Group Activity Instructions



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Mapping for Disaster Management

Module 2: Using Maps In Disaster Management

Group Activity 2

Group Activity Instructions


Your instructor will provide each group with a textual situation report. Your instructor will also give each group a packet containing a choice of base maps, thematic layers, and other map elements. As a group, your job will be to “produce” a map that provides the provincial disaster manager with a current overview of the disaster situation using the components provided. Write down the reasons for your choices on the flip charts provided. You should also list two decisions you believe the disaster manager could make using your map. At the end of the exercise, you will share your maps and reasoning with the other groups. The instructor will facilitate discussion.

Situation Report


Situation Report No. 6

Typhoon 05W

8 November 2010

0800



  1. Situation Overview

Event

  • On Friday, 5 November 2010, Typhoon 05W made made landfall in Central Vietnam, bringing destructive winds and severe flooding to many provinces.

  • Severe flooding is prevelent in most of the impacted area, accompanied by destructive landslides and erosion.

Impacted Area

  • Areas affected are the provinces of Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, Dac Lac, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Kon Tum and Gia Lai.

  • Binh Dinh and Phu Yen were most impacted. In these provinces, Quy Nhon City, Tuy Phuoc District and Van Cahn district sustained the greatest impacts.

Situation

  • A landslide in Van Cahn, Quang Nam province caused by extensive rainfall following the typhoon has reportedly killed 13 people.

  • Electricity has been reestablished in Phu Yen and Binh Dinh.

  • Binh Dinh, the districts of Tuy Phuoc, Qui Nhon, and Phu Cat are still heavily flooded.

  • Bridges 234 and 72, as well as some railway segments in Binh Dinh Province, are impassible due to severe flooding. Bridges 52, 33, 176, 288, 102 and 63 in Binh Dinh may also be impassible.

  • Chloramines B is urgently needed for environmental cleaning/treatment.

  • Estimated damage: 5.1 Trillion VND ($280 million USD) with an estimated 500,000 people affected.

  • Rapid assessment teams are visiting the areas affected. Preliminary damage assessment reports are being conducted, but do not anticipate being completed for another 48 to 72 hours.

Health Situtation

  • In Phu Yen, some cases of disease have been found such as eye infections, diarrhoea, acute respiratory infections, but no outbreaks. Reports of disease have been received from Dong Xuan, Song Cau, and Tuy An Districts.

  • Damage: 48/112 Commune Health Centers (CHC) have been flooded, of which 4 completely collapsed, and 44 others were damaged severely.

  • In Binh Dinh, no outbreaks have been reported. However, disease such as diarrhoea, fever, flu and eye infections have been reported in Qui Nhon City, Tuy Phuoc, and Phu My.

  • In Quang Ngai, the most heavily flooded district is Nghia Hanh with 10/12 communes flooded. Out of the 942 flooded wells, 800 have been treated with chloramines B.

  1. Damage and Casualties

Preliminary Damage Assessment (PDA) estimates are provided by local emergency management officials, NGO and OCHA DAT teams. PDA is anticipated to be completed in the next 48-72 hours.
Table 1: Summary of Damages

Damage

Total

Houses damaged

48,455

Houses collapsed

2, 362

Boats sunk

94

Fish and shrimp ponds flooded

2,436 ha

Damaged fish cages

21,626

rice paddies flooded

19,272 ha


Table 2: Summary of Casualties

Casualties

Total

People Reported Deceased

123

People Reported Injured

145

People Reported Missing

21



Table 3: Casualties by Demographics







Khanh Hoa

Binh Dinh

Phu Yen

Death Toll

Age > 50

30%

30%

36%

Age > 20

38%

30%

19%

Age < 20

23%

15%

15%

Age > 1

7%

25%




Male

92.30%

80%

44%

Female

7.60%

20%

49%

Unclear







7%

Injured

Age > 50

11%

25%




Age > 20

44%

45%




Age < 20




13%




Age > 10

11%







no age reported







21

Male

77.70%

54%




Female

22.00%

45%




  • Binh Dinh has reported the followings estimates of loss. Updated information will be available as soon as conditions lessen in severity and PDA’s are completed.




District

Qui Nhon

An Lao

An Nhon

Hoai An

Hoai Nhon

Phu Cat

Phu My

Tuy Phuoc

Tay Son

Van Canh

Vinh Thanh

Estimated Pop.

240,000

24,091

187,737

94,901

218,362

192,830

186,345

189,084

135,441

23,078

26,901

Human Loss

Death

21




6

3

7

7

3

15

2

13




Missing

7




1













2




1




Injured

32




9

6




6




20

5







Houses/Damages

Collapsed/ washed away

433




118

2




132




421

35

7




Damaged

1,605




592







735




1,230

120

19




Schools damaged

10




16







17




21

1







Health stations damaged

17




12







14




15










Households Evacuated

4,032




969







1,137

472

3,741

414

21




People Evacuated

15,005




3,824







4,436

1,975

14,674

1,285

87







  1. Response

  • On Sunday, 7 November 2010, the Prime Minister under Decision 1779/QD-TTg allocated financial support and rice to the following provinces affected by Typhoon 05W:

  • Binh Dinh: 70 billion VND and 3,000 tons of rice;

  • Phu Yen: 100 billion VND and 4,000 tons of rice;

  • Khanh Hoa: 20 billion VND and 1,000 tons of rice;

  • Ninh Thuan 5 billion VND;

  • Gia Lai: 30 billion VND and 2,000 tons of rice.

  • On Nov. 7, the Ministry of Defense transported more than 20.9 tons of relief goods to Binh Dinh and Phu Yen provinces, and relocated 146 people from flooded areas to shelters in Phu Cat, Phu My, Dong Xuan, and Son Hoa. Additionally, more than 14.9 tons of relief goods were distributed in Phu Yen province.

  • The Ministry of Health has distributed 30 medical stocks; 1 ton of chloramines B.

    • 1,000,000 million chloramines units to Phu Yen province

    • 30 medical stocks, 100 life vests, and 500,000 chloramines units to Binh Dinh Province.

  • Vietnam Electricity has repaired the power network in the majority of affected areas. Power in the most severely affected areas in Binh Dinh and Phu Yen will be restored soon. More than 100 workers, cranes, trucks, construction equipment, logistics and other means have been sent to Phu Yen to help restore the electrical infrastructure.

  • On Nov. 8, Phu Yen had distributed 15,000 liters of gasoline for Dong Xuan and Tuy An. They also distributed 4,000 tons of rice (from central government), 12,200 boxes of noodles and 800 boxes of pure water to 9 districts, towns and cities.

  • In Gia Lai, households who lost their house will be given 5 million dong and 50kg of rice, unroofed houses will receive 2 million VND and 20kg of rice while flooded houses will receive 1 million VND and 30 kg of rice per household.

  • A Vietnam Red Cross (VNRC) delegation led by Mr. Phung Van Hoan, Vice Chairman of VNRC visited affected provinces for emergency relief and damage/needs assessment firstly in Khanh Hoa province then Phu Yen then Binh Dinh provinces.

  • Immediate response from VNRC headquarters:

Table 4: VNRC Headquarters Response

Province

Cash (in VND million)

Household kits

Distribution start date

Binh Dinh

100

200

8 November

Phu Yen

150

400

8 November

Khanh Hoa

50

100

TBA

Ninh Thuan

50

100

TBA

Total

350

800







  • The Pasteur Institute in Nha Trang provided 210 kg of Chloramines B powder; 196,000 chloramines T, 200 litres of K.Othrine to Phu Yen province. In Binh Dinh it provided 210 kg of chloramines B, 200,000 chloramines T and 200 litres of K-Othrin. Finally in Quang Ngai 210 kg of chloramines B; 200 litres of K.Othrin.were provided. According to the institute the following requests were made:

  • 100 medical stocks; 2,000,000 tablets of Chloramines B; 2,000 kg chloramines powder; 100 life vests for Binh Dinh

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