Pronunciation



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Introduction-to-Pausing-and-Sentence-Stress


Introduction to Pausing and Sentence Stress
What is the real meaning of the following sentences:

A woman, without her man, is nothing. If a woman doesn’t have a man, she is nothing

A woman: without her, man is nothing. A woman says that without her, man is nothing

Don’t stop! Continue__________________________________________

Don’t, stop! Actually stop__________________________________________

He was only pretending to please her. He pretends as if he pleased her

He was only pretending, to please her. He pretend to make her pleased

John, is the man wearing a coat? Someone asks John:”is the man wearing a coat?”

John is the man wearing a coat? Someone asks if John is the man wearing a coat

Guidelines for Thought Groups:
1. Thought groups usually have just one main stress______________________ .
2. The following often indicate that a new thought group is starting:

a) punctuation comma, colon, semi-colon



b) conjunctions and, but, so, …

c) relative pronouns which, that, who

d) new verb phrase / different action
3. When speaking, we normally pause between thought groups.
Guidelines for Sentence Stress:

Complete the following sentences by filling in the proper word(s):

1)  Stress is normally on the content words Nouns,   Main Verbs,  Adjectives,



Adverbs,   negative words,    qualifiers (quite, very, etc.),   question words, names/numbers

2)  Stress is rarely on function/grammar words:    



prepositions,    articles,    pronouns,       connectors, auxiliary verbs/modals

3)  For stressed words:  voice is higher, said for a longer time, and sometimes louder



4)  Sentence stress is normally on the same syllables as word stress.
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