“GIÃ TỪ VŨ khí” CỦa tác giả ernest hemingway khóa luận cử nhân ngành khoa học quân sự Chuyên ngành: Tiếng Anh



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HỌC VIỆN KHOA HỌC QUÂN SỰ
KHOA TIẾNG ANH
KIỀU ANH PHƯƠNG

NGHIÊN CỨU CÁCH NGUYÊN LÝ TẢNG BĂNG TRÔI
ĐƯỢC THỂ HIỆN TRONG TÁC PHẨM “GIÃ TỪ VŨ KHÍ”
CỦA TÁC GIẢ ERNEST HEMINGWAY
KHÓA LUẬN CỬ NHÂN NGÀNH KHOA HỌC QUÂN SỰ
Chuyên ngành: Tiếng Anh

HÀ NỘI - 2022


HỌC VIỆN KHOA HỌC QUÂN SỰ
KHOA TIẾNG ANH
KIỀU ANH PHƯƠNG


NGHIÊN CỨU CÁCH NGUYÊN LÝ TẢNG BĂNG TRÔI
ĐƯỢC THỂ HIỆN TRONG TÁC PHẨM “GIÃ TỪ VŨ KHÍ”
CỦA TÁC GIẢ ERNEST HEMINGWAY
KHÓA LUẬN CỬ NHÂN NGÀNH KHOA HỌC QUÂN SỰ
Chuyên ngành: Tiếng Anh

NGƯỜI HƯỚNG DẪN KHOA HỌC:
Thượng tá, Thạc sĩ Nguyễn Thị Biên

HÀ NỘI - 2022



MILITARY SCIENCE ACADEMY
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
KIEU ANH PHUONG

A STUDY ON THE ICEBERG THEORY MANIFESTED IN
A FAREWELL TO ARMS” BY ERNEST HEMINGWAY
B.A. THESIS IN MILITARY SCIENCE
Specialization: English language


SUPERVISOR:
Colonel, Nguyen Thi Bien, M.A.

HANOI - 2022


TABLE OF CONTENTS







Page




INTRODUCTION

5




Chapter 1.

LITERATURE REVIEW

8

1.1.

Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory and its features

8

1.1.1.

The concepts of Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory

8

1.1.2.

The features of Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory

9

1.1.3.

The typical devices employed in Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory

9

1.2.

Introduction to Ernest Hemingway




1.2.1.

Ernest Hemingway’s life

15

1.2.2.

Ernest Hemingway’s writing career

17

1.3.

Introduction to “A Farewell to Arms”




1.3.1.

The setting of “A Farewell to Arms”

19

1.3.2.

The plot summary of “A Farewell to Arms”

19

1.3.3.

Major characters of “A Farewell to Arms”

21

1.3.4.

Major themes of “A Farewell to Arms”

21

1.4.

Previous studies on Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory

24




Summary of chapter 1

25

Chapter 2.

THE ICEBERG THEORY IN “A FAREWELL TO
ARMS” BY ERNEST HEMINGWAY

26

2.1.

Methodology

26

2.1.1.

Methods

26

2.1.2.

Research questions

27

2.1.3.

The unit of analysis

28

2.1.4.

The source of data

28

2.1.5.

Research procedure

28

2.1.6.

Data collection

28

2.1.7.

Data analysis

28

2.2.

The application of Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory in “A Farewell to Arms”

29

2.2.1.

Usage frequency of common literary devices manifesting Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory in the novel “A Farewell to Arms”

29

2.2.2.

Common literary devices manifesting Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory in the novel “A Farewell to Arms”

30

2.3.
2.3.1.



Personal comments
Personal impressions on Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory and its manifestation in the novel “A Farewell to Arms”

46
47

2.3.2.

Implications

48




Summary of chapter 2

49

CONCLUSION

50




REFERENCES

52















INTRODUCTION

1. Rationale for the study

Having been widely touted as the cradle of global modern literature, American literature has left such an enormous number of masterpieces that become fertile sources of references for the next generations. Approaching this kind of literature is extremely beneficial to readers, as it not only reveals truly the contemporary society but also leads them to positive human values.


Amongst numerous distinguished authors, the shadow Ernest Hemingway casts over American literature is nothing less than colossal. His major themes aside, Hemingway’s widely imitated, distinctive prose style revolutionized American writing and deeply influenced an entire generation of minimalist authors like Raymond Carver and Susan Minot. He emerged as the father of the Iceberg Theory or the Theory of Omission, which has become a subject of heated discussion amongst critics.
Having an in-depth knowledge about Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory not only helps readers to gain more insights into his themes of literary works but also facilitates them to better understand the hidden issues below the surface in their real life. For learners of English language, particularly cadets at Military Science Academy, it is possible that Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory can help to hone their both academic and social skills, especially reading and writing ones. Unfortunately, there have not been any studies into Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory in Military Science Academy. Therefore, the author decided to conduct a study on Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory in the novel “A Farewell to Arms” for two reasons mentioned in a talk delivered by the Nobel Prize Committee in a press conference hold in 2009. First, this novel proves to be exemplary of Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory. Second, its major theme centres on war and love, which could be of great interest to young cadets in the armed forces.
For all the aforementioned rationales, it is a must that a research entitled: “A study on the Iceberg Theory in “A Farewell to Arms” by Ernest Hemingway” be conducted.

2. Aims of the study

The study aims at identifying and analyzing literary devices manifesting Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory in the novel “A Farewell to Arms” by Ernest Hemingway, hence proposing some thinkings on the author’s artistic intention.


3. Object of the study
The object of the study is common literary devices manifesting Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory in the novel “A Farewell to Arms”.
4. Objectives of the study
To achieve the aforementioned aims, the study is designed with a view to:
- Synthesizing an overview of Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory
- Providing an overview of the author Ernest Hemingway and his novel “A Farewell to Arms”
- Identifying and analyzing how Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory is displayed via common literary devices in the novel “A Farewell to Arms”.
5. Scope of the study
The thesis concentrates on how Hemingway exposed the Iceberg Theory in “A Farewell to Arms”, which could be clarified by uncovering layers of interpretation through several main literary devices used in the novel.
6. Methods of the study
A mixed-methods research and secondary data analysis are applied towards the completion of this graduation paper.
7. Significance of the study
Theoretically, the study helps acknowledge readers about Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory, the author Ernest Hemingway, his masterpiece “A Farewell to Arms”, and the manifestation of Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory in the work.
Practically, the study can help to satisfy the author’s great sense of curiosity about the use of Hemingway’s Iceberg Theory in “A Farewell to Arms”. Hopefully, the study can serve as a reference material for the betterment of teaching and learning foreign literature of majors of English and further studies concerning the use of the Iceberg Theory in literature. Moreover, the thesis can motivate learners of English in general and the cadets of Military Science Academy in particular to learn English as well as support them to explore foreign cultures and literature.

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