# Lesson 1 : tenses ( Caùc thì ) simple present: (HTÑ)

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ENGLISH GRAMMAR
DEMO B639, Chinh-phuc-ngu-phap-va-bai-tap-6-global-success, de cuong khoa 2 (1), NGỮ ÂM ANH
Notes:
 A: S + V + OI + OD P : S + BE + V3ed + OD + by + O OR:( S + BE + V3ED + for/ to + OI + by + O)
1/

Ex: A: Lan gave Mary some books.

OI OD
P: Mary was given some books by Lan.
OR:(Some books were given to Mary by Lan.)

2/

 A : S + V + (THAT) + S + V …. P: S + BE + V3ed + TO + V1 OR: IT + BE + V3ed + by + O + (THAT) S + V

V: SAY KNOW THINK
BELIEVE REPORT RUMOUR
TELL CLAIM PROVE
CONSIDER…
Ex : A : They say that they has been ill.
P : He is said to have been ill. (or : It is said that he has been ill.)

LESSON 7: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
( Caâu Ñieàu Kieän)

 Types and Use (Loaïi vaø Caùch duøng ) If Clause ( Mñeà IF) Main Clause ( Mñeà chính) 1. Future Possible  ÑK coù theå xaûy ra ôû HT&TL V1 /s /es IF + S + do /does +not + V1 *BE: am, is ,are will S + shall + V1 can may 2. Present Unreal:  ÑK khoâng theå xaûy ra ôû HT&TL V2ed IF + S + did not + V1 *BE: were would S+ should + V1 could might 3. Past Unreal:  ÑK khoâng theå xaûy ra ôû QK. IF + S + had + V3ed would S+ should + have + V3ed could might

Ex: 1. If it is fine, we will go.
2. I’d fly everywhere if I were a bird.
3. If you had met the president yesterday, what would you have done?
 Sentence Transformation:
A/ UNLESS = IF … NOT

 If + Neg. form = Unless + Affir. form am /is/ are not do /does not + V1 If + S + did not+V1 were not had not+ V3ed am /is/ are V1/s /es = UNLESS + S + V2ed were had + V3ed

Ex: If you didn’t study hard, you’d get bad marks.

= Unless you studied hard, you’d get bad marks.

Note: Neáu caâu vôùi Mñeà IF Kñònh, Mñeà chính ôû theå Pûñònh , ta coù theå chuyeån sang
UNLESS = caùch ñoåi Mñeà chính thaønh theå Kñònh.

Ex: If you are lazy, you can’t be successful

= Unless you are lazy, you can be successful.

B/ CAÙCH VIEÁT CAÂU ÑIEÀU KIEÄN TÖØ TÌNH HUOÁNG
T . HUOÁNG CHO: 1.Coù töø “OR” : vieát ñk loaïi 1
2. H.taïi : loaïi 2
3.Q. khöÙ : loaïi 3

4.Coù töø “SO”: vieát xuoâi S + V SO S + V
 IF + S + V , S + V
5.Coù töø “BECAUSE”: vieát ngöôïc
S + V because S +V
 IF + S + V , S + V
6. Phuû ñònh vieát khaúng ñònh & ngöôïc laïi
Examples: 1. I am not clever, so I won’t be a doctor.
If I were clever, I would be a doctor.
2. John was sick because he ate much cake.
If John hadn’t eaten much cake, he’d not have been sick.

Tröôøng hôïp khaùc :
1.
 S+ can /will+ V1 but S + must/ have to +V1 IF + S + V1/Vs,es , S + can/ will + V1 ( Ñk 1)

Ex: I’ll let you borrow the book but you must promise to return it next week.
If you promise to return the book next week, I’ll let you borrow it.
2.
 V 1 or S + will /can +V1  S + will/ can + V1 unless you + V1

Ex: Work hard or you’ll fail the exam.

 You’ll fail the exam unless you work hard.
LESSON 8 : UNREAL WISHES
( Öôùc Muoán Khoâng Theå Xaûy Ra)

 could + V1 : Tình huoáng Htaïi / Tlai , traùi vôùi khaû naêng S + wish + (that) would / should + V1 : Tình huoáng Tlai + S + V2 / were; didn’t+ V1 / weren’t : Tình huoáng Htaïi If only hadn’t + V3 : Tình huoáng Qkhöù

Ex: a) I wish I (can fly) could fly.

b) We wish it (be) would be sunny soon.
c) If only we (see) saw a UFO now.
d) He wishes he (meet) had met her yesterday.

 Sentence Transformation:

 S+ be sorry What a pity + ( that) S + V It is a pity S + regret + Ving / S + V S + do / does not like + Ving / to v1  S + wish + ( that ) + S + V

a.

Note:

• Theâm S ( neáu thieáu)

• Kñònh  Pñònh ( vaø ngöôïc laïi)

• Htaïi  Qkhöù;

• Qkhöù  Qkhöù hoaøn thaønh

Ex: I’m sorry that I didn’t come yesterday.

 I wish ( that) I had come yesterday.

Ex: Mr. Taylor doesn’t like living in a small house.

 Mr. Taylor wishes he didn’t live in a small house.

 S + would like / would love + to V1 / to have + V3ed  S+ wish + ( that) S + V2 / S + had + V3ed

b.

Ex: I’d like to have met her.

 I wish I had met her.

## LESSON 9: GERUND AND INFINITIVE

( Danh Ñoäng Töø & Ñoäng Töø Nguyeân Maãu)

1. GERUND (Ving) : ñoùng vai troø V & N cuøng moät luùc.

Vai troø:

1. S ( Ex: Learning English is easily.)

2. O - Sau prep. (Ex: We are interested in studying English.)

- Sau moät soá V (Ex: I enjoy swimming.)

3. C (Ex: Conservation is the safeguarding and the preservation of natural

resources.)
Notes: The + Ving + of + n ( Ex: The reclaiming of land.)

1. ### GERUND OR INFINITIVE :

1. Caùc ñoäng töø ñöôïc theo sau baèng ñoäng töø nguyeân maãu ( To+V1)

Theo qui luaät thoâng thöôøng, ñoäng töø naøo ñuùng sau moät ñoäng töø khaùc thì phaûi ôû daïng
nguyeân maãu (TO +V1)
Ex: a) I would like to speak to Mr. Duran.
b) Mary asked John to help her.
c) My brother wants to become a pharmacist.
d) Every body is expecting her to come.
II. Caùc ñoäng töø & cuïm töø ñöôïc theo sau baèng Ving :

1. acknowledge

3. appreciate

4. avoid

5. celebrate

6. consider

7. delay =postpone

8. deny

9. detest

10. discontinue

11. discuss

12. dislike

13. endure

14. enjoy

15. escape

16. explain

17. fancy = imagine

18. feel like

19. finish

20. forgive

21. include

22. involve

23. justify

24. keep(continue)

25. mention

26. mind

27. miss

28. practise

29. prevent

30. prohibit

31. propose

32. quit

33. recall

34. report

35. resent

36. resist

37. risk

38. suggest

39. support

40. tolerate

41. understand

42. be accustomed to = be used to

43. be busy

44. be worth

45. can’t help

46. can’t stand

47. get used to = become accustomed to

48. look forward to

49. it’s no good

50. it’s no use

III. Caùc ñoäng töø ñöôïc theo sau baèng Ving / To V­­1 nhöng khoâng doåi nghóa:

1. continue 5. begin

3. like 7. love

4. prefer 8. start

Ex: She started to learn English when she was 5 years old.
 She started learning English when she was 5 years old.

IV. Caùc ñoäng töø ñöôïc theo sau baèng Ving / To V­­1 nhöng doåi nghóa:

1 . FORGET, REGET, To V1 : seõ xaûy ra ( Tlai)

+
REMEMBER Ving : ñaõõ xaûy ra ( Qkhöù)

Ex: a) Remember to sent John a present. Today is his birthday.

b) I remember meeting you somewhere before but I’m sorry I forget
2. TRY + To V1 : coá gaéng laøm.
Ving : thöû laøm.

Ex: a) She tries to pass the entrance exam to the college.

b) Try knocking at the back door if nobody hears you at the front door.

3. STOP + To V1 : döøng laïi ñeå laøm vieäc gì khaùc.
Ving : döøng laïi khoâng laøm vieäc gì (ñang laøm) nöõa.
Ex: a) Feeling sleepy, the driver stopped to drink a coffee
b) That old man tried to stop smoking because of his bad cough.
4. NEED + To V1 : caàn phaûi laøm ( yù chuû ñoäng).
Ving : caàn phaûi ñöôïc laøm ( yù bò ñoäng).
Ex: a) Tom needs to work harder.
b) The grass in front of the house needs cutting.
V. Moät soá tröôøng hôïp khaùc:

1. ADVISE To V1 Ex: The police allow us to go there
ALLOW +
PERMIT
RECOMMEND V ing Ex: The police allow going there.

2. FEEL
HEAR + Vo / Ving ( ñang) Ex: We saw David jog
SEE jogging in the park.
WATCH
HELP
3. MAKE + O + V1 Ex: Please let me go.
LET
NOTICE
BID
4 . WOULD RATHER + V1 Ex: I’d rather drink tea than coffee.
HAD BETTER ( not ) You’d better not go out.

LESSON10 : CLAUSES & PHRASES
OF CAUSES & EFFECTS
(Meänh Ñeà Vaø Cuïm Töø Chæ Nguyeân Nhaân Vaø Keát Quaû)

 S + be / Vord + SO + adj / adv + THAT + S + V ( quaù… ñeán noåi…)

1.

Ex: The tea is so hot that I can’t drink it.
He drove so badly that he couldn’t pass the driving test.
 S + V + SUCH + (a/ an) + adj + n + THAT + S + V… ( quaù… ñeán noåi…)

2.

Ex: It is such hot tea that I can’t drink.
He was such a bad driver that he couldn’t pass the driving test.
3.

 S + be / V ord + TOO + adj/adv + (for +O) + TO + V1 (+ O)* ( quaù.. neân khoâng theå…)

* Boû ‘for O’ khi O naøy = S hoaëc chæ chung chung.
* Boû O cuûa ‘to V’ khi O naøy = S
Ex: The tea is too hot for me to drink.
He drove too badly to pass the driving test.

 4/ be +adj S + ________ + enough + (for +O) + To V1 ( + O ) V ord + adv (ñuû… ñeå…)

Ex: The tea is not warm enough for me to drink.
He didn’t drive well enough to pass the driving test.
 Sentence Transformation:

 a/ S(n) + be + SO + adj + THAT… It /This /That  + be + SUCH + (a/ an) +adj + n + THAT… He/ She/ They

Ex: The tea is so hot that I can’t drink it.

 It is such hot tea that I can’t drink it.

 b/ S + Vord + SO + adv + THAT …  S + be + SUCH + (a/an) + adj + n + THAT…

Ex: He drove so badly that he couldn’t pass the driving test.

 He was such a bad driver that __________________________.

 c/ S + V + SO + adj / adv + THAT + S + V + (O )* S + V + TOO + adj/adv + (for +O) + TO + V1 (+ O)*

* Boû ‘for O’ khi O naøy = S hoaëc chæ chung chung.
* Boû O cuûa ‘To V’ khi O naøy = S

Ex: a) The tea is so hot that I can’t drink.

 The tea is too hot for me to drink.

b) He drove so badly that he couldn’t pass the driving test.

 He drove too badly to pass the driving test.

Ex: The tea is too hot for me to drink.

 The tea is not warm enough for me to drink.

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