Academic ranks in the United States

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Academic ranks in the United States - Wikipedia
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Academic ranks in the United States
Academic ranks in the United States  are the titles, relative importance and power of
professors, researchers, and administrative personnel held in academia.
Most common hierarchy
Temporary faculty and special appointments
Research personnel
Teaching personnel
Ecclesiastical ranks
Administrative ranks
Officers of the corporation
Academic administrators
See also
External links
For regular faculty (i.e., not counting administrative positions such as chairships or deanships, nor
positions considered "staff" rather than faculty), the descending hierarchy in most cases is:
Distinguished, Endowed or University Professor (Other such titles of special distinction
vary by institution)
Professor ("Full Professor", i.e., the destination of the "tenure track," upon exhausting all
promotions other than those of special distinction)
Associate Professor (A mid-level, usually tenured, faculty member)
Assistant Professor (typically entry-level for "tenure track" positions which lead to Associate
Research AssociateLecturerInstructorVisiting Professor (usually non-tenure-track
positions, sometimes with their own respective ranking hierarchies)
Somewhat outside the regular hierarchy:
Adjunct ProfessorClinical ProfessorProfessor of PracticeResearch Professor. The
Most common hierarchy
Academic ranks in the United States - Wikipedia
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01-Aug-21, 1:39 AM

first three apply to people who have outside activities such as medical practice, professional
engineer, lawyer and do not work full-time in a research capacity. The title Research Professor
is sometimes given to people who also work, in parallel, for a research institute not connected
to a university or are faculty on a department performing only research, typically on grant-
based "soft money".

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