Revision cách nhận biết từ loại: a. Cánh nhận biết danh từ



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WRITING

1. What may happen if John will not arrive in time?

A. go along B. count on C. keep away D. turn up

2. Johnny sometimes visits his grandparents in the countryside.

A. calls on B. keeps off C. takes in D. goes up

3. They decided to postpone their journey till the end of the month because of the epidemic.

A. take up B. turn round C. put off D. do with

4. I do not use those things any more. You can _______ them away.

A. get B. fall C throw D. make

5. They were late for work because their car _______ down.

A. got B. put C. cut D. broke

6. At the station, we often see the sigh “________ for pickpockets”.


A. watch on B. watch out C. watch up D. watch at

7. I am late because my alarm clock didn’t _________ this morning.

A. come on B. ring out C. go off D. turn on

8. UNESCO _____ United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

A. stands for B. brings about C. takes after D. gets across

9. Don't forget to take your gloves on. It is cold outside.

A. B. C. D.

10. The passengers had to wait because the plane turned off one hour late.

A. B. C. D.

11. The bomb went off in the garage; fortunately no one hurt.

A. B. C. D.

12. I can’t get on walking. Can we stop and have a short rest?

A B C D

13. You can look for these new words in the dictionary if you don't know their meanings.

A B C D
LANGUAGE FOCUS

I. Pronunciation

1 a. initiate b. medical c. rapidly d. possible

2 a. volunteer b. wherever c. example d. disaster

3 a. disaster b. prisoner c. agency d. family

4 a. international b. federation c. society d. dedication

5 a. catastrophe b. propose c. become d. survive

6 a. treatment b. struggle c. initiate d. total

7 a. symbol b. emergency c. poverty d. qualify



II. Grammar

PHRASAL VERBS
- fill in (a form) điền vào (đơn)

- look up (words in dictionary) tra cứu

- give up = stop/quit từ bỏ

- put on = wear mặc vào

- take off tháo ra, cất cánh

- turn on # turn off mở # tắt

- wash up rửa chén

- turn up = arrive đến

- go on = continue = keep on tiếp tục

- go off = ring / explode reo, nổ



- look after = take care off chăm sóc

- try out = test thử nghiệm, kiểm tra



- take after = resemble giống

- hold up = delay / put off / postpone trì hoãn

- get over = recover from vượt qua

- turn round quay người lại

- lie down nằm xuống

- go in # go out đi vào # đi ra ngoài

- go away đi xa, đi khỏi

- hurry up khẩn trương lên

- look down upon coi thường

- lose contact with = lose touch with mất liên lạc với …

- lose one’s temper mất bình tĩnh

- prevent s.o from s.th cản trở ai không …

- laugh at cười vào …

- smile at cười với …

- explain … to … giải thích cái gì cho ai

- glance at liếc nhìn …

- invite … to … mời đến

- stare at nhìn chằm chằm vào …



- point at chỉ vào

- write … to viết (thư) đến …

- listen to lắng nghe

- speak to s.o / talk to s.o nói chuyện với ai

- wait for đợi, chờ …

- talk about nói về …

- search for = look for tìm kiếm

- ask …. for …. hỏi xin ai cái gì

- apply for a job nộp đơn xin việc

- apply to s.o nộp đơn đến ai

- discussion about thảo luận về

* Một số phrasal verbs thường gặp:




No

Phrasal verbs

No

Phrasal verbs

1

keep up with = catch up with : theo kịp

21

grow up trưởng thành

2

die of : chết vì

22

wake up đánh thức

3

fall behind : rơi lại phía sau

23

stand for viết tắt cho

4

believe in : tin vào

24

stay on ở lại

5

look out = watch out = be careful: cẩn thận

25

speak up nói lớn lên

6

consist of : gồm có

26

pass away = die chết

7

cool off : làm nguội

27

wait up /for đợi

8

get on / along well with hoà thuận với

28

spend…on… chi phí cho

9

pay attention to : chú ý đến

29

escape from thoát khỏi

10

search for = look for tìm kiếm

30

translate…. into……: dịch sang

11

get up thức dậy

31

go over = read carefully : xem , coi kỹ bài

12

give in chịu thua

32

take over đảm nhận ,tiếp quản

13

throw ...at... ném vào

33

ready for sẵn sang cho …

14

go down giảm giá

34

success in thành công

15

go up tăng giá

35

rely on tin tưởng vào

16

smile at mỉm cười

36

laugh at cười nhạo …

17

borrow ……. from…:mượn … từ…

37

shout at la ,hét

18

live on sống nhờ vào

38

famous for nổi tiếng về

19

surprised at ngạc nhiên về

39

proud of tự hào về

20

married to kết hôn với ai

40

busy with bận công việc gì


Adjectives

Prepositions

Meaning

accustomed

harmful

important

moved

necessary

kind

lucky

available

useful

similar

married

opposite

to

to

to

to

to

to

to

to

to

to

to

to

quen với việc gì

Có hại


Quan trọng với

Chuyển đến

Cần thiết với

Tử tế


May mắn

Có sẵn


Hữu ích

Tương tự với

Kết hôn với

Đối diện


fond

afraid

aware

capable

full

sick

tired

ashamed

proud

short


of

of

of

of

of

of

of

of

of

of


thích điều gì

sợ ai / điều gì

biết điều gì ,coi chừngviệc gì

có khả năng về việc gì

đầy những ai /cái gì

chán nản điều gì

chán điều gì ,chán làm điều gì

xấu hổ về điều gì

tự hào về ai

thiếu thốn



clever

amazed

angry

quick

good

present

surprised

bad

at

at

at

at

at

at

at

at

giỏi, khéo léo về việc gì

ngạc nhiên về điều gì

giận dữ về điều gì

nghe thính

giỏi về môn học

có mặt tại một nơi

ngạc nhiên về điều gì

dở , tệ về môn



famous

difficult

convenient



good

ready

late

responsible

responsible

useful

perfect


bad

sorry

well-known

for

for

for


for

for

for

for

for


for

for


for

for

for

nổi tiếng về

khó cho ai

thuận tiện cho ai

lợi ích, có ích cho

sẵn sàng làm việc gì

trể cho việc gì

chịu trách nhiệm về việc gì

có phận sự làm điều gì

có ích cho ai ,việc gì

hoàn hảo cho việc gì

xấu cho việc gì

thương hại cho

nổi tiếng về


angry

busy

bored

pupolar

crowded

tired


bored

with

with


with

with


with

with


with



giận ai vì làm điều gì

bận công việc gì

chán vì việc gì

được ai biết, yêu mến

đông đúc với

mệt nhọc vì lí do gì

chán nản việc gì


rich

successful

confident

interested

in

in

in



in

phì nhiêu,có nhiều về

thành công trong việc gì

tin cậy vào ai

thích ,quan tâm điều gì




absent

different

safe

tired

far

from

from


from

from


from

vắng mặt ở nơi nào

khác với điều gì

an toàn khỏi điều gì

mệt vì làm việc gì

xa ai , việc gì


anxious

concernt

confused

about

about


about


lo lắng về điều gì

lo lắng về việc gì /cho ai

rối rắm về điều gì


keen

fed

on

up with

thích , say mê điều gì

chán việc gì






agree with : đồng ý với

appeal to :kêu gọi



apologise for :xin lỗi vì

accuse of : buộc tội

apply for :xin (việc)

ask for : xin

arrive at :đến nơi

believe in :tin là có

belong to :thuộc về , là của

bring about :đưa đến ,dẫn đến



bring up :nuôi nấng

borrow ……. from…:mượn của

buy ……. from… :mua từ



complain about :phàn nàn về

consist of : gồm có

come from : đến từ

congratulate…on:hoan hô ,chúc mừng

cover….with… : bao ,phủ với

depend on : phụ thuộc vào

die of :chết vì

differ from : khác với

dreame of :tưởng tượng

compete with : tranh đua với

carry out :thực hiện

decide on :quyết định làm

escape from : thoát khỏi

explain ….. to….: giải thích cho

fall off :ngả,té

fall in love with: bắt đầu yêu

grow up :trưởng thành

happen to :xảy đến với

hear about :được nghe nói tới

hear from :nhận được tin tức

insist on :nằng nặc đòi, nhấn mạnh

think of :nghĩ đến ,nghĩ ra

think about :nghĩ về

talk about /sth :nói về việc gì

talk to /so :nói với ai

spend…on… :chi phí cho

supply….. with…. :cung cấp

take off : cởi ,tháo ra

show off :khoe khoan

turn on : bật ,mở

turn off :tắt

translate…. into……: dịch sang

keep up with :bắt kịp

look at : nhìn thẳng vào

look into :điều tra xem xét

look for : tìm kiếm

look up……in… :tra cứu

forgive….for… : tha thứ

leave….for… : rời đến

get rid of :tống khứ ,loại trừ

get on :lên xe (buýt, taxi)

get off :xuống xe

wait for :chờ đợi

work on :làm việc cho

worry about : lo lắng về

warn about :báo trước về

wake up :thức giấc, đánh thức giấc

get up : thức dậy

hand in :giao ,nộp (bài )

disagree with :không đồng ý với

trouble about :lo lắng về

brother about :băn khoăn về

focus on : tập trung vào

go after : đuổi theo sau ai

go ahead : đi thẳng tới

go along : đi dọc theo

go away : đi xa , đi khỏi

go back : quay lại = turn back

go by : đi qua ,trôi qua (time)

go off : cháy, nổ

go on : tiếp tục


be +involed : dính líu,liên lụy đến

invite to :mời

import…from :nhập khẩu từ

let off :thả ,buông ra

lead to dẫn đến

go on with :tiếp tục

look foward to :mong chờ

infer from :suy ra từ

listen to : lắng nghe

laugh at :cười vào

glance at : liếc nhìn (ai)

live on :sống nhờ vào

live in :sống ở đâu

make …..of…. :làm bằng

make….from…: làm bằng

make in : sản xuất tại (nước)

make up : trang điểm

make use of :dùng

make fun of :chế nhạo

object to : bác bỏ

profit from : lợi dụng

participate in : tham gia vào

prefer …to… :thích…hơn…

put off :hoãn lại

prevent…from…: ngăn mgừa

point at :chỉ vào ,chỉa vào

put on : mặc vào

take off :cởi,bỏ ra (giày, dép,áo…)

make rom for :tạo khỏang trống cho

prepare for : chuẩn bị cho

provide with : cung cấp

pay attention to : để ý đến

pay a visit to :thăng viếng

receive from :nhận từ

smile at : mỉm cười

laugh at cười nhạo

shout at : la ,hét

rely on :tin tưởng vào

suffer from : bị , chịu đựng

success in : thành công

remind ….of… :nhắc nhở

take over :đảm nhận ,tiếp quản

take care of : chăm sóc

go out : dập tắt

go over : xem , coi kỹ bài

take part in : tham gia vào

thank…..for… :cám ơn vì

go down (price) : giảm giá

go up (price) : tăng giá

divide into : chia thành





  • catch sight of : thoáng thấy

  • give place to: để chổ cho

  • give way to : nhường đường cho

  • keep space with :theo kịp

  • lose sight of: mất hút

  • lose touch with:mất liên lạc với

  • make allowance for: chiếu cố đến

  • make fun of:đùa cợt,chế nhạo

  • make a fuss over / about:làm lộn xộn,la ó lên

  • make room for:dành phòng cho

  • make use of:đem dùng

  • pay attention to:chú ý đến

  • put an end to: chấm dứt, kết thúc

  • put a stop to:chấm dứt

  • set fire to:làm cháy,đốt

  • take account of:tính đến

  • take advantage of:lợi dụng

  • take care of:chăm sóc

  • take note of:ghi nhận

  • take notice of:lưu ý, để ý


EXERCISE:

1. Although the team was both mentally and physically exhausted, they ________ on walking.

a. stopped b. kept c. took d. put

2. Don't forget to ________ your gloves on. It is cold outside.

a. let b. make c. put d. fix

3. If you don't pay your rent, your landlord is going to kick you out!

a. lend you some money b. play football with you c. give you a kick d. force you to leave

4. Yesterday I ran into Sam at the grocery store. I had not seen him for years.

a. met b. visited c. said goodbye to d. made friends with

5. Let's go over that report again before we submit it.

a. dictate b. print c. read carefully d. type

6. Who will __________ the children when you are away ?

a. take care on b. take care of c. take care d. care on

7. She is looking _______ a new place to live because she does not want to depend _______ her parents any more.

a. for / on b. after / with c. up / forward d. at / into

8. I was brought _______ in the countryside by my aunt after my parents had pass _______.

a. on / over b. for / on c. on / off d. up / away

9. Due to industrialization, we have to cope _____the fact that many species are ____ danger ______extinction.

a. over / at / for b. at / upon / over c. for / on / with d. with / in / of

10. Boys! Put your toys ______. It is time to go to bed. Don't stay _____ late.

a. off / on b. away / up c. down / off d. around/ for

11. She intended to quit her job to _______ home and_______ her sick mother.

a. stay in / look at b. stay at / look after c. stay for / look over d. stay up/look on

12. He is very worried _______ his new job because he is not quite prepared _______ working.

a. on / over b. to / off c. about / for d. in / at

13. Instead _____ petrol, cars will only run ____ solar energy and electricity.

a. of / on b. for / by c. in / over d. from/ upon

14. She has a promising future _______ her.

a. ahead for b. ahead from c. ahead on d. ahead of

16. You have to study harder in order to _________________ your classmates.

a. keep pace into b. keep pace on c. keep pace at d. keep pace with

17. If you have ever watched television, you have seen plenty ___ drug ads.

a. with b. of c. for d. about

18. The space shuttle crashed and _______ in flames.

a. went of b. went for c. went over d. went off

19. Elevators in tall building make the top floors accessible _____ everybody

a. to b. with c. about d. at

20. While I am waiting _______ my bus, I often listen _______ music.

a. on / at b. for / to c. toward / about d. upon / in

21. Will you take care _______ my little dog when I am _______ business?

a. through / away b. about / at c. for / over d. of / on

22. According _______ Bill, there's something wrong _______ my computer.

a. after / for b. on / about c. to / with d. upon / at

23. He depends _______ his sister _______ assistance.

a. to / from b. from / in c. on / for d. at / with

24. By 2015, it will be widely accepted that schools and pre-schools have _______ extremely important role to

play in future of our world.

a. an / a b. an / the c. the / the d. Ø / Ø

25. On _______ Internet and with cable television w e can select information from _______ wide variety of

sources.


a. the / a b. an / the c. the / Ø d. Ø / the

26. They arrived _______ that train station late because their taxi had broken _______.

a. at / down b. for / off c. on / over d. on / up

27. Those workers are in difficulty because wage increases cannot keep up _______ inflation.

a. with b. for c. over d. on

28. They argued _______ us _______ the problem last night, but we could not find _______ the solution.

a. with / about / out b. on / for / off c. upon / with / in d. to / on I up

29. Although I did not totally ________ feminist's policies, I certainly admired their audacity, dedication

and courage.

a. agree for b. agree with c. agree along d. agree up

30. I didn't get to see the end of that mystery movie on TV last night. How did it ________ out?

a. go b. make c. bring d. turn

31. When you are finished using the computer, can you please ______ it off.

a. take b. turn c. do d. go

32. When the alarm went off, everyone proceeded calmly to the emergency exits.

a. fell b. exploded c. called d. rang

33. Look out. There is a rattlesnake under the picnic table!

a. Listen b. Be careful c. Go d. Watch

34. Mrs. Jones's husband passed away fast Friday. We are all shocked by the news.

a. got married b. divorced c. died d. were on business

35. Williams is working _______ an export company. He intends to apply _______ another job because he is not

satisfied _______ the salary.

a. in / on / at b. for / for / with c. at / out / into d. from/ on/ for

36. Is Miss Wilson very fond _______ French food? - No, she is not used _______ having French food.

a. over / with b. of / to c. off / for d. in / about

37. Look _______! The tree is going to fall.

a. over b. off c. in d. out

38. I think we maybe _______ natural resources some day.

a. run into b. run up to c. run out of d. run away from

39. _______ whom do these English books belong?

a. From b. To c. For d. With

40. Thanks _______ the inventions _______ labor-saving devices, women have more free time to take part _______ social work.

a. through / over / for b. on / from / with c. forward / for / from d. to / of / in

41. She looked _______ to see who was going _______ her.

a. round / after b. up / off c. at / to d. for / with

42. She is a friendly girl who _______ everyone she meets.

a. gets out of b. gets on with c. gets away from d. gets into

43. I had my sister take care _____ my children while I was _____ business.

a. with / for b. in / away c. for / in d. of / on

44. He took a lot of interest _______ our work and he promised to help us _______ any troubles.

a. in / with b. for / on c. about / at d. for / from

45. Are you very familiar _______ that new device?

a. upon b. over c. with d. for

46. According _______ the US Census Bureau the world's population will reach 7.6 billion people by 2020.

a. to b. in c. for d. through

1. Do you want to stop in this town, or shall we _______?

A. turn on B. turn off C. go on D. look after

2. Who will ________ the children while you go out to work?

A. look for B. look up C. look after D. look at

3. Please ________ the light, it’s getting dark here.

A. turn on B. turn off C. turn over D. turn into

4. The nurse has to _________ the patients at the midnight.

A. look after B. look up C. look at C. look for

5. There is an inflation. The prices __________.

A. are going on B. are going down C. are going over D. are going up

6. Remember to _______ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house.

A. take care B. take on C. take over D. take off

7. You can __________ the new words in the dictionary.

A. look for B. look after C. look up D. look at

8. It’s cold outside. __________ your coat.

A. Put on B. Put down C. Put off D. Put into

9. 15.If you want to be healthy, you should­­­­­­__________ your bad habits in your lifestyles.

A give up B call off C break down D get over

10. Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.

A. do B. let C. delay D. leave

11. My father still hasn’t really recovered from the death of my mother.

A. looked after B. taken after C. gone off D. got over

12. The bomb exploded with a loud bang which could be heard all over the town.

A. went on B. went out C. went off D. went away

13. John, could you look after my handbag while I go out for a minute.

A. take part in B. take over C. take place D. take care of

14. Bill seems unhappy in his job because he doesn’t get _______ his boss.

A. up to B. on for C. on well with D. in with

15. Why do they ______ talking about money all the time?

A. keep on B. give up C. take after D. stop by

16. My father gave up smoking two years ago.

A. liked B. continued C. stopped D. enjoyed

17. The government hopes to _________ its plans for introducing cable TV.

A. turn out B. carry out C. carry on D. keep on

18. When the tenants failed to pay their bill, the authorities decided to _____ the gas supply to the flat.

A. cut down B. cut out C. cut off D. cut up

19. Choose the underlined part need correcting:

“Please turn up the radio, I can’t concentrate on my work”

A B C D


20.You go on ahead and then I’ll catch _____ you.

A. along with B. forward to C. up with D. on to

21. I was born in Scotland but I ________ in Northern Ireland.

A. grew up B. raised C. brought up D. rose

22. How do you start the computer?

A. How does the computer turn on? B. How do you turn on the computer?

C. How do you turn the computer on? D. Both B and C are correct

23. I/ not accept/ offer/ turn down/

A. I couldn’t accept his offer to avoid turning down him.

B. I couldn’t accept his offer because he was turned down.

C. I couldn’t accept his offer, so I turned it down.

D. I couldn’t accept his offer whether I was turned down.

24. Both Ann and her sister look like her mother.

A. take after B. take place C. take away D. take on

25. I’ll be back in a minute, Jane. I just want to try out my new tape recorder.

A. resemble B. test C. arrive D. buy

26. They are appealing ____ local business for sponsorship money.

A. in B. at C. on D. to

27. The Red Cross is aimed _____ providing medical aid and other help to victims of natural disasters.

A. in B. at C. to D. for

28. WHO’s main activities are carrying _____ research on medical development and improving health care.

A. out B. in C. for D. of

29. Do you agree that a happy marriage should be based _______ love?

A. to B. on C. with D. about

30. The bomb went _________ with a loud bang which could be heard all over the town.

A. out B. off C. after D. on

31. Whenever the problems come __________, we discussed them frankly and solved them quickly.

A. up B. for C. out D. on

32. Who looks __________ the children when you are going ________ from home?

A. out of/ on B. up/ off C. for/ out D. after/ away

33. The national curriculum is made _______of the following subject: English, Maths, Chemistry and so on... .

A. from B. on C. up D. in

34. Shy people often find it difficult to ________ group discussions.

A. take place in B. take part in C. get on with D. get in touch with

35. “To give someone a ring” is to __________.

A. call him up B. marry him C. admire him D. pick him up

36. Her life was devoted ______ the relief of suffering.

A. for B. in C. on D. to

37. Because of heavy rain, the game was ______ for a few days.

A. taken out B. put off C. set up D. gotten away

38. What may happen if John will not arrive in time?

A. go along B. count on C. keep away D. turn up

39. Johnny sometimes visits his grandparents in the countryside.

A. calls on B. keeps off C. takes in D. goes up

40. They decided to postpone their journey till the end of the month because of the epidemic.

A. take up B. turn round C. put off D. do with

41. I do not use those things any more. You can _______ them away.

A. get B. fall C throw D. make

42. They were late for work because their car _______ down.

A. got B. put C. cut D. broke

43. At the station, we often see the sigh “________ for pickpockets”.
A. watch on B. watch out C. watch up D. watch at

44. I am late because my alarm clock didn’t _________ this morning.

A. come on B. ring out C. go off D. turn on

45. UNESCO _____ United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

A. stands for B. brings about C. takes after D. gets across

46. Don't forget to ________ your gloves on. It is cold outside.

A. let B. make C. put D. fix

47. The passengers had to wait because the plane ______ off one hour late.

A. took B. turned C. cut D. made

48. The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt.

A. put on B. went off C. got out D. kept up

49. I can’t _____ walking. Can we stop and have a short rest?

A. go on B. get on C. go up D. get up

50. You can look __________ these new words in the dictionary if you don't know their meanings.

A. up B. after C. for D. out




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