A B while a few others, capitalizing on economic shifts, became richer.
Question 39: Every year, tornadoes cause a lot of damages to property and a tremendous loss of human and animal life.
A B C
Question 40: Migrant workers live in substandardunsanitary and dilapidated housing and often are lacking medical care. A B C D
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 41 to 50.
Mobile phones emit microwave radio emissions. Researchers are questioning whether exposure to these radio waves might (41) _____ to brain cancer. So far, the data are not conclusive. The scientific evidence does not (42) _____ us to say with certainty that mobile phones are categorically (43) _____. On the other hand, current research has not yet (44) _____ clear adverse effect associated with the prolonged use of mobile phones.
Numerous studies are now going (45) _____ in various countries. Some of the results are contradictory but others have shown an association between mobile phone use and cancer. (46) _____, these studies are preliminary and the issue needs further, long - term investigation.
(47) _____ the scientific data is more definite, it is prudent for people to try not to use mobile phone for long (48) _____ of time. Don't think that hands free phones are any safer either. At the moment, research is in fact showing the (49) _____ and they may be just as dangerous. It is also thought that young people (50) _____ bodies are still growing may be at particular risk.
Question 41: A. bring B. lead C. produce D. cause
Question 42: A. enable B. able C. let D. make
Question 43: A. unhealthy B. secure C. safe D. risky
Question 44: A. created B. demonstrated C. proved D. caused
Question 45: A. by B. on C. through D. about
Question 46: A. While B. Additionally C. However D. Though
Question 47: A. Until B. Provide C. When D. As
Question 48: A. quantities B. amounts C. periods D. intervals
Question 49: A. fact B. truth C. way D. opposite
Question 50: A. with B. that C. whose D. as
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 51 to 60.
The development of genetically modified (GM) plants and animals had led to a huge global controversy. Opponents say that GM “Frankenfoods” are a threat to our well-being, and proponents say that the risks are minimal. There is one aspect of the war over GM that is often overlooked. Anyone who wears a cotton shirt these days is using a GM crop. Cotton is the only major non-food GM crop at present, but others are coming.
GM cotton plants that is not food has not stopped the most passionate GM opponents from objecting. If GM cotton is grown in a field next to fields of non-GM cotton, they argue, then how to keep genes from being transferred from field to field. This danger, however, is not as compelling to the public as possible health hazards in food, so there is no great fury over GM cotton.
GM cotton seeds produce higher yields, and they do without the need for pesticides. Planting of GM cotton has increased fivefold since 1997; three-quarter of cotton in America, and over half in China, is now GM. Farmers like it because it increases their profits.
Other options for non-food GM include new variety of flowers with different colors or scents, tougher grasses for lawns, and plants designed to soak up pollutants from the soil. The paper industry provides another example of potential for GM to help produce better and cheaper products. Paper is made from pulp, and pulp is generally made from trees. Researchers in New Zealand and Chile have been working on insect-resistant pines, and a Japanese firm has combined carrot genes with tree genes to make them grow better in poor soil.
Another interesting case is that of tobacco. It is not food crop, but it is consumed, and GM tobacco plants with both more and less nicotine have been created. The tobacco plant, however, is an ideal target for GM, since its genetics are very well understood and it produces a lot of leaves. The value of the drugs that could be produced by GM tobacco is so high, many farmers could switch from growing tobacco for cigarettes to growing it for medicine. Since medical cost is rising, consumers would also be happy to use drugs produced in bulk by GM tobacco.
Question 51: Why does the author mention a cotton shirt in paragraph 1?
A. To show that cotton is one of the most popular materials for clothing.
B. To give an example of a common GM product that is not a food.
C. To give an example of a controversy surrounding GM products.
D. To show that the risk of GM products are minimal.
Question 52: The word “that” in line 3 refers to ______
A. war B. aspect C. GM D. risk
Question 53: The word “compelling” in line 10 is closest in meaning to ______
A. interesting B. annoying C. dangerous D. obvious
Question 54: Which country plants the most GM cotton mentioned in the passage?
A. America B. Japan C. Chile D. China
Question 55: Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?
A. GM cotton is less controversial than other GM products.
B. There are several major non-food GM products at present.
C. There have been no objection to GM cotton.
D. GM cotton has no significant advantage over controversial cotton.
Question 56: Which options for non-food GM is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. flowers B. grass C. tobacco D. rubber
Question 57: According to the passage, why are researchers developing GM trees?
A. To improve or make paper less expensive. B. To produce more fruit.
C. To find a way to make paper without pulp. D. To replace trees cut down for paper.
Question 58: It can be inferred from the passage that GM tobacco ______
A. is already in the market. B. produces drugs that are very expensive.
C. makes cigarettes harmless to smokers. D. can have lower or higher levels of nicotine.
Question 59: What is the topic of the paragraph?
A. Controversial GM products. B. The hazards of GM products.
C. Non-food GM products. D. GM cotton and tobacco.
Question 60: The word ”switch” in the last paragraph can best be replaced by _______
A. select B. plant C. change D. replace
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 61to 70.
Long ago prehistoric man began to domesticate a number of wild plants and animals for his own use. This not only provided more abundant food but also allowed more people to live on a smaller plot of ground. We tend to forget that all of our present-day pets, livestock, and food plants were taken from the wild and developed into the forms we know today.
As centuries passed and human cultures evolved and blossomed, humans began to organize their knowledge of nature into the broad field of natural history. One aspect of early natural history concerned the use of plants for drugs and medicine. The early herbalists sometimes overworked their imaginations in this respect. For example, it was widely believed that a plant or part of a plant that resembles an internal organ would cure ailments of that organ, Thus, an extract made from a heart-shaped leaf might be prescribed for a person suffering from heart problems.
Nevertheless, the overall contributions of these early observers provided the rudiments of our present knowledge of drugs and their uses.
Question 61: What does this passage mainly discuss?
A. Cures from plants. B. The beginning of natural history.
C. Prehistoric man. D. Early plants and animals.
Question 62: Domestication of plants and animals probably occurred because of ______ .
A. need for more readily available food B. lack of wild animals and plants
C. early mans power as a hunter D. the desire of prehistoric man to be nomadic
Question 63: The word “This” in the first paragraph refers to ________ .
A. providing food for man B. man’s domestication of plants and animals
C. mans ability to live on a small plot of land D. the earliest condition of prehistoric man
Question 64: The word “blossomed” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to ______ .
A. produced flowers B. changed C. learned D. flourished
Question 65: An herbalist is which of the following?
A. A dreamer. B. An early historian. C. Someone who uses plants in medicine. D. A farmer.
Question 66: The phrase “in this respect” in the second paragraph refers to ______.
A. the development of human culture B. the development of the field of natural history
C. the use of plants for drugs and medicine D. the origin of knowledge of nature
Question 67: The word “extract” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to ________.
A. design B. substance C. flavour D. ailment
Question 68: Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. The shape of a plant is indicative of its ability to cure ailments of a similarly shaped organ.
B. There is little relation between a cure for illness and the physical shape of a plant.
C. The work of early herbalists has nothing to do with present day medicine.
D. Early herbalists were unimaginative.
Question 69: The word “rudiments” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to _______.
A. beginnings B. history C. requirements D. proofs
Question 70: The passage would most likely lead to a more specific discussion in the field of _____ .
A. zoology B. biology C. anatomy D. astrology
Choose one option A, B, C or D corresponding to the sentence which has the same meaning as the original one.
Question 71: Peter is very different from what he used to be.
A. Peter has changed a lot. B. Peter changes a lot.
C. Peter looks very different. D. Peter has been very different.
Question 72: The accident wasn't her fault because her car was stationary at the time.
A. You can't blame her for not moving when the accident occurred.
B. She wasn't responsible for the accident since it took place after she'd stopped.
C. She was too slow at stopping the car in time to avoid the accident.
D. As her car wasn't moving when the accident happened, she wasn't to blame for it.
Question 73: In Japan, as in Turkey, it is unthinkable to enter a house wearing shoes.
A. The Japanese and the Turks are culturally very similar, an example of which is not wearing shoes inside.
B. Nobody even considers going into a home with shoes on in Japan, and this custom is the same in Turkey.
C. What the Turks appreciate about the Japanese is that, like them, they too don't like wearing shoes in the house.
D. Japan and Turkey are exactly the same, even to the point that shoes are not worn in the house.
Question 74: Taking photographs inside the museum is strictly forbidden.
A. We were only able to take photos of the museum's exterior.
B. It's not advisable to try to bring a camera into the museum.
C. People are not allowed to photograph the interior of the museum.
D. No one has ever taken a photo inside the museum.
Question 75: Of the people interviewed, all were in favour of the government proposal.
A. No one was interviewed unless they thought the government's proposal was advantageous.
B. They only interviewed people who were positive about the government's proposal.
C. Only the people who weren't interviewed were against the government's proposal.
D. Everyone who was interviewed thought that the government's proposal was a good idea.
Question 76: There had been prior warning of the flood; nevertheless, it came as a shock to the people living in remote villages.
A. Even though the flood had been predicted, inhabitants of isolated villages were taken by surprise by it.
B. There had been warnings about the flood, so the people in isolated villages must not have been surprised by it.
C. The flood had been predicted, so even those people living in isolated villages were prepared for it.
D. The flood had been predicted, yet the people in isolated villages were struck before they received the warnings.
Question 77: It isn't just that the level of education of this school is high, it's that it's also been consistent for years.