Japanese historical background: Initial language influence in 5th and 6th centuries (through Korea, through study in China, and through sea trade); Continued contact through tribute relationship, trade, and some acceptance of Chinese elite culture (literature, art, religion, rime dictionaries), but there was little migration of Chinese into Japan, and Japanese in many ways developed their own indigenous cultural system while adapting Chinese elements.
Power of Writing in Language Contact: artistic value, representation of religion and philosophy, symbol of knowledge, cultural status symbol, political strength (legitimacy in power)
Japanese linguistic background: Linguistic isolate, polysyllabic, non-tonal, SOV
Sino-Japanese Writing: Go-on (Pre-Tang era), Kan-on (Tang dynasty), and Too-on (Song dynasty) readings (compare with SV); Chinese writing for (1) sound and meaning, (2) sound only, and (3) meaning only; Sound-based characters (manyoogana) develop into Kana syllabaries (Hiragana and Katakana)
More on History of Contact
Art: Bronze mirrors, painting
Names: Use of Kanji (some native Japanese (kun’yomi), some Chinese (on’yomi)); Some terms of address (先生 sensei “Mr. (professional)” and –kun 君 (used respectfully by elders of younger persons))