Her watch needs _________. A. repairing B. to be repaired C. repaired D. A and B
My mother is going _________ this house. A. sold B. sell C. to be sold D. to sell
There’s somebody behind us. I think we are _________.
A. being followed B. are followed C. follow D. following
Have you _________ by a dog? A. bite B. bit C. ever been bitten D. ever been bit
The room is being _________ at the moment. A. was cleaned B. cleaned C. cleaning D. clean
It _________ that the strike will end soon.
A. is expected B. expected C. are expected D. was expected
It is _________ that many people are homeless after the floods.
A. was reported B. reports C. reported D. reporting
He was said _________ this building. A. designing B. to have designed C. to design D. designed
Ted _________ by a bee while he was sitting in the garden.
A. got sting B. got stung C. get stung D. gets stung
These tennis courts don’t _________ very often. Not many people want to play.
A. got used B. used C. get used D. get use
I’ll get Minh _________ this for you. A. do B. done C. did D. to do
Those letters _________ now. You can do the typing later.
A. need typing B. needn't be typed C. need to type D. needn't typing
“What a beautiful dress you are wearing”- “thanks, it_________ especially for me by a French tailor.”
A. is made B. has made C. made D. was made
Somebody cleans the room every day.
A. The room everyday is cleaned. B. The room is every day cleaned.
C. The room is cleaned every day. D. The room is cleaned by somebody every day.
People don’t use this road very often.
A. This road is not used very often. B. Not very often this road is not used.
C. This road very often is not used. D. This road not very often is used.
How do people learn languages?
A. How are languages learned? B. How are languages learned by people?
C. How languages are learned? D. Languages are learned how?
Over 1500 new houses _________ each year. Last year, 1720 new houses _________.
A. were built/ were built B. are built/ were built C. are building / were built D. were built/ were being built
Tom bought that book yesterday.
A. That book was bought by Tom yesterday. B. That book was bought yesterday by Tom.
C. That book yesterday was bought by Tom D. That book was bought yesterday.
The new computer system _________ next month.
A. is be installed B. is being installed C. is been installed D. is being installed by people
CHUYÊN ĐỀ 6 CÂU GIÁN TIẾP (REPORTED SPEECH)
* PHẦN I: LÝ THUYẾT
A. Câu trực tiếp và câu gián tiếp (Direct and Reported speech):
Giống: Luôn có 2 phần: mệnh đề tường thuật và lời nói trực tiếp hay lời nói gián tiếp
Eg: Tom says, “I go to college next summer”
MĐTT Lời nói trực tiếp
Tom says (that) he goes to college next summer
MĐTT Lời nói gián tiếp
a. Direct speech: Là lời nói được thuật lại đúng nguyên văn của người nói. Được viết giữa dấu trích hay ngoặc kép và ngăn cách với mệnh đề tường thuật bởi dấu phẩy
eg: John said, “I like reading science books”
The teacher said, “I’ll give you a test tomorrow”
b. Reported speech / Indirect speech: Là lời nói được thuật lại với ý và từ của người thuật, nhưng vẫn giữ nguyên ý. Không bị ngăn cách bởi dấu phẩy hay dấu ngoặc kép, và luôn tận cùng bằng dấu chấm câu.
Eg: John said (that) he liked reading science books
The teacher said (that) he would give us a test the next day
B/ Các thay đổi trong câu gián tiếp
1. Thay đổi động từ tường thuật: Động từ tường thuật của lời nói trực tiếp phải được đổi phù hợp với nghĩa hoặc cấu trúc câu của lời nói gián tiếp
Eg: He said, “Do you like coffee?” He asked me if I liked coffee
“If I were you, I’d not buy that coat,” said Mary Mary advised me not to buy the coat
Chú ý: SAY TO: không bao giờ được dùng ở lời nói gián tiếp. (phải đổi bằng TELL + (O))
TELL: không bao giờ được dùng ở lời nói trực tiếp.
2. Thay đổi các ngôi ( đại từ, tính từ, đại từ sở hữu):
VD: Mr Nam said to Hoa, “You take your book out and show it to me”
- Tình huống 1: Một người bạn của Hoa tường thuật với người bạn khác: Mr Nam told Hoa that she took her book out and showed it to him.
- Tình huống 2: Hoa tường thuật với một người bạn khác: Mr Nam told me that I took my book out and showed it to him
- Tình huống 3: Thầy Nam tường thuật với người khác: I told Hoa that she took her book out and showed it to me