-ed…?

* Cách dùng:

- Một hành động xảy ra trước một hành động khác trong quá khứ.

Ex: He had left the house before she came.

- Một hành động xảy ra trước một thời điểm xác định trong quá khứ.



Ex: We had had lunch by two o’clock yesterday.

By the age of 25, he had written two famous novels.

* Dấu hiệu: before, after, when, by the time, as soon as, as, by + thời gian trong quá khứ

Note: Hai hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ: hành động trước dùng QKHT, hành động sau dùng QKĐ

Ex: She had finished her work before she went out.



8. Quá khứ hoàn thành tiếp diễn:

* Công thức:



S + had been + V-ing

S + hadn’t been + V-ing

Wh- + had + S + been + V-ing …?

* Cách dùng:

- Một hành động xảy ra trước một hành động khác hoặc trước một thời điểm trong quá khứ nhưng nhấn mạnh đến tính liên tục của hành động.

Ex: We had been waiting for two hours before she came.

* Dấu hiệu: before, after, when, by the time, as soon as, as, by + thời gian trong quá khứ



9. Tương lai đơn (Simple future):

* Công thức:



S + will / shall + V1

S + won’t / shan’t + V1

Wh- + will / shall + S + V1…?

* Cách dùng:

- Một hành sẽ xảy ra trong tương lai (không có dự tính)

Ex: - They will come here next week.

- The football match will be over at 7 o’clock.

- Một lời đề nghị hay một yêu cầu (ở thể nghi vấn)

Ex: Will you go to the cinema with me?

- Một quyết định đưa ra vào thời điểm nói

Ex: The bag is very heavy. – I’ll help you.

* Dấu hiệu:



next… ( next week, next month, …..), someday, tomorrow, soon, in + năm trong tương lai, in the future …

Note: Để diễn tả một hành động có dự định hay một dự đoán trong tương lai, ta có thể dùng BE GOING TO + V1:

S + am / is / are + going to + V1

Ex: - Why do you buy a lot of suger? – I’m going to make a cake.

- Look at those clouds! It is going to rain.



10. Tương lai tiếp diễn (Future continuous):

* Công thức:



S + will / shall + be + V-ing

S + won’t / shan’t + be + V-ing

Wh- + will / shall + S + be + V-ing …?

* Cách dùng:

- Một hành sẽ đang xảy ra tại một thời điểm xác định trong tương lai.

Ex: - At 9a.m tomorrow, we will be studying Math.

* Dấu hiệu:



at + giờ trong tương lai (at 10 p.m tomorrow, at 7 pm tonight…)

at this time + thời gian tương lai (at this time next summer, at this time next month …)

11. Tương lai hoàn thành (Future perfect):

* Công thức:



S + will have + V3/-ed

S + won’t have + V3/-ed

Wh- + will + S + have + V3/-ed…?

* Cách dùng:

- Một hành động sẽ hoàn thành trước một thời điểm hay một hành động khác trong tương lai.

Ex: By lunch time, I will have typed five letters.

Before you go home tonight, I will have prepared dinner.

* Dấu hiệu:

by + mốc thời gian, by the time, before …

EXERCISE

I. Pronunciation:

1. A. proofs B. books C. points D. days

2. A. asks B. laughs C. lives D. hopes

3. A. sees B. sports C. pools D. trains

4. A. tombs B. lamps C. brakes D. invites

5. A. books B. floors C. combs D. drums

6. A. cats B. tapes C. rides D. cooks

7. A. walks B. begins C. helps D. cuts

8. A. shoots B. grounds C. concentrates D. forests

9. A. helps B. coughs C. cooks D. finds

10. A. hours B. fathers C. dreams D. thinks

11. A. beds B. doors C. plays D. students

12. A. arms B. suits C. chairs D. boards

13. A. boxes B. classes C. potatoes D. finishes

14. A. relieves B. invents C. buys D. deals

15. A. dreams B. heals C. kills D. tasks

16. A. resources B. stages C. preserves D. focuses

17. A. villages B. whistles C. assures D. costumes

18. A. offers B. mounts C. kitchens D. words

19. A. likes B. works C. accidents D. names

20. A. sports B. households C. minds D. plays

Choose the best answer among A, B, C, or D.

1. When I last saw him, he _____ in London.

A. has lived B. is living C. was living D. has been living

2. We _______ Dorothy since last Saturday.

A. don’t see B. haven’t seen C. didn’t see D. hadn’t seen

3. The train ______ half an hour ago.

A. has been leaving B. left C. has left D. had left

4. Jack ______ the door.

A. has just painted B. paint C. will have painted D. painting

5. My sister ________ for you since yesterday.

A. is looking B. was looking C. has been looking D. looked

6. I ______ Texas State University now.

A. am attending B. attend C. was attending D. attended

7. He has been selling motorbikes ________.

A. ten years ago B. since ten years C. for ten years ago D. for ten years

8. Christopher Columbus _______ American more than 500 years ago.

A. discovered B. has discovered C. had discovered D. had been discovering

9. He fell down when he ______ towards the church.

A. run B. runs C. was running D. had run

10. We _______ there when our father died.

A. still lived B. lived still C. was still lived D. were still living

11. They ______ table tennis when their father comes back home.

A. will play B. will be playing C. play D. would play

12. By Christmas, I _______ for Mr. Smith for six years.

A. shall have worked B. shall work C. have been working D. shall be working

13. I _______ in the room right now.

A. am being B. was being C. have been being D. am

14. I ______ to New York three times this year.

A. have been B. was C. were D. had been

15. I’ll come and see you before I _______ for the States.

A. leave B. will leave C. have left D. shall leave

16. The little girl asked what _______ to her friend.

A. has happened B. was happened C. had happened D. would have been happened

17. John ______ a book when I saw him.

A. is reading B. read C. was reading D. reading

18. Her brother ______ in Canada at present.

A. working B. works C. is working D. work

19. I ______ to the same barber since last year.

A. am going B. have been going C. go D. had gone

20. Her father ______ when she was a small girl.

A. dies B. died C. has died D. had died

21. Almost everyone _______ for home by the time we arrived.

A. leave B. left C. leaves D. had left

22. By the age of 25, he ______ two famous novels.

A. wrote B. writes C. has written D. had written

23. While her husband was in the army, Mary ______ to him twice a week.

A. was reading B. wrote C. was written D. had written

24. I have never played badminton before. This is the first time I _____ to play.

A. try B. tried C. have tried D. am trying

25. Since _______, I have heard nothing from him.

A. he had left B. he left C. he has left D. he was left

26. After I _______ lunch, I looked for my bag.

A. had B. had had C. have has D. have had

27. By the end of next year, George _______ English for two years.

A. will have learned B. will learn C. has learned D. would learn

28. The man got out of the car, ________ round to the back and opened the book.

A. walking B. walked C. walks D. walk

29. Henry _______ into the restaurant when the writer was having dinner.

A. was going B. went C. has gone D. did go

30. He will take the dog out for a walk as soon as he ______ dinner.

A. finish B. finishes C. will finish D. finishing

31. How long _____ able to drive? – since 1990.

A. could you B. have you been C. were you D. are you

32. They ______ since eight o’clock.

A. are talking B. have been talking C. talked D. talk

33. My brother _______ in the army from 1990 to 1995.

A. served B. has served C. had served D. is serving

34. At this moment, I _____ that we have a good chance of victory.

A. was feeling B. am feeling C. feel D. had been feeling

35. I _____ the money from him yet.

A. haven’t received B. don’t receive C. will receive D. am receiving

36. This is the most interesting book _____ .

A. I’ve read B. I had read C. I’ve ever readed D. I’ve ever read

37. I ____ him ten days ago.

A. see B. saw C. have seen D. will see

38. At present, that author ______ a historical novel.

A. is writing B. was writing C. has written D. had written

39. By next month, I _____ my first novel.

A. will finish B. am going to finish C. finish D. will have finished

40. Mr. John_______ to Los Angeles in 1992.

A. had gone B. has gone C. went D. was going

41. They ____the exercise when their teacher comes back.

A. are doing B. will be doing C. do D. would do

42. By Christmas, I ____ for the company for five years.

A. shall have been working B. shall work

C. have been working D. shall be working

43. We ______ exam at 8 o’clock next Monday.

A. will take B. will be taking C. take D. would take

44. By the end of next year, my son _______ English for six months.

A. will learn B. will have learned C. has learned D. had learned

45. I will contact you as soon as I ___________the information.

A. will get B. get C. got D. had got

46. When I walk past the park, I saw some children playing football.

A B C D


47. After John eaten dinner, he wrote several letters and went to bed.

A B C D


48. What did you do at 9 o'clock last night? I was phoning you but nobody answered.

A B C D


49. I think I won’t come to the party because I had an interview for a job with a publishing firm.

A B C D


50. When you will come to Dalat next summer, I will take you round the city.

A B C D
UNIT 2: CUTURAL DIVERSITY



A. READING

- culture (n) ………………………………….

- cultural (a) ………………………………….

- diverse (a) ………………………………….

- diversity ( n) = variety (n) ……………………………………

- diversify (v): ……………………………………

- approve (v): …………………………………….

- approval (n) ≠ disapproval (n): ……………………………………



- believe in …………………………………….

- contractual marriage

- attract ( ): …………………………………..

- marry to s.o (v): …………………………………..

- marriage (n): - married (a): …………………………………..

- groom (n): …………………………………....

- bride (n): ………………………………….…



- decide on s.th ……………………………………

- suppose (v) ……………………………………

- precede (v) = ………………………………….: ……………………………………

- survey (n) ……………………………………



- conduct a survey ……………………………………

- determine (v) = ………………………………: …………………………….. ……..

- response (n) ……………………………………

- attractive ( ): …………………………………..

- attraction ( ): …………………………………..

- physical attractiveness (n): ……………………………..……

- concern with (v) = relate to: …………………………………..

- maintain (v): …………………………..……….

- appearance (n): ……………………………………

- confide (v): ……………………………………………: …………………………………….

- confide in s.o: …………………………………….

- wise (a) ≠ unwise (a): ……………………………………….

- reject (v): …………………………………….…

- sacrifice (v): …………………………………………..: ……………………………………...

- trust (n, v): ……………………………………….

- trustful (a): ……………………………………..



- oblige to (v): …………………………….. ……………………………………..

- obligation ( ): ……………………………………

- counterpart (n): ………………………………………

- romance (n) - romantic (a) ………………………………………



Task 1 (Textbook page 22)

Task 2:

1. The survey is based on ___________ values.

A. three B. four C. five D. six

2. ________ people much more concerned with physical attractiveness when choosing a wife or a husband.

A. American B. Chinese C. Indian D. Asian

3. The word “they” in paragraph 3, line 3 refers to __________

A. The Americans B. The Indians C. The Chinese D. The Asian students

4. Which one of the following is not mentioned in the passage?

A. Many Indian students think that women have to sacrifice more in a marriage than a man.

B. The Asian wife trust her husband’s activities.

C. Young Americans are more romantic than the Asians.

D. Most Indian men agree that it is unwise to confide in their wife.

5. What is the main topic of the passage?

A. Different beliefs B. Contractual marriage

C. Love and marriage D. Different attitudes toward love and marriage

B. SPEAKING + C. LISTENING

- generation (n): …………………………………….

- under one roof …………………………………….

- old-aged (a) ……………………………………

- nursing home ……………………………………

- income (n) ……………………………………

- greet (v) ……………………………………

- fall in love with s.o …………………………………….

- decide + to-V1 ……………………………………

- attitude toward ……………………………………..

- independent of (a) ……………………………………..

dependent on (a); ……………………………………..

- protect s.o from .th …………………………………….

Ex: The conical leaf hat protects people from sun and rain.

- altar (n) …………………………………….

- ‘ancestor (n) ……………………………………

- beauty (n) ……………………………………...

- beautiful ( ) …………………………………..…

- beautify (v) ……………………………………...



- agree with ……………..……………………….

Note:

1
It’s + adj + to-inf ….: thật … để

V-ing … + is + adj

/ Ex: It’s difficult to study English.

-------------------------------------------------------------


2/ Cách diễn tả ý kiến:

I think / feel / believe …. ……………………………………………………….

In my opinion, …. ………………………………………………………

For me, …. ………………………………………………………

I don’t agree …. ……………………………………………………….

It’s / That’s not true …. ……………………………………………………….

That’s wrong … ……………………………………………………….

Ex: I think it’s a good idea to have three or four generations living under one roof.



EXERCISE

Choose the best answer

  1. a. naked b. looked c. booked d. cooked

  2. a. concerned b. raised c. developed d. maintained

  3. a. appeared b. agreed c. coughed d. loved

  4. a. sacrificed b. trusted c. recorded d. acted

  5. a. laughed b. weighed c. helped d. missed

  6. a. partnership b. romantic c. actually d. attitude

  7. a. believe b. marriage c. response d. maintain

  8. a. summary b. different c. physical d. decision

  9. a. attractiveness b. traditional c. generation d. American

  10. a. certain b. couple c. decide d. equal

11. "Let's go to the movie now" -"Oh! ____________"

A. I don't B. Why's that? C. I need it D. Good idea

12. “Hello! My name is Minh. Nice to meet you.” – “Hello! ____________”

A. I’m fine B. Really? C. Good D. I’m Jane. Glad to see you.

13. Mary: “ How do you get here?” Jane: “ ______________”

A. I come here by bus. B. I come here at 5p.m.

C. The bus is very crowded D. It is very far from here

14. Lan: “Are you American?” – John: “__________”

A. Sorry! B. Yes? C. Excuse me? D. Pardon?

15. Thanks for your help!” “________________”

A. With all my heart B. Never mind me C. It’s my pleasure D. All it is for you

D. WRITING

Choose the best answer

1. Mr. Brown bought this car five years ago.

A. Mr. Brown started to buy this car five years ago. B. It has been five years when Mr. Brown bought this car

C. Mr. Brown has had this car for five years . D. It is five years ago since Mr. Brown bought this car.

2. I came to live here three months ago.

A. It was three months since I lived here. B. I’ve been living here for three months.

C. I lived here for three months. D. I didn’t live here for three months.

3. My father hasn’t smoked cigarettes for a month.

A. It’s a month since my father last smoked cigarettes. B. It’s a month ago that my father smoked cigarettes.

C. It’s a month that my father hasn’t smoked cigarettes. D. It’s a cigarette that my father smoked a month ago.

4. I haven’t enjoyed myself so much for years.

A. It’s years since I last enjoyed myself so much. B. It’s years since I have enjoyed myself so much.

C. It was years since I had enjoyed myself so much. D. It has been years since I have enjoyed myself so much.

5. We started working here three years ago.

A. We worked here for three years. B. We have no longer worked here for three years.

C. We have worked here for three years. D. We will work here in three years.

6. It’s a long time since we last went to the cinema.

A. We have been to the cinema for a long time. B. We haven’t been to the cinema for a long time.

C. We don’t go to the cinema as we used to. D. We wish we went to the cinema now.

7. He last had his eyes tested ten months ago.

A. He hasn’t had his eyes tested for ten months . B. He had not tested his eyes for ten months then.

C. He had tested his eyes ten months before. D. He didn’t have any test on his eyes in ten months.

8. Someone knocked on the door during my lunchtime.

A. I had lunch when someone knocked on the door.

B. When I had had lunch, someone knocked on the door.

C. I was having lunch when someone was knocking on the door.

D. I was having lunch when someone knocked on the door.

9. I haven’t been here before.

A. Being here is a pleasant experience. B. This is the first time I have been here .

C. I have wished to be here for long. D. Before long I will be here.

10. The last time I saw Rose was three years ago.

A. I hasn’t seen Rose for three years. B. I haven’t seen Rose three years ago.

C. I haven’t seen Rose since three years. D. I haven’t seen Rose for three years.

Find the underlined parts that need correcting

1. The phone rung while I was washing the dishes.

A B C D

2. Did the letters which I want been typed yet?



A B C D

3. Although they always argued with each other, they are good friends.

A B C D

4. Since they study in the same primary school, they have known each other.



A B C D

5. When they came home, they haven’t bought anything from the supermarket.

A B C D




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