Chat language appears when the Internet becomes popular all over the world. It is described as the result of the worldwide impact of Internet and Cosmopolitan culture. It refers to the whole range of abbreviations and smileys which have become an integral part of the process of chatting.
Nowadays, chat language is one of the most commonly used medium of communication amongst the adolescents. In fact, it is most prevalently utilized by the people living in big cities where Internet is available. The usefulness of chat language is well illustrated by the overwhelming acceptance of the language. Chat language has simplified and speeded up the process of transmitting messages. We can make use of this short and sweet chat language to aptly convey our thought and feelings to our dear ones through instant messaging, and social networking websites. Actually, a smiley also enhances the look of the messages, thereby, expressing your feelings properly. Chat Language proves to be less time consuming.
In order to make full advantage of the chat language efficiently, we need to learn the short forms and smileys properly. A chat dictionary also provides us with an entire list of abbreviations that are used in chat and are easy to remember.
However, is chat language negative or positive? This question is still under debate on the world.
B. Vietnamese chat language I. The origin of forming Vietnamese chat language 1. Dialect factors
In daily communication, we can easily realize where people come from through their accent. However, it is difficult for us to know strange people’s backgrounds when conversing with them in a chat room on the Internet. We are able to base on their writing to realize them because chatters from three dialect regions write in many different styles. Everyone comes to use certain types of grammatical construction, slang, jargon, or abbreviations. This has a huge effect on forming Vietnamese chat language.
a. Northern dialect
Northerners often pronounce some initial consonants incorrectly in some following popular cases.
có duyên có dziên
giải nhất zải nhất
quyết thắng wuyết thắng
làm việc nàm việc
thương em xương em
“tr” “gi”, “z”
con trai con giai, zai
mời vô mời zô
b. Central dialect
Central dialect comprises north-central provinces, stretching from Thanh Hoa to Hai Van mountain pass. It is divided into three small dialect regions: Thanh Hoa, Nghe Tinh and Binh Tri Thien.
Southern dialect spreads from Hai Van mountain pass to Ca Mau province. It includes the western dialect (Kieng Giang, Rach Gia…) and the eastern dialect (Cu Chi, Tay Ninh…).
ngày mai ngày mơi
thứ nhất thứ nhứt
đi về đi dìa
lòe loẹt lè lẹt
bươm bướm bơm bớm
con hươu con hu
đẹp không đẹp hông
con lươn con lương
nhà in nhà inh
xong rồi xong gồi
thôi đi hôi đi
trời ơi chời ơi
vớt vát dớt dát
trò chuyện trò chiện
2. Psychological factors a. The need for fast communication
Although chat language is non-standard, the youth of today still use it widely. This can be explained by psychological factors.
The majority of Vietnamese high school students are not good at using diacritical marks on a computer keyboard, so they seldom use them when sending e-mails or chatting on the Internet. However, in order to avoid misunderstanding, they use a set of marks available on the keyboard. For example: công chúa co^ng chu’a; thế giới the^’ gio*’i.
The creative writing style also results from the fast growing communication need. As a consequence, instead of writing “không”, “phải”, “quá”, “buồn” they write “hông”, “fải”, “wá”, “bùn”. This way is as well applied for sending cellphone messages. On a cellphone keyboard, we have three-letter combinations such as “jkl”, “ghi” and so on. It will be faster if they press “j” (one time) instead of “i” (three times) (hài hải ngoại hàj hảj ngoạj). It gradually becomes their habit and is popularly used on computer and cellphone.
b. The need for expressing feelings
Through language chat, the youth can employ a variety of forms to express their feelings and personalities. When looking at dialogues on the Internet, we often meet writing styles such as “thôi” “thôy”, “suy nghĩ” “suy ngĩ”, “khuây khỏa” “kuây kỏa”, ect. Their main purpose is to invent “de-aumatization” of the writing, not to save time.
Besides, we also find “rồi” “gồi”, “thôi” “hôi”, “chết” “chít” and so on. The style of writing mimics children’s voice. It is likely that they both want to renew their style and express childish feelings: mischievous, angry, natural.
In addition, we notice that chatters usually turn “b” into “p” (“bó tay” “pó tay”), and “c” into “k” (con người kon người). On the one hand “k” and “c” has the same sound, but on the other, this change is aimed at impressing and making readers feel funny, pleasant to hear. It is explained that the teenagers imitate the accent of the Chinese, who live in Vietnam, especially in Cho Lon area. We still often hear some Chinese salespeople cry “pánh pao chỉ lê…”.
Moreover, chatters reduce letters such as “anh yêu em” “anh iu em”, “buồn quá” “bùn wá”, “không biết” “hẻm bít”, “vậy hả” “zị hả”, ect. It is said that these variants sound gentler, easier, and friendlier. Chatters probably wish to express their emotions and characters, and create a humorous, jolly, and youthful atmosphere when communicating.
Last but not least, while conversing on the Internet, chatters also use emoticons to manifest plenty of different states of emotion. These symbols are generally regarded as “non-verbal language”. They help chatters not only save time but also easily express their feelings during conversation. Emoticons are very characteristic and meaningful to chat language.
In conclusion, chat language is employed by most of the young people who often have a number of psychological changes. They utilize chat language as a means of proving their role, position and competence during the maturity stage. One remarkeable point is that chatters deliberately commit pronouncing errors in order to create their own unique and queer language. There are many cases which linguists and chatters themselves can not explain why they write such words.
II. The basic variants in Vietnamese language chat
Besides the effect of regional dialect, chatters still use different variants in language chat.
1. Letter reduction
mình đây mìn đây
vở tuồng vở tuồn
2. Interjection added
Chatters usally utilize interjections to express their feelings such as hic hic, huhu (sad), haha, kaka, ke ke, ac ac, hix hix, hehe (happy), uhm, uh hah, wow (surprised)... In addition, they also use epigrams. For instance:
These interjections and epigrams are created by rhyming words which make listeners pleasant to hear, easy to remmeber. Moreover, they are very suitable for the young style although they sounds facile and indifferent.
In order to communicate faster, chatters use abbreviations by keeping initials or changing phonology. However, this way is only applied to popular words which are understood by chatters. Nowadays, abbreviations is numerously used on the Internet.
This is a combination of using English alternately. Chatters often take full advantage of the most familiar and simple words with the same meaning. This phenomenon is now very popular in chat rooms on the Internet such as anyway (dù sao đi nữa), bad (xấu), beer (bia), blog (trang cá nhân), dad (tiếng gọi cha thân mật), film (phim), good (tốt), free (tự do), if (nếu), level (cấp độ), lonely (cô đơn), mom (tiếng gọi mẹ thân mật), money (tiền), problem (vấn đề), reset (cài lại), shopping (mua sắm), small (nhỏ), tall (cao), thanks (cảm ơn), tea (trà), today (hôm nay), virus (virut)…
Today đi ko đc rùi, mom kó o nhà. Chán wá, ko đc free tí nào. Chắc phải lủi thủi vào blog wá! …hic hic hic… lonely wá! >>>_ _<<<
Hôm nay đi không được rồi, mẹ có ở nhà. Chán quá, không được tự do tí nào. Chắc phải lủi thủi vào blog quá! …hic hic hic… (từ diễn tả tiếng khóc) cô đơn quá! >>>_ _<<<
b. Utilize variant
While conversing, chatters also show up their inspirational creativity by transcribing foreign words. For example:
love you forever
“lớp dzu phò ré vờ”
8. Use of pidgin
Pidgin is a way of speaking a language that employs simple words and forms, used when people do not speak a foreign language well. Pidgin begins to appear when English becomes popular in Vietnam. However, when chatters use pidgin, foreigners will not understand it because both sentence structure and grammar are incorrect. For instance: No table - miễn bàn; Like is afternoon - thích thì chiều; No four go - vô tư đi; Sugar you you go - đường anh anh đi; Find children peanut - tìm trẻ lạc…
Beg fault you: xin lỗi em
Bridge enough use: cầu đủ xài
Cool sky Mr land: mát trời ông địa
Do that die: làm ăn thế thì chết
Don’t far me night now: đừng xa em đêm nay
Don’t onion summer me: đừng hành hạ tôi
Donkey love: lừa tình
Eat you: ăn mày
Fruit heart no love two people: trái tim không thể yêu hai người
Go die go: đi chết đi
Hand play: tay chơi
Know die now: biết chết liền
I love you die up die down: anh yêu em chết lên chết xuống
I slap you drop teeth: tui tát anh rụng răng
I walk where: tôi đi đây
I want kiss mother you: anh muốn hôn má em
I want toilet kiss you: anh muốn cầu hôn em
If you want, I’ll afternoon you: nếu em muốn, anh sẽ chiều em
Kill people body love: giết người mình yêu
Lemon question: chảnh
Life me aunt form: đời tôi cô đơn
Like what: thích gì
Lip school: môi trường
Man three flower: kẻ ba hoa
Mother sister pineapple too: má em thơm lắm
No dare where: không dám đâu
No door: không có cửa
No have spend: không có chi
No I love me: không ai iu tui
No star where: không sao đâu
No table silver: miễn bàn bạc
No you do what do go I go five: thôi anh làm gì làm đi em đi ngủ
Rather eat you better eat theft: thà ăn mày hơn ăn cướp
See you tonight: CU 29
Sick want die: đau muốn chết
Slow pepper: chậm tiêu
Son with no girl: con với chả cái
Star I Miss mono: vì sao tôi cô đơn
Sugar sugar a hero man: đường đường một đấng anh hùng
Ugly tiger: xấu hổ
Umbrella star go again: dù sao đi nữa
Uncle like: chú thích
Wake is stop: dậy thì thôi
When I seven love, I look at star and ask myself star I seven love:
Khi tôi thất tình, tôi nhìn vì sao và tự hỏi sao tôi thất tình