BỘ BÀi luyện tập kiến thức tiếng anh lớP 8 unit one : my friends



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……In the first year of lower secondary (1)………………… I had some difficulties in learning English .My (2)…………………… of English words was really bad and my English grammar was worse .I did not know how to (3)…………………them .One afternoon (4) …………………the lesson, my teacher of English told me to wait for her outside the classroom .She (5)…………. me to the school library and showed me cassette of pronunciation drills kept in a glass (6)………………… She also told me how to use an English-English (7) …………………………to improve my English grammar .” now I think you know what you (8) ………………………do” said she .I did not know that only ane (9) ……………………later I won the first prize in the English speaking contest (10) ……………………for secondary school students in my hometown .

lower secondary : THCS ; difficulty : khoù khaên ; hold-held : toå chöùc ; pronunciation : phaùt aâm ; keep-kept : caát,giöõ ; win-won : ñaït giaûi ; worse : teä hôn ; English speaking contest : thi huøng bieän tieáng Anh

2.Read the way this schoolgirl stdies English vocabulary and asnwer the questions below .

I have a little notebook. I always have it with. I try to fill one pape a day. Sometimes I put words in groups, like fruit – all kind of fruit. You know ? Or colors, or clothes, or things and the shop where you buy them. I have some grammar papes, where I write regular verbs or irregular verbs, or a pape of prepositions. I think prepositions are difficulty, you know – on Sunday, in the morning, listen to a concert – but you say phone someone. In my language we say “ phone to someone” .

regular verb :ñoäng töø coù quy taéc ; irregular verb :ñoäng töø baátù quy taéc ; preposition : giôùi töø

1.What does she always have with her ?

2.How many papes does she try to fill a day ?

3.In what way does she put words ?

4.What does she write on grammar papes ?

5.Why does she have a pape for prepositions ?



III/ CHOOSE THE CORRECT WORD IN THE PARENTHESES:

  1. Oh, yes . She speaks English …………………………………… (good / well)

  2. Ba always gets excellent grades because he studies ………………………………………(hard / hardly)

  3. That bus runs ……………………………… and we might catch it. (fast / fastly)

  4. I’m very sorry. I know I behave …………………………………(bad / badly)

  5. Sorry, but I’m speaking ……………………………… because I have a sore throat. (soft / softly)

  6. Your report card is ……………………………………(excellent / excellently)

IV/MULTIPLE CHOICE

1.She asked her children _________________ ____________ .



a. to stop playing b. stop to play c. stop playing d. stopping to play

2.People ____________ think that the world was flat .



a. get used to b. didn’t use to c. used to d. are used to

3.His parents are always proud __________________ him .



a. about b. of c. on d. with

4.I know you worked really ________________ this semester .



a. hardly b. good c. bad d. hard

5.Mary was born in France. French is her ___________________



a. mother tongue b. first language c. foreign language d. a and b

6.John came ___________________ an old school friend in the street this morning.



a. with b. along c. across d. off

7.She advised me _______________ late.



a. not b. not to be c. not be d. not being

8.He does morning exercises regularly ______________ improve his health.



a. in order for b. so as to c. so that d. b and c

9.Yesterday she received Tim’s_______________ from his teacher



a. report call b. call report c. report card d. card report

10.Tim’s Spanish pronunciation is not good so he should _________________ it



a. believe b. make c. improve d. need

11.His doctor said he _________________ in bed that week



a. will stay b. has to stay c. can stay d. should stay

12.Miss Jackson asked me ______________ you this dictionary



a. give b. to give c. to give d. to giving

13.We should this poem ________________________



a. by heart b. by soul c. by many times d. by millions

14.He told me ______________ harder.



a. study b. to study c. studying d. studied

V/ FILL IN EACH BLANK WITH A CORRECT PREPOSITION:IN, ON, AT, FOR, FROM ….

1.They are very proud ………………………………………………… their new clothes.

2.You should work harder …………………………………………your Spanish pronunciation.

3.How much time do you spend ……………………………… English?



4.Try to learn the meaning of the new words ………………………………… heart

5.I got good grade ………………………………………English and history

6.Please wait ……………………………………………me a few minutes.

VI. CHOOSE THE WORD THAT HAS THE UNDERLINED PART PRONOUNCED DIFFERENTLY:

1 a.proud b.hour c.your d.sound

2 a.tongue b.word c.come d.love

3 a.hour b.house c.heart d.how

4 a.promise b.revise c.stick d.visit

5 a.need b.read c.really d.teach
UNIT SIX : THE YOUNG PIONEER CLUB

A.GRAMMAR:

1.GERUND :danh ñoäng töø

-Thaønh laäp baèng caùch theâm “ING” vaøo sau ñoäng töø “ V-ing”

Ex: working, watching, drawing, swimming,



+ Taân ngöõ tröïc tieáp cuûa caùc ñoäng töø :;; enjoy (thích); hate (gheùt); love (yeâu, thích); like (thich), dislike (khoâng thích), suggest (gôïi yù); stop (ngöøng); prefer (thích hôn) . avoid (traùnh), consider (xem nhö); mind (phieàn); finish (hoaøn thaønh), What / How about (coøn …… veà)

Ex: She enjoys teaching



Would you mind closing the door,please ?

+ Taân ngöõ cuûa giôùi töø : in ; on ; of ; for ; without (khoâng) ; about ………

Ex: I am sorry for keeping you waiting .



She is fond of dancing .

2. MODALS : may, can, could (ñoäng töø tình thaùi :may,can, could)



a) Can, Could (polite requests : ñeà nghò lòch söï)

Ex: Can / Could you help me, please ? Certainly .



Could you do me a favor ? I’m sorry .I’m very busy now .

b) May (offering assistance) :ñeà nghò giuùp ñôõ ngöôøi khaùc)

Ex : May I help you ? Yes, That’s very kind of you .



May I help you with the washing-up ? No, thank you .

B.EXERCISES :

I.SUPPLY THE CORRECT VERB FORM :

1. I like _________________ and outdoor activities .(draw)

2. She loves _____________ soccer. (play)

3.Tom hates _________________ to the market. (go)

4. My father used _____________ a packet of cigarettes a day .(smoke)

5. They are thinking of ____________ to American .(move)

6.The teacher told us _______________ our best this year. (try)

7. It’s difficult ________________ a decision .(make)

8. Could you help me ____________ my bag? (carry)

9. He played well enough _____________ the games .(win)

10.She asked me ______________you this dictionay (give)

II.Match the questions in column A to the right answer in column B :

1.What are your hobbies ?

2.Could you do me a favor ?

3.Can you help me carry my books ?

4.May I help you ?

5.You look happy today. Anything new ?

6.Could you fill in this form for me ?



a.I have passed the exam.

b.Sorry but I am busy now.

c.Reading, acting and outdoor activities.

d.Certainly. Oh, They are heavy.

e.That’s very kind of you.

f.Sure. What can I do for you ?



III.READING

Hoa is excited about the …………………………(1) activities she is going to do. The Y & Y is having a plan …………………(2) the community. She’ll……………………(3) in its recycling program. In joining this program, she’ll collect ………………(4) paper, glass and empty cans. Then she will send them for ……………………(5).



She hopes that she could save natural resources and earn some money for her school Y & Y in these ……………………(6) .She also thinks about participating in ………(7) planting trees and flowers or ………… (8) the streets.

1. a. interesting b. interested c. boring d. bored

2. a. help b. to help c. helping d. to helping

3. a. take part b. participate c. fill d. a & b

4. a. use b. used c. using d. to use

5. a. recyclable b. recycle c. recycled d. recycling

6. a. organizations b. members c. activities c. resources

7. a. and b. either c. so d. neither

8. a. help b. helped c. helping d. to help

IV.WRITING

a) Rewrite the following sentences as directed.

1.We plan to collect used glass, paper, cans, and send them for recycling.(Use “ be going to + V”)

We are


2.On Sundays I like to sleep late .(Use ‘enjoy’ instead of ‘like’= duøng enjoy thay theá like)

On Sundays I enjoyed



3.Don’t let your child to play with maches .(Correct the mistake = söûa loåi sai)

Don’t let your child



4. “ Please show me your passport.” The officer said. (Use reported speech = ñoåi sang caâu giaùn tieáp)

The officer told me



5.The boy isn’t old so he can go to the cinema by himself. (Use “ be + adj + enough to + V …)

The boy isn’t old enough



6.Scouting began in England in 1907. (Make question for the underlined word= ñaët caâu hoûi)

When


7.He said, “ Don’t leave the door open” (Use reported speech)

He asked me



V/ MULTIPLE CHOICE

1.It’s too cold outside. _________________ you close the door, please ?



a. Do b. Are c. Could d. Why don’t

2.She is studying hard __________________ pass the final exam.



a. for b. in order to c. so as d. so that

3.Nam hates _________________ to the market.



a. to go b. goes c. go d. going

4.Can you fill ______________ this form for me ?



a. out b. on c. in d. a and c

5. “ May I help you ? –“ _________________________”.



a. What can I do for you ? b. I’m afraid I’m busy now .

c. Yes. That’s very kind of you. d. How can I help ?

6.What are you doing, Jay? I am _____________________ club activities..



a. enrolling for b. enrolling at c. enrolling to d. enrolling with

7.Scouting began in _____________________ in 1907.



a. America b. England c. France d. Vietnam

8.Why don’t you participate ________________ this activity ?



a. in b. at c. from d. with

9.My littile brother enjoy _____________pictures very much.



a. to draw b. drawing c. draw d. drawed

10.Could you _________________ a favor ? How can I help.



a. make b. give c. do d. bring

11.We are planing to help them by _________________ them to do things.



a. encouraged b. encourage c. to encourage d. encouraging

12.Can you do me a favor ? ______________________



a. I don’t bother b. No, I can’t c. I don’t like, sorry d. I’m sorry I can’t

13.The goverment is encouraging the community to take part in a ______________ programme.



a. recycle b. recycled c. recycling d. recyclling

VI.Complete the sentences with a proper preposition:

  1. I’m enrolling ……………………………………… the activities for this summer.

  2. Let me get an application form and we can fill …………………………………

  3. All members participate ……………………………………… a recycling program.

  4. I’m very proud ……………………………… you.

UNIT SEVEN : MY NEIGHBORHOOD

A.GRAMMAR:

1.Present perfect tense : thì hieän taïi hoaøn thaønh

-Duøng ñeå dieãn taû 1 haønh ñoäng hay 1 söï vieäc ñaõ xaûy ra trong quaù khöù vaø coøn keùo daøi tôùi hieän taïi .



-Thì hieän taïi hoaøn thaønh duøng vôùi “ For” (trong khoaûng) vaø “Since” (keå töø)

+ For + a period of time (1 khoaûng thôøi gian keùo daøi)

Ex: for six months, for a long time, for many years, for ages, for three hours …



+ Since + a point of time (1 moác thôøi gian cuï theå / xaùc ñònh)

Ex: since 2002, since Monday, since April, since last week, since yesterday, …



Formation :

  1. Affirmative : theå khaúng ñònh vaø phuû ñònh

    I / You / We / They + have (not) / haven’t

    + V3 / V-ed (past pasticiple) + for / since

    He / She / It / Nga … + has (not) / hasn’t

  2. Interrogative : theå nghi vaán

Have / Has + S + V3 / V-ed + … ?

-Ruùt goïn : have ’ve ; has ->’s ; have not -> haven’t ; has not -> hasn’t

+Quaù khöù phaân töø (past participle) cuûa ñoäng töø coù qui taéc gioáng heät quaù khöù ñôn,theâm “ED” vaøo ñoäng töø nguyeân maãu : work -> worked ; finish -> finished .

+ Quaù khöù phaân töø (past participle) cuûa ñoäng töø baát quy taéc laø coät 3 (V3 –pp) trong baûng ñoäng töø baát quy taéc : to go -> gone ; to give -> given ; to be -> been ; to see -> seen

Ex: I have lived in Long Giao for 20 years .



We have been here since last week .

How long has she been there ?

Have you ever gone to Ha Noi ?

* Note : Thì hieän taïi hoaøn thaønh thöôøng ñi keøm vôùi 1 soá traïng töø sau :since, for, ever (töøng), never (khoâng bao giôø), yet (chöa), already (ñaõ roài), recently (gaàn ñaây), just (vöøa môùi), How long …? bao laâu

2.Comparision with (daïng so saùnh vôùi) :like, not the same as,different from, not as … as



  • Like + noun / pronoun : dieãn taû söï gioáng nhau

Ex: You look like your father .

  • The sameas : dieãn taû söï ñoàng nhaát

Ex: Her hair isn’t the same color as her mother .

  • Different from : dieãn ñaït söï khaùc nhau

Ex: Lipton tea is different from Dilmah tea .

  • As …… as : dieãn ñaït söï ngang baèng nhau .

S + verb + as + adj / adv + as + n / pro

Ex: He is as tall as his father .

She speaks French as well as the English .

That flat isn’t as big as our old one .

3. TOO … TO : quaù … khoâng theå

-Ñöôïc duøng ñeå ñöa ñeán 1 keát quaû phuû dònh .


S + be + too + adj + to V(inf)

Ex: My mother is too tired to cook tonight .(meï toâi quaù meät ñeán noãi khoâng theå naáu aên toái nay)

This bag is too heavy for me to carry .(tuùi saùch naøy quaù naëng toâi khoâng theå mang ñöôïc)

B.EXERCISES :

I.MULTIPLE CHOICE

1.I have studied _____________ six o’clock.



a. for b. at c. since d. to

2.My mother is __________ tired ___________ cook tonight.



a. enough / to b. too / to c. so / that d. very / to

3.The new shoping mall is quite _____________ the present shopping area.




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