Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 1: She was the first woman in the Philippines. She was elected as the president of the country.
A. She was the first woman to be elected as the president of the Philippines.
B. She was the first woman who is elected as the president of the Philippines.
C. She was the first woman being elected as the president of the Philippines.
D. She was the first woman elected as the president of the Philippines.
Question 2: I’ve _____ what the problem is with the exam.
A. got on B. found outC. looked up D. put up
Question 3: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
A. eliminate B. accelerate C. renovationD. stability
Question 4: I can’t hear. Please ___. A. tear up B. eat up C. count up D. speak up
Question 5: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the antonym of the underlined word in the following question. Our victory in this Olympic Games was hard won.
A. softly B. actively C. lightlyD. weakly
Question 6: Founded in 1967 in Bangkok, _____.
A. the ASEAN success in promoting peace and stability gained
B. the peace and stability in the region has been successfully promoted by the ASEAN
C. the ASEAN’s promotion of peace and stability has been successful
D. the ASEAN has successfully promoted peace and stability in the region
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions from 7 to 16
Canadian English is a regional variety of North American English that spans almost the entire continent. Canadian English became a separate variety of North American English after the American Revolution, when thousands of Loyalists, people who had supported the British, left the United States and fled north to Canada. Many Loyalists settled in southern Ontario in the 1780s, and their speech became the basis for what is called General Canadian, a definition based on the norms of urban middle-class speech.
Modern Canadian English is usually defined by the ways in which it resembles and differs from American or British English. Canadian English has a great deal in common with the English spoken in the United States, yet many Americans identify a Canadian accent as British. Many American visitors to Canada think the Canadian vocabulary sounds British – for example, they notice the British “tap” and “braces” instead of the American “faucet” and “suspenders”. On the other hand, many British people identify a Canadian accent as American, and British visitors think the Canadians have become Americanized, saying “gas” and “truck” for “petrol” and “lorry”.
People who live outside North America often find it difficult to hear the differences between Canadian and American English. There are many similarities between the two varieties, yet they are far from identical. Canadian English is instantly recognizable to other Canadians, and one Canadian in a crowded room will easily spot the other Canadian among the North Americans.
There is no distinctive Canadian grammar. The differences are mainly in pronunciation, vocabulary, and idioms. Canadian pronunciation reflects the experience of a people struggling for national identity against two strong influences. About 75 per cent of Canadians use the English “zed” rather than the American “zee” for the name of the last letter of the alphabet. On the other hand, 75 per cent of Canadians use the American pronunciation of “schedule”, “tomato”, and “missile”. The most obvious and distinctive feature of Canadian speech is probably its vowel sound, the diphthong “/ou/”. In Canada, “out” is pronounced like “oat” in nearby U.S. accents. There are other identifying features of Canadian vowels: for example, “cot” is pronounced the same as “caught” and “collar” the same as “caller”.
An important characteristic of the vocabulary of Canadian English is the use of many words and phrases originating in Canada itself, such as “kerosene” and “chesterfield” (“sofa”). Several words are borrowed from North American Indian languages, for example, “kayak”, “caribou”, “parka”, and “skookum” (“strong”). The name of the country itself has an Indian origin; the Iroquois word “kanata” originally meant “village”. A number of terms for ice hockey – “face-off”, “blue-line”, and “puck” – have become part of World Standard English.
Some features of Canadian English seem to be unique and are often deliberately identified with Canadian speakers in such contexts as dramatic and literary characterizations. Among the original Canadian idioms, perhaps the most famous is the almost universal use of “eh?” as a tag question, as in “That’s a good movie, eh?” “Eh” is also used as a filler during a narrative, as in “I’m walking home from work, eh, and I’m thinking about dinner. I finally get home, eh, and the refrigerator is empty.”
The traditional view holds that there are no dialects in Canadian English and that Canadians cannot tell where other Canadians are from just by listening to them. The linguists of today disagree with this view. While there is a greater degree of homogeneity in Canadian English compared with American English, several dialect areas do exist across Canada. Linguists have identified distinct dialects for the Maritime Provinces, Newfoundland, the Ottawa Valley, southern Ontario, the Prairie Provinces, the Arctic North, and the West.
Question 7: According to the passage, how did Canadian English become a distinct variety of North American English?
A. Canadians declared their language to be different from U.S. English.
B. Growth of the middle class led to a standard school curriculum.
C. A large group of Loyalists settled in one region at the same time.
D. Linguists noticed that Canadians spoke a unique dialect.
Question 8: The word “norms” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to “_____”.
A. words B. history C. ideas D. patterns
Question 9: The phrase “a great deal in common with” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to “_____”.
A. the same problems as B. easier pronunciation than
C. many similarities toD. different words for
Question 10: In paragraph 2, what point does the author make about Canadian English?
A. American and British visitors define Canadian English by their own norms.
B. Canadians speak English with an accent that Americans cannot understand.
C. Canadian English is more similar to American than to British English.
D. Canadian English has many words that are not in other varieties of English.
Question 11: The phrase “the two varieties” in paragraph 3 refers to _____.
Every culture has its own (19)____ list of behavior that is acceptable. Every society (20)____ has its taboos, or types of behavior that are considered a violation of (21)_____ manners. If you travel to (22)____ country, on business or vacation, it is really (23)____ to learn some of that country’s customs so that you (24)____ insult the local people there. The word “taboo” comes from the Tongan language and is used in (25)____ English to describe verbal and non-verbal behavior that is forbidden or to be (26)____. In spite of people’s common thought, taboos are not universal and they tend to be (27____ to a certain culture or country, and usually form around a community’s values and beliefs. (28____, what is considered acceptable behavior in one country may be a serious taboo in another.
Question 19: A. written B. spoken C. unwrittenD. unspoken
Question 20: A. already B. although C. always D. also
Question 21: A. wonderful B. excellent C. good D. terrific
Question 22: A. anotherB. other C. one another D. the other
Question 23: A. grateful B. doubtful C. thankful D. helpful
Question 24: A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. don’t
Question 25: A. ancient B. classical C. modernD. instant
Question 26: A. received B. performed C. avoidedD. completed
Question 27: A. specificB. specialized C. specified D. special
Question 28: A. HoweverB. Therefore C. Together D. Then
Question 29: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions.
A. tensionB. erosionC. processionD. depression
Question 30: We’re trying to _____ a holiday together.
A. fix with B. fix upC. fix on D. fix for
Question 31: Ann said, “My dear friend, it’s time you _____ better for the test.”
A. have prepared B. to prepare C. preparedD. are preparing
Question 32: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. There should be an international law against _____.
A. reforestation B. afforestation C. forestry D. deforestation
Question 33: I think giving a presentation in front of the class is _____.
A. slow B. stupid C. famous D. scary
Question 34: The secretary will get the forms _____ tomorrow.
A. sign B. to be signed C. signing D. signed
Question 35: The ending of the movie was so sad that many people _____ into tears.
A. caught B. burstC. got D. made
Question 36: - “Can you make it at 3 p.m. on Friday for our meeting?” - “_____”
A. Ok, that’s fine. B. You have a point there, but I don’t think so.
C. Very well, thanks. D. That’s not true. I met him three days ago.
Question 37: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
(A) Bad polluted air can (B) cause illness and (C) even death to (D) many people.
Question 38: They are optimistic that negotiations will be settled _____.
A. within the hourB. recently C. seldom D. never
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions from 39 to 48
Increasing numbers of parents in the U.S. are choosing to teach their children at home. In fact, the U.S. Department of Education has estimated that in 1999, about 850,000 children were being homeschooled. Some educational experts say that the real number is double this estimate, and the ranks of homeschooled children seem to be growing at the average rate of about eleven percent every year.
At one time, there was a theory accounting for homeschooling: it was traditionally used for students who could not attend school because of behavioral or learning difficulties. Today, however, more parents are taking on the responsibility of educating their own children at home due to their dissatisfaction with the educational system. Many parents are unhappy about class size, as well as problems inside the classroom. Teacher shortages and lack of funding mean that, in many schools, one teacher is responsible for thirty or forty students. The children are, therefore, deprived of the attention they need. Escalating classroom violence has also motivated some parents to remove their children from school.
Although there have been a lot of arguments for and against it, homeschooling in the U.S. has become a multi-million dollar industry, and it is growing bigger and bigger. There are now plenty of websites, support groups, and conventions that help parents protect their rights and enable them to learn more about educating their children. Though once it was the only choice for troubled children, homeschooling today is an accepted alternative to an educational system that many believe is failing.
Question 39: The number of parents who want to teach their own children in the U.S. is _____.
A. remaining unchanged B. remaining the same C. going upD. going down
Question 40: The past participle “homeschooled” in the first paragraph is best equivalent to “_____at home”.
A. taughtB. self-learned C. untaught D. self-studied
Question 41: This estimated number was presented by _____.
A. a governmental officeB. school teachers C. the parents D. homeschooled children
Question 42: According to some experts, the exact number of homeschooled children then must be _____.
A. 1,600,000 B. 850,000 C. 1,900,000 D. 1,700,000
Question 43: The closest synonym of the participle phrase “accounting for” in the second paragraph is “_____”.
A. explainingB. reasoning C. counting for D. calculating documents of
Question 44: More parents teach their children because they completely _____ the current educational system.
A. please with B. object toC. appeal to D. approve of
Question 45: The noun “dissatisfaction” in this paragraph is best equivalent to “_____”.
A. disappointmentB. disagreement C. discrimination D. discouragement
Question 46: Many parents stop their children from going to school because it is now too _____ for them.
A. explosive B. expensive C. dangerousD. humorous
Question 47: The word “arguments” at the beginning of the third paragraph can be best replaced by “_____”.
A. rows B. quarrels C. viewpointsD. discussions
Question 48: The attitude of the author towards homeschooling can be best described as _____.
A. acceptable B. favorableC. remarkable D. unfavorable
Question 49: The pension plans cover only domestic employees; _____, international employees must make other arrangements. A. even though B .moreover C. consequentlyD. in addition
Question 50: The cook insisted that he _____ the soup.
A. tasteB. tasting C. to taste D. tastes
Question 51: - “Is that Anne Pond?” – “_____”
A. I don’t think so. B. Yes, it is. C. I guess so. D. Yes, speaking.
Question 52: Look! All the lights in his room are off. He _____ right now.
A. may be sleeping B. must be sleepingC. must have been sleeping D. might be sleeping
Question 53: The thief had only just picked up the jewels when the policemen came into the room and grabbed him.
A. No sooner the thief had picked up the jewels rather than the policemen came into the room and grabbed him.
B. No sooner had the thief picked up the jewels than the policemen came into the room and grabbed him.
C. Sooner the thief hadn’t picked up the jewels rather than the policemen came into the room and grabbed him.
D. Sooner had the thief not picked up the jewels than the policemen came into the room and grabbed him.
Question 54: _____ the young still have to learn is the value of our tradition.
A. That B. This C. WhatD. It
Question 55: - “Let me bring something to your party tonight, won’t you?” – “_____”
A. Sorry I’ve already had plan for tonight. B. In my opinion, you are correct.
C. That really surprises me. D. It’s enough just to have you come.
Question 56: Mother’s love for her children could never die _____ she’s alive.
A. as deep as B. as if C. as for D. as long as
Question 57: The security of the earth will be threatened by terrorism, _____ terrorist groups will become more powerful and more dangerous. A. moreover B. so that C. asD. so
Question 58: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
Computers (A) are often used to control, (B) adjustment, and (C) correct complex (D) industrial operations.
Question 59: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the synonym of the underlined words in each of the following questions. She always expresses her deep sympathy towards homeless children.
A. broad B. profoundC. inside D. kind
Question 60: - “As I see it, women often drive more carefully than men.” - “_____! More traffic accidents are caused by men.” A. Yes, please. B. What nonsense C. Never mind D. Absolutely
Question 61: John didn’t install an alarm, so the thieves broke into his house last night.
A. If he installed an alarm, the thieves didn’t break into his house last night.
B. If he had installed an alarm, the thieves wouldn’t break into his house last night.
C. Had he installed an alarm, the thieves wouldn’t have broken into his house last night.
D. Because he hadn’t installed an alarm, the thieves would break into his house last night.
Question 62: The kids made a complete _____ and then had to clean it up.
A. difference B. secret C. temper D. mess
Question 63: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions.
A. remote B. pose C. toddleD. postcard
Question 64: That was a long day. I’m completely _____.
A. far and wide B. hit the hay C. dog-tiredD. slept like a log
Question 65: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
A number of (A) many wildlife habitat reserves (B) have been established so that a wide range of endangered species can have a chance (C) to survive and (D) develop.
Question 66: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
(A) Entered the room, he (B) discovered that he (C) had lost his wallet while (D) shopping in the city center.