0729. Tác giả chính: Colin Howson
Nhan đề: Hume’s problem : induction and the justification of belief / Colin Howson Số phân loại : 161 C428; Đặc điểm vật lý: 261 p. ; 23 cm
*Tóm tắt : In the mid-eighteenth century David Hume argued that successful prediction tells us nothing about the truth of the predicting theory. But physical theory routinely predicts the values of observable magnitudes within very small ranges of error. The chance of this sort of predictive success without a true theory suggests that Hume's argument is flawed. However, Colin Howson argues that there is no flaw and examines the implications of this disturbing conclusion; he also offers a solution to one of the central problems of Western philosophy, the problem of induction .
0730. Tác giả chính: J.C. Beall
Nhan đề: Revenge of the liar : new essays on the paradox / edited by J.C. Beall Số phân loại : 165 B200; Đặc điểm vật lý: x, 374Tr : Minh họa ; 24 cm
*Tóm tắt : JC Beall presents fourteen new essays and an extensive introduction, which examine the nature of the Liar paradox and its resistance to any attempt to solve it. Written by some of the world's leading experts in the field, the papers in this volume will be an important resource for those working in truth studies, philosophical logic, and philosophy of language, as well as those with an interest in formal semantics and metaphysics .
0731. Tác giả chính: Stephen Cohen
Nhan đề: The nature of moral reasoning : the framework and activities of ethical deliberation, argument, and decision-making / Stephen Cohen Số phân loại : 170 S206; Đặc điểm vật lý: xi, 163 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
*Tóm tắt : The Nature of Moral Reasoning is a discussion about the landscape, or environment, in which moral reasoning occurs, and the factors which contribute to it .
0732. Tác giả chính: Julie M. McDonald
Nhan đề: Contemporary moral issues in a diverse society / Julie M. McDonald Số phân loại : 170 J510; Đặc điểm vật lý: 640 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
*Tóm tắt : This is a timely and diverse reader in contemporary moral issues that covers today's most meaningful topics. Its philosophical readings have been selected for balance and fairness to the issue and are supplemented by shorter selections from the popular media .
0733. Tác giả chính: Hugh LaFollette
Nhan đề: The Oxford handbook of practical ethics / Hugh LaFollette Số phân loại : 170 H509; Đặc điểm vật lý: 772 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
*Tóm tắt : The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics is a lively and authoritative guide to current thought about ethical issues in all areas of human activity--personal, medical, sexual, social, political, judicial, and international, from the natural world to the world of business. Twenty-eight topics are covered in specially written surveys by leading figures in their fields: each gives an authoritative map of the ethical terrain, explaining how the debate has developed in recent years, engaging critically with the most notable work in the area, and pointing directions for future work. The Handbook will be essential reading, and a fascinating resource of ideas and information, for academics and students across a wide range of disciplines .
0734. Tác giả chính: Christian F.R. Illies
Nhan đề: The grounds of ethical judgement : new transcendental arguments in moral philosophy / Christian F.R. Illies Số phân loại : 170 CH555; Đặc điểm vật lý: viii, 214Tr ; 22 cm
*Tóm tắt : Is it merely a matter of taste or convention to consider something right or wrong? Or can we find good reasons for our values and judgements that are independent of culture and tradition? The problem is as old as philosophy itself; and after more than two millennia of scholarly debate, there seems no end to the controversy. But Christian Illies suggests that powerful new forms of transcendental argument (a philosophical tool known since antiquity) may offer a long-sought cornerstone for morality .
0735. Tác giả chính: Emmett Barcalow
Nhan đề: Moral philosophy : theories and issues / Emmett Barcalow Số phân loại : 170 E202; Đặc điểm vật lý: xx, 378 p. ; 24 cm
*Tóm tắt : Half theory, half practical application! MORAL PHILOSOPHY: THEORIES AND ISSUES is the easy-to-understand philosophy textbook that's designed specifically for you, the student without a philosophy background. You'll not only learn about moral philosophy, you'll discover how to apply it to your own life. And because it's packed with study tools inside, MORAL PHILOSOPHY: THEORIES AND ISSUES is ideal for preparing for tests .
0736. Tác giả chính: David Boonin
Nhan đề: What’s wrong? : applied ethicists and their critics / David Boonin, Graham Oddie Số phân loại : 170 D111; Đặc điểm vật lý: 746 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Tác giả khác: Graham Oddie
*Tóm tắt : What's Wrong?: Applied Ethicists and Their Critics is a thorough and engaging introduction to applied ethics that covers virtually all of the issues in the field. Featuring more than ninety-five articles, it addresses standard topics--such as abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, world hunger, and animal rights--and also delves into cutting-edge areas like cloning, racial profiling, same-sex marriage, prostitution, and slave reparations. The volume includes seminal essays by prominent philosophers (Robert Nozick, James Rachels, Peter Singer, and Judith Jarvis Thomson) alongside work by newer voices in the field .
0737. Tác giả chính: John Martin Fischer
Nhan đề: Ethics : problems and principles / John Martin Fischer, Mark Ravizza Số phân loại : 170 J427; Đặc điểm vật lý: 366 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Tác giả khác: Mark Ravizza
*Tóm tắt : This unique text focuses on ethical puzzles and hypothetical problems to help students at all levels understand and refine their moral principles and see how they apply to various situations. An extensive, thoughtfully written introduction provides the theoretical background and lays out numerous moral puzzle cases that are analyzed and discussed throughout the text. Challenging follow-up articles argue a variety of stances on the ethical puzzles set forth in the introduction .
0738. Tác giả chính: Philippa Foot
Nhan đề: Natural goodness / Philippa Foot Số phân loại : 170 PH309; Đặc điểm vật lý: 125Tr ; 25 cm
*Tóm tắt : Philippa Foot has for many years been one of the most distinctive and influential thinkers in moral philosophy. Long dissatisfied with the moral theories of her contemporaries, she has gradually evolved a theory of her own that is radically opposed not only to emotivism and prescriptivism but also to the whole subjectivist, anti-naturalist movement deriving from David Hume. Dissatisfied with both Kantian and utilitarian ethics, she claims to have isolated a special form of evaluation that predicates goodness and defect only to living things considered as such; she finds this form of evaluation in moral judgements .
0739. Tác giả chính: hony Weston
Nhan đề: A practical companion to ethics / Anthony Weston Số phân loại : 170 A628; Đặc điểm vật lý: xi, 96Tr ; 21 cm
*Tóm tắt : A Practical Companion to Ethics, 2/e, is a concise and accessible introduction to the basic attitudes and skills that make ethics work, like thinking for oneself, creative and integrative problem-solving, and keeping an open mind. This unique volume illuminates the broad kinds of practical intelligence required in moral judgment, complementing the narrower theoretical considerations that often dominate ethics courses. It offers practical instruction in problem-solving by demonstrating how to frame an ethical problem and deal effectively with ethical disagreements. This book also addresses issues of the heart--the call to responsiveness and care that underlies formal ethical theories. The appendix offers an extended and specific guide to writing papers in ethics .
0740. Tác giả chính: Timothy Shanahan
Nhan đề: Reason and insight : Western and Eastern perspectives on the pursuit of moral wisdom / Timothy Shanahan, Robin Wang Số phân loại : 170 T310; Đặc điểm vật lý: xx, 492Tr ; 24 cm
Tác giả khác: Robin Wang
*Tóm tắt : The aim of REASON AND INSIGHT is twofold: first, to provide a comprehensive, multicultural introduction to ethics that includes substantial selections from the main Western and Eastern philosophies and religious traditions, and second, to enable students to explore how these perspectives are applied to a range of contemporary moral problems. Beginning with an engaging, accessible introduction to fundamental metaethical issues, the text then delves into particular ethical theories from both the Western and Eastern traditions. Finally, the relevance of these more abstract concerns is made more concrete in the concluding section that presents current scholarship devoted to applying these theories to pressing moral concerns with which students will be familiar. With REASON AND INSIGHT, students are exposed, in a single text, to all of the most important Western and Eastern moral theories and thereby are encouraged to reexamine critically their own moral perspectives in light of many other historically and/or culturally remote standpoints. .
0741. Tác giả chính: Christina Sommers
Nhan đề: Vice & virtue in everyday life : introductory readings in ethics / [compiled by] Christina Sommers, Fred Sommers Số phân loại : 170 C313; Đặc điểm vật lý: xiii, 668 p. ; 24 cm
Tác giả khác: Fred Sommers
*Tóm tắt : A comprehensive and provocative collection of both classical and contemporary voices in perennial ethical debates, VICE AND VIRTUE has established itself as one of the truly outstanding anthologies for Introduction to Ethics Courses. In contradistinction to many other introduction to ethics books that focus on the application of moral theories to various institutionally based social dilemmas, VICE AND VIRTUE is unabashedly committed to the exploration of private, individual virtue and responsibility. This book provides both an overview of seminal ethical theories as well as many stimulating readings chosen to encourage students' own reflection on how these abstract theories impact decisions they face individually in their everyday lives .