Invite (this threat) >< defeat (it), drifting along towards tragedy >< set a course towards safety, urging >< refused, inevitable >< Possible, self defense >< suicide, overnight >< overtime, aggressive dictators >< the innocent, question of authority >< question of will, violence >< peace, Every measure has been taken to avoid war >< Every measure will be taken to win it, takes away >< deliver, tear down >< help ... build.
We will tear down the apparatus of terror and we will help you to build a new Iraq that is prosperous and free.
There will be no more wars of aggression against your neighbors, …
The tyrant will soon be gone.
ViÖc thay thÕ tÊt c¶ c¸c tõ will nµy b»ng might hoÆc may sÏ dÉn ®Õn mét hiÖu øng kh¸c: sù ch¾c ch¾n (certainty) do will mang l¹i sÏ kh«ng cßn n÷a. ViÖc sö dông trî tõ will víi tÇn xuÊt cao cßn t¹o ra Ên tîng vÒ sù cÇm quyÒn - ®iÒu nµy tr¸i ngîc vµ lÊn ¸t hiÖu qu¶ vÒ sù h¹ m×nh do c¸c tõ t×nh th¸i chØ kh¶ n¨ng cã thÓ x¶y ra nh may, might, can, … ®îc liÖt kª ë trªn.
Theo Halliday [4,1994], khi sö dông c¸c có vËt chÊt, môc ®Ých tríc tiªn cña ngêi nãi lµ m« t¶ hµnh ®éng vµ sù kiÖn.T¸c thÓ cña nh÷ng có vËt chÊt trong bµi ph¸t biÓu hÇu hÕt r¬i vµo mét trong hai ®èi tîng: MÜ hay I-R¾c.
VÒ phÝa MÜ cã c¸c t¸c thÓ: The United States and other nations, The world, We, The United States and other nations, The United States Congress, America, I, The security Council, The United States and our allies, The UN Security Council, We, American authority, The department of Homeland Security, The United States, with other countries, America and our Allies.
VÒ phÝa I-R¾c cã c¸c t¸c thÓ: That regime, The Iraqi regime, It, (by) Iraqi official, This regime, The terrorists, Iraq, Saddam Hussein, Enemy, They.
Our good faith, peaceful efforts to disarm the Iraqi regime, all the decades of deceit and cruelty, before the day of horror can come, recognizing the threat to our country, the terrorist threat to America and the world, their refusal to do so, as ourcoalition takes away their power, in a free Iraq, the day of your liberation¨ithen the dictator has departed, …
The danger is clear: using chemical, biological or one day nuclear weapons, obtained with the help of Iraq, the terrorists could fulfill their stated ambitions and kill hundreds of thousands of innocent people in our country, or any other.
As a relatively new approach to language study, CDA has attracted a lot of attention from language scholars and learners. In this article, Fair Clough’s model of CDA is used to uncover the ideology underlining a chosen discourse - a speech by US President George Bush. The discourse is analysed from different perspectives to see how power is embedded in, created and maintained through language use.