Transformations



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KEY WORD

TRANSFORMATIONS

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given.

Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

Here is an example:

Example:

- We have no definite plans to go away. are

We are not definitely planning to go away.



1

1. If I could work in the media, that's what I would like to do. opportunity

If I.......................................................so, I would like to work in the media.

2. It has always been her ambition to write a successful novel. dreamt

She.............................................................a successful novel.

3. Without tourism, this area wouldn't have much income. depends

This area.............................................................its income.

4. Why are you against inviting Jackie to the party? objection

What's.............................................................Jackie to the party?

5. Tony demanded to complain to the hotel manager personally. insisted

Tony............................ his complaint to the hotel manager personally.

6. He's very good at tennis and he's also a very good footballer. addition

He's a very good footballer..............................very good tennis player.

7. Could you deliver the goods to my home? delivered

Could I.............................................................to my home?

8. Ms. Thoa won her first match easily and then she became the champion. went

Ms. Thoa won her first match easily and she..............................the champion.

9. Mai Bình said that he didn't want to go out that evening. rather

Mai Bình said that.............................................................out that evening.

10. They should have completed the new road last year but they're still building it. due

The new road...................................last year but they're still building it.

2

1. The previous manager wasn't running the club well, so he was replaced. badly

The club.................................the previous manager, so he was replaced.

2. You haven't mentioned my new hair cut yet. mention

You've..................................................................of my new haircut yet.

3. I've no idea what my feelings would be if the same thing happened to me! fee!

I can't imagine.................................if the same thing happened to me!

4. You got lost because you didn't do what I told you. instructions

If...................................................................you wouldn't have got lost.

5. I don't feel like sitting on the beach all day. desire

I have..................................................................all day sitting on the beach.

6. I sometimes regret coming to live in this city. occasions

There are some.............................................................that I hadn't come to live in this city.

7. I took the book back to the shop and got a better one instead. exchanged

I took the book back to the shop end..............................................that was better.

8. He reacted to the suggestion cautiously, but he agreed to consider it. with

He treated..................................................., but he agreed to consider it.

9. There isn't enough space in this room for a big cupboard. take

A big cupboard would.........................................................space in this room.

10. Everyone says that Đình Hiệp is a totally honest person. reputation

Đình Hiệp.............................................................a totally honest person.

3

1. I met her while I was staying in Paris last summer. stay

I met her......................................................................in Paris last summer.

2. I couldn't remember the name of my hotel when I got into the taxi. called

I couldn't remember.............................................................when I got into the taxi.

3. We were all surprised when she suddenly left the job. found

All.................................................................when she suddenly left the job.

4. "Are you a member of the club?" the receptionist said to me. belonged

The receptionist asked.............................................................the club.

5. This is the most amusing book I've ever read. amusing

I've never read a............................................................. one before.

6. Do shops usually stay open so late in this country? usual

Is.........................................................stay open so late in this country?

7. He doesn't often find it difficult to earn money. trouble

He seldom............................................................money.

8. You're like another person I've met here recently. else

You remind.......................................................I've met here recently.

9. Do you think that climate affects people's personalities? influence

Do you think that climate............................................................. people's personalities?

10. Jack has become confident as a result of his success. turned

Jack's success has............................................................. person.

4

1. He didn't give any reason for his strange behaviour that day. behaved

He didn't explain..........................................such a strange way that day.

2. Was the film as good as you expected it to be or was it disappointing? live

Did the film.....................................................of it or was it disappointing?

3. It is said that these herbs are good for you. said

These herbs.............................................................good.

4. In spite of working until very late, I couldn't complete the task. fact

Despite.............................................................until very late, I couldn't complete the task.

5. 'If you don't apologize immediately, I'm leaving,' she told him. threatened

She.............................................................he apologized immediately.

6. You can't blame me for your stupid mistakes. fault

It isn't.............................................................stupid mistakes.

7. The news was such a shock to us that we all sat there without saying a word. silence

We all sat there......................................................so shocked by the news.

8. If you don't hurry, you'll miss your bus. better

I think.........................................................you'll miss your bus.

9. I learnt quite a lot of the language simply by listening to other people. fair

I picked........................................................the language simply by listening to other people.

10. Mike hates other people criticizing him. stand

Mike.........................................................other people criticize him.

5

1. She described the events of that day in detail. detailed

She....................................................................of the events of that day.

2. As soon as I have any more news, I'll phone you. moment

I'll give....................................................................I have any more news.

3. This train should have left 20 minutes ago. meant

This train.............................................................off 20 minutes ago.

4. I'd lost his phone number so ! couldn't contact him before. touch

I couldn't.............................................................before because I'd lost his phone number.

5. We had a long discussion about the problem but we couldn't solve it. length

We discussed........................................................but we couldn't solve it.

6. We couldn't choose from the three main courses for dinner. choice

We...................................................of the three main courses for dinner.

7. She reaaly didn't want to upset him so she kept quiet. avoid

She was anxious..................................................him so she kept quiet.

8. I've arranged a trip around Europe next year. arrangements

I've.............................................................. arrangements on a trip around Europe next year.

9. When I was younger, this record was one of my favourites. favourite

This record used.............................................................mine when I was younger.

10. He seems not to care about anything. matters

He acts.............................................................to him.

6

1. Why are you interested in taking up a new hobby? want

Why...........................................................................up a new hobby?

2. 'Have you seen my gloves anywhere, Eric?' asked Mrs Noble. seen

Mrs Noble asked Eric...................................................her gloves anywhere.

3. Suzanne was too excited to sleep. that

Suzanne was.......................................................................not sleep.

4. Robert has not had a job for two years. out

Robert has........................................................................for two years.

5. 'I will complete the work only if you pay me £500 extra,’ said Frank. not

'I will.......................................................you pay me £500 extra," said Frank.

6. The thief ran right past you so I'm sure you saw his face. must

The thief ran right past you so.......................................................his face.

7. The clients demanded to stay in a first-class hotel. staying

The clients....................................................................in a first-class hotel.

8. I don't object to the council building a new road here. objection

I .............................................................the council building a new road here.

9. The author wrote her latest novel while she was staying in Majorca. was

The author's latest novel ............................................................. stay in Majorca.

10. The newspaper offered Lynda £5000 for her story, but she refused. turned

Lynda...........................................................of £5000 from the newspaper for her story.

7

1. I don't want to discuss this subject at the moment. rather

I .............................................................discuss this subject at the moment.

2. A neighbour is looking after the children while I'm out. care

A neighbour............................................................the children while I'm out.

3. You will have to pay at least £100 to get the camera you want. impossible

You'll find.............................................................get the camera you want for less than £100.

4. Could I stay with you for the weekend? put

Could you....................................................................for the weekend?

5. It's possible that she didn't hear what I said. might

She...........................................................................what I said.

6. My boss doesn't like us to make private calls at work. approve

My boss.............................................................making private calls at work.

7. I couldn't concentrate fully because of the noise outside. hard

The noise outside..........................................................................fully.

8 The thief wore gloves so as to avoid leaving any fingerprints. order

The thief wore gloves.............................................................any fingerprints.

9 People say that Paris is a wonderful city. supposed

Paris.........................................................................a wonderful city.

10 The workers only complain because of the unfair treatment. fairly

If the workers.............................................................they wouldn't complain.

8

1. "Would you like to go out for a meal?" George asked Olga. felt

George asked Olga................................................................out fora meal.

2. I haven't received a reply from Rachel yet. still

Rachel............................................................................................reply.

3. I got the impression that they weren't enjoying themselves. seem

They................................................................................enjoying themselves.

4. I looked quickly through the newspaper while I was waiting. look

I...........................................through the newspaper while I was waiting.

5. Nobody asked me for my opinion of the idea. thought

Nobody asked me............................................................................the idea.

6. This is the best music I've ever heard. better

I've................................................................................this.

7. The train timetable has been changed. changes

They.................................................................................the train timetable.

8. Elizabeth had difficulty in accepting the situation. difficult

Elizabeth............................................................................the situation.

9. Paul is employed by Sony, isn't he? works

Paul.............................................................................he?

10. You ought to fasten your seat-belt before driving away. without

You shouldn't.............................................................................your seat-belt.

9

1. I couldn't warn you because I didn't know about it myself. warned

I could..............................................................had known about it myself.

2. The reason she found out about it was that he told his sister. if

She wouldn't have found out about it..........................................his sister.

3. Not realizing how unhappy she was, he spent very little time with her. would

He..................................with her if he had known how unhappy she was.

4. I lost her phone number so I never saw her again. have

I would............................................,.................I hadn't lost her phone number.

5. We're not living together any more because she went away to university. still

We.............................,......................if she hadn't gone away to university.

6. She didn't take the trouble to find out why so she doesn't understand. had

She..............................................................taken the trouble to find out why.

7. Thank you for allowing me to use your dictionary. letting

Thanks for..............................................................dictionary.

8. Excuse me, aren't you employed by the council? work

Excuse me...................................................................the council?

9. You are advised not,to do that again. better

You..............................................................that again.

10.The service given by the bank has improved recently improvements. lately

The bank..............................................................service.

10

1. I started revising earlier so I could do more work. order

I started revising earlier.............................................do more work.

2. During the Speaking exam, the examiner fills in your mark sheet. have

You.................................in by the examiner during the Speaking exam.

3. He invented an illness in order to avoid having to go to school. so

He invented an illness.........................................................to go to school.

4. I'd better do this exercise now because there might not be time later. case

I'd better do this exercise now...................................................time later.

5. He arranged for them to send him the book by post. had

He.......................................................................to him by post.

6. He was offered a job but rejected it so that he could carry on with his studies. turned

He was offered a job but..............................................order to carry on with his studies.

7. My watch needs to be mended before I take the exam. must

I ........................................................................before I take the exam.

8. They mark our written work in Cambridge. marked

We........................................................................in Cambridge.

9. Read the instructions first in order to save time later. as

Read the instructions first...................................................waste time later.

10. A member of your family can collect your certificate. have

You.............................................................by a member of your family.

11

1. 'Will you be quiet!'she said to the children. told

She................................................................................quiet.

2. "Would you like to come to my party, Mary?", the boy said. invited

The boy.............................................................................party.

3. 'Why don't you come here in the spring?', he said to them. advised

He..............................................................................in the spring.

4. 'I'll ring her tomorrow,' he said. promised

He...........................................,....................................the day after.

5. 'Let's go to this bar here,' my friend said. suggested

My friend..........................................................................bar there.

6. 'Honestly, I've never met him before,' she said. denied

She...............................................................................him before.

7. 'Are you coming here this evening, Julia?' said Chris. asked

Chris.......................................................................going there that evening.

8. 'Don't go too near the edge,' their father sajd. warned

Their father..................................................................too near the edge.

9. "I don't know if I believe him or not,' said Jenny. wondered

Jenny.............................................................................believed him.

10. 'You took it without paying for it, didn't you?' the shopkeeper said to her. accused

The shopkeeper...........................................................without paying for it.

12

1. It was too cold for anyone to work. so

It was............................................................................work.

2. It is such a boring job that people leave after a few weeks. bored

People who do that job..........................................leave after a few weeks.

3. The afternoon was so hot that the road surface melted. such

It........................................................................that the road surface melted.

4. He had too much pride to admit he had made a mistake. so

He was...............................................not admit he had made a mistake.

5. It was too foggy for us to see a thing. much

There was.....................................................that we couldn't see a thing.

6. I didn't know the office was so far from the city centre. such

I didn't know the office was...............................................the city centre.

7. Heavy rain caused the river to rise quickly. so

The river..............................................quickly if there hadn't been heavy rain.

8. They don't give us enough time to do a proper job. little

We are given.............................................................can't do a proper job.

9. The salary he got from that company was so low that he resigned. such

That company................................................................. salary that he resigned.

10. He lost his job because of the serious economic crisis. so

If the economic crisis............................................. he would not have lost his job.

13

1. Keyboards like that are too small to use. big

Keyboards like that...................................................................to use.

2. I've never seen such good graphics. ever

These graphics are....................................................................seen.

3. I'll speak to them during our stay here. staying

I'll speak to them..................................................................here.

4. There will be too much data on that disk. space

There..................................................................................on that disk.

5. I'm sorry but this game isn't much fun. enjoying

I'm sorry but............................................................................this game much.

6. Nobody in the team plays as skilfully as she does. player

She is.....................................................................................in the team.

7. ‘There is a slow improvement in his condition,’ say the doctors. getting

He.....................................................................................say the doctors.

8. You shouldn't go to so much trouble. need

There is.....................................................................go to so much trouble.

9. He didn't run fast enough, did he? too

He........................................................................................he?

10. I was less impressed by their performance than I'd hoped. not

Their performance was.................................................I'd hoped.

14

1. He hasn't got the intelligence to be a programmer. intelligent

He............................................................................to be a programmer.

2. The team members have never been so fit before. fitter

The team members are...........................................................been before.

3. There is a continual rise in the number of club members this year. rising

The number of club members......................................................this year.

4. Although she was alone she still enjoyed the meal. spite

She still enjoyed the meal........................................................................alone.

5. The only reason I watch this show at all is because I like the dancers. watch

If I didn't iike the dancers in this show, I.........................................at all.

6. Players are allowed to pick up the ball but they must not run with it. provided

Players are aiiowed to pick up the ball.................................................run with it.

7. I bet your brother's still watching television. must

You brother.............................................................................television.

8. She started to train there over six months ago. training

She.................................................................................over six months.

9. Because the sculpture weighed so much, we couldn't carry it. heavy

The sculpture was............................................................................carry.

10. Do you only come here because you're on your own at home? if

Would you come here...................................................yourself at home?

15

1. Playing tennis always makes me feel tired. get

If I.......................................................................................tired.

2. Perhaps those two women don't really like each other. might

Those women……………………………………………………………

3. I last went there when I was a child. been

I .......................................................................................I was a child.

4. They were once known everywhere as the top team. used

They.................................................................................as the top team.

5. It seems that there is a gradual fall in the number of complaints. falling

The number of complaints................................................it seems.

6. if they don't improve a lot soon they're bound to lose. better

They're bound to lose unless................................................soon.

7. Please don't shout every time you want a drink. mind

Would.......................................................................every time you want a drink?

8. 'Do you know where we are?' he asked me, as the fog closed in. knew

He asked me if.............................................................as the fog closed in.

9. They are letting the well-known gang leader out of prison tomorrow. released

The well-known gang leader ...........................................prison tomorrow

10. It was only because of your help that I got over the experience. never

If you hadn't helped............................................got over the experience.

16

1. In those days she usually stayed at home in the evenings. use

In those days she....................................................out in the evenings.

2. There are too many people for so few resources. enough

There are.....................................................................................many people.

3. They carried on climbing despite such heavy snow. although

They carried on climbing.....................................................................heavily.

4. They only sign agreements because they don't have to stick to them. if

They wouldn't sign agreements...................................................to them.

5 In spite of the expense, the train is still the best way to travel. even

The train is still the best way to travel..................................expensive.

6.. If he doesn't have a break immediately, he'll end up exhausted. unless

He'll end up exhausted.........................................................................break.

7. Despite his age, he's still working. retired

He.......................................................................................despite his age.

8. Unless we get the tickets soon they'll all be sold out. if

The tickets will all be sold out..................................................them soon.

9. He regrets not studying more before the exam. wishes

He.......................................................................................before the exam.

10. Your hair really needs cutting. must

You really.......................................................................................cut.

17

1. Angela regrets not seeing that film. wishes

Angela.......................................................................................that film.

2. "Where did you buy your dress?' Janice asked her sister. where

Janice asked her sister.......................................................................dress.

3. My mother wouldn't give me permission to go to the disco. let

My mother....................................................................................to the disco.

4. 'Why don't you buy a bigger house, Sue?' said Amos. should

Amos suggested...................................................................a bigger house.

5. It's possible that the building was burgled after midnight. may

The building...............................................................................after midnight.

6. John's students always respected him. looked

John.......................................................................................by his students.

7. 'It's your fault the cat died, George," said Lucy. blamed

Lucy.......................................................................................of the cat.

8. Jeremy got sunburnt because he fell asleep on the beach. if

Jeremy wouldn't have got sunburnt.....................................asleep on the beach.

9. A phrasebook's a good idea because you might need to ask for directions. case

A phrasebook's a good idea........................................ask for directions.

10. It's impossible to lend you any more money, I'm afraid. question

Lending you any more money ....................................................I'm afraid.

18

1. "Please come back tomorrow." mind

"Would.......................................................................................tomorrow?"

2. "I don't want to give you a prescription," the doctor said. rather

"I................................................................a prescription," the doctor said.

3. It turned out to be unnecessary to perform the operation. need

They found they.......................................................................the operation.

4. "It would be a good idea if you didn't stay up so late," Mary said to Tom. try

Mary advised Tom.......................................................................bed earlier.

5. "You'd better have a few days at home," the doctor told Tom. stay

The doctor................................................................. home for a few days.

6. Mary gave the doctor a careful explanation of everything. explained

Mary.....................................................................very carefully.

7. They failed to find the cause of Mary's illness. succeed

They...............................................................................out why Mary was ill.

8. It's a pity she was ill during the holiday. wish

I.......................................................................................ill during the holiday.

9. The hospital should have written to you by now. time

It's....................................................................................to you.

10. No one likes her particularly. liked

She is.......................................................................................very much.

19

1. The guests really can't stand any more of that bad cooking! put

The bad cooking is too much for the guests ........................more!

2. Is there any reason to go out to eat tonight? point

Can you..................................................................to a restaurant tonight?

3. Everybody seems happy to go on eating fast food for ever. fed

It seems nobody.......................................................................fast food.

4. One of the customers left before the bill arrived. cleared

One of the customers..............................................................for his meal.

5. If you enjoy a certain food, experts advise you to eat less of it! cut

Experts always want.............,................................on any food you enjoy.

6. He cancelled the dinner party because everybody was ill. called

As everybody was ill,.............................................................the dinner party.

7. It's been so busy i haven't had time to eat today. bite

I've been too busy................................................................to eat today.

8. Have we got anything if we find that some of the guests are vegetarians? turns

If anyone.....................................a vegetarian, what can we give them?

9. The boy's story obviously did not deceive him. taken

He was obviously..............................................................what the boy said.

10. They'll just have to accept ice-cream if the recipe doesn't work. make

If the recipe's no good, they can always......................................ice-cream.

20

1. "I didn't bring any money," said Michael. forgotten

Michael said that..........................................................................any money.

2 .They only pay well because the work is boring. if

They wouldn't pay well.........................................................boring.

3. Martha was too young to enter the competition. enough

Martha..................................................................to enter the competition.

4. My father hasn't smoked since he was thirty. gave

My father.....................................................................he was thirty.

5. The neighbours' ail-night parties were too much for me, so I moved. put

I moved because I...............................................the neighbours' all-night parties.

6. He didn't feel very well but he went to work. spite

He went to work...................................................................very well.

7. "Is it raining?" asked Michael. know

Michael wanted to...........................................................raining.

8. The darkness made it almost impossible to see. hardly

We.....................................................................it was so dark.

9. By the time you get here they will have repaired the computer. put

The computer.........................................................by the time you get here.

10. It isn't necessary for anyone to work late tonight. has

Tonight.......................................................................................work late.

21

1. They say that this building is nearly 200 years old. said

This building................................................................nearly 200 years old.

2. That was the best dancing she'd ever seen! better

She'd..........................................................................that.

3. He doesn't want to see anybody at all for the rest of the day. rather

He.........................................................................anybody at all for the rest of the day.

4. "I like wild strawberries very much!" said Angela. fond

Angela said that...............................................................wild strawberries.

5. We climbed a long way to get to the top of the hill. climb

It .........................................................................to get to the top of the hill.

6. Take an umbrella - it might start raining later tonight. case

Take an umbrella............................................................raining later tonight.

7 You couldn't see the cars ahead properly because of the fog. difficult

The fog...................................................................the cars ahead properly.

8. She never fails to support her brother when people attack his views. stands

She...............................................................her brother when people attack his views.

9. Nigel should leave soon if he's catching the 10.20 train. had

Nigel............................................................if he's catching the 10.20 train.

10. It's a shame nobody went to say goodbye to them at the airport. see

It's a shame nobody went...................................................at the airport.

22

1. She owns all this land now. belongs

All..........................................................................now.

2. Alexis has decided that he'll go on Tuesday. planning

Alexis..........................................................................go on Tuesday.

3. Our neighbour says he definitely won't return the ball. keeping

Our neighbour says he......................................................................the ball.

4. Organized activities don't interest Eva very much. interested

Eva..................................................,.......................organized activities.

5. Our plane's departure time is 10.00 a.m. takes

Our plane..........................................................................10.00 am.

6. It you run every day, your breathing improves quickly. running

Daily..........................................................................your breathing.

7. Which games is she particularly good at, Mrs Kay? play

Which games.........................................................................., Mrs Kay?

8. I have arranged a brief meeting with him at 5 pm. seeing

I ..........................................................................at 5 pm.

9. I'll finish this job and then I'll phone you back. soon

I'll phone you back..............................................................this job.

10. Our team regularly loses matches here. losing

Our team..........................................................................here.

23

1. It's not common for women to be racing drivers. seldom

Racing drivers..........................................................................women.

2. Well-known artists are regular visitors to his workshop. visit

Well-known artists........................................................................workshop.

3. It's unusual for Jane to lose at backgammon. hardly

Jane..........................................................................at backgammon.

4. It's rare for my sister to take a holiday. goes

My sister..........................................................................holiday.

5. There are few weekends when Steve isn't fishing. always

Steve..........................................................................at weekends.

6. It'd be a good idea for you to come with us next Sunday. ought

Next Sunday.....................................................................with us.

7. Photography is not allowed in the museum. photographs

You..........................................................................in the museum.

8. Is leaving everything here really necessary? left

Does everything..........................................................................here?

9. There's no need for you to do any work if you don't feel like it. have

If you don't feel like it...............................................................do any work.

10. It isn't always necessary to be a member of the club. need

You..................................................be a member of the club.

24

1. I won't stay if you don't apologize immediately. long

I'll only..........................................................................apologize immediately.

2. You can eat sweets but you must always brush your teeth afterwards. provided

You can eat sweets.............................................your teeth afterwards.

3. If you don't get dressed right away we'll go without you. put

Unless.......................................................right away we'll go without you.

4. We only eat there because the prices are so low. charge

If they....................................................low prices we wouldn't eat there.

5. I won't eat any more cake because I'm full. full

If I..........................................................................eat some more cake.

6. If that noise doesn't stop soon I won't feel like eating. put

That noise will..........................................................................it stops soon.

7. I'll only leave the waiter some money if he's quick. tip

I won't..........................................................................he's quick.

8. Take my advice and don't drink so much whisky! if

I'd drink......................................................................... you!

9. They are not even allowed to wear earrings at that school. let

That school..........................................................................wear earrings.

10. We are being transferred to different premises next month. moving

They......................................................to different premises next month.

25

1. Phone me tomorrow please. give

Please..........................................................................tomorrow,

2. What is the subject of your lecture tomorrow? talk

What are..........................................................................tomorrow?

3. There is a conference here today. taking

A conference..........................................................................today.

4. Do politics interest you? take

Do you..........................................................................politics?

5. My wife had twins last week. gave

Last week..........................................................................twins.

6. I spent an hour doing this exercise. took

It..........................................................................to do this exercise.

7. Get in my car. I'll take you to the station. give

Let me..........................................................................to the station.

8. When my mother was ill, I looked after her. took

I .........................................................................when she was ill.

9. Lately I've had problems with my back. trouble

My back..........................................................................lately.

10. There were three participants in the discussion. took

Three people..........................................................................the discussion.

26

1. Unfortunately. I haven't got enough money to go on holiday this year. afford

I wish..........................................................................on holiday this year.

2. You never clean the bath when you've finished! wish

I. ....................................................................the bath when you've finished!

3. Pete regrets forgetting to send Sally a Valentine card. remembered

Pete wishes...............................................................Sally a Valentine card.

4. "It wasn't a good idea to go to bed so late,' said Justin, yawning. earlier

'I wish I......................................................................,' said Justin, yawning.

5 'I'd love to be the same height as my sister,' said Jodie enviously. tall

Jodie wishes..........................................................................her sister.

6. I regret telling John about my plan. only

If..............................................................John.

7. I haven't watched TV for ages, so I'm not sure what's happened in the story. ago

The last time I......................................so I'm not sure what's happened in the story.

8. When was the last time you had a check-up? long

How..........................................................................had a check-up?

9. It's more than six months since I went to the dentist. for

I haven't.....................................................................more than six months.

10. I haven't seen Henry since 1994. time

The last...................................................................in 1994.

ANSWER KEYS

1

1. had the/an opportunity to do

2. has always dreamt of writing

3. depends [largely/mostly] on tourism for

4. your objection to inviting/asking

5. insisted on making

6. in addition to being a OR and in addition [is] a

7. have/get the goods delivered

8. went on to become

9. she'd rather not go

10. was due to be completed



OR was due for completion

2

1. was being badly run by

2. made no mention of OR not made any mention

3. how/what/the way I would feel

4. you had followed my instructions

5. no desire to spend/waste

6. occasions when I wish

7. exchanged it for one/a book better

8. the suggestion with caution

9. take up too much/a lot of

10. has a reputation as/for being OR has the reputation of being



3

1. during my stay

2. what my hotel was called

3. of us found it surprising

4. [me] if/whether I belonged to

5. more amusing book than this OR book as amusing as

this


6. it usual for shops to

7. has trouble earning

8. me of someone/somebody else

9. has/can have an/some influence on OR is/an be an influence on

10. turned him into a confident


4

1. why he [had) behaved in

2. live up to your expectation

3. are said to do you

4. the fact that I worked

5. threatened to leave unless

6. my fault [that] you make/made

7. in siience because/as/since we were

8. you had better hurry or/otherwise

9. up a fair amount/knowledge/bit of

10. can't stand it when/if



5

1. gave a detailed description/acount

2. you a ring/call the moment

3. was meant to set/move

OR was meant to have set/moved

4. get/keep in touch with him

5. the problem at length

6. had got/were given a/the choice

7. to avoid upsetting

8. made arrangements to go

9. to be a favourite of

10. as if/though nothing matters



6

1. do you want to take

2. if/whether he/she had seen

3. so excited that she could

4. been out of work/a job

5. not complete the work unless

6. you must have seen

7. insisted on/upon staying

8. haven't any/ made no objection to

9. was written during her/a

10. turned down the/an offer



7

1. would rather not/would rather we didn't

2. is taking care of

3. [that] it [is] impossible to

4. put me up

5. mightn't have heard

6. doesn't approve of us/our

7. made it hard to concentrate

8. in order not to leave

9. is supposed to be

10. were treated fairly/were fairly treated



8

1. if/whether she felt like

2. still hasn't sent me

3. didn't seem to be

4. had a quick look

5. what I thought of/about

6. never heard better music than/music better than

7. have made/carried out changes to

8. found it difficult to accept

9. works for Sony, doesn't

10. drive away without fastening



9

1. have warned you if

2. if he hadn't told

3. would have spent more time

4. have seen her again if

5. would still be living together

6. would understand if she had

7. letting me use your

8. don't you work for

9. had better not do

10. has made improvements to its



10

1. in order to/in order that I would be able to

2. have your mark sheet filled

3. so as not to have

4. in case there isn't

5. had the book sent

6. turned it down in

7. must have my watch mended

8. have your written work marked

9. so as not to

10. can have your certificate collected



11

1. told the children to be

2. invited Mary to his

3. advised them to come here/go there

4. promised to ring her/promised he would ring her

5 suggested going to that/we should go to that

6. denied ever having met/denied ever meeting

7. asked Julia if she wss

8. waned them not to go

9. wondered whether she [really]

10. accused her of taking it



12

1. so cold that nobody could

2. get so bored that they

3. was such a hot afternoon

4. so proud that he could

5. so much fog

6. such a long way from

7. would not have risen so

8. so little time [that] we

9. gave/paid him such a low

10. had not been so serious



13

1. aren't big enough

2. the best I've ever

3. while we are staying

4. won't be enough space

5. I'm not enjoying

6. the most skilful player

7. is slowly getting better

8. no need for you to

9. ran too slowly, didn't

10. not as impressive as



14

1. isn't intelligent enough

2. fitter than they have ever been

3. is continually rising / is rising continually

4. in spite of being

5. wouldn't watch it

6. provided [that] they don't

7. must still be watching

8. has been traing there for

9. too heavy for us to

10. if you weren't by



15

1. play tennis I always get

2. might not really like one

3. haven't been there since

4. used to be known everywhere

5. is gradually falling

6. they get a lot better

7. you mind not shouting

8. I knew where we were

9. is being released from

10. me I would never have



16

1. didn't use to go

2. not enough resources for so

3. although it was snowing so

4. if they had to stick

5. even though it is

6. unless he has an immediate



OR unless he immediately has a

7. hasn't retired yet / still hasn't retired

8. if we don't get

9. wishes he had studied more



17

1. wishes she had seen

2. where she had bought her

3. woudn't let me go

4. (that) Sue should buy

5. may have been burgled

6. was always looked up to

7. blamed George for the death

8. if he hadn't fallen

9. in case you need to

10. is out of the question



18

1. you mind coming

2. would rather not give you

3. didn't need to perform/do

4. to try going to

5. told Tom to stay at

6. explained everything to the doctor

7. didn't succeed in finding

8. she hadn't been iis

9. time the hospital wrote

10. not liked by anyone/anybody



19

1. to put up with eny

2. see any point in

3. ever gets fed up with

4. cleared off without paying

5. you to cut down m

6. he called off

7. to have a bite

8. turns out to be

9. not taken in by

10. make do with



20

1. he had forgotten to bring

2. if the work wasn't/weren't

3. wasn't old enough

4. gave up smoking when

5. couldn't put up with

6. in spite of not feeling

7. know if it was

8. could hardly see because

9. will have been put right

10. no one/nobody has [got] to



21

1. is said to be

2. never seen dancing better than/better dancing than

3. would rather not see

4. she was [very] fond of

5. m was a long climb

6. e in case it starts

7. made it difficult to see

9. e always stands up for

9. had better leave soon

10. to see them off



22

1. this land belongs to her

2. is planning to

3. is definitely keeping

4. isn't very interested in

5. takes off at

6. running quickly improves

7. does she play particularly well

8. am seeing him briefly

9. as soon as I finish

10. is/are always losing matches



23

1. are seldom

2. regularly visit his

3. hardly ever loses

4. rarely goes on

5. nearly/almost always goes fishing

6. you ought to come

7. must not take photographs

8. really have to be left

9. you don't have to

10. cten'fc always need to.



24

1. stay as long as you

2. provided (that) you brush

3. you put on your clothes/ you put your clothes on

4. didn't charge [us] such

5. weren't / wasn't full I would

6. put me off eating unless

7. tip the waiter unless

8. less whisky if I were

8. doesn't even let them

10. are moving us



25

1. give me a call

2. giving a talk about

3. is taking place

4. take an interest in

5. gave birth to

6. took me an hour

7. give you a lift

8. took care of my mother

9. has been giving me trouble

10. took part in



26

1. I could afford going

2. wish you would clean

3. he had remembered to send

4. had gone to bed earlier

5. she were as tall as

6. only I hadn't told

7. watched TV was ages ago

8. long is it since you

9. been to the dentist for

10. time I saw Henry was






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