A. Viet Nam-ASEAN: a decade of companionship and development.
B. Viet Nam's achievements in relation with the ASEAN community.
C. Viet Nam's contributions to ASEAN's development.
D. How Viet Nam joined ASEAN.
2. How long has Viet Nam been a full member of ASEAN?
A. For the past few years. B. For about 2 decades. C. Since 1995. D. As long as Singapore.
3. That Viet Nam_______ is an example of Viet Nam's achievement in economy.
A. succeeds in the program of “hunger eradication and poverty alleviation”
B. reinforces regional cooperation with other ASEAN member countries
C. Viet Nam reaches seven percent each year in economic investments
D. Viet Nam official became a full member of ASEAN
4. Which information is not given in the passage?
A. Culture is an aspect which Viet Nam has focused on as an ASEAN member
B. Viet Nam has played an important part in maintaining peace in the region.
C. Joining ASEAN was an important political event to Viet Nam.
D. Singapore has invested a lot in the Vietnamese market.
5. Which word means “an end to a disagreement and the start of a good relationship again”?
A. Stability. B. Eradication. C. Reconciliation. D. Impression.
Plants and animals hold medicinal, agricultural, ecological value. Endangered species must be protected and saved so that future generations can experience their presence and value.
Plants and animals are responsible for a variety of useful medications. In fact, about forty percent of all prescriptions written today are composed from the natural compounds of different species. These species not only save lives, but they contribute to a prospering pharmaceutical industry worth over $40 billion annually. Unfortunately, only 5% of known plant species have been screened for their medicinal values, although we continue to lose up to 100 species daily. The Pacific yew, a slow-growing tree found in the ancient forests of the Pacific Northwest, was historically considered a "trash" tree. However, a substance in its bark was recently identified as one of the most promising treatments for ovarian and breast cancer. Additionally, more than 3 million American heart disease sufferers would die within 72 hours of a heart attack without digitalis, a drug derived from the purple foxglove.
There are an estimated 80,000 edible plants in the world. Humans depend upon only 20 species of these plants, such as wheat and corn, to provide 90% of the world's food. Wild relatives of these common crops contain essential disease-resistant material. They also provide humans with the means to develop new crops that can grow in inadequate lands such as in poor soils or drought-stricken areas to help solve the world hunger problem. In the 1970s, genetic material from a wild corn species in Mexico was used to stop a leaf fungus that had previously wiped out 15% of the U.S. corn crop.
Plant and animal species are the foundation of healthy ecosystems. Humans depend on ecosystems such as coastal estuaries, prairie grasslands, and ancient forests to purify their air, clean their water, and supply them with food. When species become endangered, it is an indicator that the health of these vital ecosystems is beginning to unravel. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service estimates that losing one plant species can triggerthe loss of up to 30 other insect, plant and higher animal species. The northern spotted owl, listed as threatened in 1990, is an indicator of the declining health of the ancient forests of the Pacific Northwest. These forests are the home to over 100 other old-growth dependent species, which are at risk due to decades of unsustainable forest management practices. Pollution off the coast of Florida is killing the coral reefs along the Florida Keys, which serve as habitat for hundreds of species of fish. Commercial fish species have begun to decline, causing a threat to the multi-million dollar tourism industry, which depends on the quality of the environment.
Plants and animals _______.
A. contain medicaments
B. will not exist until the future generations can experience their value
A. human beings do not like to use plants as medicine
B. human beings depend on plants for food and medicine
C. there is no disease-resistant material in edible plants
D. edible plants do not include wheat and corn
Which sentence is true?
A. Humans do not depend on ecosystem.
B. The loss of one species may lead to the 16ss of others.
C. Unsustainable forest management practices have no effects on species.
D. The coast of Florida does not suffer any pollution:
The word trigger has a close meaning to _______.
A. cause B. pollute C. contaminate D. decline
GAP- FILLING READING
Read the following passages and choose the letter A, B, C, or D corresponding to the correct word(s) for each of the blanks
In the 1960s the women's liberation movement (1) _____ suddenly into the public consciousness and quickly grew into the largest social movement in the history of the United States. Women's liberation movement was a continuation of the 19th-century women's rights movement. The movement's major (2) _____ has included not only legal, economic, and political gains but also has changed the ways in which people live, dress, dream of their future, and (3) ___ a living. About health, for example, many male physicians and hospital have made major improvements in the treatment of women; more and more women have become doctors and succeeded (4) _____ their medical research; and diseases such as breast cancer, which affects many women, now receive better funding and treatment, thanks to women's efforts. Feminists have insisted that violence against women become a political issue. The women's liberation movement has also made changes in education: curricula and (5) _____ have been written to promote equal opportunity for girls and women; more and more female students are admitted to universities and professional schools.
The women's liberation movement brought about a radical change in society although it took a decade for the movement to reach women's awareness.
1. A. dated B. originated C. introduced D. burst
2. A. achievement B. civilization C. status D. power
3. A. put B. make C. get D. take
4. A. in B. to C. for D. with
5. A. textbooks B. novels C. picture books D. magazines
Before the 19th century, families usually ____( 1)_____ marriages for their children. Young people didn’t decide who they want to marry. After they got married, they usually had ____( 2)_____ children. In the 19th century, most children could not choose the person they wanted to marry. A marriage joined two people and not two families. Two people could get ____( 3)_____ because they loved each other, not just because their families wanted them to marry. At the same time, people began to realize that they had to ____( 4)____ very good care of their children. Before this, most people didn’t go to school. The family members all worked together at home. Later, people realized that ___( 5)____ is necessary for a good life.
1.A. have arranged B. arranged C. were arranging D. arrange
2.A. much B. little C. a lot of D. few
3.A. marry B. marriage C. marrying D. married
4.A. make B. get C. take D. give
5.A. educate B. educated C. educator D. education
The General Certificate of Secondary Education or the GCSE examinations for (1) _____ are the standard school-leaver qualifications taken by virtually all UK students in the May and June following their 16th birthday. If you come to a UK independent school before you (2) _____ the age of 16, you will study towards GCSE examinations in up to 12 subjects. Some subjects are compulsory, including English and mathematics, and you can select (3) _____, such as music, drama, geography and history from a series of options. GCSEs provide a good all-round education that you can build on at college and eventually at university.
AS- and A-levels are taken after GCSEs. They are the UK qualifications most (4) _____ accepted for entry to university and are available in subjects from the humanities, arts, sciences and social sciences as well as in (5) _____ subjects such as engineering, and leisure and tourism. You can study up to four subjects at the same time for two years.
1. A. short B. long C. big D. long
2. A. reach B. come C. approach D. go
3. A. other B. each other C. another D. others
4. A. wide B. widely C. width D. widen
5. A. practical B. apprentice C. vocational D. physical
Here are the tips that help succeed in your job interview:
Always arrive early. If you do not know ______(1)_____the organization is located, call for exact directions _____(2)_____advance. Leave some extra time for any traffic, parking, or ______(3)____events. If you are running late, call right away and let someone know. The best time to arrive is approximately 5-10 minutes early. Give ____(4)____ the time to read your résumé on more time, to catch your breath, and to be ready for the interview. Once you are at the office, treat everyone you encounter with respect. Be ______(5)____to everyone as soon as you walk into the door.
1. A. why B. when C. where D. that
2. A. with B. in C. on D. for
3. A. expected B. unexpected C. unexpectedly D. expectedly
4. A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself
5. A. pleasant B. happy C. disappointed D. excited
Many environmental experts are pessimistic about the future of our _____(1)____. They say that the next few years harmful chemicals will further damage the_____(2)____layer., there will be more losses of irreplaceable tropical rainforests, and serious air pollution will cause the climate itself to change. They also warn us that the developing countries will continue to suffer ecological disasters, while the _____(3)____countries consume the vast majority of the world’s fuels. Animals are also at_____(4)____.It’s fear that some endangered species may soon die out, as their natural_____(5)____are destroyed.
1. A. country B. planet C. society D. life
2. A. oxygen B. dioxide C. carbon D. ozone
3. A. poor B. developing C. European D. rich
4. A. risk B. danger C. accidents D. unfortunate
5. A. environment B. habitats C. resources D. disasters
Nowadays people are more aware that wildlife all over the world is in (1) ________ . Many species of animals are threatened, and could easily become (2) _______ if we do not make an effort to protect them. There are many reasons for this. In some cases, animals are hunted for their fur or for other valuable parts of their bodies. Some birds, such as parrots are caught (3) _______, that their habitats – the place where they live – is disappearing. More land is used for farms, for house and industry and there are fewer open spaces than there once were. Farmers use powerful chemicals to help them grow better crops, but these chemicals pollute the environment and (4) _______ wildlife. The most successful animals on Earth, human being, will soon be the only ones (5) ____ unless we can solve this problem.
1. A. danger B. threat C. problem D. vanishing
2. A. disappeared B. vanished C. empty D. extinct
3. A. lively B. alive C. for life D. for living
4. A. spoil B. harm C. would D. wrong
5. A. left B. over C. staying D. survived
UNICEF (The United Nations Children’s Fund) is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the (1) _____ of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. UNICEF is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and tries to establish children's rights as enduring ethical principles and international standards of (2) _____ towards children. UNICEF (3) _____ that the survival, protection and development of children are universal development. UNICEF mobilizes political will and material (4) _____ to help countries, particularly developing countries, ensure a "first call for children" and to, build their capacity to form appropriate policies and (5) _____ services for children and their families.
1. A. protest B. destruction C. protection D. achievement
2. A. poverty B. behavior C. medicine D. injure
3. A. insists B. devotes C. treats D. mounts
4. A. sources B. mines C. budgets D. funds
5. A. care B. appeal C. supply D. react
Throughout the world there are different _____(1)____ for people to greet each other. In much of the world, a handshake is the common form of welcoming and greeting someone. In many countries around the Mediterranean Sea a light kiss on the cheek is the appropriate way to welcome friends and family. It can be a very _____(2)____ surprise if you expect to shake hands and get a kiss or a hug instead.
At times, it is difficult to tell what sort of greeting _____(3)____ is followed. People may bow, wave another’s arm or even slap the other person on the back. In some places people just smile, look at the other’s face and say nothing.
Most people in the world are _____(4)____ of, visitors and don’t mind what travelers do that seems wrong as long as the visitors are sincere. A big part of the _____(5)____ of world travel is experiencing different customs.
1. A. means B. ways C. methods D. techniques
2. A. huge B. large C. big D. great
3. A. habit B. routine C. tradition D. custom
4. A. kind B. generous C. tolerant D. independent
5. A. pleasure B. interest C. comfort D. delightfulness
Most people today take relatively little general exercise. Over the last 30 or 40 years lifestyles have changed considerably and many people now travel even (1) ______ shortest distances by car or bus. Lack of exercise combined with eating too many fatty and sugary foods has meant that many people are becoming too fat. Experts are particularly concerned that children (2)______ a lot of their free time watching television or playing computer games instead of being physically active.
In recent years, however, there has been a growing (3) ______ in fitness among young adults and many belong to a sports club or gym. Membership of a sports club or gym can be (4) ______ and not everyone can afford the subscription. Local sports centres are generally cheaper. Evening classes are also cheap and offer a wide variety of fitness activities ranging (5) ______ yoga to jazz dancing. Some companies now provide sports facilities for their employees or contribute to the cost of joining a gym.
(Extracted from The Oxford Guide to British and American Culture - Oxford Advanced Learner’s Compass)
1. A. the
2. A. make
3. A. interestingly
4. A. popular
5. A. on
The Red Cross is an international humanitarian agency with national affiliates in almost every country in the world. The Red Cross movement began with the founding of the International Committee for the Relief of (1)______ Wounded in 1863 (now the International Committee of the Red Cross); it was (2)______ to care for victims of battle (3)______ wartime, but later national Red Cross societies were created to aid in the prevention and relief of human suffering generally.
Its peacetime activities include first aid, accident prevention, water (4) ______ , training of nurses' aids, maintenance of maternal and child welfare centers and medical clinics, blood banks, and numerous (5)______ services. The Red Cross is the name used in countries under nominally Christian sponsorship; the Red Crescent (adopted on the insistence of the Ottoman Empire in 1906) is the name used in Muslim countries.
1. A. the
2. A. set
3. A. on
4. A. safety
5. A. other
C. the other
WHY DO ANIMALS GO EXTINCT?
Different kinds of animals have appeared and disappeared throughout Earth’s history. Some animals go extinct because the climate (1) ______ they live changes. The climate may become wetter or drier. It may become warmer or cooler. If the animals cannot change, or adapt, to the new climate, they die.
Some animals go extinct because they cannot (2) ______ with other animals for food. Some animals go extinct because they are killed by enemies. New kinds of animals are always evolving. Evolving means that the animals are changing (3) ______ from generation to generation. Small differences between parents, children, and grandchildren slowly add up over many, many generations. Eventually, a different kind of animal evolves.
Sometimes many of the animals on Earth go extinct at the (4) ______ time. Scientists call this a mass extinction. Scientists think there (5) ______ at least five mass extinctions in Earth’s history. The last mass extinction happened about 65 million years ago. This mass extinction killed off the dinosaurs.
1. A. which
2. A. compete
3. A. suddenly
4. A. different
5. A. will be
C. have been
D. has been
Schools in the United States have not always had a large number of libraries. As (1) ______ as 1958 about half of the public schools in the United States had no libraries at all. The (2)____ of public school libraries increased dramatically when the federal government passed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, (3)______ provided funds for school districts to improve their education programs and facilities, including their libraries. (4)______, many educators claim that since the legislation was passed federal spending has not increased sufficiently to meet the rising (5) ______ of new library technologies such as computer databases and Internet access.
Because the federal government provides only limited funds to schools, individual school districts (6) ______ on funds from local property taxes to meet the vast majority of public school expenses. Therefore, the libraries of public schools tend to reflect the (7) ______ capabilities of the communities in which they are located. Districts in wealthy suburbs often have fully staffed libraries (8) ______ abundant resources, spacious facilities, and curricular and instructional support. In (9) ______, school districts in many poor areas house their libraries in ordinary classrooms or in small rooms. The libraries in such areas are generally staffed by volunteers, who organize and (10) ______ books that are often out-of-date, irrelevant, or damaged.
Water polo originated in England during the 1870s and soon became popular in the United States. It was (1) …………… played in the Olympic Games as a men’s exhibition sport in 1900. In 1908 it was (2) ……………. internationally at the Olympics. Over the succeeding decades water polo became especially popular in Europe.
From approximately 1920 to 1946 the United States departed (3) ……………. the international rules for water polo by adopting for play a loosely inflated ball that could be gripped in one hand carried toward the goal. Opposing players usually attempted to seize the ball carriers, wrestle them under water, and render them helpless from loss of breath. This rough style of play virtually disappeared by 1946. Since that time, traditional water polo has grown (4) ……………. in North America, especially as a college sport.
Women have played water polo since the game’s early days, but participation was not widespread until the 1960s. In 1961 United States Water Polo (5) ……………. national club championship for women.
1. A. first B. last C. final D. end
2. A. retested B. contested C. compiled D. supported
3. A. from B. for C. of D. in
4. A. hurriedly B. instantly C. steadily D. rapidly
5. A. participated B. issued C. established D. published.
Are organically grown foods the best food choices? The advantages claimed for
such foods over conventionally grown and marketed food products are now being
debated. Advocates of organic foods ----- a term whose meaning varies greatly ---
frequently proclaim that such products are safer and more nutritious than others.
The growing interest of consumers in the safety and nutritional quality of the
typical North American diet is a welcome development. However, much of this
interest has been sparked by sweeping claims that the food supply is unsafe or
inadequate in meeting nutritional needs. Although most of these claims are not
supported by scientific evidence, the preponderance of written material advancing
such claims makes it difficult for the general public to separate fact from fiction.
As a result, claims that eating a diet consisting entirely of organically grown foods
prevents or cures disease or provides other benefits to health have become widely
publicized and form the basis for folklore.
Almost daily the public is besieged by claims for "no-aging" diets, new vitamins,
and other wonder foods. There are numerous unsubstantiated reports that natural
vitamins are superior to synthetic ones, that fertilized eggs are nutritionally superior
to unfertilized eggs, that untreated grains are better than fumigated grains, and the like.
One thing that most organically grown food products seem to have in common is
that they cost more than conventionally grown foods. But in many cases consumers are
misled if they believe organic foods can maintain health and provide better nutritional
quality than conventionally grown foods. So there is real cause for concern if consumers,
particularly those with limited incomes, distrust the regular food supply and buy only
expensive organic foods instead.
1. The word "Advocates" in line 3 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
Question 27: The _____________ he was, the more cigarettes he smoked.
A. less worried B. most worried C. more worried D. worried
Question 28: Do you think a close friend should share joy and sadness _____________ you?
A. with B. on C. at D. between
Question 29: _____________, he wouldn’t have missed the train
A. If he listened to me B. Unless he listened to me
C. If he had listened to me D. If he didn’t listen
Question 30: “What are you going to do this weekend?” - _____________ .
A. It's a good idea B. We plan to visit my grandparents
C. I'm very tired D. I don't like going out
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. (0.25 point/ a question)
Nearly all the discoveries that have been made through the ages can 31) _______ in books. The invention of the book is one of humankind’s(32) _______ achievements, the importance of which can not be overestimated. Books are very adaptable, providing us with both entertainment and information. The production of books began in Ancient(33) _______,though not in the form that is accessible to us today. The books read by the Romans, however, have some similarities to the ones we read now. Until the middle of the 15th century, in Europe, all books were written by hand. They were often (34) _______ illustrated and always rare and expensive. With printing came the possibility of cheap, large-scale publication and distribution of books making (35) _______ more widespread and recognizable.
Question 31: A. founded B. find C. found D. be found
Question 32: A. greatest B. greatly C. greater D. great
Question 33: A. China B. England C. Egypt D. America
Question 34: A. beautify B. beautiful C. beautifully D. beauty
Question 35: A. known B. know C. knowledgeable D. knowledge
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. (0.2 point/ a question)
Question 36: He drives more carelessly than he used to.
A. He doesn’t drive as carefully as he used to.
B. He doesn’t drive carefully than he used to.
C. He doesn’t drive as carefully than he used to.
D. He doesn’t drive as carefully as he does.
Question 37: We didn’t recognize him until he came into the light.
A. It was not until we didn’t recognize him that he came into the light.
B. It was not until we recognized him that he came into the light.
C. It was not until he came into the light that we recognized him.
D. It was not until he came into the light that we didn’t recognize him .
Question 38: People believe that 13 is an unlucky number.
A. It was believed that 13 is an unlucky number.
B. That 13 is an unlucky number is believed.
C. It is believed that 13 is an unlucky number.
D. 13 is believed an unlucky number.
Question 39: Shall we go for a walk?
A. What about going for walk? B. What about going for a walk?
C. What about going a walk? D. What about go for a walk?
Question 40: The last time I played football was in 1991
A. I haven’t played football since 1991 B. I haven’t played football in 1991
C. I last played football since 1991 D. I didn’t play football in 1991
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that needs correction. (0.2 point/ a question)
Question 41: My father, that has a special craze for cars, has just bought another sports car.
A B C D
Question 42: The room is such dirty that it needscleaningimmediately.
A B C D
Question 43: You have to study hard to keep pace in your classmates
A B C D
Question 44: A lot of articlesaboutthe environmenthave written by my classmates.
A B C D
Question 45: Unless you don’t give upeating so much meat, you will continue to put on weight.
A B C D
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. (0.2 point/ a question)
The problem of the use of our natural resources may be divided into four parts. These deal with trees, soil, water and minerals. In a sense, the first three are closely related, for water is a great destroyer of soil, and trees are its great protectors. Trees need both soil and water to grow. And water, to be of any real use, needs to be kept by soil and trees. Minerals are apart. They exist where they are because of the changing physical nature of the earth. Man has no control over the creation of the minerals, and once a particular supply has been used up, it is gone forever.
Conservation programmes have been instituted by most governments to prevent these four essentials from reckless waste and to start the long process of repairing earlier damage to forests, soil and water supply.
Question 46: The problem of the use of our natural resources may be divided into ….. .
A. five parts B. two parts C. three parts D. four parts
Question 47: The relations between trees, soil and water _________________.
A. A & B are incorrect
B. Trees need both soil and water to grow, and water needs to be kept by soil and trees
C. Water is a great destroyer of soil and trees are its great protectors
D. A & B are correct
Question 48: Minerals exist where they are _________________ .
A. All are correct
B. because of the changing physical nature of the earth
C. because they are also need to be kept by soil
D. because they are great protectors
Question 49: When minerals are used up, _________________.
A. they are gone forever B. they can be found soon
C. they can be restored D. they can be supplied again
Question 50: To prevent these four essentials from reckless waste, _________________ .
A. most governments have instituted conservation programmes
B. man mustn’t cut trees
C. man mustn’t destroy minerals
D. man has to have control over the creation of the minerals