Choose the most suitable option to complete the passage.
Meeting old school friends again can be a strange experience. Some have changed so much that you can hardly recognize them; they speak with a different (41) __, are interested in different things, and all you can do is to make (42)__ talk and hope they’ll go soon. Others, though you might have been out of (43)__ with them for years, are just the same as they always were – it’s (44) __ if you last saw them yesterday.
Before you know it, you’re exchanging (45) __ about your families and friends, and setting out the (46)__ for another game of chess. A few change for the better. There’s one person that I get (47)__ with very well now, though we weren’t on speaking (48)__ for out last two years at school. One day, we met at a party and made it (49) __ and (50) __ engaged the same evening.
41. a. language b. accent c. way d. tongue
42. a. small b. little c. silly d. gossip
43. a. sight b. touch c. sound d. feel
44. a. just b. like c. so d. as
45. a. words b. speech c. talk d. gossip
46. a. counters b. draughts c. squares d. pieces
47. a. on b. off c. up d. down
48. a. relations b. terms c. situation d. condition
49. a. on b. off c. up d. down
50. a. came b. went c. got d. made
Choose the item among A, B, C or D that best answers the question about the passage.
Lake Baikal, the world’s largest lake, is located in southern Siberia, in Russia. It measures 395 miles of coastline. The lake’s rocky basin consists of three depressions, which hold a total volume of 14,656 cubic miles of water, 20 percent of the freshwater in the world. The lake is also very deep, with its deepest point at over 1 mile and an average depth of 2,066 feet. Furthermore, scientists have determined that Lake Baikal is the oldest lake in the world. From sediment obtained by drilling deep down below the lake, researchers estimate it to be at least 25 million years old.
To scientists, Lake Baikal is of particular interest because of its unique and isolated ecosystem. More than 1,000 species of plants and animals found at Lake Baikal exist nowhere else on earth and some can be dated to prehistoric times. Among its unique fauna is the Baikal freshwater seal. This creature, which local people call nerpa, is the only mammal which inhabits the lake. Researchers speculate that these seals, which have been breeding at Lake Baikal for 22 million years, are the descendents of ocean-dwelling seals which migrated inland in search of food, when the lake was still connected to the sea. Another creature that is unique to this Siberian Lake is the omu, a fish, which is caught by local fisherman and is considered a great delicacy.
For centuries, the water in Lake Baikal was so clear that it was possible to see down to depths of 40 to 60 feet. First, the lake contained certain small zooplankton and small crustaceans that consumed waterweeds, bacteria, and other material that would otherwise cloud the water. Furthermore, the water in the lake consisted of rainwater and melted snow that flowed down from a mountain range in about 300 streams and through uninhabited forest. Finally, most of the watershed has a rocky surface, so the water flowing into the lake did not accumulate mud or organic matter and had little mineral or chemical content.
51. The word “which” in line 2 of the first paragraph refers to __ .
a. three depressions b. the lake c. the rocky basin d. the total water volume
52. All of the following is mentioned EXCEPT that __
a. Lake Baikal is the oldest lake in the world b. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world
c. Lake Baikal is the world’s largest lake d. Lake Baikal is located in Russia
53. All of the following are true about Lake Baikal EXCEPT that __
a. it is near the sea b. it has the biggest amount of freshwater in the world
c. it is about 25 million years old d. it has a great variety of fish
54. Scientists are particularly interested in Lake Baikal because __
a. its ecosystem is special b. it has more species of plants than anywhere else
c. it is isolated d. the animals there are similar to elsewhere
55. Baikal fresh seal is __
a. has been breeding at the lake for 32 million years b. a species of plant
c. the only habitants of the lake Baikal d. only found in the lake Baikal
56. Omu is mentioned in the passage as __.
a. descendents of ocean-dwelling seals b. an animal unique to the lake
c. an animal migrating inland from the sea d. a local fisherman
57. The water of the lake Baikal is __
a. transparent b. made of crystal c. toxic d. used to make crystal
58. According to the passage, there are __ factors contributing to the clarity of the water in Lake Baikal.
a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4
59. The word cloud in the final paragraph can be best replaced by __
a. cold b. muddy c. clean d. dirty
60. The water in the lake is from all of the following EXCEPT __
a. rainwater b. snow c. streams d. forests
Choose from A, B, C or D which shows the best way of building the sentence from the words or phrases given.
61. I / regret / inform / you / your application / be / refused.
a. I regret to inform you that your application has been refused.
b. I regret informing you that your application has been refused.
c. I regret to inform you that your application had been refused.
d. I regret to inform you that your application was refused.
66. It was such a big meal that we couldn’t finish it.
a. The meal was too very big for us to finish. bThe meal was too big for us to finish it.
c. The meal was too big for us to finish. d. The meal was such big that we couldn’t finish it.
67. Keeping calm is the secret of passing your driving test.
a. Only by keeping calm you can pass your driving test.
b. As long as you don’t get nervous, you won’t fail your driving test.
c. What you simply needn’t do to pass your driving test is to keep calm.
d. Just remain nervous, or you’ll pass your driving test.
68. They needn’t have got up so early.
a. They did not have to get up early so they did not. b. They needed to get up very early.
c. They got up early because they had to. d. They didn’t have to get up early but they did.
69. Nothing has ever embarrassed me this much.
a. I’ve never been embarrassed before. b. I’ve never been so embarrassed before.
c. Many things have embarrassed me this much. d. I have felt embarrassed this much many times.
70. I’m sure it wasn’t Mr Pike you saw because he is in London.
a. It couldn’t be Mr Pike you saw because he is in London.
b. It can’t have been Mr Pike you saw because he is in London.
c. It mustn’t have been Mr Pike you saw because he is in London.
d. It mightn’t be Mr Pike you saw because he is in London.
Choose the item among A, B, C or D that best answers the question about the passage.
Although noise, commonly defined as unwanted sound, is a widely recognized form of pollution, it is very difficult to measure because the discomfort experienced by different individuals is highly subjective and, therefore, variable. Exposure to lower levels of noise may be slightly irritating, whereas exposure to higher levels may actually cause hearing loss. Particularly in congested urban areas, the noise produced as a by-product of our advancing technology causes physical and psychological harm, and detracts from the quality of life for those who are exposed to it.
Unlike the eyes, which can be covered by the eyelids against strong light, the ear has no lid, and is, therefore, always open and vulnerable; noise penetrates without protection. Noise causes effects that the hearer cannot control and to which the body never becomes accustomed. Loud noises instinctively signal danger to any organism with a hearing mechanism, including human beings. In response, heartbeat and respiration accelerate, blood vessels constrict, the skin pales, and muscles tense. In fact, there is a general increase in functioning brought about by the flow of adrenaline released in response to fear, and some of these responses persist even longer than the noise, occasionally as long as thirty minutes after the sound has ceased.
Because noise is unavoidable in a complex, industrial society, we are constantly responding in the same way that we would respond to danger. Recently, researchers have concluded that noise and our response may be more than an annoyance. It may be a serious threat to physical and psychological health and well-being, causing damage not only to the ear and brain but also to the heart and stomach. We have long known that hearing loss is America’s number one nonfatal health problem, but now we are learning that some of us with heart disease and ulcers may be victims of noise as well. Fetuses exposed to noise tend to be overactive, they cry easily, and they are more sensitive to gastrointestinal problems after birth. In addition, the psychic effect of noise is very important. Nervousness, irritability, tension, and anxiety increase, affecting the quality of rest during sleep, and the efficiency of activities during waking hours, as well as the way that we interact with each other.
71. Which of the following is the author’s main point?
a. Noise may pose a serious threat to our physical and psychological health.
b. Loud noises signal danger.
c. Hearing loss is America’s number one nonfatal health problem.
d. The ear is not like the eye.
72. According to the passage, what is noise?
a. Unwanted sound b. A by-product of technology
c. Physical and psychological harm d. Congestion
73. Why is noise difficult to measure?
a. It causes hearing loss b. All people do not respond to it in the same way
c. It is unwanted d. People become accustomed to it
74. The word congested in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by