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D). The Beginnings of Reform in American Education

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D). The Beginnings of Reform in American Education

2. The passage implied that to go to a private school, a student needed ………….

A). a strong educational background

B). good grades

C). a lot of money

D). a high level of intelligence

3. The word “desperately” in the passage mostly means ………

A). completely B). partly C). obviously D). urgently

4. According to the passage, Horace Mann wanted a better educational system for Americans because …………

A). people had nothing else to do except go to school

B). education at the time was so cheap

C). all citizens should be educated in a republic

D). Massachusetts residents needed something to do with their spare time

5. According to the passage, which sentence is NOT TRUE?

A). Horace Mann brought about changes in many schools in the United States.

B). Horace Mann began raising teacher’s salaries.

C). Horace Mann was a famous US educational reformer.

D). Horace Mann suggested schools prepare children for their life’s work.

UNIT 6- Unit 10

* Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

Preparation is a key to a successful interview. Does the idea of going to a job interview make you feel a little nervous? Many people find that it is the hardest part of the employing process. But it is not really true. The more you prepare and practice, the more comfortable you will feel. You should find out as much as possible about the company before you go to the interview. Understand the products that they produce and the services that they provide. It is also good to know who the customers are and who the major competitors are. Practice makes perfect. It will also make you feel more confident and relaxed. So, practice your answers to common . Make a list of to ask, too. Almost all interviewers will ask if you have . This is a great opportunity for you to show your keenness, enthusiasm, and knowledge.

Make a great impression. The interview is your chance to show that you are the best person for the job. Your application or resume has already exhibited that you are qualified. Now it is up to you to show how your skills and experience match this position and this company. The employer will be looking and listening to determine if you are a good fit. He/she will be looking for a number of different qualities, in addition to the skills that you possess. To make the best impression, dress appropriately; express your strengths; arrive early, by about 10-15 minutes; be enthusiastic; shake hands firmly; be an active listener; sit up straight and maintain eye contact; and ask

After the interview, follow up with a thank-you note. This is a chance for you to restate your interest and how you can benefit the company. Your best bet is to try to time it so that the note gets there before the hiring: decision is made. You should also follow up with a phone call if you do not hear back from the employer within the specified time.

  1. The world “it” in the first paragraph, second sentence, refers to ________.

a. the job b. the interview c. the interviewer d. the preparation

  1. What does the writer advise you to practice?

a. Asking and answering related to the job.

b. Making products that the company produces.

c. Providing services that the company serves.

d. Meeting some customers and competitors.

  1. What should you show during your interview EXCEPT?

a. Punctuality b. A firm hand shaking

c. Being properly-dressed d. Weaknesses

  1. Which is not included in the writer's advice?

a. You should not communicate with the interviewer after the interview.

b. You should make the best impression in the interview.

c. You should write a note to say thanks to the interviewer after the interview,

d. You should telephone the interviewer for any information after the interview.

5. The passage is about……………..

a. How to prepare for a job interview

b. How to make a great impression in a job interview

c. Many people who apply for jobs don’t like to be interviewed

d. Some experiences about job interview.
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

Vietnam is a densely-populated, developing country that in the last 30 years has had to recover from the ravages of war. Substantial progress was achieved from1986 to 1997 in moving forward from an extremely low level of development and significantly reducing poverty.

Since 2001, Vietnamese authorities have reaffirmed their commitment to economic liberalization and international integration. They have moved to implement the structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries. .

Vietnam's membership in the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and entry into force of the US-Vietnam Bilateral Trade Agreement in December 2001.have led to even more rapid changes in Vietnam's trade and economic regime. Vietnam's exports to the US doubled in 2002 and again in 2003.

Vietnam joined the WTO (World Trade Organization) in January 2007, following over a decade long negotiation process. This should provide ail important boost to the economy and should help to ensure the continuation of liberalizing reforms.

Vietnam is working to create jobs to meet the challenge of a labor force that is growing by more than one million people every year. Vietnamese authorities have tightened monetary and fiscal policies to stem high inflation. Hanoi is targeting an economic growth rate of 7.5-8% during the next five years.

  1. Vietnam's economy is _______.

a. decreasing b. facing crisis c. developing d. backward

  1. According to the text, Vietnam _______.

a. used to be well-developed before 1986

b. Vietnam is still in extreme poverty

c. could recover from the consequences of the war soon

d. has been modernizing the economy

  1. Vietnam _______.

a. does not export anything to the US

b. exported to the US in 2003 twice as much goods as in 2002

c. did not export goods to the US in 2002 d. did not export goods to the US in 2003

  1. The word This in the fourth paragraph,second sentence, refers to _______.

a. Vietnam's joining the WTO b. the WTO

c. the negotiating process d. the Vietnamese economy

  1. The word stem has a close meaning to _______.

a. succeed b. stop c. originate d. invrease
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

In the future, genetic engineering will allow us to create the perfect human. It will be hard to get used to. Parents will order a baby who 'will grow up to become his new job because he is not quite prepared a genius or to have a Miss World appearance. Also, genetic engineering will allow us to mix plants and animals.

As computers have advanced, they have helped us remember, calculate, organize, and clarify. So it will become easier to deal with things, and much quicker. At a point in a future time, some may claim that computers become about as smart as Newton or Einstein. More advanced computers will be able to be creative, respond to feelings in a feeling way, develop intuition, recognize patterns, and suggest innovative alternatives. There is a hope if we choose to take action. We can select Internet information wisely, choose healthy computer games, limit our exposure to television commercials, and select television programs carefully. People will be aware of the importance of keeping active, getting outside to do more physical activities. We will also plan to make a major sacrifice the next time we buy a car, take the bus. Everybody will be more concerned about making environmentally friendly choices, eating healthy, and helping build a healthier society by shopping at better stores that sell better food.

Most people will be aware that a happy, loving family is a joy to be part of, and that it is a necessary foundation for building a strong society. But it is extremely important for our future that we maintain a healthy perspective. We need to value and appreciate the importance of what can be achieved by loving and committed parents. People need a strong foundation, so it is vital for our society that we encourage parents to work at creating love, joy, and happiness for their children in a .decent, stable, and productive atmosphere.

  1. How many aspects of life in the future are referred in the text?

a. One b. Two c. Three d. Four

  1. Which aspect is not referred in the text?

a. Education b. Genetic Engineering

c. Computers d. Family

  1. The phrase to have a Miss World appearance means that _______.

a. to become a Miss World b. to enter a beauty contest

c. to be intelligent d. to be beautiful

  1. According to the text, in the future, _______.

a. it will be difficult for us to select Internet information

b. people will prefer taking a bus to buying a car

c. food will not be sold at shops

d. TV viewers will not be able to escape from seeing a lot of advertising.

  1. The last paragraph is about _______.

a. family and parents' responsibility in the future

b. children's education

c. children's health

d. how to build a strong society

A/ Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

Species that belong to an area are said to be native species. Typically, they have been part of a given biological landscape for a long period, and they are well adapted to the local environment and to the presence of other native species in the same general habitat. Exotic species are interlopers, foreign elements introduced intentionally or accidentally into new settings through human activities. In one context an introduced species may cause no obvious problems and may, over time, be regarded as being just as "natural" as any native species in the same habitat. In another context, exotics may seriously disrupt delicate ecological balances and create a cascade of unintended consequences. The worst of these unintended consequences arise when introduced species put native species in destruction by preying on them, altering their habitats, or out-competing them in the struggle for food resources. Although biological introductions have affected environments the world over, the most destructive, effects have occurred on islands, where introduced insects, cats, pigs, rats, mongooses, and other nonnative species have caused the grave endangerment or outright extinction of literally hundreds of species during the past 500 years.

One of other reason to cause species extinction is overexploitation. This word refers to the utilization of a species at a rate that is likely to cause its extreme endangerment or outright extinction. Among many examples of severe overexploitation, the case of the great whales stands out in special relief. By the middle of the 20th century, unrestricted whaling had brought many species of whales to incredibly low population sizes. In response to public pressure, in 1982 a number of nations, including the USA, agreed to an international moratorium on whaling. As a direct result, some whale species which are thought to have been on extinction's doorstep 25 years ago have made amazing comebacks, such as grey whales in the western Pacific. Others remain at great risk. Many other species, however, continue to suffer high rates of exploitation because of the trade in animal parts. Currently, the demand for animal parts is centered in several parts of Asia where there. is a strong market for traditional medicines made from items like tiger bone and rhino horn.

  1. Native species _______.

a. are not used to the local environment

b. never get along well with other native species in the same environment

c. tend to do harm to exotic species

d. have been part of a given biological landscape for a long period

  1. Exotic species _______.

a. do no harm to native species and the local environment

b. may kill native species for food

c. always share the environment peacefully with native species

d. help to make the local environment more ideal to survive

  1. According to the first paragraph, _______.

a. non-native species have caused badly damage to native ones

b. introducing new exotic species to local environments is necessary

c. exotic species have never been introduced on islands

d. very few native species have been damaged by exotic species

  1. According to the second paragraph, by the middle of the 20 century ___.

a. whale population was the most crowded in marine life

b. whale hunting was illegal

c. whale population increased dramatically

d. whaling was not restricted

  1. Tiger bone and rhino horn _______.

a. are not popular in Asian markets

b. are never in the trade of animal parts

c. are used for making traditional medicines

d. cannot be found in Asian markets

UNIT 11 - 16

Unit 11: BOOKS
1. Books which give instructions on how to do things are very popular in the United States today. Thousands of these How-to books are useful. In fact, there are about four thousand books with titles that begin with the words “How to”. One book may tell you how to earn money, another may tell you how to save or spend it, and another may explain how to give your money away.

Many How-to books give advice on careers. They tell you how to choose a career and how to succeed in it. If you fail, however, you can buy the book “How to Turn Failure into Success”. If you would like to become very rich, you can buy the book “How to Make a Millionaire”. If you never make any money at all, you may need a book called “How to Live on Nothing”.

One of the most popular types of books is one that helps you with personal problems. If you want to have a better love of life, you can read “How to Succeed in Love every Minute of Your Life”. If you are tired of books on happiness, you may prefer books which give step-by-step instructions on how to redecorate or enlarge a house.

Why have How-to books become so popular? Probably because life has become so complex. Today people have far more free time to use, more choices to make, and more problems to solve. How-to books help people deal with modern life.

  1. From the first paragraph, we know How-to books are ___.

A. only about four thousand copies B. on money

C. very helpful in life D. needed a lot

  1. The passage tells us that How-to books sell well on how ___.

A. to succeed in careers B. to solve personal problems

C. to deal with business D. to make money

  1. If you often read How-to books, you ___.

A. will be sure to get something you need B. will not know how to help yourself in life

C. will become a man in life D. needn’t think any more in the world

  1. How-to books appear only because ___.

A. people have more free time to spend than before

B. people meet more problems than their parents

C. people may have more choices from How-to books than any other books

D. modern life is more difficult to deal with

  1. The word “step-by-step” would probably mean ___.

A. little by little B. gradually C. slower and slower D. A & B are correct
2. Synchronized swimming is water sport in which contestants perform choreographed maneuvers set to music. Synchronized swimming requires agility, grace, timing, musical interpretation, and overall body strength.

Three competitive synchronized swimming events are recognized internationally: solo, duet, and team (consisting of eight swimmers), although all three events are not always held at each competition. In each event, synchronized swimmers compete in three categories: figures, technical routine, and free routine. All three categories are also not always held at each competition.

In the figures competition, swimmers perform 4 of a possible 20 figures, or combinations of movements. A panel of judges awards points from 0 to 10 based on the accuracy of the performance and the timing, height, stability, and control of the figures. In the technical routine, the swimmers must perform a set list of elements, or combinations of figures and swimming strokes, in a prescribed order. In the free routine, swimmers can create their own choreography of figures and strokes. In the technical and free routines, which can last from two to five minutes each, depending on whether they are solo, duet, or team competition, a panel of judges awards points from 0 to 10 in the categories of technical merit and artistic impression. Technical merit encompasses the execution, synchronization, and difficulty of the elements. Artistic impression includes the choreography, musical interpretation, and manner of presentation of the performance. Routines are enhanced by swimmers’ use of original and expressive movements, patterns, and rhythms. The scores for the figures and the routines are weighed according to a formula and combined for each competitor to determine the winner.

  1. What are the synchronized swimming events recognized internationally?

A. figures, technical routine, and free routine B. solo, duet, and team

C. a set list of elements D. All are correct.

  1. What categories do synchronized swimmers compete in each event?

A. grace, timing, musical interpretation B. choreography of figures and strokes

C. figures, technical routine, and free routine D. movements, patterns, and rhythms

  1. How do judges award points to the performance in the figures competition?

A. based on height, stability

B. based on the accuracy of the performance and the timing

C. based on control of the figures

D. All are correct.

  1. How long do the technical and free routines last?

A. They last two minutes each.

B. They last five minutes each.

C. They last four minutes.

D. It depends on whether they are in solo, duet, or team competition.

  1. What does the manner of presentation of the performance belong to?

A. the accuracy of the performance B. technical merit

C. choreography of figures and strokes D. artistic impression

Unit 13: THE 22nd SEA GAMES
3. The 22nd Southeast Asian Games were held in Hanoi, Vietnam from 5 December to 13 December, 2003. The Games were opened by Vietnamese Prime Minister Phan Van Khai in the newly constructed My Dinh National Stadium in Hanoi. The Games torch was lit by Nguyen Thuy Hien of Wushu. It was the first time in the SEA Games history that the Games venues were assigned into two cities namely Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.

The 22nd SEA Games logo designed by painter Nguyen Chi Long is based on a legendary bird named “Chim Lac”. The bird decorated the Ngoc Lu bronze drum, a typical antiquity of the ancient Dong Son Vietnamese culture. The Emblem is composed of harmonious and vigorous curves, creating a feeling of movement and strength which conforms to the Olympic Spirit: “Faster, Higher and Stronger”. The colorful whirls represent the tough competitiveness in sports

The Games’ hymn was “For the World of Tomorrow”, composed by Nguyen Quang VInh. Painter Nguyen Thai Hung chose “Trau Vang”, the golden water buffalo as the mascot for the 22nd SEA Games. With a gentle and harmonious nature, the clever Buffalo has become synonymous with the water and rice civilization that is so important in Vietnam as well as in other Southeast Asian countries. To Vietnamese people, the Golden Buffalo symbolizes a golden harvest, prosperity, happiness, power and the Vietnamese martial spirit.

  1. In which cities in Vietnam were the 22nd SEA Games held?

A. in Hanoi B. in Ho Chi Minh City

C. in Hanoi and HCM City D. in Hue

  1. What is the 22nd SEA Games logo based on?

A. the Ngoc Lu bronze drum

B. the ancient Dong Son Vietnamese culture

C. a legendary bird named “Chim Lac”

D. the Olympic Spirit

  1. What is the effect of harmonious and vigorous curves of the emblem?

A. to create a feeling of self-confidence

B. to encourage the spirit of fair play

C. to create a feeling of movement and strength

D. All are correct.

  1. What has the mascot for the 22nd SEA Games been associated with?

A. the prosperity B. the water and rice civilization

C. Vietnamese agriculture D. Vietnamese farmers

  1. To Vietnamese people, what does the Golden Buffalo symbolize?

A. a golden harvest B. prosperity, happiness, and power

C. the Vietnamese martial spirit D. All are correct.

4. The United Nations (UN), international organization of countries created to promote world peace and cooperation. The UN was founded after World War II ended in 1945. Its mission is to maintain world peace, develop good relations between countries, promote cooperation in solving the world’s problems, and encourage respect for human rights.

The UN is an organization of countries that agree to cooperate with one another. It brings together countries that are rich and poor, large and small, and have different social and political systems. Member nations pledge to settle their disputes peacefully, to refrain from using force or the threat of force against other countries, and to refuse help to any country that opposes UN actions.

UN membership is open to any country willing to further the UN mission and abide by its rules. Each country, no matter how large or small, has an equal voice and vote. Each country is also expected to pay dues to support the UN. As of 2004 the UN had 191 members, including nearly every country in the world.

The UN’s influence in world affairs has fluctuated over the years, but the organization gained new prominence beginning in the 1990s. It was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001. Still, the UN faces constant challenges. It must continually secure the cooperation of its member nations because the organization has little independent power or authority. But getting that support is not always easy. Many nations are reluctant to defer their own authority and follow the dictates of the UN.

  1. What are the missions of the United Nations?

A. to promote cooperation in solving the world’s problems

B. to encourage respect for human rights

C. to maintain world peace, and develop good relations between countries

D. All are correct.

  1. According to the United Nations’ Charter, ___.

A. each country, no matter how large or small, has an equal voice and vote

B. member nations pledge to settle their disputes peacefully

C. member nations pledge to refrain from using force or the threat of force against other countries, and to refuse help to any country that opposes UN actions

D. All are correct.

  1. The United Nations has ___.

A. power over all country members B. no power at all

C. little independent power D. much power over developing countries

  1. Why does the UN face constant challenges?

A. Some countries refuse to pay dues to support the UN.

B. There is not much cooperation among its member nations.

C. Some countries do not follow the dictates of the UN.

D. B & C

  1. The word “pledge” would probably be best replaced by ___.

A. claim B. promise C. keep D. require
5. The seven-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) met September 2, 1996, in Singapore, to discuss how to police the Internet. Although the group agreed on the need to control the explosion of information available on the Internet, it was unable to reach a common policy for regulating access to the global computer network.

At the end of the three-day meeting, ASEAN government officials and industry experts issued a statement emphasizing the need to block access to Web sites that run “counter to our cherished values, traditions and culture”. ASEAN comprises Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

The meeting was the first time the Southeast Asian countries had tried to formulate a common approach to the Internet. Many of the ASEAN-member countries were concerned about the dissemination of pornography and antigovernment views over the Internet, the influence and perceived bias of the Western media, and the erosion of Asian values.

The forum, which followed a meeting of ASEAN information ministers earlier in the year, concluded that each country should develop its own regulatory approach to cyberspace. The ASEAN delegates agreed to share information and their experiences with national regulations and “cyberlaws”.

The forum was unable to agree on a regulatory framework for the region because of differing political views regarding censorship. Singapore, which has an estimated 150,000 Web users, is the first ASEAN country to impose regulations on access to the Internet. The city-state requires Internet providers to block access to pornographic sites and regulate political and religious discussion. On the other hand, the Philippines and Thailand support more liberal policies, calling for self-regulation by Internet access providers and minimal government intervention.

  1. The meeting of the seven-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in September, 1996, in Singapore issued the statement ___.

A. controlling the explosion of information available on the Internet

B. reaching common policy for regulating access to the global computer network

C. emphasizing the need to block access to Web sites that run “counter to our cherished values, traditions and culture”

D. All are correct.

  1. The greatest concern of many ASEAN-member countries was ___.

A. the explosion of information available on the Internet

B. the way to police all Western Web sites

C. the dissemination of pornography and antigovernment views over the Internet

D. the shortage of human resources for computing

  1. At the end of the forum, the ASEAN delegates came to the conclusion that ___.

A. each country should develop its own regulatory approach to cyberspace

B. each country should share information and their experiences with national regulations and “cyberlaws”

C. all delegates agreed on a regulatory framework for the region

D. All are correct.

  1. The forum was unable to agree on a regulatory framework for the region because ___.

A. each country had different political views on censorship

B. Singapore requires Internet providers to block access to pornographic Web sites

C. The Philippines and Thailand support more liberal policies

D. All are correct.

  1. The word “police” may probable mean ___.

A. to go around an area B. to monitor C. to cancel D. to censor
Cloze reading

U 1-Unit 8 : Units : 1,2

Task 1:

Read the following passage and choose the best given answer A, B, C, or D to fill in each gap:

I have to get up every day at about seven because work really (1)…………..about an hour before surgery when the phone calls start (2)……………….in. My wife helps me with that because she usually answers the phone and that (3)……………me time to have breakfast and read newspaper.

We open waiting – room about 8.30 and there (4)…………..a dozen people there when I start surgery at nine.

I usually try (5) ………..back home for lunch by 1.30. On a good day, I have a couple (6) …………. hours before surgery begins again at four.

Evening surgery usually (7) ………..till about eight, but often goes on much longer. I belong to a group of five doctors in the area who (8)…………….night duty between us. That means we are on call once a week between. As a result, my wife and I normally have dinner about nine and at that time we have opportunities (9)……….. with our two small children. We sometimes read short stories (10) …… our children or watch TV with them but rarely.

1. A. begin B. begins C. beginning D. began

2. A. to come B. come C. comes D. came

3. A. to give B. give C. gives D. giving

4. A. is B. are C. was D. were

5. A. to get B. get C. getting D. got

6. A. on B. in C. of D. with

7. A. goes B. lasts C. keeps D. holds

8. A. share B. shares C. sharing D. shared

9. A. to talk B. talk C. talking D. talked

10. A. to B. of C. on D. for

Task 2:

On the evening of February 3rd people in Japanese families (1)………….one dried bean for each year of their age and throw beans on the floor, shouting “good luck in! Evil spirits out!” This is (2)…………… as “Setsubun”, a time to celebrate the end of winter and the beginning of spring.

Before the Chinese New Year, many Chinese families burn the picture (3)…………..their kitchen god, Tsao Chen, to bring good luck. When New Year’s Day (4)……………., they put a new picture of Tsao Chen on the wall.

When American women get (5)…………….., they sometimes follow an old custom in choosing what (6)………………on their wedding day. The custom says the bride must wear “something old, something new, something borrowed, and something blue.” This is to bring good luck.

Before Lent ( a time on the Christian calendar), the people of Ponti Italy, eat an omelet (7)……………with 1000 eggs. People cannot eat meat or dairy products during Lent, so they try (8)………..these things before Lent begins.

When winter (9)……….in Czechoslovakia, children make a straw man called “Smrt”, which is a figure of death. Then they burn it or throw it in the river. After they destroy it, they carry flowers home (10)………………the arrival of spring.

1. A. takes B. took C. take D. taking

2. A. know B. knows C. knowing D. known

3. A. of B. in C. on D. at

4. A. come B. comes C. came D. coming

5. A. marry B. marries C. married D. marrying

6. A. to wear B. wear C. wears D. wearing

7. A. make B. making C. to make D. made

8. A. use up B. to use up C. using up D. used up

9. A. end B. will end C. ends D. ending

10. A. show B. showing C. showed D. to show

Task 3 :

Most of us are interested (1)………….. one kind of sport or another, even if we don’t go in for it (2)……………. Lots of people take up a particular sport at an early age, for example tennis, skiing, or (3)……………………. If they get up to a suitably high standard, they may go in for local competitions or even championships. But special training (4)…………….hard work and most young people don’t keep it up. Many of them opt out when they come up against tough competition.

(5)……………. a professional in any sport, you have to go through with a strict training schedule. And it’s not easy! It means doing without some of life’s (6)…………….. pleasures, too. For example, to build up your physical (7)………… you may have to stick (8)………….. a special diet and give up some of your favourite foods. Smoking and alcohol are out, and to (10)………….. fit you have to work out regularly every day.

Sometimes it all pays off, but the road to success is long and there are no guarantees. No wonder that countless young talents decide to settle for a regular job instead, and, as far as (10)…………… sport is concerned, prefer to look on as spectators.

1. A. at B. in C. on D. of

2. A. active B. activeness C. actively D. activity

3. A. ice-skater B. ice-skates C. ice-skated D. ice-skating

4. A. is B. are C. was D. were

5. A. Become B. Becomes C. To become D. Became

6. A. less B. the least C. least D. little

7. A. strength B. stronger C. strong D. strongly

8. A. at B. on C. to D. of

9. A. have B. make C. do C. keep

10 A. profession B. professional C. professionally D. None is correct

Cloze text of Unit 3, 4, 5:

Exercise 1: Read the following passage and choose the best given answer A, B, C or D to fill in each gap.

There are (51) ______ of ways that help parents teach music to their children. When the child return home (52) ________ hospital, parents should let her/ him (53) _______ to music. Clapping hands, bouncing knees and dancing to music when the child is in the parents’ lap will develop in the child a sense (54) _______ rhythm. When bed time (55) _________, parents should choose gentle music (56) ________ for the child. However, when the child plays around, parents should (57) ________ him / her to choose music that is suitable with the going-on activities. When the child tries (58) _________, parents can make up their own words to the song played. Above all, parents should help the child (59) ________ with music. Music is (60) _________ wonderful opportunity to celebrate our unique cultures.

51. A. number B. a number C. lot D. much

52. A. at B. to C. from D. in

53. A. listen B. to listen C. listening D. listened

54. A. with B. to C. on D. of

55. A. come B. comes C. coming D. came

56. A. to play B. play C. playing D. played

57. A. to encourage B. have encourage C. encouraged D. encourage

58. A. sings B. sang C. to sing D. sing

59. A. celebrates B. celebrated C. celebrating D. celebrate

60. A. a B. the C. an D. x

Exercise 2. Read the following passage and choose the best given answer A, B, C and D to fill in each gap.

Do you find the American education system to be confusing and different (51) ________ the education system in your own country? Do you want (52) _________ a school or a university in the USA? The American education system offers international students the most diverse set of education option in the world. In fact, an international student (53) ________ elects to take advantage of the American education system can pursue anything from nuclear science to film and dance. American education possibilities are almost endless.

The American education system requires that students complete 12 year of primary and secondary education prior to attending university or college. This may be (54) _________ either at public (or government-operated) school, or at private schools. These 12 years of schooling may also be completed outside the USA, thus giving foreign students the opportunity (55) ____________ the benefits of the American education system and obtain a quality American education. Perhaps one of the most (56) _____________ facts is that the large number of presidents, prime ministers and leaders from other countries have experienced the American education system and graduated from a university or school in the USA. In (57) _____________ fields and industries, the American education system offers the most cutting-edge, sought-after programs at the world’s best schools. That is why (58) _____________from an accredited American school and being exposed to the rigours of the American education system is an in investment in your future.

Whether you want to study at a top USA university, a top USA college, or at a vocational or high school, a thorough understanding of how the American education system works is essential. Without a clear grasp of the American education system, an international student will find it difficult (59) _______ the right choices. It is no surprise that the American education system and the American school system hosts (60) __________ international students than any other country in the world.

51. A. to B. with C. from D. in

52. A. to attend B. attend C. attending D. attended

53. A. whom B. whose C. who D. which

54. A. accomplished B. accomplish C. accomplishing D. to accomplish

55. A. pursue B. to pursue C. pursuing D. pursued

56. A. impressive B. impressment C. impressively D. impressiveness

57. A. lot B. many C. a lot D. much

58. A. graduating B. graduate C. graduated D. graduates

59. A. made B. making C. make D. to make

60. A. many B. more C. much D. better

Exercise 3 Read the following passage and choose the best given answer A, B, C, or D to fill each gap.

The world’s oldest university, Al-Azhar, is in Cairo, Egypt. It (51) ____________ fist built as a mosque in A.D. 972. A few years later, learners and teachers began (52)____________ in the mosque in “tutoring circles”. They read and talked about the subject of law. Around 988, leaders in the city of Cairo decided (53)____________ a school for higher learning and the University of Al-Azhar was (54)____________.

At Al-Azhar, there (55)____________ many university “firsts”. Courses were creates. The earliest ones taught were in law and religion. In a course, students (56)____________ and studied with the teachers, but there were also free discussions. Often, student and teachers (57)____________ about a topic, and there was no “right” answer. Finally, scholar from around the world (58) _______________ to Al-Azhar to teach and do research. (59) ____________ the university, people studies the past, but it was also a place for sharing new ideas.

Over a thousand. years later, A1—Azhar is still an important university in the world. Its library contains (60) ____________ than 250,000 of the world’s oldest and most valuable books. Today, many of the world’s most important universities such as Oxford and Harvard still follow the traditions started at Al-Azhar.

51. A. is B. was C. will be D. has been

52. A. to be met B. meet C. meeting D. met

53. A. to create B. create C. creating D. created

54. A. to found B. founding C. found D. founded

55. A. was B. were C. is D. are

56. A. to read B. reads C. read D. are reading

57. A. talk B. talked C. talking D. have talked

58. A. came B. come C. coming D. have come

59. A. On B. In C. Of D. At

60. A. less B. much C. many D. more

UNITS : 6 , 7, 8

TASK 1 :


When I finished school in Germany last year I did not know (1) …………….to do next. I wanted to travel , but for that you need money . That means having a job , and (2)……………a university degree it is difficult to get a good one of those . My parents agreed I could put off (3)……………a decision about a university course for a year . Then a family in London invited me to live with them , help look (4)…………… the children and do a little housework in return for some pocket money . I (5)……….. with this family for five months now . My main job is to meet the three children from school , give them their supper and help them with their homework (6)………… their parents come home at about six . Sometimes I must stay in with the children in the evening . I go to English classes three times a week , and at weekends I (7)………… different parts of Britain . Although my parents are happy that I am studying a foreign language (8) …………..I enjoy this chance to see more of the world , they keep (9)………… me what I want to study at university . I still cannot make up my (10) ……………. !

1. A. how B. what C. when D. that

2. A. having no B. having not C. without D. not have

3. A. doing B. making C. creating D. getting

4. A. for B. at C. of D. after

5. A. lived B. was living C. have lived D. had lived

6. A. until B. to when C. whenever D. when

7. A. am visiting B. visit C. visited D. have visited

8. A. when B. during C. while D. whereas

9. A. asking B. to ask C. ask D. to asking

10.A. decision B. head C. thought D. mind
TASK 2 :
The reality of an interview is never as bad as your fears . For some reason people imagine the interviewer is going to jump on every tiny mistake they (1) ………….. . In truth , the interviewer is as keen for the meeting to go well as you are . It is what (2) …………..his or her job enjoyable .

The secret of a good interview is preparing for it . what you wear is always important as it creates the first impression . So (3)…………. neatly , but comfortably . Make sure that you can deal with anything you are (4) …………. Prepared for that are certain to come up , for example : Why do you want to become a nurse ? What is the most important (5) …………….. a good nurse should have ? . Apart from nursing , what other careers have you (6) ………….? . What are your interests and hobbies ? .

Answer the fully and precisely . For example , if one of your interests is reading , be prepared to (7) …………….. about the sort of books you like . (8) ………………., do not learn all your answers off by heart . The interviewer wants to meet a human (9) ………………….., not a robot . Remember , the interviewer is genuinely interested in you , so the more you relax and are yourself , the more (10) ………………….. you are to succeed .

1. A. do B. perform C. make D. have

2. A. cause B. does C. happens D. makes

3. A. dress B. wear C. put on D. have on

4. A. to ask B. asking C. ask D. asked

5. A. character B. quality C. nature D. point

6. A. thought B. regarded C. considered D. wondered

7. A. say B. talk C. discuss D. chat

8. A. However B. Although C. Despite D. Therefore

9. A. be B. being C. to be D. been

10.A. less B. most C. more D. least
TASK 3 :


Nearly 450,000 businesses are started in Britain every year . One third (1)…………… these stops trading during the first three years . Starting a business is never easy (2)…………. so many things are outside your control . If you are thinking about working for yourself , you (3) ……………..start by thinking about the qualities you need to (4)…………….a business . Be hard with yourself . If you have a weakness , it is better to find out now (5)…………...than later when your business could be in danger . Ask yourself (6)……………you are a good organiser . Is your health (7)…………..? Are you good (8) …………… making decisions ? Do you have any practical experience of the business you want to start ? Are you prepared to work long hours for very (9)……………money ? If you can’t (10) ……………..yes to most of these , perhaps you should think again about starting up in business on your own .

1. A. from B. of C. among D. in

2. A. however B. but C. because D. although

3. A. have B. ought C. need D. must

4. A. run B. make C. do D. set

5. A. more B. rather C. earlier D. quicker

6. A. which B. how C. whether D. that

7. A. fine B. firm C. well D. good

8. A. at B. for C. in D. with

9. A. short B. little C. low D. few

10.A. give B. report C. answer D. put

TASK 4 :
In the future , toys will give us excitement , entertainment and wonderful learning opportunities . What (1) ……………of toys can we expect to see ?

The Navigator Game will (2) ……………..to a child’s bicycle . It will use technology to link children (3) …………… and allow them to (4)………………simple games , such as hide and seek . The radio signal will also (5)……………children of the danger of nearby cars .

Emotional Communicators will allow us to communicate love to family (6)…………….friends . It may be done in many (7)………………..: sounds, pictures, smells, colour or by touch . We will receive these “messages” on a necklace .

The Interactive Globe will show us (8)…………….of information such as different time zones or examples of the world’s languages . When not in (9)……………..the Globe could be used as a nightlight .

Ludic Robots are small , electronic friends which respond to instructions . They can also be taught to do simple tasks , so children may become very (10)………………of them .

1. A. kind B. kinds C. much D. times

2. A. introduce B. connect C. make D. lead

3. A. gather B. nearly C. together D. gathering

4. A. make B. do C. take D. play

5. A. warn B. advise C. notice D. allow

6. A. and B. but C. so D. however

7. A. times B. roles C. ways D. things

8. A. too B. many C. lot D. lots

9. A. using B. used C. use D. to use

10.A. interested B. excited C. fond D.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international (1) _____- governmental organization for the (2) _____, research, and restoration of the environment. The organization was (3) _____ as a charitable trust on September 11, 1961, in Morges, Switzerland, under the name World Wildlife Fund. It was an initiative of Julian Huxley and Max Nicholson.

It is the world's largest independent conservation organization with over 5 million (4) _____ worldwide, working in more (5) _____ 90 countries, supporting 100 conservation and environmental projects around the world. It is a charity, with (6) ____ 9% of its funding coming from voluntary. (7) ___ by private individuals and businesses.

The group says its mission is "to halt and reverse the (8) _____ of our environment". Currently, much of its work focuses on the conservation of three biomes that contain most of the world's biodiversity: forests, freshwater ecosystems, and oceans and coasts. Among other issues, it is also concerned (9) _____ endangered species, pollution, and climate change. The organization (10) ____ more than 20 field projects worldwide. In the last few years, the organization set up offices and operations around the world.

  1. a. non b. not c. no d. nor

  2. a. challenge b. keeping c. conservation d. awareness

  3. a. produced b. discovered c. used d. formed

  4. a. supporters b. residents c. inhabitants d. citizens

  5. a. as b. than c. to d. as to

  6. a. generally b. individually c. commercially d. approximately

  7. a. deposits b. donations c. refunds d. loans

  8. a. destroy b. destructive c. destruction d. destroyed

  9. a. on b. by c. with d. upon

10. a. goes b. walks c. reaches d. runs
Cloze test 2


From a very early age Cathy had been passionate (1)…………… animals . She used to socialize with people who (2)…………… the same way as she did . These people were not at all uninteresting or indeed

Supercilious and their main interest in life was to (3)…………….. that all animals were well treated .

She soon got to know one of the local big wigs (important people ) in a local organization (4)…………….

at stopping cruelty to animals . He had been in his hey day (his most successful time ) , an important

(5)………… in a government department in agriculture . In fact because he had refused to kow tow to (accept without ) some of the official regulations , he had been forced to take (6)………….

retirement .

But as far (7)…………. Cathy was concerned , he was the bee’s knees (some one to admire ) and when she left school , she went to work as his assistant in the Society for the Protection of Animals .Her parents however were not all pleased (8)…………… where she had decided to work . They lived in a very attractive house and her father , John Fortune , who was really a very wealthy business man, thought that all animals (9) …………….. was a lot of nonsense . Cathy and her father had several conversations about her decision but it usually (10 ) ………… up with a lot of arguments .

1. A. of B to C. about D through

2. A considered B. held C. approved D. thought

3. A. ensure B. assure C. convince D. convict

4. A. shot B. aimed C. hit D. struck

5. A. character B. puppet C. personage D. figure

6.A. busy B. easy C. early D. quick

7. A. so B more C. than D. as

8. A about B. for C. concerning D. around

9. A. matter B. business C. concerns D. topic

10. A. concluded B. terminated C. ended D. lasted

UNIT 11 : BOOKS (Cloze test 3 )

Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.

Our family has got many books. All the …(1)……… of our family buy books and read them. My mother says that books help us in self-education. In ancient times books ……(2)…… written by hand. It was difficult to write a book …(3)……… a pen. Then printing came into our life. Printing played an important ……(4)…. in the development of literature and culture. Now there are a lot of books in the shops, there are many books in our flats. But it is difficult to buy all books …(5)……… we want to read. That’s why we get books in public libraries. There are some problems in our life and sometimes it is difficult to ……(6)… them. I think that books can help us. Last year I read a very interesting book “ An American Tragedy” by Theodore Dreiser.

This novel was …(7)…… at the beginning of the 20th century. The novel ……(8)……. The tragic fate of a boy and a girl, Clyde and Roberta ……(9)…… name. It is a sad story. This novel was written many years ago, but it is …(10)……… nowadays. Books must be our friends during our life.

1. A. members B. partners C. groups D. relates

2. A. are B. were C. have D. had

3. A. in B. by C. with D. at

4. A. step B. stage C. chain D. role

5. A. who B. which C. when D. where

6. A. deal B. imagine C. create D. solve

7. A. published B. presented C. opened D. constructed

8. A. writes B. prescribes C. describes D. mentions

9. A. on B. by C. of D. with

10. A. amazing B. favorite C. popular D. worth

Cloze test 4
Today we think of books (1)_____ a volume of many sheets of paper (2)______ texts, illustrations, photographs , ect.… (3)_______ their durability and portability , the main uses of books are to preserve, and (4)_______ information. In ancients times, people wrote on clay tablets, wood or bamboo tablets tied with cord , or book rolls to store information . Later , with the (5)______ of paper , the Chinese had the first books (6)______ Jingangjing ( theDiamond Sutra ) printed in AD 868 . In the 20th century, (7)_______ the challenge from other media such as radio or television and computer, books continued to be a primary (8)_____ for dissemination of knowledge for instruction and pleasure in skills and arts and for the storage of human’s experience.

1) A) as B) as if C) alike D) with

2) A) contains B) contained C) containing D) which containing

3) A) Because B) Because of C) Despite D) Although

4) A) distribute B) supply C) send D) store

5) A) invention B) discovery C) appearance D) formation

6) A) calling B) called C) which called D) were called

7) A) despite B) though C) because of D) with

8) A) sources B) means C) ways D) mean
1.A 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. A 6. B 7. A 8. B
UNIT 12 : WATER SPORTS ( Cloze test 5 )

Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.

Water polo is a team water sport requiring an ……(1)…... to swim. Field players must swim end to end of a 30-meter pool non-stop many times during a game without touching the ……(2)…. or bottom of the pool. The front crawl stroke used in water polo differs from the usual swimming ……(3)…… in which water polo players swim with the head …(4)……… water at all times to observe the field. The arm stroke used is also …(5)……… shorter and quicker and is used to protect the ball at all times. Backstroke is used by ……(6)……. field players to track advancing attackers and by the …(7)…….. to track the ball after passing. Water polo backstroke differs from swimming backstroke; the players sits almost upright in the water, ……(8)…… eggbeater leg motions with short arm strokes to the side …(9)……… of long straight arm strokes. This allows the player to see the play and quickly switch positions. It also allows the player to quickly …(10)……… an on-coming pass with a free hand.

1. A. emotion B. ability C. impossibility D. encouragement

2.A. sides B. borders C. edges D. rims

3. A. sport B. game C. play D. style

4. A. among B. between C. out of D. beneath

5. A. many B. lots of C. more D. a lot

6. A. defending B. invading C. fighting D. attacking

7. A. striker B. goalie C. guard D. defender

8. A. bearing B. taking C. using D. handling

9. A. despite B. because C. instead D. owing

10. A. catch B. carry C. throw D. touch

UNIT 13 (Cloze test 6 )

Read the passage and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each space.

It was a well-organized 24th SEA Games by the King and the Kingdom of Thailand. It was a spectacular (1) to the 24th SEA Games earlier in the closing ceremony, and then the flag is passed on to Laos, the host country of the next SEA Games in 2009.

It will be Laos’ first time to host the SEA Games. As they (2) the infrastructure and time span to build the necessary facilities, Laos (3) that only 25 sports will be contested in the upcoming Games. But if Laos (4) to meet the qualifications to hold the (5) in time, the games would be moved to Singapore.

C©u 1 A. ending B. achievement C. final D. stop

C©u 2 A. insufficient B. miss C. lack D. lose

C©u 3 A. have told B. have announced C. have required D. have demanded

C©u 4 A. missed B. lacked C. refused D. failed

C©u 5 A. event B. anniversary C. meeting D. sports
UNIT 16 ( Cloze test 7 )
Singapore was one of the five original member countries that (1) _____ ASEAN in 1967. (2) _________ its independence in 1965 , Singapore has become one of the world’s most prosperous countries . Singapore is highly ranked for its economic competitiveness ,and it was the world’s most (3) ________ country from 1997 to 1999 as (4) _______ by the World (5)____


Singapore has (6)______ an impressive recovery after the Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998 . The government is currently restructuring the economy by promoting higher-value-added activities in line with a” knowledge-based” economy, and by opening up protected sectors such as financial services to (7) _____ overall efficiency . Various bilateral free-trade agreements are also being negotiated to improve market access and (8) _______ foreign investment inflows

1) A) founded B) set for C) establishes D) held

2) A) with B) for C) since D) because of

3) A) competitiveness B) competitor C) competing D) competitive

4) A) ranked B)said C) decided D) founded

5) A) Financial B) Economic C) Economical D) trade

6) A) done B) made C) had D) improved

7) A) go off B) decrease C) increase D) form

8) A) lead B) dispose C) encourage D) call
1.A 2. C 3. D 4. A 5. B 6. B 7. C 8. C

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