California WIC Local Agency Developed RNS Lesson Plan –2005 Low-Fat Milk
Approximately 2 - 10 WIC participants, including pregnant women and parents/caregivers of children up to 5 years from a variety of cultural, socio-economic and educational backgrounds, and their friends or family members who may attend the class.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the USA, and dietary fat is a key contributor to this problem. Saturated fat raises blood cholesterol more than other forms of fat. The fats from milk and milk products are high on the list of sources of saturated fats in most diets. Guidelines to reduce the risk of heart disease include limiting the intake of fat to 30% of calories per day, and reducing saturated fat to less than 10 percent of calories.
Chairs arranged in a semi-circle.
By the end of this session, participants will have:
Understood the importance of limiting the intake of saturated fat, and how the use of reduced-fat dairy products contribute to this practice.
Looked at nutrition labels, and the milk fat bookmark, to identify language to help them select reduced-fat products.
Shared ways to help families through the transition from high -fat to low-fat dairy choices.
“This month we are having discussions with our clients about milk products. Before we begin, I have a few quick questions for you.” (Assess milk fat usage of each group of learners.)
Ask learners to discuss and share either in pairs or in a small group:
Who knows some one with heart disease? (or) Has anyone here had a grandparent or other relative with heart disease?
Can anybody share some of the causes of heart disease?
Who drinks 2% milk?
Does anyone drink 1% milk? Nonfat milk?
How did you make the transition? (from whole to low fat milk)
How did your family adjust?
Heart disease is the #1 cause of death in America. This is a disease that does not start at the age of “49”! It starts at a very early age, cholesterol slowly collects in our arteries over a long course of time. (Autopsies of soldiers killed in war showed that the process of depositing fat in the arteries was well under way by the age of 19.)
Prevention with a diet low in fat and regular exercise remains the best defense against heart disease. A high fat diet causes obesity and heart disease. Over 6 out of 10 Americans are overweight. If a child is over weight at 7 years of age, he or she has a chance of being over weight as an adult. This is why developing healthy eating habits during childhood will ensure healthier adult years.
At what age is it best to start low-fat milk?
(Answer: 2 years, the fat in milk is nutritionally important for brain development from age 1 until the 2nd birthday.)
How much milk should your children drink ?
Show models of:
4 oz cups (x 4 servings=16 oz /day) OR
8 oz cups (x 2 servings =16 oz /day)
Learning Points (continued)
How much milk should pregnant and breastfeeding mothers drink?
Show models of:
8 oz cup (x 3 servings = 24 oz /day) OR
12 oz cup (x 2 servings = 24 oz /day)
Explain how much fat is needed by a 2-year-old.
Use poster “Daily Recommendations for Fat, Calories and Calcium for a 2-Year-Old.”
Point out that if child drinks 16 oz of whole milk, the fat in that amount is about half the recommended amount for the day.
“The American diet is soaring in high fat foods.” Ask group to name some.
“The less we eat of the foods we just named, the better. Cutting down on fat in milk is a quick and easy way to reduce fat in a child’s diet.”
What are the differences between low fat and whole milk?
(Some people are concerned that low fat milk is inferior because they think it has less protein or vitamins. The only difference is the fat.)
Show Poster “Nutrient Comparisons of Milk” and hand out the Milk
Learning Points (continued)
Nonfat milk and low fat have higher protein and calcium than whole milk calories in each 8 oz serving.
Show pats of butter that correspond to each serving.
2 % = 1 pat of butter
whole = 2 pats of butter
Review the Milk bookmark that shows the amounts of fat in each
type of milk.
Most people switch to 2% milk without a problem. Some may want to mix 2% and whole milk for a short period of time before going to straight 2%.
Shopping Tips: How to Identify 2 % Milk and 1 % Milk
Point out labels on empty milk gallons, showing how to read low-fat terms such as ‘reduced fat’, ‘nonfat’, but explain that it may be easier to look for the numbers on the front labels (1%, 2%, unless there are learners who are ready to select nonfat).
suggest they pull this guide out when selecting milk at their
grocery store. Discuss translations if the learners do not speak
(Review WIC Milk Voucher. Make sure all participants understand that the voucher with #### entered instead of maximum value is good for purchase.)
Who knows which of the 4 WIC cheese varieties is healthiest for you?
Refer to poster with cheese labels.
Answer: “Mozzarella.” Ask if anyone knows why. Discuss the high-fat content of cheeses, explaining that mozzarella is preferred because it is not as high in fat as the others, it is ‘part-skimmed’.
Raffle is for participants who bring in grocery receipts with milk purchase.
For the next 6 months, WIC families with participating women or children over age 2, may bring in grocery receipts showing milk purchase and be eligible to enter our raffle.
Prizes are donated by Alameda Alliance for Health. (6 drawings per site per month).
Summary and Review Questions
Heart disease is killing fewer people than before, and choosing milk and dairy products that are low in fat is understood to be an important practice that keeps our heart healthy! Let’s review which type of milk is recommended for members of our families:
Which milk should a one year old drink ?
Which milk should a two or three year old drink ?
Which milk should mom and dad drink ?
Thanks for coming today, and let us know what other questions you have about eating a healthy diet!