Revision cách nhận biết từ loại: a. Cánh nhận biết danh từ



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Choose the best answers

1. A: “More coffee ? Anybody ?” B: “………………….”

A. I don’t agree. I’m afraid” B. I’d love to C. yes, please D. It’s right. I think

2. A: “ Do you like the weather here ?” B: “ I wish it…………………”

A. doesn’t rain B. didn’t rain C. won’t rain D. hadn’t rained

3. A: “ Oh, I’m really sorry” B: “…………………”

A. It was a pleasure B. That’s all right C. Thanks D. Yes, why?

4. A: “ What’s your hobby, Hoa? B: “…………………….”

A. Well, I like collecting stamps B. Oh, with computers

C. Well, I want stamps D. Oh,on the phone

5. A: “You look nice today .I like your new hairstyle” B: “………………………”

A. It’s nice of you to say so B. Shall I? Thanks

C. Oh, Well done D. I feel interesting to hear that

6. A: “ A motorbike knocked Ted down.” B: “ ……………………

A. What is it now? B. Poor Ted! C. How terrific! D. What a motorbike!

7. A: “ I have bought you a toy. Happy birthday to you!” B: “…………………”

A. The same to you B. Have a nice day! C. What a pity! D. What a lovely toy ! thanks

8. A “………………” B: “Oh, It’s great”

A. How is the English competition ?

B. Would you like the English competition?

C. What do you like about the English competition?

D. What do you think of the English competition ?

9. “ Peter : “ Do you feel like going to the cinema this evening ?”

Mary: “……………………………”

A. I don’t agree. I’m afraid B. You’re welcome C. That would be great D. I feel very bored

10. Laura: “ What a lovely house you have “

Mary: “……………….”

A. Of course not, It’s not costly B. Thank you .Hope you will drop in

C. I think so D. No problem

11. A : “ Has an announcement been made about the eight o’clock flight to Paris ?” B: “……………….”

A. Yes, it’s was B. Sorry, I don’t C. I don’t think that D. Not yet

12.A: “Would you mind lending me your bike?” B: “…………………….”

A. Yes. Here it is B. Not at all C. Yes, let’s D. Great

13.A: “…………….detective stories?”

B: “In my opinion, they are very good for teenagers”

A. How about B. Are you fond of

C. What do you think about D. What do people feel about?

14. Helen : “ Congratulations !” Jane : “…………….”

A. What a pity B. Thank you C. I’m sorry D. You are welcome

15. Linda : “ Excuse me ! Where ‘s the post office ?” Maria: “…………………..”

A. It’s over there B. I’m afraid not C. Don’t worry D. Yes, I think so
WRITING

* Note:

1. Passive:

- be + V3 Ex: Water polo is played in a pool. It is played with a ball.

- S + can / will / may + Adv + be + V3…

Ex: Scuba-diving can be dangerous because you can easily be attacked by sharks.

2. Mệnh đề và cụm từ chỉ lý do:

- Because + S + V, S + V…

- Because of + V-ing / Noun / Noun phrase, S + V ..

3. Mệnh đề và cụm từ chỉ nhượng bộ:

- Although/though + S + V, S + V ….

- In spite of the fact that / Despite the fact that + S + V, S + V…

- In spite of /despite + V-ing / Noun / Noun phrase, S + V…

Ex: Because the weather was bad, we didn’t go for a picnic.

- Because of ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

She missed the train because of getting up late.

- Because ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. prefer: thích hơn

- prefer + V-ing + to + V-ing Ex: I prefer staying home to going to the concert.

- prefer + to-inf + than + to-inf Ex: I prefer to stay home than (to) go to the concert.

- prefer + N + to + N Ex: I prefer tea to coffee

5. Imperative form: câu mệnh lệnh

KĐ: V1 + O … Set yourself in vertical position.

PĐ: Don’t + V1 + O …. Don’t smoke in my room.
EXERCISE

1. Hundreds of species of Hawaiian flowers have become extinct or rare ___ land development and the grazing of wild goats.

A. now that B. due to C. because D. for

2. ___ extremely bad weather in the mountains, were no longer considering our skiing trip.

A. Due to B. Because C. Since D. Due to the fact that

3. Barbara is motivated to study ___ she knows that a good education can improve her life.

A. because B. because of C. due to D. owing to

4. He could not play in the game ___ his foot injury.

A. because B. due to the fact that C. because of D. for

5. ___ I had nothing for lunch but an apple, I ate dinner early.

A. For B. Since C. Due to D. Because of

6. Mr. Watson retired from his job early ___ his ill health.

A. because B. due to C. as D. for

7. She bought a book ___ she had heard it was good.

A. because of B. owing to C. due to D. due to the fact that

8. Josh couldnt open the door ___ the lock was broken.

A. because B. because of C. due to D. owing to

9. Lets ask our teacher how to solve this problem ___ we cant agree on the answer.

A. Since B. because of C. due to D. owing to

10. ____the need to finish this project soon. I want you to work on this overtime for the next few days.

A. Because B. As C. Because of D. Since

11. I cant ride my bike ___ there isnt any air in one of the tires.

A. because B. because of C. due to D. owing to

12. ___ our apartment building has had two robberies in the last month, Im going to put an extra lock on the door

and install a telephone in my bedroom.

A. Since B. For C. because of D. owing to

13. I turned on the fan ___ the room was hot.

A. due to B. owing to C. because D. because of

14. We didnt arrive at the lecture on time ___ the bus was late.

A. owing to B. as C. because of D. due to

15. I wonder who drank all the milk yesterday. It cant have been Susan ___ she was out all day.

A. because of B. because C. due to D. owing to

16. Tommy and Mary were mischievous children. Tricks ___ on their teachers, which always got them into a

lot of trouble.

A. could play B. used to be played C. used to playing D. used to played

17. “Since we have to be there in a hurry, we ___ take a taxi.”

“I agree.”

A. had better B. may C. have been used to D. are able to

18. 007 didnt need ___ out of his room in Moscow.

A. go B. to going C. going D. to go

19. It couldnt ___ even though I had wanted.

A. had bought B. buy C. buying D. have been bought

20. She ought not ___ him but she did.

A. to tell B. to telling C. tell D. to have told

21. Id rather you ___ that.

A. do B. dont do C. wont do D. didnt do

22. ___ you speak any foreign languages?

A. Could B. Must C. Can D. Might

23. We ___have gone away if we had enough money.

A. could B. must C. can D. might

24. “The bills ___ paid today.” “I know, I promise. I wont forget.”

A. would B. shall be C. must be D. may

25. ___ you mind my staying here for some days?

A. Would B. Could C. Can D. Should

26. _______ some German and British management styles are similar, there are many differences between them.

a. In spite b. In spite of c. Despite the fact that d. Despite

27I could not eat _______ I was very hungry.

a. even though b. in spite c. despite d. in spite the fact that

28. In spite _______, the baseball game was not cancelled.

a. the rain b. of the rain c. it was raining d. there was a rain

29_______ he had enough money, he refused to buy a new car.

a. In spite b. In spite of c. Despite d. Although

30._______, he walked to the station.

a. Despite being tired b. Although to be tired c. In spite being tired d. Despite tired

31. The children slept well, despite _______.

a. it was noise b. the noise c. of the noise d. noisy

32. She left him _______ she still loved him.

a. even if b. even though c. in spite of d. despite

33._______ her lack of hard work, she was promoted.

a. In spite b. Even though c. In spite of d. Despite of

34._______ they are brothers, they do not look like.

a. Although b. Even c. Despite d. In spite of

35. We are concerned with the problem of energy resources _______ we must also think of our environment.

a. despite b. though c. as though d. but


LANGUAGE FOCUS

I. Pronunciation

  1. A. verbal B. suppose C. even D. either

  2. A. situation B. appropriate C. informality D. entertainment

  3. A. obvious  B. probably  C. finally  D. approaching

  4. A. compulsory B. cinema C. computing D. September

  5. A. separated B. educated C. certificate D. national

II. Grammar and vocabulary:

TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE VERBS

(Ngoại động từ và nội động từ)

1. Transitive verbs (ngoại động từ / tha động từ): là những động từ cần có túc từ để làm đầy đủ nghĩa , vd: buy, build, meet, take, have …..

The customer bought a lot of butter.

S V O


Một số ngoại động từ cần hai túc từ: túc từ trực tiếp (Od)và túc từ gián tiếp (Oi), vd: give, send, buy, lend, like…Hai túc từ có thể được viết bằng hai cách:

  • S + V + Oi + Od … I sent her a letter

  • S + V + Od + giới từ + Oi … I sent a letter to her.

  • Một số động từ luôn là ngoại động từ là:
    allow (cho phép ); blame (trách cứ ,đổ lổi ); enjoy (thích thú ); have (có ); like (thích); need (cần); name (đặt tên ); prove (chứng tỏ ); remind (nhắc nhỡ ); rent (cho thuê ); select (lựa chọn ); wrap (bao bọc, gói); rob (cướp ); own (nợ ); greet (chào)......

Ex: I rent (sai)
I rent a car (đúng )

2. Intransitive verbs (nội động từ / tự động từ): là những động từ không cần túc từ, tự nó đủ nghĩa: sleep, cry, occur, rain, ….

The baby is crying.



3. Note: Một số động từ vừa là nội động từ vừa là ngoại động từ.
+ các động từ vừa là tha động từ vừa là tự động từ: answer (trả lời ); ask (hỏi ); help (giúp đỡ ); read (đọc ); touch (sờ ); wash (rửa ); write (viết ) ....
Ex: I read a book. (đúng ) I read. / I’m reading. (đúng)

EXERCISE

1. We can’t go along here because the road........................

A. is repairing B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. repairs

2. The story I’ve just read...................Agatha Christie

A. was written B. was written by C. was written from D. wrote by

3. I’m going to go out and.................................................

A. have cut my hair B. have my hair cut C. cut my hair D. my hair be cut

4. Something funny ...........................in class yesterday

A. happened B. was happened C. happens D. is happened 5. Many US automobiles........................in Detroit, Michigan

A. manufacture B. have manufactured C. are manufactured D. are manufacturing

6. A lot of pesticide residue can.........................................unwashed produce

A. find B. found C. be finding D. be found

7. We..................by a loud noise during the night

A. woke up B. are woken up C. were woken up D. were waking up

8. Some film stars...................difficult to work with

A. are said be B. are said to be C. say to be D. said to be

9 Why did Tom keep making jokes about me? – I don’t enjoy........................at

A. be laughed B. to be laughed C. laughing D. being laughed

10. Today, many serious childhood diseases...........................by early immunization

A. are preventing B. can prevent C. prevent D. can be prevented

11. Do you get your heating..........................every year?

A. checking B. check C. be checked D. checked

12. Our environment is ___ because of serious pollution and endangerment.

a. threat b. threatened c. threatening d. threaten

13. An _______ of the number of elephants in Asia is about 5 million.

a. estimate b. estimable c. estimated d. estimation

14. The referee had no hesitation in awarding the visiting team a _______.

a. penalty b. penalize c. penal d. penalization

15. If the tie is not broken after two overtime _______, a penalty shootout will determine the winner.

a. opponents b. waves c. parts d. periods


UNIT 13: THE 22nd SEA GAMES
READING

- take place = happen / occur …………………………………………….

- Sea Games = Southeast Asian Games …………………………………………….

- hold – held – held - be held ……………………………………………

- host (n, v) …………………………………………….

- ‘spirit (n) ……………………………………………..

- enthusiast /inj‘θju:ziæst/ (n) - enthusiasm (n) …………………………………………….

- enthusiastic (a) …………………………………………….

- soli’darity (n) ……………………………………………

- cooperation(n) ……………………………………………..

- co-operate (v) ……………………………………………

- ‘athlete (n) …………………………………………….

- participating country ……………………………………………

- compete (v) - competitor (n) …………………………………………….

- compe’tition (n) ……………………………………………



- compose of = consist of …………………………………………..

- close to ………………………………………….



- rank (v) …………………………………………….

- par’ticipant (n) ………………………………………….

par’ticipate (v) = take part in = join ………………………………………………

- present (v) ……………………………………………

- outstanding (a) = excellent (a) ……………………………………

- event (n) …………………………………………….. - - gold medal (n) …………………………………………

- title (n) …………………………………………….

- bodybuilding(n) ………………………………………….

- ‘energy (n) – ener’getic (adj) ………………………………………….



- prepare for …………………………………………..

- carry out …………………………………………..

- countryman – countrymen (n) ……………………………………………

- propose (v) ………………………………………..

- proposal (n) = suggestion (n) ……………………………………….

- ath’letics (n) ………………………………………..

- cycling (n) …………………………………………….



- break a record …………………………………………….

- score a goal …………………………………………..

- defend (v) …………………………………………….



Task 1: Read the reading passage again and choose the best answers

1. The spirit of the 22nd SEA Games was --------------------, co-operation for peace and development.

A. solidarity B. high spirit C. countrymen D. enthusiasm

2. --------------------- gold medals were won at the SEA Games.

A. 11 B. 32 C. 158 D. 444

3. Which Women’s Football team defended the SEA Games title?

A. The Thai B. The Vietnamese C. The Malaysian D. The Singaporean

4. Which Men’s Football team won the gold medal?

A. The Vietnamese B. The Filipino C. The Thai D. The Singaporean

5. According to the passage, Vietnam --------------------

A. prepared carefully for the 22nd SEA Games

B. didn’t organize the 22nd SEA Games successfully

C. will not host the Asia Sports Games

D. won less gold medals than Thailand in the 22nd SEA Games


SPEAKING

The + tính từ chỉ quốc tịch

- Vietnam - the ------------------------------------

- Thailand - the ------------------------------------

- Indonesia - -----------------------------------------

- Malaysia - ------------------------------------------

- Philippines - the Filipino / the Philippine



Phrase of purpose: Cụm từ chỉ mục đích

To + V1

In order to + V1

So as to + V1

Ex: To pass the final exam, you must study hard.



I. Phonetics

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others in each group

  1. A. confide B. sacrifice C. bride D. attitude

  2. A. idea B. dream C. feature D. lead

Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest

  1. A appearance B. determine C. maintenance D. romantic

  2. A. oblige B. Chinese C. agree D. conduct

II COMMUNICATIVE SENTENCES

1. Tom: “ How did you get there ?” John: “ ………………”

A. Is it far from here ? B. I came here by train

C. I came here last night D. The train is so crowded

2. Alice : “ What shall we do this evening?” Carol: “………………….”

A. Let’s go out for dinner B. No problem C. Thank you D. Not at all

3. Mary: “Whose bike is that?” Tom :”…………….”

A. No, It’s over there B. It’s Jane C. It’s just outside D. It’s Jane’s

4. Peter : “ How do you go to school?” Mary: “…………………”

A. I go there early B. Everyday, Except Sunday C. I don’t think so D. I go there by bus

5.A: “ Bye” B: “…………..”

A. See you lately B. Thank you C. Meet you again D. See you later

6.A: “ I’ve passed my driving test” B: “…………………..”

A. Congratulations! B. That’s agood idea C. It’s nice of you to say so D. Do you?

7.A: “ would you like to have dinner with me ?” B: “……………….”

A. Yes, I love to B. Yes, so do I C. I’m very happy D. Yes, it is

8. Ann: “………..where the nearest post office is ? Linda: “ Turn left and then turn right”

A. Could you tell me B. Should you show me C. Do you tell me D. Will you say me

9.A : “ How do you do ?” B: “…………….”

A. How do you do ? B. Not too bad C. I’m well. Thanks D. Yeah, OK

10. Peter: “ I enjoy listening to pop music” Maria: “………………..”

A. I’m too B. I don’t C. Neither do I D. So am I

11. A: It’s hot in here? B: “ …….I open the window?”

A. Did B. Shall C. Would D. Do

12 .David : “ James is a very brave man “ Bob: “ Yes, I wish I…………..his encourage”

A. had B. will have C. have had D. have

13. David: “ You’ve got a beautiful dress!” Helen: “ ………………..”

A. I do B. Thank you C. You, too D. Okay


WRITING

Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to complete each of the following sentences

1. Their office consisted of four rooms, ____ was used as conference room .

A. the larger of them B. larger of which. C. the largest of which D. the largest

2. At college the work is _____ than the work we did at school , but it is much____.

A. harder- more interesting B. hardest-most interesting

C. harder-most interesting D. more hard- more interesting

3.______ was debated, the more people became involved.

A. The longer the issue B. The longer issue

C. The long issue D. The longest issue

4. Hair color is one of ____ characteristics to be used in identifying people

A. the most obviously B. most obvious

C. obviously the most D. the most obvious

5. In diving competitions, women perform _____ men do.

A. dive the same as B. the same dives as

C. dive the same way as D. the diving is the same

6. The problem seems to be _______.

A. most serious B. more serious than

C. more serious D. more and more serious

7. Petrol is _____ it used to.

A. twice more than expensive B. twice expensive more than

C. twice as expensive as D. more expensive than twice

8. My neighbor is driving me mad. It seems that _____ it is at night ____ he plays his music.

A. the less/ the more loud B. the later/ the louder

C. the later/ the more loudly D. the less/ less

9. We admire Lucy for her intelligence, cheerful disposition and she is honest.

A B C D


10. The suitcase seemed to get heavy and heavier as I carried it along the road.

A B C D


12. The more expensive the hotel is, the best the service is.

A B C D


13. I think she's about 20, but in fact she is much elder than she looks.

A B C D


14. As I waited for the interview, I became much and more nervous.

A B C D
LANGUAGE FOCUS



I. Pronunciation

  1. a. trained b. proved c. impressed d. performed

  2. a. games b. teams c. medals d. events

  3. a. competitor b. medal c. level d. development

  4. a. honor b. high c. host d. hold

  5. a. development b. cooperation c. surprisingly d. facility

  6. a. festival b. badminton c. participant d. organize

II. Grammar

DOUBLE COMPARISON

(So sánh kép)

A So sánh đơn

1. So sánh bằng: S + be + as / so + adj + as ….

S + V thường + as / so + adv + as…

Ex: She studies __________________ (well) as her close friend.

Her bike is _______________________ (good) as her sister’s one.

2. So sánh không bằng: S + V + not + so/ as +adj/ adv + as ….

Ex. She is ………. (tall) ………… her sister.



3. So sánh hơn

- Tính từ / trạng từ ngắn ( là tính từ 1 vần hoặc 2 vần tận cùng là : y , ow , er , le)



S + V + adj / adv + er + than….

Ex: She drives ______________ (fast) than her sister does.

- Tính từ / trạng từ dài : ( là tính từ có hai vần trở lên )

S + V + more + adj / adv + than …

Ex: She drives _______________ (carefully) than her sister does.

She is _________________ (careful) than her sister is.
Note: sau as và than trong so sánh bằng và so sánh hơn có thể là một danh từ, túc từ hoặc mệnh đề

Ex: She is as tall as her sister. She is as tall as him. She is as tall as he is.

N O Clause

4. So sánh nhất

- Tính từ / trạng từ ngắn S + V + the + adj / adv + est + …..

Ex: She drives ______________ (fast) in her family.

She is ________________ (tall) in her family.

- Tính từ / trạng từ dài: S + V + the most + adj / adv + …..

Ex: She drives _______________ (carefully) in her family.

She is _________________ (careful) in her family.

* Các dạng đặc biệt:




Adj / adv

So sánh hơn

So sánh nhất

Good / well (tốt)

better

best

Bad / badly (xấu)

worse

worst

Many / much (nhiều)

more

most

Little + N không đếm được: ít

less

least

Far (xa)

farther/further

farthest/ furthest

Few + N đếm được: ít

fewer

fewest



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