A. I’ll make B. some sandwiches before C. I’ll leave D. for work
IV. Read the following text then answer the questions that follow by circling its corresponding letter marked A, B, C, or D.
In the world today, particularly in the two most industrialized areas, North America and Europe, recycling is big news. People are talking about it, practicing it, and discovering new ways to be sensitive to the environment. Recycling means finding was to use products a second time. The motto of the recycling movement is "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle".
The first step is to reduce garbage. In stores, a shopper has to buy products in blister packs, boxes and expensive plastic wrappings. A hamburger from a fast food restaurant comes in lots of packaging: usually paper, a box, and a bag. All that packaging is wasted resources. People should try to buy things that are wrapped simply, and to reuse cups and utensils đồ dùng, dụng cụ. Another way to reduce waste is to buy high-quality products. When low quality appliances break, many customers throw them away and buy new ones - a loss of more resources and more energy. For example. if a customer buys a high-quality appliance that can be easily repaired, the manufacturer receives an important message. In the same way. if a customer chooses a product with less packaging, that customer sends an important message to the manufacturers. To reduce garbage, the throwaway must stop.
The second step is to reuse. It is better to buy juices and soft drinks in returnable bottles. After customers. empty the bottles, they return them to the store. The manufacturers of the drinks collect the bottles, wash them, and then fill them again. The energy that is necessary to make new bottles is saved. In some parts of the world, returning bottles for money is a common practice. In those places, the garbage dumps have relatively little glass and plastic from throwaway bottles.
The third step is being environmentally sensitive is to recycle. Spent motor oil can be cleaned and used again. Aluminum cans are expensive to make. It takes the same amount of energy to make one aluminum can as it does to run a color TV set for three hours. When people collect and recycle aluminum (for new cans), they help save one of the world's precious resources.
46.What is the main topic of the passage?
A. how to reduce garbage disposal B. what people often understand about the term 'recycle'
C. what is involved in the recycling movement D. how to live sensitively to the environment.
47.Which is described as one of the most industrialized areas?
A. Europe B. Asia C. Middle East D. South America
48.t does the word 'sensitive' in the phrase 'sensitive to the environment' mean?
A. cautious B. logical C. friendly D. responding
49.People can do the following to reduce waste EXCEPT
A. buy high-quality product B. buy simply-wrapped things C. reuse cups D. buy fewer hamburgers
50.Why is it a waste and customers buy low-quality products?
A. Because people will soon throw them away. B. Because they have to be repaired many times.
C. Because customers change their ideas all the time. D. Because they produce less energy.
51.What does it mean 'Customers can vote with their wallets'?
A. they can choose the cheapest products B. they can cast a lot to praise a producer.
C. they can ask people to choose products with less packaging
D. they can tell the producers which products are good for environment by buying them.
52.The word 'motto' is closest in meaning to_________
A. meaning B. value C. belief D. reference
53.What best describes the process of reuse?
A. The bottles are collected, washed, returned and filled again.
B. he bottles are filled again after being returned, collected and washed.
C. The bottles are washed, retuned, filled again and collected.
D. The bottles are collected, returned filled again and washed.
54.What are the two things mentioned as examples of recycling?
A. Aluminum cans and plastic wrappings. B. Hamburger wrappings and spent motor oil.
C. Aluminum cans and spent motor oil. D. TV sets and aluminum cans.
55.The word 'precious' is closest in meaning to_________
A. natural B. substantial C. first D. invaluable
III. Choose from the four options given (marked A, B, C, and D) one best answer to complete each of the gaps below by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C, or D.
Without transportation, our modern society could not (51) ______. We would have no metal, no coal and no oil nor would we have any (52) ______ Make from these materials (53) ______ We would have to spend most of our time (54) ______ food and food would be (55) ______ To the kinds that could grow in the climate and soil of our neighborhoods. Transportation also (56) ______ our lives in other ways. Transportation can speed a doctor to the (57) ______ Of a sick person, even if the patient lives on an isolated farm . It can take police to the (58 ) ______ of a crime within moments of being notified . Transportation (59) ______ teams of athletes to compete in national and international sports contests . In time of (60) ______ transportation can rush aid to person in areas stricken by floods, famines and earthquakes.
56. A. happen B. exist C. take place D. establish
57. A. production B. producers C. productivity D. product
58. A. Besides B. However C. Although D. Even
59. A. buying B. taking C. raising D. paying
60. A. related B. limited C. focused D. connected
61. A. makes B. influences C. affects D. effects
62. A. side B. way C. body D. part
63. A. location B. scene C. place D. site
64. A. brings B. gets C. fetches D. enables
65. A. disasters B. wars C. accidents D. problems
III. Choose from the four options given (marked A, B, C, and D) one best answer to complete each sentence by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C, or D.
66. She always gets the right answer.
A. She never answers right B. She is always right.
C. She never fails to get the right answer D. She fails to get the right answer all the time.
67.I regret not booking the seats in advance
A. I wish I booked the seats in advance B. I wish I have booked the seats in advance
C. If only I booked the seats in advance D. If only I had booked the seats in advance.
68. The carpets were so expensive that we didn’t buy them
A. The carpets were such expensive for us to buy them
B. The carpets were too expensive for us to buy them
C. The carpets were too expensive for us to buy
D. The carpets were very expensive for us to buy
69. No one has seen Linda since the day of the party
A. Linda has not been seen since the day of the party B. Linda is nowhere to be seen at the party
C. The party is going on without Linda D. No one has seen Linda for ages
70 Sarah didn’t attend the history lecture, and neither did George?
A. Sarah and George didn’t go to the history lecture B. Did George attend the history lecture with Sarah?
C. Did Sarah see George at the history lecture? D. Either Sarah or George attended the history lecture.
71. I haven’t got money, so I’m not going on holiday
A. Having no money made me go on holiday. B. Not having money on my holiday got me down
C. If I have money, I’ll go on holiday D. If I had money, I would go on holiday.
72. The older he grew the more forgetful he became.
A. He grew older when he became more forgetful B. He became more forgetful and older
C. As he grew older, he became more and more forgetful D. He grew older and more and more forgetful
73.”John left here an hour ago,” said Jane.
A. Jane told me that John had left there an hour before B. Jane said John left there an hour before
C. Jane told John to have left there an hour before
D. Jane told me that John to leave there an hour before
74.”Why didn’t you follow my advice?” he said
A. He asked me to follow his advice B. He asked me not to follow his advice
C. He asked me why I did follow his advice D. He asked me why I hadn’t followed his advice
75. They had seen the man in a parking lot.
A. The man was seen in a parking lot B. The man has been seen in a parking lot
26. ______, the less polluted the environment will be.
A. The more polluted landfills will be B. The more landfills are there
C. The less landfills are polluted D. The fewer landfills we have
27. Switch off all the lights ______.
A. by the time you enter the room B. until you enter the room
C. after you will leave the room D. before you leave the room
28. that she does not want to stay any longer.
A. A little homesick does Beth feel B. Beth feels such homesick
C. Homesick though Beth may feel D. So homesick does Beth feel
29. It is believed ______.
A. when Alice to become a talented ballet dancer
B. how is Alice a talented ballet dancer
C. why is Alice such a talented ballet dancer
D. that Alice is a talented ballet dancer
30. I have two sisters, ______.
A. both of whom are nurses B. most of whom are nurses
C. one of them are nurses D. most of them are nurses
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase CLOSEST in
meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
31. A special exhibition of Indian art will be opened at the National Museum next month.
A. painting B. programme C. music D. show
32. Traffic began to flow normally again after the accident.
A. with the same speed B. in the usual or ordinary way
C. strangely and irregularly D. repeatedly in different modes
33. Don’t be concerned about your mother’s illness; she’ll recover soon.
A. surprised at B. worried about
C. embarrassed at D. angry with
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase OPPOSITE in
meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
34. His boss has had enough of his impudence, and doesn't want to hire him any more.
A. respect B. rudeness C. obedience D. agreement
35. She was unhappy that she lost contact with a lot of her old friends when she went abroad to study.
A. made room for B. lost control of C. put in charge of D. got in touch with
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 45. One of the factors contributing to the intense nature of twenty-first-century stress is our continual exposure to media – particularly to an overabundance of news. If you feel stressed out by the news, you are far from alone. Yet somehow many of us seem unable to prevent ourselves from tuning in to an extreme degree.
The further back we go in human history, the longer news took to travel from place to place, and the less news we had of distant people and lands altogether. The printing press obviously changed all that, as did every subsequent development in transportation and telecommunication.
When television came along, it proliferated like a population of rabbits. In 1950, there were 100,000 television sets in North American homes; one year later there were more than a million. Today, it’s not unusual for a home to have three or more television sets, each with cable access to perhaps over a hundred channels. News is the subject of many of those channels, and on several of them it runs 24 hours a day.
What’s more, after the traumatic events of September 11, 2001, live newscasts were paired with perennial text crawls across the bottom of the screen – so that viewers could stay abreast of every story all the time.
Needless to say, the news that is reported to us is not good news, but rather disturbing images and sound bytes alluding to disaster (natural and man-made), upheaval, crime, scandal, war, and the like. Compounding the problem is that when actual breaking news is scarce, most broadcasts fill in with scare stories about things that possibly might threaten our health, safety, finances, relationships, waistline, hairline, or very existence in the future. This variety of story tends to treat with equal alarm a potentially lethal flu outbreak and the bogus claims of a wrinkle cream that over- promises smooth skin.
Are humans meant to be able to process so much trauma – not to mention so much overblown anticipation of potential trauma – at once? The human brain, remember, is programmed to slip into alarm mode when danger looms. Danger looms for someone, somewhere at every moment. Exposing ourselves to such input without respite and without perspective cannot be anything other than a source of chronic stress.
(Extracted from The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Beating Stress by Arlene Matthews Uhl - Penguin Group 2006)
36. According to the passage, which of the following has contributed to the intense nature of
A. The degree to which stress affects our life B. Our inability to control ourselves
C. An overabundance of special news D. Our continual exposure to the media
37. In the past, we had less news of distant people and lands because ______.
A. printing, transportation, and telecommunications were not developed
B. means of communication and transportation were not yet invented
C. most people lived in distant towns and villages
D. the printing press changed the situation too slowly
38. The pronoun “them” in paragraph 3 refers to ______.
A. TV channels B. TV news C. television sets D. cable access
39. The word “traumatic” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. fascinating B. upsetting C. exciting D. boring
40. According to the passage, when there is not enough actual breaking news, broadcasts ______.
A. are full of dangerous diseases such as flu
B. send out live newscasts paired with text across the screen
C. are forced to publicise an alarming increase in crime
D. send out frightening stories about potential dangers
41. As stated in the passage, a flu outbreak and the bogus claims of a wrinkle cream tend to______.
A. be scarce breaking news B. involve natural and man-made disasters
42. Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage?
A. The only source of stress in our modern life is the media.
B. Many TV channels supply the public with breaking news.
C. Many people are under stress caused by the media.
D. The news that is reported to us is not good news.
43. The word “slip” in paragraph 6 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. fail B. bring C. release D. fall
44. According to the passage, our continual exposure to bad news without perspective is obviously ____.
A. the result of an overabundance of good news
B. the result of human brain’s switch to alarm mode
C. a source of defects in human brain
D. a source of chronic stress
45. What is probably the best title for this passage?
A. Developments in Telecommunications B. The Media – A Major Cause of Stress
C. More Modern Life – More Stress D. Effective Ways to Beat Stress
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct word or phrase for each of the blanks from 46 to 55. The popular image of student life is of young people with few responsibilities enjoying themselves and (46)______ very little work. This is often not true. Many older people now study at college or university, sometimes (47)______ a part-time basis while having a job and looking after a family. These students are often (48)______ motivated and work very hard.
Younger students are often thought to be lazy and careless about money but this (49)______ is
changing. In Britain reduced government support for higher education means that students can no longer rely on having their expenses (50)______ for them. Formerly, students received a grant towards their living expenses. Now most can only get a loan (51)______ has to be paid back. Since 1999 they have paid over £1 000 towards tuition (52)______ and this amount will increase up to a maximum of £3 000. In the US students already (53)______ pay for tuition and room and board. Many get a financial aid package which may (54)______ grants, scholarships and loans. The fear of having large debts places (55)______ pressure on students and many take part-time jobs during the term and work full-time in the vacations.
(Extracted from Oxford Guide to British and American Culture – Oxford Advanced Learner’s Compass)
46. A. producing B. carrying C. doing D. making
47. A. for B. with C. on D. at
48. A. highly B. mainly C. absolutely D. adequately
49. A. position B. state C. situation D. condition
50. A. paying B. paid C. pay D. to pay
51. A. whether B. what C. which D. who
52. A. money B. fees C. allowances D. charge
53. A. had better B. should C. may D. have to
54. A. include B. consist C. compose D. belong
55. A. large B. generous C. considerate D. considerable
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that has the underlined
part pronounced differently from the rest in each of the following questions.
56. A. plain B. certain C. faithful D. attain
57. A. survived B. maintained C. started D. determined
58. A. documentary B. population C. stimulate D. maximum
Pick out the word whose stress pattern is different from that of the others in each group
59. A. impressive B. composition C. international D. competition
60. A. instrument B. inflation C. regional D. satellite
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
61. In spite of the heavy rain, all we enjoyed the excursion.
A B C D
62. It’s the first time I saw this film.
A B C D
63. The children wish that they havemore free time to play football.
A B C D
64. Openedthe letter from her boyfriend, she felt extremely excited.
A B C D
65. Wood is an excellent resource for heating homes, cooking food, and build houses.
A B C D
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in
meaning to each of the following questions.
66. I have never used a more fascinating MP3 player than this one.
A. This is the most fascinating MP3 player I have ever used.
B. Like the other MP3 players, this one is fascinating to me.
C. This MP3 player does not fascinate me much.
D. I am very fascinated by the MP3 player I am using.
67. Barbara didn't wear the raincoat, so she got wet.
A. If Barbara had worn the raincoat, she wouldn't get wet.
B. If Barbara hadn't got wet, she would have worn the raincoat.
C. If Barbara had worn the raincoat, she wouldn't have got wet.
D. If Barbara wore the raincoat, she wouldn't get wet.
68. The question was so difficult that no one could answer it.
A. The question was so difficult for anyone to answer.
B. It was such a difficult question that no one could answer it.
C. The question was too difficult for no one to answer.
D. The question wasn't easy enough for no one to answer
69. I think it is more enjoyable to play a sport than to watch it on TV.
A. In my view, playing a sport is as enjoyable as watching it on TV.
B. As far as I know, more people watch a sport on TV than they play it.
C. In my opinion, to play a sport is more enjoyable than to watch it on TV.
D. I think watching a sport on TV is more enjoyable than playing it.
70. “May I see your passport, Mrs Scott?” said the customs officer.
A. The customs officer asked to see Mrs Scott’s passport.
B. The customs officer suggested seeing Mrs Scott’s passport.
C. The customs officer asked Mrs Scott to see his passport.
D. The customs officer promised to show Mrs Scott his passport.
Read the following passage on climate change, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer
sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 71 to 80.
Experts in climatology and other scientists are becoming extremely concerned about the changes to our climate which are taking place. Admittedly, climate changes have occurred on our planet before. For example, there have been several ice ages or glacial periods.
These climatic changes, however, were different from the modern ones in that they occurred gradually and, as far as we know, naturally. The changes currently being monitored are said to be the result not of natural causes, but of human activity. Furthermore, the rate of change is becoming alarmingly rapid. The major problem is that the planet appears to be warming up. According to some experts, this warming process, known as global warming, is occurring at a rate unprecedented in the last 10,000 years. The implications for the planet are very serious. Rising global temperatures could give rise to such ecological disasters as extremely high increases in the incidence of flooding and of droughts. These in turn could have a harmful effect on agriculture. It is thought that this unusual warming of the Earth has been caused by so-called greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, being emitted into the atmosphere by car engines and modern industrial processes, for example. Such gases not only add to the pollution of the atmosphere, but also create a greenhouse effect, by which the heat of the sun is trapped. This leads to the warming up of the planet. Politicians are also concerned about climate change and there are now regular summits on the subject, attended by representatives from around 180 of the world's industrialized countries. Of these summits, the most important took place in Kyoto in Japan in 1997. There it was agreed that the most industrialized countries would try to reduce the volume of greenhouse gas emissions and were given targets for this reduction of emissions.
It was also suggested that more forests should be planted to create so-called sinks to absorb greenhouse gases. At least part of the problem of rapid climate change has been caused by too drastic deforestation. Sadly, the targets are not being met. Even more sadly, global warnings about climate changes are often still being regarded as scaremongering.
(From Read and Understand 2 by Betty Kirkpatrick & Rebecca Mok - Learners Publishing Pte Ltd 2005)
71. According to the passage, in what way did the climate changes in the ice ages differ from the modern ones?
A. They occurred naturally over a long period of time.
B. They were fully monitored by humans.
C. They were wholly the result of human activity.
D. They were partly intended.
72. The word “alarmingly” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. disapprovingly B. worryingly C. surprisingly D. disappointingly
73. According to the passage, agriculture could ______.
A. give rise to many ecological disasters
B. make the global warming more serious
C. be indirectly affected by the global temperature rises
D. be directly damaged by the rises in global temperature
74. Greenhouse gases cause the warming up of the Earth because they ______.
A. are emitted by car engines B. trap heat from the sun
C. do not add to atmosphere pollution D. are unusual gases
75. According to the passage, 1997 witnessed ______.
A. the largest number of summits on the subject of climate change
B. the highest attendance by representatives from 180 industrialised countries
C. the most important summit on climate change taking place in Kyoto, Japan
D. widespread concern about climate change
76. It can be inferred from the passage that the countries which are mainly responsible for global warming are ______.
A. developed countries B. the most industrialised countries
C. countries with the warmest climate D. developing countries
77. The word “There” in paragraph 5 refers to ______.
A. regular summits on climate change B. the 1997 summit in Kyoto, Japan
C. the world’s industrialised countries D. the most industrialised countries
78. Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage?
A. The so-called sinks created by forests can absorb greenhouse gases.
B. Politicians are among those who are concerned about climate change.
C. The problem of rapid climate change has been caused mainly by deforestation.
D. Carbon dioxide is one of the gases that may cause the so-called greenhouse effect.
79. The word “drastic” in paragraph 6 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. severe B. hard C. obvious D. widespread
80. What is probably the writer’s attitude toward global warming?
A. Optimistic B. Neutral C. Positive D. Pessimistic