A. grammar notes present simple tense



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ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP THI HỌC KÌ I TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8
A. GRAMMAR NOTES

1. Present simple tense (Thì hiện tại đơn)

- of the verb “be”:



S + am/is/are…

S + am/is/are + not…

Am/Is/Are + S…?

- of ordinary verb:



S+V(s/es)…

S+don’t/doesn’t + V-bare inf…

Do/Does + S +V-bare inf…?


*Use

- Diễn tả thói quen / hành động được lặp đi lặp lại ở hiện tại ( often, usually, sometimes, always, seldom,, rarely, every…)

Ex : I walk to school everyday

She usually does her homework in the evening

- Diễn tả sự thật, chân lý

Ex : The Earth moves around the sun

The Sun rises in the East

- simple present tense with future meaning ( thì hiện tại đơn với nghĩa tương lai): nói về lịch trình, thời gian biểu

Ex: What time does the plane take off? – It takes off in an hour.
2. Past simple (Quá khứ đơn)

- of the verb “be”:



S + was/were…

S + was/weren’t…

Was/Were + S…?

- of ordinary verb:



S + V-ed/V-2…

S + didn’t + V-bare inf…

Did + S + V-bare inf…?


*Use:

- Diễn tả hành động/ sự việc xảy ra vào một thời gian xác định trong quá khứ (yesterday, last week /…, ago, the day before, … ) và không còn liên quan đến hiện tại.

Ex : Last night, I watched TV

Mai didn’t do her homework yesterday because she was sick.


3. Future simple tense (Thì tương lai đơn)


S + will +V-bare inf…

S + won’t + V-bare inf…

Will + S + V-bare inf…?

*Use

Some adverbs are often used: tomorrow, next…, someday, one day, tonight, this morning/ week…, soon…

Ex: - I will be 14 on my next birthday



  • There’s Eleanor. I’ll go and talk to her

  • This bag looks heavy. I’ll help you)


4. Talk about intention (dự định) with “be going to”


S + be going to + V-bare inf…

Ex: Bob is tired of taking the bus to work. He is going to buy a car.)


5. Present progressive tense ( Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn)


S + am/is/are + V-ing…

S + am/is/are + not + V-ing…

Am/Is/Are + S + V-ing…?


*Use:

- hành động đang diễn ra tại thời điểm nói

Ex: Let’s go out. It is raining now

- hoạch định ở tương lai

Ex: Tomorrow is my birthday. I am having a party at my house

- chỉ sự thay đổi với ‘get’ and ‘become’

Ex: The weather is getting colder/ Life in the provinces is becoming better


6. Present perfect with for and since ( Thì hiện tại hoàn thành với for và since


S + have/has + V-ed/V-3(past participle)…

S + have/has + not + V-ed/V-3(past participle)…

Have/Has + S + V-ed/V-3(past participle)…?


* Use: diễn tả hành động / sự việc bắt đầu trong quá khứ và vẫn còn tiếp tục / liên quan đến hiện tại.

Ex: We’ve learned English for 5 years

She hasn’t been here since 1989
7. Adverbs of place (outside, inside, there, here, upstairs, downstairs…)

Ex: The children are playing upstairs

She lived here in 1999


8. . … (not) adjective + enough +to-inf

Ex: She is not old enough to be in my class / I am tall enough to reach that shelf.)


9. Modal verb: should / ought to / must / can / will /may …

Ex:


You mustn’t park your car here.

You must / have to obey your parents.

You look tired. You should/ought to go to bed.

You shouldn’t / oughtn’t to make noise in class.



*Can / Could

- making polite request ( lời yêu cầu lịch sự)

Ex: Can you wait a moment, please? / Could you help me carry this bag?

- offering assistance ( đề nghị được giúp đỡ)

Ex: Can I help you?

*May I…? offering assistance

Ex: May I help you with the washing up?


10. Reflexive pronoun: đại từ phản thân (myself, yourself/ yourselves, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves)

Ex:

  • I cut myself/ He is looking at himself in the mirror

  • I myself faxed the report to him

  • We will go and see the president himself

  • Anna lived by herself in that large house


11. Why……..? - Because….

Ex: Why didn’t Hoa go to school yesterday? - Because she was sick


12. Prepositions of time: giới từ chỉ thời gian

  1. in: in 2002, in summer, in the 21st century, in July, in the past, in the morning…

  2. on: on Monday, on July 15th, on her birthday, on Christmas Day, on Tet holiday…

  3. at: at 7 o’clock, at noon, at night, at lunch time, at the moment, at present, at Christmas…

  4. after: after six, after dinner…

  5. before: before lunch, before 10p.m…

  6. between…and…: between Monday and Friday, between 6a.m and 10a.m…


13. used to + V-bare-inf

Ex: I used to go swimming when I was a kid.

She didn’t use to like opera.



Did you use to go there?
14. Adverbs of manner ( trạng từ thể cách) : adjective + ly -> adverb of manner

Ex: badly, beautifully, happily, simply…

Notes: good – well, fast – fast, late – late, hard – hard…
15. Commands, requests in reported speech ( câu mệnh lệnh/ yêu cầu gián tiếp)


S + asked /told + O + (not) to-inf…


Ex:

1) “Stand up” He said to me

-> He told me to stand up

2) “Don’t talk in class” The teacher said to the students

-> The teacher told the students not to talk in class

3) “Please give Tim this book?” She said to me

-> She asked me to give Tim that book

4) She said “Can you meet me next week, Minh?”

-> She asked Minh to meet her the following week

16. Advice in reported speech ( lời khuyên gián tiếp)


S1 + said (that) + S2 + should (not) / ought (not) to + V-bare inf…

S + advised + O + (not) to inf…




Ex: His father said to him: “You should study harder”

-> His father said he should study harder/ His father advised him to study harder


17. Gerund (V + ing): danh động từ

Ex:


- Swimming is very good for you.

- He hates eating meat.

- He suggested going out for dinner.

- After leaving the house, she checked all the windows

- We talk about cooking
18. Comparison( So sánh) with “like, (not) as…as, (not) the same as, different from”


  1. Like: giống như là

He ran like the wind

  1. (not) as…as: (không) bằng với

He is as tall as his brother

She speaks English as well as foreigners

This flat isn’t as/so big as our old one


  1. (not) the same as: (không) giống nhau

My shirt is the same as your shirt.

Her hair isn’t the same color as her mother’s hair.



  1. different from: khác

She is very different from her sister

Her new school isn’t different from her old school


19. Comparative and superlative (so sánh hơn và so sánh nhất)

1. Comparative

a) S + be + short adjective + er + (than)…

Ex: Jane is taller than her sister

b) S + be + more +long adjective + (than)…

Ex: A car is more expensive than a motorbike

2. Superlative

a) S + be + the + short adjective + est…

Ex: HCM city is the biggest city in Viet Nam

b) S + be + the + most + long adjective…

Ex: Miss World is the most beautiful girl in the world

+Notes:

- lucky – luckier – luckiest

- wide – wider – widest

- good – better – best

- bad – worse – worst

- many/much – more – most

- little – less – least




B. EXERCISES

I/ Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others

  1. a. improve b. comment c. promise d. shop

  2. a. rained b. followed c. walked d. imagined

  3. a. beneath b. destroy c. upset d. planet

  4. a. tiger b. fire c. stripe d. prince

  5. a. buffalo b. rope c. wisdom d. clothes

  6. a. door b. foolish c. choose d. soon

  7. a. excited b. prince c. once d. escape

  8. a. fairy b. train c. afraid d. wait

  9. a. steamer b. reach c. breakfast d. bead

  10. a. reach b. such c. chemical d. chore

  11. a. tale b. rag c. match d. character

  12. a. device b. education c. tidy d. fund

II/ Choose the word that has the stress differently from the others

  1. a. recycle b. position c. underline d. exhibit

  2. a. enroll b. improve c. appear d. promise

  3. a. appearance b. orphanage c. invention d. assistant

  4. a. encourage b. register c. recycle d. exhibit

  5. a. struggle b. pressure c. hobby d. typhoon

  6. a. assistance b. semester c. customer d. equipment

  7. a. socket b. safety c. device d. folder

  8. a. directory b. telephone c. invention d. experiment

  9. a. improve b. revise c. believe d. promise

  10. a. interesting b. delicious c. similar d. excellent

III/ Choose the best answer:

1. My grandparents live ……………………….., in this town.

a. there b. here c. outside d. inside

2. The students did their test …………………………………….

a. goodly b. good c. fastly d. well

3. He looks very tired. He …………………………….go to bed late.

a. oughts not to b. doesn’t ought to c. ought to not d. oughtn’t to

4. I ………………………………..a letter from my old friend last week.

a. sent b. gave c. received d. took

5. I find Peter is not communicative. He’s rather …………………in public.

a. kind b. reserved c. sociable d. humorous

6. The River Amazon ……………………………..into the Atlantic Ocean.

a. flow b. flows c. flowed d. is flowing

7. Bell was born……………………………………….March 3, 1847.

a. in b. on c. at d. during

8. They ……………………………….from Canada to America to find work.

a. started b. demonstrated c. delivered d. emigrated

9. He’ll come ……………..to pick you………………………………….

a. on/in b. over/on c. in/up d. over/up

10. You’ll ……………….cook dinner yourself.

a. ought to b. must c. should d. have to

11. Dad stayed at the office ………………………….he finished the report.

a. before b. until c. for d. during

12. Mr. Brown is the same age…………………………..Mrs. Brown.

a. as b. like c. from d. with

13. Ho Chi Minh city is larger and ……………………..beautiful than Hanoi.

a. more b. as c. most d. the most

14. My mother is…………………………..tired ……………………………cook tonight.

a. enough/to b. too/to c. so/that d. very/to

15. The new shopping mall is quite……………………the present shopping area.

a. different from b. the same c. like to d. similar

16. ……………have you lived in this town? - For nearly 20 years.

a. When b. How c. Where d. How long

17. “What …………………………………………….?” – “She is very nice.”

a. did Sandra like b. is Sandra like c. does Sandra like d. was Sandra like

18. She advised me …………………………………………….late.

a. not b. not to be c. not be d. not being

19. I and my friends tried to solve the problem by……………….and at last we could.

a. myself b. themselves c. ourself d. ourselves

20. When I was a child, I used to………………………my mother to the market.



  1. Follow b. followed c. following d. be followed

21. My father will have a meeting……….…………...7.30 am to 10.00 am.

  1. at b. from c. in d. between

22. Everyone dislikes…………………………early on Sundays.

  1. gets up b. getting up c. to getting up d. get up

23. You should study………..… ………………………..to make your parents happy.

  1. hardly b. well c. good d. goodly

24. A: Could you do me a favor? - B: No problem. How can I ………… you?

  1. give b. do c. make d. help

25. They always go to church…………………………………….Christmas Day.

  1. at b. on c. in d. between

26. The girl………………………………the floors of the office twice a day.

  1. destroys b. sweeps c. feeds d. dirties

27. I enjoy telling jokes. My friends usually enjoy my sense of …………………………

  1. jokes b. funny c. laughing d. humor

28. We must be there…………………………………….8.00 pm and 9.00 pm.

  1. at b. before c. between d. after

29. When I was young, I…………………………………..eat cheese but now I eat a lot.

  1. didn’t used to b. did use to c. used to d. didn’t use to

30. People who cannot hear nor speak called………………………………………………

  1. deaf-mutes b. dead-mute c. dead-mutes d. deaf-mute

31. He usually gives his friends greeting cards …………………………….Christmas.

  1. at b. on c. in d. between

32. Nga: Could you turn the TV on?- Hoa: ……………………………. I’ll do it for you.

  1. I’m sorry. I’m really busy b. No. thank you. I’m fine

  2. Certainly d. No. thank you

33. Fortunately, the tiger……………………………………………..from the burns.

a. escaped b. grazed c. run d. returned

34. She joined the English club so as……………………her English pronunciation.

a. improving b. to improve c. improve d. improved

35. The teacher advised him to stop………………………………………………………

a. smoke b. to smoke c. smoked d. smoking



36. Alexander G.Bell started experimenting with ways of transmitting speech…a long distance.

  1. over b. in c. on d. above

37. Mr. Nam left a message, he called…………………………...his stationary orders.

  1. at b. on c. in d. about

39. Vietnamese is our………………………………………………

  1. voice b. speech c. speaking d. mother tongue

40. Tim’s mother is very ………………………………………of him.

  1. excited b. meaningful c. proud d. interested

IV/ Supply the correct verb form in the parentheses.

  1. I ………… ………………………(do) all the housework. The flat is really clean now.

  2. . I like your car. How long ………… ………you ………… …………….(have) it?

  3. Did you succeed in ………(solve) the problem? Let me ………(suggest) some solutions.

  4. Steve used to……(be) a football player. He had to stop ……(play) because of an injury.

  5. You should (underline) …………………… the world you want (learn) ………………

  6. I promise I (try) ……………………………………… my best next semester

  7. We went to Kate’s house but she (not be) ……………………..at home

  8. Mr Brown used to (play)…………… football when he ( be )………………... young

  9. Sandra needs (improve)…………………………….... her English writing

  10. They were proud of (be)……………………………………………..so successful

  11. They didn’t try (learn)………………… all the words they (come) ……………across

  12. Don’t let children (play)…………………………………………. in the kitchen.

  13. The children enjoy (go swimming)…………………….. in their free time.

  14. You must (take)……………… an umbrella. It (rain)…………………… now.

  15. Mr. Tan (teach)……………….. Math in this school since he (graduate)…………….... from the university in 1990

  16. In England the sun (not shine)……………………………. every day.

  17. My mother wanted me (improve)…………………..…… my English.

  18. Nam isn’t strong enough (carry)………………………………… this box.

  19. He ought to (not stop)……………………………………. playing games

  20. Mars (be)……………………………………….. near the earth.

  21. I like your car. How long………….. you (have)…………. it? – For two weeks

  22. I am afraid (go)………………………………..out alone at night

  23. Tonight’s concert (begin)……….at 8:00 and it (not end)……………….….until 11:00

  24. You should (finish)………….your homework before (go)…….out with your friends

  25. There (not be)…………………….any electricity last night

  26. The teacher asked the students (not make)…………………noise in class

  27. I don’t mind (travel)…………………..by train but I prefer (fly)………………………

  28. The weather (get)…………………………..colder and colder in December

  29. The weather was so nice, so I suggested (go)…………………..for a walk by the river

  30. My hometown (become)…………………………………busier.

  31. He bought a new fishing rod yesterday. He (go)………………..........fishing tomorrow.

  32. How often your brother (have) English? – He (have) it five times a week.


V/ Gap filling: Complete each sentence with a suitable word


empty, wash, dust, feed, sweep

1.He usually helps his mother……………………………………..dishes.

2. I have to……………………the floor and ………….the chicken before going to school.

3. We should …………………………………………..the garbage every day.


funds, get, equipment, activity, report card, mother tongue, pronunciation, necessary, collect, highlight, proud of, revise, come across




  1. Fishing is an ………………. my father enjoys best.

  2. Students in Vietnam can participate in other programs such as raising ………… for the poor.

  3. In order to …………… good marks, you should try harder.

  4. My grandmother had to do everything without the help of modern ………………

  5. Learning new words is……………You cannot study a foreign language without doing it.

  6. Your……………………………shows that you did very well this semester.

  7. Can you show me the ………………………………of this word? It’s difficult.

  8. Some people…………………all new words they…………………..when they read.

  9. Tom did well at school, and his parents said they were very……………..him.

  10. Vietnamese students usually ………used glass, paper and cans, and send them for recycling.




grocery, wet market, drugstore, products, customers, stadium, hairdresser’s, swimming pool, situation, English – speaking contest

1. When your English is better, you can go to the………………………….

2. Oil is one of Vietnam’s……………………………….for export.

3. They are going to build a new ………………………….for Olympic Games.

4. My sister is going to the……………………..to buy some fresh fish.

5. Do you want to swim in a …………………………….or in a river?

6. The family was in a difficult…………………………when the mother was in hospital

7. I’m going to the…………………………..to get my hair cut.

8. We bought sugar and flour at the …………………………….store.

9. A…………………is a shop in the USA where you can buy medicines and a lot of other things.

10. My mother is one of shop’s most regular…………………………………..


information, entertainment, plentiful, facilities, relatives, faces, prefers, traffic jams, quiet, fresh air




  1. There isn’t much…………………..for young people in this village in the evening.

  2. Television brings us as much……………………….as newspapers do.

  3. Tomatoes are…………………….in the summer.

  4. I like living in the city, but my father …………………………….in the countryside.

  5. Aunts, uncles and cousins are all our…………………………………

  6. My bedroom…………………………………….the garden.

  7. There are always……………………….in the city center during rush-hours.

  8. Our school has very good sports………………………………….

  9. Many people enjoy the ……………………atmosphere in the countryside.

  10. Every weekend we go camping in the countryside and enjoy……………

VI/ Do as directed

* Rewrite / Make sentences, using given words.

1. We plan to collect used glass, paper, cans and send them recycling -> We are…

2. Lan and Nga are both 14 years old.-> Lan has the same…

3. The doctor said to Nam: “You should take these tablets after meals.”-> The doctor advised …

4. My father is a good French speaker.-> My father speaks…

5. I last met him two years ago.-> I haven’t …

6. My younger brother is very tired; he can’t go to school today.-> My father is too…

7. Are you and Lan the same age?-> Are you as old…

8. The last time I saw him was in 1985.-> I haven’t …

9. Peter is too young to see the horror film-> Peter is not…

10. Her hair is long, straight and black.-> She has….

11. We had lots of friends when I lived in the country-> We used…

12. We began to study English 5 years ago.-> We have…

13. My schoolbag is not the same your schoolbag. (Rewrite, using “different”) ->…

14. Please help me with this heavy bag.-> Could…

15. Could / you / me / favor? (Sentence building)->…

16. What can I do for you? -> How…

17. Let me help you sweep the classroom?-> May…

18. We / go / Da Lat / for holiday next summer (Make sentence to talk about future plan)

->…


* Fill in each blank with a right reflexive pronoun

  1. Tom, I can help you with your homework. Do it …..

  2. Hoa and I ….. saw that accident yesterday.

  3. Boys and girls , you’ll do this experiment …..

  4. The children can look after ….. for a few days.

  5. Let’s paint the house …..

  6. Mary’s brother did it…..

  7. She likes to look at……………...in the mirror

  8. The dog hurt……….when it jumped over the fence

  9. Look at the picture on the wall. I drew it…..

*Put these sentences into report speech

1. His father said to him: “You oughtn’t to come home late”->…

2. The teacher said to us: “Do your homework by yourself”->…

3. “Don’t make noise in class, students” The teacher said->….

4. Mary’s friend said to her: “Can you meet me next week?”->…

5. “Don’t call me at this late hour” Sam said to Susan->…

6. “You should practice English every day” The teacher said to the students->…

*Combine each of the following pairs of sentences into one, using “enough”



  1. Jane is very sociable. She can make friends easily->…

  2. The armchair is dirty. You cannot sit on it->…

3. We think you are very strong. You can lift the table.->…

  1. My friend is quite well. She can work again->…

  2. The weather is not very warm. Nga can’t go out at night->…

*Make questions for the underlined words

1. My friend gave me an interesting book on my birthday->…

2. She speaks English well.->…

3. Children should not play in the kitchen because it is a dangerous place.

4. My grandma used to tell us a folktale after dinner.->…

5. They collect used glass, paper and cans for recycling.->…

6. He is playing downstairs.->…

7. My sister has studied English for six years.->…

8. He goes to the English Club twice a week.->…

VII/ Reading


My brother and sister”

I have a brother, Tuan and a sister, Huong. They are very sociable and helpful. Although they are twins, they don’t look similar at all. Tuan’s hair is black and Huong’s hair is brown. They both are tall and slim. Tuan likes playing soccer. Huong loves singing and drawing. They like watching television with our parents. They often go to bed early…


New word: twins (n): anh, chi em sinh đôi.

*True (T) or false (F)?

1. Tuan and Huong have black hair. ………

2. They have different characters. ………

*Answer the questions

1. What does Tuan look like?->…



2. What is Huong like?->…



A new bookstore has just been built near my house. Everyone in my neighborhood is very happy to welcome that new interesting place. All my family members are so eager that they have talked a lot about it since its grand opening. There are kinds of books for all people. The assistants are quite nice. They are willing to help us find the books we need. There is also a free area for children to read and do the statue painting. They can spend their whole day enjoying their time. We all love that wonderful place.


New words - eager (a): háohức, willing (a): vuilòng, sẵnsàng, statue (n): tượng

* True (T) or false (F)?

  1. A new bookstore has just been built and everyone is pleased about it (……).

  2. There are not many kinds of books there (…….)

*Answer the questions

  1. Is there a free place for children in the bookstore?->…

  2. Who helps readers find the books they need?->…




In the first year of lower secondary school I had some difficulties in learning English. My pronunciation of English words was really bad and my English grammar was worse. I did not know how to improve them. One afternoon after the lesson, my teacher of English told me to wait for her outside the classroom. She took me to the school library and showed me a cassette of pronunciation drills kept in a glass bookcase. She also told me how to use an English-English dictionary to improve my English grammar. “Now I think you know what you should do”, said she. I made much progress and only one year later I won the first prize in the English Speaking Contest held for secondary school student in my hometown.


* True (T) or false (F)?

  1. Nam has some difficulties in learning English in the first year.

  2. He isn’t good at English pronunciation and grammar.

  3. His teacher waited him outside the classroom one afternoon after the lesson

  4. The teacher borrowed him a cassette of pronunciation.

*Answer the questions

  1. What did the teacher tell him to improve his English grammar?->…

  2. Did he make any progress one year later?->…

THE END






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