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to…”. However, for hypothetical circumstances, only the  verb “wish”



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CA of wishing verbs
DE THI BTL KTL HK CUOI 2021, [AN INVESTIGATION INTO SEMANTIC FEATURES OF WISHING VERBS iN ENGLISH AND VIETNAMESE]- [2016]
to…”. However, for hypothetical circumstances, only the 
verb “wish” is used while “want” is not because not all 
people’s volition may come true. That is, we would like 
things to be different from what they are, and we have 
regrets about the present situation.
From the practice of teaching English as a foreign 
language, we have discovered that Vietnamese learners 
have a tendency to use only some popular verbs such as 
want, wish..., while the other verbs in the subgroup of 
wishing verbs are ignored or are not properly used. Having 
a good grasp of wishing verbs in general seems to be a 
difficult task for learners of English. It is undeniable that 
some learners of English feel confused and unconfident in 
using them in speaking and writing. Therefore, this paper is 
conducted with the purpose of helping learners of English 
understand how to use these verbs correctly, avoid mistakes 
as well as misunderstanding, and reach their 
communicative target better. 
2. Literature Review and Theoretical Background
2.1. Literature Review
Up to now, there have been many published works on 
wishing verbs by English and Vietnamese linguists. Quirk 
et al. [9] focused on the usage of the important 
constructions to express wishes. Swan [10] described and 
analyzed verbs denoting wishes in terms of their syntactic 
features and how to use them in the context. 
In Vietnamese, the studies of modal verbs including 
wishing verbs by Di
ệp Quang Ban and Hoàng Văn Thung 
[1], Bùi Tr
ọng Ngoãn [2] are made as a glimpse.
As can be seen, the previous studies only discussed 
wishing verbs in general. So far, to the best of my 
knowledge, there has been no bilateral contrastive analysis 
of wishing verbs between English and Vietnamese in terms 
of semantics. Therefore, this paper is an attempt to discover 
the related aspects still untouched, making a small 
contribution to the study of English as a foreign language in 
general and the study of wishing verbs in particular, 
especially to learners of both languages. 

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