When you read something in a foreign language, you frequently come across words you do not (36)______ understand. Sometimes you (37)______ the meaning in a dictionary and sometimes you guess. The strategy you adopt depends very much upon the (38)______ of accuracy you require and the time at your disposal.
If you are the sort of person who tends to turn to the dictionary frequently, it is (39)______ remembering that every dictionary has its limitations. Each definition is only an approximation and one builds up an accurate picture of the meaning of a word only after meeting it in a (40)______ of contexts. It is also important to recognize the special dangers of dictionaries that translate from English into your native language and vice versa. If you must use a dictionary, it is usually far safer to (41)______ an English-English dictionary.
In most exams you are not permitted to use a dictionary. (42)______ you are allowed to use one, it is very time-consuming to look up words, and time in exams is usually limited. You are, (43)______ , forced to guess the meaning of unfamiliar words.
When you come across unknown words in an exam text, it is very easy to panic. However, if you develop efficient techniques for guessing the meaning, you will (44)______ a number of possible problems and help yourself to understand far more of the text than you at first thought likely.
Two strategies which may help you guess the meaning of a word are: using contextual clues, both within the sentence and outside, and making use of clues (45)______ from the formation of the word.
36: A. wholly B. fully C. totally D. completely
37: A. inspect B. control C. check D. examine
38: A. extent B. level C. degree D. range
39: A. worth B. essential C. valuable D. vital
40: A. multiple B. variation C. variety D. diversity
41: A. survey B. consult C. refer D. inquire
42: A. In case B. Provided C. Although D. Even if
43: A. therefore B. so C. however D. so that
44: A. go over B. overcome C. get over D. surpass
45: A. coming B. extracted C. derived D. originated
Since the world became industrialized, the number of animal species that have either become extinct or have neared extinction has increased. Bengal tigers, for instance, which once roamed the jungles in vast numbers, now number only about 2,300. By the year 2025, it is estimated that they will become extinct. What is alarming about the case of the Bengal tiger is that this extinction will have been caused almost entirely by poachers who, according to some sources, are not always interested in material gain but in personal gratification. This is an example of the callousness that is contributing to the problem of extinction. Animals such as the Bengal tiger, as well as other endangered species, are valuable parts of the world’s ecosystem. International laws protecting these animals must be enacted to ensure their survival – and the survival of our planet. Countries around the world have begun to deal with the problem in various ways. Some countries, in an effort to circumvent the problem, have allocated large amounts of land to animals reserves. They then charge admission prices to help defray the costs of maintaining the parks, and they often must also depend on world organizations for support. This money enables them to invest in equipment and patrols to protect the animals. Another response to the increase in animal extinction is an international boycott of products made from endangered species. This has had some effect, but by itself it will not prevent animals from being hunted and killed.
46. What is the main topic of the passage?
A. Endangered species B. Problems with industrialization
C. The Bengal tiger D. International boycotts
47. The word “poachers” could be best replaced by which of the following?
A. Concerned scientists B. Enterprising researchers
C. Illegal hunters D. Trained hunters
48. The word “callousness” could be best replaced by which of the following?
A. incompetence B. indirectness C. insensitivity D. independence
49. The previous passage is divided into two paragraphs in order to contrast:
A. A comparison and a contrast B. A problem and a solution
C. A statement and an illustration D. Specific and general information
50. What does the word “this” refer to in the passage?
A. Bengal tiger B. Interest in material gain
C. Killing animals for personal satisfaction D. The decrease in the Bengal tiger population
51. Where in the passage does the author discuss a cause of extinction?
A. Lines 4-6 B. Lines 7-9 C. Lines 10-16 D. Lines 1-3
52. Which of the following could best replace the word “allocated”?
A. He didn’t forgive her for what she had done despite loving her very much.
B. He loved her so much, that’s why he forgave her for what she had done.
C. He didn’t forgive her for what she had done as he loved her very much.
D. She loved him very much, so he forgave her for what she had done.
61. Le: “I can’t understand how you missed the exit.”
Linh: “Well, it was so dark that ______.”
A. we could see hardly the road signs B. we could see the road signs hardly
C. hardly could we see the road signs D. we could hardly see the road signs
62. “Sorry, Madam. Looking after the garden is not my duty.”
A. He apologized for not looking after the garden.
B. He not promised to look after the garden.
C. He said that he was not responsible for looking after the garden.
D. He asked if looking after the garden was his duty.
63. You/ should/ doctor/ see/ that cut.
A. You should have a doctor seen to that cut.
B. You should get a doctor seen to that cut.
C. You should have a doctor see to that cut.
D. You should ask a doctor see to that cut.
64. I only called the police when I had tried everything else.
A. I didn’t call the police because I had tried everything else.
B. I only called the police after I have tried everything else.
C. I only called the police as a last resort.
D. Because I had tried everything else, I called the police.
65. She/ urge/ her husband/ accept/ post.
A. She urged that her husband accept the post.
B. She urged her husband accept the post.
C. She urged her husband accepted the post.
D. She urged her husband should be accepted the post.
VI, Read the passage and circle the best option A, B, C or D to complete the following questions or statements:
The Sun today is a yellow dwarf star. It is fueled by thermonuclear reactions near its center that convert hydrogen to helium. The Sun has existed in its present state for about four billion six hundred million years and is thousands of times larger than the Earth. By studying other stars, astronomers can predict what the rest of the Sun’s life will be like. About five billion years from now, the core of the Sun will shrink and become hotter. The surface temperature will fall. The higher temperature of the center will increase the rate of thermonuclear reactions. The outer regions of the Sun will expand approximately 35 million miles, about the distance to Mercury, which is the closest planet to the Sun. The Sun will then be a red giant star. Temperatures on the Earth will become too high for life to exist. Once the Sun has used up its thermonuclear energy as a red giant, it will begin to shrink. After it shrinks to the size of the Earth, it will become a white dwarf star. The Sun may throw off huge amounts of gases in violent eruptions called nova explosions as it changes from a red giant to a white dwarf. After billions of years as a white dwarf, the Sun will have used up all its fuel and will have lost its heat. Such a star is called a black dwarf. After the Sun has become a black dwarf, the Earth will be dark and cold. If any atmosphere remains there, it will have frozen over the Earth’s surface.
66. It can be inferred from the passage that the Sun ______.
A. is approximately halfway through its life as a yellow dwarf
B. will continue to be a yellow dwarf for another 10 billion years
C. has been in existence for 10 billion years
D. is rapidly changing in size and brightness
67. What will probably be the first stage of change for the Sun to become a red giant?
A. Its surface will become hotter and shrink.
B. It will throw off huge amounts of gases.
C. Its central part will grow smaller and hotter.
D. Its core will cool off and use less fuel.
68. When the Sun becomes a red giant, what will the atmosphere be like on the Earth?
A. It will be enveloped in the expanding surface of the sun.
B. It will become too hot for life to exist.
C. It will be almost destroyed by nova explosions.
D. It will freeze and become solid.
69. When the Sun has used up its energy as a red giant, it will ______.
A. get frozen B. cease to exist C. stop to expand D. become smaller
70. Large amounts of gases may be released from the Sun at the end of its life as a ______.
A. black dwarf B. white dwarf C. red giant D. yellow dwarf
71. As a white dwarf, the Sun will be ______.
A. the same size as the planet Mercury B. around 35 million miles in diameter
C. a cool and habitable planet D. thousands of times smaller than it is today
72. The Sun will become a black dwarf when ______.
A. the Sun moves nearer to the Earth B. it has used up all its fuel as a white dwarf